Oecd environmental performance reviews Some lessons

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1 1 Environmental Performance Reviews OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEWS SOME LESSONS Dr. Christian Avérous OECD Environment Directorate www.oecd.org/env Santiago, Chile 27 November 2008
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Transcript of Oecd environmental performance reviews Some lessons

Site Project FinancingG7 Summit
62 reviews
PROGRAMME ROOTS
ECO, ENV, AID, ENERGY
Policy dialogue
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National indicators
In country publication
Follow-up and monitoring
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About 50 recommendations on future directions for each country review
Medium term, long term
Commonly agreed, country specific
Parliament, Seminars
Mid-term reviews
INTERNATIONAL SOFT LAW
Focus on OECD countries
Complements OECD Environmental Outlook
Market-based sectoral integration
Uneven progress in improving ecosystem integrity, decoupling, international environmental governance and co-operation
Countries only beginning to address full range of challenges
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Need to reduce integration gap
Need to intensify implementation of international agreements
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PROCESS
February 2006: review mission (Beijing – Lang Fang, Provinces of Jiangsu and Shaanxi)
16 OECD experts, (consultation with NGOs, industry, independent experts, field trips)
November 2006: Peer review (Beijing, 30 countries, 1 day and 1/2, questions from OECD Countries to Chinese delegation)
November 2006: Release of the Conclusions &
Recommendations (Beijing – 51 recommendations)
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CONTEXT
Integration into the global economy
Income disparity
Harmonious society
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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Major reform of the water sector
3Rs and “circular economy” in the 11th FYP
PAC expenditure (1.2% of GDP)
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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Enforcement capacity at the local level
High pollution, energy and material intensities of the economy
Under-pricing of energy, water and other resources
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Integration economic growth/social demands
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Reduction of ODS (more than any other country from 1995)
Active and constructive with MEAs
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INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Coherent national plan on climate change
Development co-operation programme
OUTCOME
Creation of Ministry of Environment (March 2008 – November 2008)
Climate Change Plan