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Transcript of POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY · PDF file POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY MARTIN...

  • Instructor’s Manual

    for

    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

    MARTIN SELIGMAN, PHD with

    RANDALL C. WYATT, PHD

    by

    Randall C. Wyatt, PhD &

    Erika L. Seid, MA

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    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

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    Psychotherapy.net

    The Instructor’s Manual accompanies the DVD Positive Psychology and Psychotherapy (Institutional/Instructor’s Version). Video available at www.psychotherapy.net.

    Copyright © 2008, Psychotherapy.net, LLC. All rights reserved.

    Published by Psychotherapy.net

    Mille Valley, CA Email: [email protected] Phone: (800) 577-4762 (US & Canada)

    Teaching and Training: Instructors, training directors and facilitators using the Instructor’s Manual for the DVD Positive Psychology and Psychotherapy may reproduce parts of this manual in paper form for teaching and training purposes only. Otherwise, the text of this publication may not be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher, Psychotherapy.net. The DVD Positive Psychology and Psychotherapy (Institutional/Instructor’s Version) is licensed for group training and teaching purposes. Broadcasting or transmission of this video via satellite, Internet, video conferencing, streaming, distance learning courses or other means is prohibited without the prior written permission of the publisher.

    Wyatt, Randall C., PhD & Seid, Erika L., MA

    Instructor’s Manual for Positive Psychology and Psychotherapy

    Martin Seligman, PhD with Randall C. Wyatt, PhD

    Cover design by Sabine Grand

    Order Information and Continuing Education Credits: For information on ordering and obtaining continuing education credits for this and other psychotherapy training videos, please visit us at www.psychotherapy.net or call 800-577-4762.

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    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

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    Psychotherapy.net

    Instructor’s Manual for

    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

    Table of Contents Tips for Making the Best Use of the DVD 7 What is Positive Psychology? 9 Positive Psychology Questionnaires 11 Reaction Paper Guide for Classrooms and Training 13 Suggestions for Further Readings, Websites and Videos 15 Group Discussion Questions 17 Interview Transcript 21

    Talking ‘BouT a RevoluTion 21

    auThenTic happiness 25

    signaTuRe sTRengThs 28

    leaRned opTimism 35

    posiTive psych in pRacTice 38

    BuffeRing suffeRing 41

    gRaTiTude visiT 43

    gRafTing on TheRapy skills 46

    passing The maRTin seligman TesT 50

    WheRe i Was meanT To Be 53

    Bonus ouTTakes

    couples BenefiT fRom posiTive psychology 56

    acTive ingRedienTs in TheRapy 58

    childRen and leaRned opTimism 58

    Video Credits 61 Earn Continuing Education Credits for Watching Videos 63 About the Contributors 65 More Psychotherapy.net Videos 67

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    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

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    Psychotherapy.net

    Tips for Making the Best Use of the DVD

    1. USE THE TRANSCRIPTS Make notes in the video Transcript for future reference; the next time you show the video you will have them available. Highlight or notate key moments in the video to better facilitate discussion during the video and post-viewing.

    2. GROUP DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Pause the video at different points to elicit viewers’ observations and reactions to the concepts presented. The Discussion Questions provide ideas about key points that can stimulate rich discussions, self-reflection and learning.

    3. LET IT FLOW Allow the interview to play out so viewers can appreciate the flow of the conversation. It is best to watch the full video since issues untouched in earlier parts of the interview may be covered later. Encourage viewers to voice their opinions! What do viewers connect with or have questions about regarding Seligman’s work? It is crucial for students and therapists to develop the ability to effectively critique others’ work as well as their own.

    4. TAKE A POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY QUESTIONNAIRE Introduce participants to the list of Positive Psychology Questionnaires included in this manual. The questionnaires are available at www.authentichappiness.org for anyone to take for no fee. You can assign the whole group to take the same questionnaire and then come back to the group to talk about their experiences.

