Pedicure contra-indications

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    15-Jul-2015
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Transcript of Pedicure contra-indications

  • Contra-Indications to PedicureNVQ Level 2 Beauty Therapy

  • What is a Contra-Indication? It is something that prevents or restricts the way in which the treatment is carried out. It is important that you can recognise a contra-indication so to prevent any further harm to the client or yourself, and to prevent cross-infection and secondary infection.

  • Contra-Indications that Prevent TreatmentFungal infections i.e. ringworm of the nail or athletes foot.Bacterial infections i.e. impetigo.Viral infections i.e. verruca.Parasitic infestations i.e. scabies.Severe nail separation.Severe eczema and psoriasis.Severe bruising.

  • Contra-indications that restrict the way in which you carry out the treatmentMinor nail separation.Minor eczema and psoriasis (not active).Damaged nails.Broken bones.Bunions.

  • Lets look at the contra-indications in more detail

  • Contra-indications that prevent treatment

  • Fungal Infection Athletes FootCause - Fungal infection of the skin.

    Appearance The skin in-between the toes appears, sodden, white and itchy it may be red underneath.

  • Ringworm of the ToenailCause - Vegetable fungus. Usually the result of nail injury and then infection occurs.

    Appearance - 3 forms: a) White patches that can be scraped off the nail surface.b) Long yellowish streaks within the nail.c) Disease spreads from the free edge to the matrix. You will notice the nail plate starts to lift and thicken.

  • Bacterial Infection - paronychiaCause Picking the skin at the side of the toenails, or a break in the skin becoming infected. It often accompanies ingrowing toenails.

    Appearance Inflammation, redness and pus occurs in the tissue.

  • Impetigo Cause Bacterial infection or unsanitary habits.

    Appearance Small red blemishes form which start to weep and spread. Honey coloured crusts then form.

  • Verruca Cause - Viral infection.

    Appearance Small circular core that is flat and will often have black dots in its centre, it can sometimes be white around the edges. It indents into the sole of the foot.

  • Parasitic Infestations ScabiesCause Infestation of an itch mite that burrows under the skin.

    Appearance Small red papules occur and they then fill with dirt and give a greyish zig-zag appearance.

  • Severe Nail Separation - onycholysisCause Bacterial/fungal infection, trauma or illness.

    Appearance - This may be infectious and the nail will visibly separate from the nail bed, looking white in colour where it has lifted. It may affect a part of the nail or the whole nail. Some discoloration or streaks may be present in the nail and the nail surface may be irregular.

  • Severe EczemaCause - Internal or external irritant, may be genetic.

    Appearance - Reddening of the skin, with swelling, cracks and possibly blisters. These blisters leak fluid that form scabs. Quite often present in the joint areas.

  • Severe PsoriasisCause - No real cause is known. It is thought to be hereditary or stress related.

    Appearance - Red patches of skin appear with scale like waxy cells covering the area. Bleeding will occur if the area is scratched, removing the scales, and secondary infection may then occur.

  • Psoriasis of the nailCause - No real cause is known. It is thought to be hereditary or stress related.

    Appearance - Psoriasis of the nail will appear as pitting or thickening of the nail plate, beaus lines horizontal ridges in the nail plate and possible lifting of the nail plate.

  • Severe BruisingCause - Trauma to the skin tissues, usually resulting from banging. The blood vessels under the skin burst which allows the blood to seep under the skins surface.

    Appearance - May appear blue or black and then fade to a yellowy green.

  • Contra-indications that restrict the way in which the pedicure is applied

  • Minor Nail Separation Cause - Usually damage to the nail, however could be related to illness.

    Appearance - Nail will lift slightly from the nail bed and will appear a creamy, yellow colour where it has lifted.

  • Damaged NailsCause Could be a variety of causes such as: injury to the nail, or trauma i.e. running or playing lots of sport causes the trainers to rub against the toenails.

    Appearance Split or broken nails.

  • Broken BonesCause Injury.

    Appearance Client would normally be wearing a plaster cast.

  • BunionsCause Tight fitting shoes or genetic. Bunions develop as a result of pressure on the side of the big toe.

    Appearance - As a result the toe is pushed out of line towards the other toes. The joint is more prominent it can become sore and red. Quite often a hammer toe can accompany this condition.