Part 1 - Seascape Tutorial

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    Corel Painter X Curriculum Part 1Seascape tutorial by Stephanie Reese

    Lesson One

    For the first lesson, students will learn to

    create a new Corel Painter X document

    create a new layer and rename it

    choose a brush and adjust the brush settings

    choose a color by using the Colors palette

    sketch an outline of a seascape

    Creating a new document

    When you create a new Corel Painter X document, you can specify

    the canvas size, resolution, and paper color.

    To create a new document

    1 Start Corel Painter X, and click Create new document in theWelcome book.

    The seascape requires a landscape orientation, so youll need toresize the default document dimensions.

    This tutorial contains five

    lessons, each requiring approximately

    45 minutes to complete.

    Some of the steps can be finished in a

    matter of seconds, others will require

    several minutes to complete.

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    2 In the New dialog box, type 11 in the Width box, and chooseinches from the corresponding list box. Then type 8 in the

    Height box, choose inches from the corresponding list box,and click OK.

    Creating a new layer and renaming it

    Next, youll add a new layer on which to start your painting. The

    Canvas layer is locked so its recommended that you always startpainting on a new layer, which can be changed and moved up

    and down the layer stack as needed.

    To create a new layer and rename it

    1 Click Layers menu New Layer.

    A new layer appears in the Layers palette on the right side of

    your screen. The new layer is automatically named Layer 1.

    This layer will become the outline sketch for the seascape.

    2 On the Layers palette, double-click Layer 1.

    3 In the Layer Attributes dialog box, type outline in the Name

    box, and click OK.

    Resolution is the number of

    dots of color per inch in an image. The

    higher the resolution, the sharper the

    image. If you are creating an image

    that will be blown up and printed, youneed high enough resolution to

    maintain the sharpness of your image.

    Enlarging an image with low

    resolution will not create more dots or

    pixels per inch. Instead, it will make

    the existing dots larger resulting in a

    fuzzy, pixilated image. For print

    medium, 300 ppi (pixels per inch) is

    recommended. For this tutorial,

    however, youll use the default 72 ppi.

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    The layer name is updated in the Layers palette.

    Choosing a brush and adjusting brush settings

    In Corel Painter X, the property bar changes dynamically to reflect

    the selected tool. The property bar gives you quick access to tool

    options and settings.

    Located on the top right corner of the screen, the Brush Selector

    bar lets you choose a brush. The first icon is the Brush Category

    selector and the second is the Brush Variant selector. Every paint

    brush category has its own selection of brush variants.

    To choose a brush and adjust brush settings

    1 In the toolbox, click the Brush tool.

    With the property bar controls, you can choose between

    freehand or straight-line strokes, adjust the size of the brush,determine whether paint will appear transparent or opaque on

    the canvas, and more.

    2 On the Brush Selector bar, choose Art Pen Brushes from the

    Brush Category selector and Soft Flat Oils from the BrushVariant selector.

    3 On the property bar, type 8 in the Size box.

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    Choosing a color and creating your sketch

    The Colors palette gives you fine control over color selection. In

    the Corel Painter X toolbox, icons let you switch between a main

    color and an additional color.

    The outline drawing for the seascape is a simple sketch. It should

    provide placement on the page for the horizon line (where water

    meets sky), clouds, rocks, boats, trees, shoreline, etc.

    To choose a color and create your sketch

    1 In the toolbox, click the Main Color icon .

    2 On the Colors palette, use the color wheel to choose a neutral

    color. After you choose a color, the Main Color icon in thetoolbox will update automatically.

    3 Sketch a seascape by using different brush types, sizes, andcolors.

    Keep in mind that you can undone any unsatisfactory brushstrokes by clicking Edit menu Undo, or by using the keyboard

    shortcut Command + Z (Mac) or Ctrl + Z (Windows).

    To wrap up todays lesson, save your work.

    4 Click File menu Save.

    5 In the Save (Mac) or Save Image As (Windows) dialog box, type

    Lesson1 in the File name box, and click Save.

    On the Colors palette, the

    color wheel lets you select differenthues or color. Simply click anywhere

    on the wheel to change the current

    color. The triangle provides

    adjustment in saturation and value.

    Click the triangle towards the right to

    add more saturated or pure color.

    Click the triangle towards the left to

    add more black or white.

    To change color, the icon inside the

    triangle must not be on either pure

    white or black. If the icon is on white

    or black, the color will not change nomatter which color you choose.

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    Lesson 2

    During the first lesson, you practiced using different brushes and

    colors to sketch a seascape outline. For the purpose of this tutorial,

    you will replace your seascape outline with an original sketch to

    use as a guide.

    For the second lesson, students will learn to

    replace previous work with an original sketch for use as a guide

    add base colors for the painting on a new layer

    create a horizon line

    Replacing previous work with an original sketch

    The first step is to retrieve your work from the first lesson. Then,

    youll replace that image with an original sketch to use as a guide.