    Or you can turn it into a role-play by having each participant take a different questionnaire and in pairs have participants practice interviewing each other about using the results to increase their own authentic happiness.

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    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

    5. SUGGEST READINGS TO ENRICH VIDEO MATERIAL Assign readings from Suggestions for Further Readings and Websites prior to viewing. You can also time the video to coincide with other course or training materials on related topics.

    6. ASSIGN A REACTION PAPER See suggestions in Reaction Paper section.

    7. PERSPECTIVE ON VIDEOS AND THE PERSONALITY OF THE THERAPIST Every psychotherapy is unique, influenced as much by the personality and style of the therapist as by the use of specific techniques and theories. Thus, while we can certainly pick up ideas from master therapists and researchers like Seligman, each viewer must make the best use of relevant theory, technique and research that best fits their own personal style and the needs of their clients.

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    Psychotherapy.net

    What is Positive Psychology?

    Excerpted from the website of The Positive Psychology Center at The University of Pennsylvania, www.ppc.sas.upenn.edu (June, 2008).

    Positive Psychology is the scientific study of the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive. This field is founded on the belief that people want to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives, to cultivate what is best within themselves, and to enhance their experiences of love, work, and play.

    Positive Psychology has three central concerns: positive emotions, positive individual traits, and positive institutions. Understanding positive emotions entails the study of contentment with the past, happiness in the present, and hope for the future. Understanding positive individual traits consists of the study of the strengths and virtues, such as the capacity for love and work, courage, compassion, resilience, creativity, curiosity, integrity, self-knowledge, moderation, self-control, and wisdom. Understanding positive institutions entails the study of the strengths that foster better communities, such as justice, responsibility, civility, parenting, nurturance, work ethic, leadership, teamwork, purpose, and tolerance.

    Some of the goals of Positive Psychology are to build a science that supports:

    1. Families and schools that allow children to flourish

    2. Workplaces that foster satisfaction and high productivity

    3. Communities that encourage civic engagement

    4. Therapists who identify and nurture their patients’ strengths

    5. The teaching of Positive Psychology

    6. Dissemination of Positive Psychology interventions in organizations & communities

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    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

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    Psychotherapy.net

    Positive Psychology Questionnaires

    On this and the following page is a list of some of the questionnaires you can find on Dr. Seligman’s positive psychology website, AuthenticHappiness.org. As Dr. Seligman talks about in this video interview, clients and others can develop insights into themselves and the world around them by using these scientifically tested questionnaires, surveys, and scales.

    EMOTION QUESTIONNAIRES

    Authentic Happiness Inventory Questionnaire Measures Overall Happiness

    General Happiness Questionnaire Assesses Enduring Happiness

    ENGAGEMENT QUESTIONNAIRES

    Brief Strengths Test Measures 24 Character Strengths

    Gratitude Questionnaire Measures Appreciation about the Past

    Optimism Test Measures Optimism about the Future

    VIA Signature Strengths Questionnaire Measures 24 Character Strengths

    VIA Strength Survey for Children Measures 24 Character Strengths for Children

    MEANING QUESTIONNAIRES

    Meaning in Life Questionnaire Measures Meaningfulness

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    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

    LIFE SATISFACTION QUESTIONNAIRES

    Approaches to Happiness Questionnaire Measures Three Routes to Happiness

    Satisfaction with Life Scale Measures Life Satisfaction

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    Psychotherapy.net

    Reaction Paper for Classes and Training

    POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY • Assignment: Complete this reaction paper and

    return it by the date noted by the facilitator.

    • Suggestions for Viewers: Take notes on these questions while viewing the video and complete the reaction paper afterwards, or use the questions as a way to approach the discussion. Respond to each question below.

    • Length and Style: 2-4 pages double-spaced. Be brief and concise. Do NOT provide a full synopsis of the video. This is meant to be a brief reaction paper that you write soon after watching the video—we want your ideas and reactions.

    What to Write: Respond to the following six questio