New York School of Poets
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New York School of PoetsPresented by: Averill LabradorMichelle Mayo, Jefrille Jocosing, and Charlotte Rivera Quick ActivityDiscuss with your table what you think the New York School of Poets was. Raise your hands when you are ready to share your thoughts.New York School of Poets1950s -1960s Inspiration derived from surrealism and modernismSurrealism -cultural movement which began in the 1920s Element of surprise.Modernism- A style or movement in the arts that aims to break with classical and traditional forms.rejection of the dominant school of confessional poetry deeply influenced by the action painters of the 1950s and 1960s, particularly Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, and Larry Rivers.
New York School of Poets cont.Had commonalities with the beats.Confessional franknessSerious and ironicInterest in surreal combination of high art and art illusionsAesthetic modeUrban aspects and modernismHelped people see the world in different ways
Barbara GuestBorn in Wilmington, North Carolina, 1920Attended UCLA and UC Berkeley, graduated in 1943First generation writer for the New York School of Poets in her early careerArt News magazine in 1950s, continued to write articles and reviews for many art magazines.Tension between the lyrical (or musical) and the graphic (or material) is a defining feature of her work, and her poetry often utilizes space as a way to draw attention to language.
Barbara Guest cont.She received multiple honors in the poetry community Died on February 15, 2006
Notable WorksThe Red Gaze (Wesleyan University Press, 2005)Miniatures and Other Poems (2002)Symbiosis (1999)Defensive Rapture (1994)Fair Realism (1989)Musicality (1988)The Nude (1986)Quilts (1980)Biography (1980).
EchoesOnce more riding down to Venice on borrowed horses,
the air free of misdemeanor, at rest in the inns of our fathers.
Once again whiteness like the white chandelier.
Echoes of other poems...
AnalysisTitle: Echoes: any repetition or close imitation (sounds, opinions, ideas, etc)Paraphrase: Again, Going to Venice on horses that we borrowed/ There are no crimes or misbehavior that took place in the homes of our ancestors/ There is purity once more/ Shifts: lines 2&3Echoes of other poemsFigurative language: Symbolism, simile, repetition diction, personification
Analysis cont.Attitude: Positive, relief, reassuranceStructure: Free verseUse of Title/Theme: Life is a cycle and misdemeanor is always followed by reoccurrence of peace and purity
AP Prompt #1After reading Barbara Guests, Echoes, analyze the ways in which she uses figurative language to portray a certain theme while discussing its relation to the New York School of Poets.Quick!What was a defining feature of Barbara Guests work?
Kenneth KochKenneth Koch was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on February 27, 1925. He studied at Harvard University, where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree, and attended Columbia University for his Ph.D. Originating at Harvard, where Koch met fellow students Frank O'Hara and John Ashbery, the New York School derived much of its inspiration from the works of action painters Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, and Larry Rivers, whom the poets met in the 1950s after settling in New York City. Kenneth Koch had an obscure way of poetry
Kenneth Koch cont.His numerous honors include The Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry awarded by the Library of Congress in 1996As well as awards from the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the Fulbright, Guggenheim, and Ingram-Merrill foundations.
Notable WorksA Momentary Longing To Hear Sad Advice From One Long Dead The Magic of Numbers To My Father's Business To Various Persons Talked To All At Once
To YouI love you as a sheriff searches for a walnutThat will solve a murder case unsolved for yearsBecause the murderer left it in the snow beside a windowThrough which he saw her head, connecting withHer shoulders by a neck, and laid a redRoof in her heart. For this we live a thousand years;For this we love, and we live because we love, we are notInside a bottle, thank goodness! I love you as aKid searches for a goat; I am crazier than shirttailsIn the wind, when youre near, a wind that blows from
To You cont.The big blue sea, so shiny so deep and so unlike us;I think I am bicycling across an Africa of green and white fieldsAlways, to be near you, even in my heartWhen Im awake, which swims, and also I believe that youAre trustworthy as the sidewalk which leads me toThe place where I again think of you, a newHarmony of thoughts! I love you as the sunlight leads the prowOf a ship which sailsFrom Hartford to Miami, and I love youBest at dawn, when even before I am awake the sunReceives me in the questions which you always
AnalysisTitle: Thought of it to be a love poem to someoneParaphrase: Kenneth Koch is telling all these examples of why he loves who he loves.Shifts- Line 6/7, where it shows the intensity through repetitionFigurative Language-Repetition (Line 6/7) WeImagery SimileMetaphorDiction
Analysis Cont.Attitude (tone): The tone is shown that Koch is in love with this one person but he is willing to do anything and everything to be with his love.Structure- He uses a unique way of grammar to show how he wants to perceive his love and within the structure is shows him creating new lines a certain points in language.Title/Theme: The theme is that love can be seen as a journey of discovery of all the qualities of the one you love and loving them for who they are and how they can help you accomplish great things.