    To replace your work with the original sketch

    1 Click File menu Open, navigate to the folder in which yousaved yesterdays sketch, select Lesson1.RIF, and click Open.

    2 Insert the Corel Painter X Curriculum CD in your CD drive.

    3 Click File menu Open, navigate to the Part 1 SeascapetutorialSample files folder, and choose seascape1.TIF.

    The original outline sketch appears.

    4 Click Select menu All to select theseascape.TIFfile.

    5 Click Edit menu Copy, and close theseascape.TIFfile.

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    6 Click Edit menu Paste.

    The seascape outline is pasted over your outline sketch on a

    new layer.

    7 On the Layers palette, select the outline layer that you created

    previously, right-click and choose Delete from the pop-upmenu.

    8 Double-click the new layer, and rename it outline guide.

    9 Click File menu Save As, type Lesson2 in the File name box,

    and click Save.

    Adding color on a new layer

    Next, youll create a new layer on which to add base colors to the

    painting. These are just starter colors. Before the seascape is

    finished, youll add layers of additional color and eventually more

    surface detail.

    Youll use the Colors palette to choose colors for painting base

    items in the seascape.

    To create the new layer for painting

    1 Click Layers menu New.

    2 On the Layers palette, ensure that the new layer is selected.

    3 On the Brush Selector bar, choose Oils from the Brush Category

    selector and Bristle Oils 20 from the Brush Variant selector.

    4 To provide a color base for your image, use the Colors palette tochoose different colors and then paint blocks of color over youroutline.

    5 Using different blues for water and sky, browns for rocks, etc.,color in your image by following the outline sketch as a guide.

    It is important to note that thelightness of color you start with on a

    painting will be determined by the

    medium used. If you are using oils,

    you can start with darker colors and

    layer lighter colors on top. If you are

    painting with watercolors, however,

    you must start with the lightest color

    and work your way to the darker

    colors. You can not easily lighten a

    dark watercolor.

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    As you can see, it doesnt look like a finished painting just yet.

    Creating the horizon

    Next, youll create the horizon for your painting. Keep in mind

    that you do not want the horizon line to divide the page in half.

    The horizon should lie either above or below the midline to make

    it more visually appealing.

    In addition, youll use the Layers palette to keep the outline guide

    on top of your painting.

    To create the horizon

    1 On the Layers palette, drag the outline guide layer up on top

    of the new drawing layer (Layer 1).

    The outline will appear over the new layer so you can continue

    to use it as a guide.

    With the Layers palette, you

    can manage the layers of your

    painting. You can change layer

    hierarchy by moving layers up and

    down. You can also collapse or group

    layers.

    The eye icon beside each layer

    name lets you turn layers on and off.

    During this tutorial, you will use this

    icon to turn theoutline guide

    layer on and off as you paint.

    When the eye icon is open, so is the

    layer it represents. Conversely, when

    the eye icon is closed, so is the layer it

    represents.

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    2 On the Layers palette, select Layer 1.

    You can now continue to add color without painting over theoutline guide. On the Layers palette, click the eye iconbeside the outline guide layer to turn it on or off as you paint.

    3 Use varying brush sizes to add some darker colors to the rocksand water.

    4 In the toolbox, choose the Rectangular Selection tool.

    5 Click and drag a rectangular selection at the top of your picture

    where you want to place the sky.

    6 On the Colors palette, choose a pale blue.

    7 In the toolbox, click the Paint Bucket tool, and click in theselection to fill it.

    8 In the Commit dialog box, click Commit.

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    This gives you a straight line for your horizon.

    9 Save your work.

    Lesson 3

    During lesson two, you used an original sketch as a guideline to

    add base colors to your seascape.

    For lesson three, students will learn to

    add more color to the painting

    add shadows to the painting

    add light and highlights to the painting

    Adding more color

    Now, its time to refine the colors in your painting to create the

    appearance of shadows. Youll use RealBristle brushes to add color,

    and an Impasto brush to manipulate color already on the canvas.

    To add more color

    1 Open Lesson2.RIF.

    2 On the Brush Selector bar, choose RealBristle Brushes fromthe Brush Category selector and Real Round Bristle from the

    Brush Variant selector.

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    3 Next, start painting with some additional colors to formshadows under rocks, in crevices, etc. Remember to paint with

    brush strokes that follow the direction of the rocks, water, etc.

    4 Add some color to the water and rocks. Use varying colors of

    blue and green in the water. Use varying colors of red, yellow,gray, and even some blue on the rocks.

    After you have several colors in your image, you can start tomove them around by using an Impasto brush.

    5 On the Brush Selector bar, choose Impasto from the Brush

    Category selector and Impasto Distorto from the BrushVariant selector.

    Notice that the Distorto brush variant does not use its owncolor. Instead, it can only move around the colors that are

    already on the canvas.

    Experiment with moving the colors around until you aresatisfied with their appearance.

    Adding light and water highlights

    The next step is to add some light and highlights in the water.

    Youll use an Eraser tool to achieve the effect of reflective water.

