Physical Security Guide

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Physical Security Guide: Security Control CentreSpace Requirements

Transcript of Physical Security Guide

Physical Security Guide Lead Agency Publication

G1-013

Security Control Centre Space Requirements

Technical Security Branch Technical Operations Royal Canadian Mounted Police Revised: September 2006

Lead agency publication

G1-013

Any suggestions, revisions and comments regarding this guide should be directed to the Officer in Charge, Technical Security Branch (TSB), Technical Operations, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 1426 St. Joseph Blvd., Ottawa ON K1A 0R2

The development of this guide is based on the RCMP Security Control Centre Space Requirements, formerly guide SSB-SG-7, issued November 1981, revised July 1987.

Acknowledgements Committee members: Canadian Nuclear Security Commission (CNSC); Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS); Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC); Industry Canada (IC); Transport Canada (TC); and Treasury Board Secretariat (TBS)

(2006) HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA as represented by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Ottawa Canada K1A 0R2

This publication may be reproduced verbatim, in its entirety, without charge, for educational and personal purposes only. However, written permission from the RCMP is required for use of the material in edited or excepted form, or for any commercial purpose.

RCMP Technical Security Branch

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G1-013

TABLE OF CONTENTS1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................... 1 Application ............................................................................................................................ 1 Definitions ............................................................................................................................. 2 Design Requirements........................................................................................................... 2 Operational Requirements................................................................................................... 3 Environmental Requirements.............................................................................................. 4 Systems Design Approach .................................................................................................. 5 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 9 Understanding the requirements...................................................................................... 5 Defining the requirements ................................................................................................ 5 Allocating resources ........................................................................................................ 6 Human-machine interface considerations........................................................................ 6 Security Control Centre.................................................................................................... 6 Room for rack-mounted alarm equipment ....................................................................... 6 Room for wall-mounted alarm equipment ........................................................................ 7 Washroom facilities .......................................................................................................... 7 Emergency power supply................................................................................................. 7 Telephone equipment room (or closet) ......................................................................... 7

References ............................................................................................................................ 7

APPENDIX A - Typical Office Space Configurations ............................................................... 1 APPENDIX B - Performance Limits for Cabinet Cooling Blowers (Informative) ................... 1 APPENDIX C - Alarm Monitoring Space Planning Factors ..................................................... 1 APPENDIX D - Ergonomic Functional Models.......................................................................... 1

RCMP Technical Security Branch

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1 IntroductionIn accordance with the Treasury Board Secretariats Operational Security Standard on Physical Security, a Security Control Centre (SCC), whether proprietary or off-site, is a focal point for monitoring various systems such an electronic access control system (EAC), an electronic intrusion detection system (EID) and closed-circuit video equipment (CCVE), environmental processes (EP) and industrial processes (IP). This centre will typically include other personal or life safety equipment such as a fire alarm panel. A control centre of this nature would typically only be used in larger facilities.

2 ScopeThis revised guide supersedes the previously published guide of the same name. It has been developed to serve as a reference which can be used in determining minimum space requirements and ergonomic Human-Machine Interface (HMI) conceptual designs when planning or designing a SCC (see Appendix A - Sample Office Space Configurations). This guide is not intended to be a design standard nor a specification for a particular location, system or network. It is intended to be a reference for use in the development of local space requirements; therefore, it should identify all areas to accommodate personnel, equipment and supplies associated with control, alarm and event monitoring activities.

3 ApplicationThe SCC should be located in a security zone. A SCC is used to monitor and control the status of equipment or systems such as electronic access control (EAC), electronic intrusion detection systems (EID), duress alarms systems, biometric identification systems, closed circuit video equipment (CCVE), emergency communications systems (911), fire alarms systems, elevators control systems, etc. Refer to RCMP security guide G1-026, Guide to the Application of Physical Security Zones for more detailed information. The SCC must have some form of mechanical or electrical control of access into the security zone and must not contravene the life safety requirements of the National Building Code of Canada, the National Fire Code of Canada and related codes, standards and guidelines administered by the Federal Fire Protection Association (FFPA). Refer to RCMP security guide G1-010, Security Connotations of the 1995 National Building Code for more detailed information on typical National Building Code securityrelated issues and to RCMP security guide G1-024, Control of Access for control of access issues.

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4 Definitions

Control Room - core functional entity, and its associated physical structure, where control room operators are stationed to carry out centralized control, monitoring and administrative responsibilities [source: ISO 11064-3]. Control Suite - group of functionally related rooms, co-located with the control room, and including it, which house the supporting functions to the control room, such as related offices, equipment rooms, rest areas and training rooms [source: ISO 11064-3]. Control Centre - combination of control rooms, control suites and local control stations which are functionally related and all on the same site [source: ISO 11064-3]. Control Room Operator - an individual whose primary duties relate to the conduct of monitoring and control functions, usually at a control workstation, either on their own or in conjunction with other personnel both within the control room or outside [source: ISO 11064-3]. Control Workstation - single or multiple working position, including all equipment such as computers and communication terminals and furniture at which control and monitoring functions are conducted [source: ISO 11064-3]. Local Control Station - operator interface that is located near the equipment or system being monitored and/or controlled [source: ISO 11064-3].

5 Design RequirementsThe following issues should be taken into consideration:

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a. The operator and equipment should be out of the sight and audible range of the general public. The doors, door frames and locking hardware should provide protection against force attack. Refer to RCMP security guides G1-017, Hardware and G1-018, Doors and Frames. b. In some cases, a Sensitive Discussion Area (SDA) within the SCC needs to be designed and managed to prevent the overhearing of protected and classified information at various levels of sound attenuation. Refer to PWGSC, Speech Security: A Best Practice Guide (2002) for more detailed information. c. The National Building Code requires that a room to house fire alarm controls and public address systems for evacuation purposes be set aside on the main entrance level of high-rise buildings. Such rooms must be readily accessible to firefighters during fires. The building alarm monitors, fire alarms and evacuation systems should be located in the same room. d. In developing this guide, possible layouts with nominal clearance for the equipment were considered. These were drawn to scale under each of the room categories then the space allocations were calculated. e. Growth was based on identification of the key element that dictated the size of the room, e.g. equipment racks for the equipment room, consoles for the security control room. The size of each room is therefore depend