AP Prompt #2In Kenneth Kochs, To You, he uses figurative language such as repetition, imagery, and diction. Discuss the ways in which he utilizes these techniques to relate to the poem as a whole.Quick!In what way did Kenneth Koch write his poetry?
1927- PresentFather Farmer, mother Biology teacherAttended Deerfield academy Wystan Hugh Auden& Dylan ThomasAttended Hardvard graduated in 1949.Recieves Fullbright Fellowship.During this time he becomes an editor of the 12 issues ofArt and Literatureserved as the art editor for the European edition of theNew York Herald Tribune1963, Andy Warhol , known for pop art.
A Wave(1984) Mirror(1975)Three Poems(1972)April Galleons(1987)Shadow Train(1981)The Double Dream of Spring(1970)Turandot and Other Poems(1953)John Ashbery cont.
The PainterSitting between the sea and the buildingsHe enjoyed painting the seas portrait.But just as children imagine a prayerIs merely silence, he expected his subjectTo rush up the sand, and, seizing a brush,Plaster its own portrait on the canvas.So there was never any paint on his canvasUntil the people who lived in the buildingsPut him to work: Try using the brushAs a means to an end. Select, for a portrait,Something less angry and large, and more subjectTo a painters moods, or, perhaps, to a prayer.
The Painter cont.How could he explain to them his prayerThat nature, not art, might usurp the canvas?He chose his wife for a new subject,Making her vast, like ruined buildings,As if, forgetting itself, the portraitHad expressed itself without a brush.Slightly encouraged, he dipped his brushIn the sea, murmuring a heartfelt prayer:My soul, when I paint this next portraitLet it be you who wrecks the canvas.The news spread like wildfire through the buildings:He had gone back to the sea for his subject.
The Paint cont.Imagine a painter crucified by his subject!Too exhausted even to lift his brush,He provoked some artists leaning from the buildingsTo malicious mirth: We havent a prayerNow, of putting ourselves on canvas,Or getting the sea to sit for a portrait!Others declared it a self-portrait.Finally all indications of a subjectBegan to fade, leaving the canvasPerfectly white. He put down the brush.At once a howl, that was also a prayer,Arose from the overcrowded buildings.They tossed him, the portrait, from the tallest of the buildings;And the sea devoured the canvas and the brushAs though his subject had decided to remain a prayer.
AnalysisTitle: Painter , artistic or abstract point of view.Paraphrase: There is guy painting the seas portrait , he expects his subject to do one thing but it does something else while not having paint. Then chooses different subjects e.g. his wife. He ends up leaving the canvas white and throwing it into the ocean.Shifts: lines 4&5Figurative language: ImagerySymbolismPrayer- Wishes / AmbitionsPortrait- Negative memories of inflictions caused upon himSea- disposal of the negative feelingsBuildings- realties of the world
Analysis cont.Attitude: worried / anxietyTitle: Interpretation hasn't changed.Theme: Portraying yourself in hobbies can be a source of escape from the real world and a stimulant to achieveing dreamsAP Prompt #3In John Ashberrys The Painter Imagery and symbolism are used to portray how there are many escapes to reality. Choose any literary merit in which this symbolism and imagery portray a message.
Frank O Hara
Frank O HaraFrancis Russell "Frank" O'Hara-March 27, 1926-Born in Baltimore, Maryland-Grew up in Massachussetts-studied piano at the New England Conservatory in Boston-Served in the South Pacific & Japan War
Frank O Hara cont.Harvard College: MusicMet John Ashberypublished poems in the Harvard Advocatechanged majorleft Harvard in 1950 with a degree in EnglishOne of the most distinguished members of the New York School of Poetssource of inspiration for his highly original poetry
Notable WorksA City Winter (1952)Meditations in an Emergency (1956)Lunch Poems (1964)
Lines to A Depressed FriendJoyous you should be,of all things sweet the most constant and most pure,eager for what might be obta