Obd system quick guide
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OBD BASIC KNOWLEDGEAuthor:huawuCompany:AutoOBDToolsWebSite:http://www.autoobdtools.com
What is OBDII(On-Board Diagnostic)?OBD (DLC)Data Link Connector & Protocol ListOBD Trouble Codeslearning this can saving much money on car repair
1.What is OBDII(On-Board Diagnostic)? On-Board Diagnostics or OBD was primarily to meet EPA emission standards.before January 1, 1996 called OBD-1.function is simple. after January 1, 1996.OBD-II, a new standard provides almost complete engine control and also monitors parts of the chassis, body and accessory devices, as well as the diagnostic control network of the car.
OBD-II is an expanded set of standards and practices developed by SAE and adopted by the EPA and CARB (California Air Resources Board) for implementation by January 1, 1996. SAE Official website:http://www.sae.org/ EPA Official website:http://www.epa.gov CARB Official website:http://www.arb.ca.gov/homepage.htm
2.OBD (DLC)Data Link Connector & Protocol ListData Link ConnectorThe Location Of DLCThe DLC(Data Link Connector or Diagnostic Link Connector) is the standardized 16-cavity connector where diagnostic scan tools interface with the vehicles on-board computer.the DLC is usually located 12 inches from the center of the instrument panel (dash),under or around the drivers side for most vehicles.if you can't find it,you can refer owner manual or search on google
Since 1996, the data link connector (DLC) is a standardized 16 cavity connector shown below.Connector design and location is dictated by an industry wide standard. Vehicle manufacturers can use the empty DLC cavities for whatever they would like.however,the DLC of every vehicle is required to provide pins 4 and 5 and 16 as defined below. When the Controller Area Network (CAN) protocol is fully implemented in the 2008 model year, all vehicles must use pins 6 and 14 as defined below.
Terminal 2 - SAE J1850 10.4k bits per second (BPS) variable pulse width serial data (GM Class2) or SAE J1850 41.6k bps pulse width modulation serial data high line (Ford). Terminal 4- Scan tool chassis ground. Terminal 5 - Common signal ground for serial data lines (Logic Low). Terminal 6 - ISO 11898/15765/SAE J2284 CAN serial data high line. Terminal 7 - ISO 9141 K serial data Line or ISO 14230 (Keyword 2000) serial data line (DaimlerChrysler/Honda/Toyota) Terminal 10 - SAE J1850 41.6k bps pulse width modulation serial data low line (Ford). Terminal 14 - ISO 11898/15765/SAE J2284 CAN serial data low line. Terminal 15 - ISO 9141 L serial data Line or ISO 14230 (Keyword 2000) serial data line (DaimlerChrysler/Honda) Terminal 16 - Scan tool power (Unswitched battery positive voltage)
OBD Protocol List An OBD2 compliant vehicle can use any of the five communication protocols: 1.SAE J1850 PWM 2.SAE J1850 VPW 3.ISO9141-2 4.ISO14230-4 (KWP2000) 5.ISO 15765-4/SAE J2480 Detail:http://blog.autoobdtools.com/car-repair-terms/obd2obd-iiobd-protocol-list/
3.OBD Trouble CodesDiagnostic trouble codes(dtcs) explain
OBDII Diagnostic Trouble Codes(DTCS) are codes that are stored by the on-board computer diagnostic system in response to a problem found in the vehicle.these codes identify a particular problem area and are intended to provide you with a guide as to where a fault might be occurring within a vehicle. OBDII Diagnostic Trouble Codes consist of a five-digit alphanumeric code.the first character,a letter,identifies which control system sets the code.the other four characters,all numbers,provide additional infomation on where the DTC originated and the operating conditions that caused it to set
4.learning this can saving much money on car repairWhy I Say that? When your car run rough, the first thing you do is to take your car to the mechanic. Have you noticed what the first thing mechanic do for your car? Yes, connecting your car with a scanner. Then you should pay a diagnostic charge. The more times you get your car diagnosed, the more money you should pay. It really consumes you a lot of money.isnt it? What if you have your own scanner? Surely you can save much diagnostic cost. Whats more benefited, with an auto scan tool, you can find your car problems at anytime anywhere by yourself. Then you can solve some easy problems without the help the mechanics. Thats to say, auto scan tool may enable you to be independent from those auto repair stores.
ThanksAuthor:huawuCompany:AutoOBDToolsWebSite:http://www.autoobdtools.comAutoOBDTools Learning Center:http://blog.autoobdtools.com