Photography in the Great Depression
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Photography in the Great Depression
Photography in the Great Depressionan 11th grade art lesson to be used when teaching the Great DepressionInstagram... what is it?Ask what is the reason for it, what makes a good picture, why do people enjoy it? What makes a good picture/one picture better from another? If people had Instagram in the Great Depression, what kinds of images would be photographed/posted?Instagram + the Great Depression
If people used Instagram during this era... what images would you have seen?What makes a good picture?We all have ideas of what makes a good picture...
How do we analyze an image and determine it is "good"?
Elements of PhotographyThere are several elements of photography...
What is an element?
Merriam-Webster defines "element" as...
a constituent parta plural : the simplest principles of a subject of studyCompositionThe way things are arranged in the photoPattern/TextureLineLines are what moves your eyes around a photoA photo with interesting lines engages your viewer! LightFundamental elements that illuminates subject
ColorDifferent colors affect different emotionsSome people say color can distract people from the subject/mood of the image
ViewpointViewpoint has a massive impact on the composition of our photo Can greatly affect the message conveyed consider photographing from high above, down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away, from very close up, and so on.DepthIt can isolate a subject from its background and foreground Or it can put the same subject in context by revealing its surroundings
FramingFraming allows you to isolate main subject in an image. Draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest
ElementsReview.... What is?CompositionPatternLineLightColorViewpointDepthFramingPhotographers of the Great DepressionDorothea LangeWalter EvansArthur RothsteinDorothea LangeEducated at Columbia Universitymoved to San Francisco to work in a portrait studioDuring the Great Depression moved to the street to capture American citizens dealing with the consequences of the eraWas hired by the FSA (Farm Security Administration) Brought images of the poor (sharecroppers, displaced farm families, migrants) to public attentionLange, Dorothea, (photographer). (1936). Destitue pea pickers in California, [photograph], Retrieved June 5, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa1998021539/PP/
Walter EvansWent to Williams College for French Lit before dropping outWas a clerk on Wall St until 19291935 worked for the Resettlement Administration (RA) in PA and WVWent on to work for the FSAFamous for many photographs taken of farm families and sharecroppers of the deep southEvans, Walker (photographer). (1935). Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania [photograph], Retrieved June 11, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa1997019491/PP/
Arthur RothsteinHe was a graduate of Columbia UniversityFounder of the University Camera Club and photography editor of the ColumbianWorked for the RA and FSAWell known for his images of small town, rural AmericaRothstein, Arthur (photographer). (1939). Business center. Colp, Illinois [photograph], Retrieved June 11, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa2000008212/PP/Picture Walk!Divide into groups of 4-5 people
Walk around the room, stop at each photo for a few minutes. Analyze and discuss:- What elements are present?- Who/What is the subject? - What part of the subject is shown? - Where was the camera positioned? - What story is told through this photo?DiscussRothstein, Arthur (photographer). (1938). Uncompleted hotel on main street, started in 1929, never finished because of depression. Vincennes, Indiana [photograph], Retrieved June 11, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa2000007850/PP/DiscussEvans, Walker (photographer). (1936). Tengle children, Hale County, Alabama [photograph], Retrieved June 11, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa1998016792/PP/DiscussLange, Dorothea, (photographer). (1939). Family who traveled by freight train, [photograph], Retrieved June 5, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa2000003842/PP/DiscussLaLange, Dorothea, (photographer). (1937). Drought and depression refugee from Okalahoma now working in the pea fields of California [photograph], Retrieved June 5, 2013, from: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa2000000976/PP/