Next steps in Vietnam

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The U.S. Government Ups the Ante Brief Recap Truman Doctrine (containment) Eisenhower (domino theory) 1960 U.S. Presidential Elections

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Vietnam, JFK, LBJ

Transcript of Next steps in Vietnam

Page 1: Next steps in Vietnam

The U.S. Government Ups the Ante

• Brief Recap

• Truman Doctrine (containment)

• Eisenhower (domino theory)

• 1960 U.S. Presidential Elections

Page 2: Next steps in Vietnam

John Fitzgerald Kennedy

the Democrats take control of the White House

Page 3: Next steps in Vietnam

JFK: A New Path?

• his appearance was symbolic

• view towards Diem

• boots on the ground (increase to 16,000 “advisors”)

• Diem and the power of the press

• McNamara’s (DoD) belief about the future of Vietnam

Page 5: Next steps in Vietnam

Kennedy Quotes About Vietnam

• “But I can’t do it until 1965--after I’m reelected...or there would be a wild conservative outcry against [his reelection]”

• “If I tried to pull out completely now from Vietnam, we would have another Joe McCarthy red scare on our hands...”

• “We don’t have a prayer of staying in Vietnam. Those people hate us.”

Page 6: Next steps in Vietnam

Lyndon Baines Johnson

• relationship with JFK

• LBJ maintains the status quo--the U.S. had “to win [the] contest against the externally directed and supported Communist conspiracy.”

• Gulf of Tonkin resolution (July 1964)

• Election in 1964

Page 7: Next steps in Vietnam

Escalation Part II

• Operation Rolling Thunder

• “search and destroy” raids

• implementation of the draft (1965)

• Operation Phoenix (1967)

54,791 sorties in 1965 (Frankum 34)

Ronald B. Frankum Jr. Like Rolling Thunder. Lanham, MD: Rowan & Littlefield Publishers, INC., 2005.

Page 8: Next steps in Vietnam

Effects of Escalation• increased protests in the U.S.

• Tet Offensive (1968)

• LBJ decides not to run for reelection