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    To add light and water highlights

    1 On the Brush Selector bar, choose Erasers from the BrushCategory selector and Gentle Bleach 7 from the Brush Variant

    selector.

    2 Brush over any areas in the water where you want to add white

    reflections.

    Experiment with changing the brush size to achieve the effect

    you want.

    3 On the Brush Selector bar, choose Impasto from the Brush

    Category selector and Distorto Impasto from the Brush

    Variant selector.

    4 Use the Distorto brush to give the appearance of additional

    movement to the reflections.

    5 Save your work as Lesson3.RIF.

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    Lesson 4

    During lesson three, you added shadows, highlights, and

    additional colors.

    For lesson four, students will learn to

    add more layers of color use a gradient fill to color the sky

    add texture to give the painting more depth

    Adding more color to the sky

    You'll now add more color to the sky by using a gradient fill.

    To add more color to the horizon

    1 Open Lesson3.RIF.

    2 In the toolbox, click the RectangularSelection tool

    3 Make a selection over the horizon area that you created inlesson two.

    4 In the toolbox, click the Paint Bucket tool.

    5 On the property bar, choose Gradient from the Fill list box.

    6 On the property bar, click the Select Fill icon and choose

    Summer Sunset from the drop-down list.

    7 Click in your selection to fill the sky with the selected gradient.

    You may need to click several times to achieve the desired

    result.

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    Accent with darker and more saturated colors for greater effect.

    2 Use both the RealBristle brushes and the Impasto brushes toadd texture to the painting.

    RealBristle brush strokes give an authentic look to the painting.

    3 Use the Distorto brush to move the color around in the skyuntil it looks more like clouds and less linear than the gradientused.

    4 Use variants of the Airbrushes brush category to create whitespray from the water over the rocks.

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    Experiment with the Pixel Spray variant and Soft Airbrushvariants to give a soft water effect.

    5 Save your work as Lesson4.RIF.

    Lesson 5

    During lesson four, you added color and texture to refine your

    painting. There are a couple of Corel Painter X effects for lighting

    and texture that youll use to finish your painting.

    For lesson five, students will learn to

    use the Apply Lighting effect to add light to the painting

    use the Apply Surface Texture effect to add texture to thepainting

    Working with lighting effects

    The Apply Lighting effect lets you shine one or more light sources

    on an image. You can choose different lighting effects from the

    Corel Painter library, or you can create your own effects by

    defining brightness, distance, color, and other characteristics. For

    this tutorial, youll use an effect from the Corel Painter library.

    To create a lighting effect

    1 Open Lesson4.RIF.

    2 Click Layers menu Drop All.

    The Layers palette now shows a single image layer (Canvas).

    If you want effects added to

    single layers of a painting only, use

    the Layers palette to select the layer towhich you want an effect applied.

    However, if you want an effect such

    as lighting applied to an entire image,

    all layers must be dropped to a single

    layer.

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    3 Click Effects menu Surface ControlApply Lighting.

    4 In the Apply Lighting dialog box, click the Warm Globe preset

    thumbnail, and click OK.

    The lighting changes to darken the edges and highlight themiddle of the painting.

    If you wish to experiment with other lighting selections, simplyclick Edit menu Undo to reverse the previous change.

    Working with surface texture effects

    Now, youll add more texture to your painting by using a Corel

    Painter effect. The Apply Surface Texture effect lets you add athree-dimensional (3D) surface texture to your image. Surface

    texture is created either by applying a paper texture or by using

    information from a clone source to determine depth and height.

    For the purpose of this tutorial, youll use the Image Luminance

    method. This effect uses the current images luminance, or

    lightness, to determine where surface texture is added. Light parts

    of the image create dents; darker parts create raised areas. The

    overall effect gives an embossed look to the edges of the image.

    To apply surface texture effects

    1 Click Effects menu Surface ControlApply Surface

    Texture.

    By default, the Apply SurfaceTexture effect uses the currently

    selected paper texture.

    To experiment with different paper

    textures, click thePaper Selector

    in the Toolbox and choose a paper

    texture from the drop-down list.

    You can see the effect of your choice

    in the Preview area of the Apply

    Surface Texture dialog box.

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    2 In the Apply Surface Texture dialog box, choose ImageLuminance from the Using list box.

    The texture in the Preview window changes to reflect the brush

    strokes in your painting.

    3 Click OK.

    4 When you are happy with the results, save your work asseascapefinal.RIF.

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    For this tutorial, you have been experimenting with using an

    original sketch as a guideline. For the rest of this lesson, you will

    create your own painting from scratch.

    Have fun and remember to experiment by using the various

    brushes, paints, textures, and effects.

    About the author

    Stephanie Reese is an accredited high school art teacher who holds

    a BA in Curriculum Development and a Masters in Education.

    Portions copyright 2007 Corel Corporation. All rights reserved.Corel, Painter, and the Corel logo are trademarks or registered

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    Wacom is a registered trademark of Wacom Company, Ltd. Windowsis a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the UnitedStates and other countries. All other product, font, and company

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