NC Final Exam Study Guide. Conflict External Conflict Person vs person Person vs nature Person vs...
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NC Final Exam Study Guide Slide 2 Conflict External Conflict Person vs person Person vs nature Person vs society Internal Conflict Person vs self Slide 3 PLOT Slide 4 Plot continued Flash forwardFlashback In media res Slide 5 SETTING Time Place Environment Slide 6 CHARACTERIZATION Slide 7 STATIC vs DYNAMIC CHARACTERS Slide 8 THEME Slide 9 DRAMA (COMEDY & TRAGEDY), POETRY, NOVELS, SHORT STORIES Slide 10 Mood & Tone Slide 11 Authors Purpose Persuade, Inform, Entertain Slide 12 Point of View Slide 13 Unreliable Narrator In the case of an unreliable narrator (sometimes called a fallible narrator), the reader has reason not to trust what the narrator is saying. The narrator may be unreliable for many reasons. Some of the typical scenarios are: The narrator may be of a dramatically different age than the people in the story, such as a child attempting to explain adult actions The narrator may have prejudices about race, class or gender The narrator may have low intelligence The narrator may suffer from hallucinations or dementia (as with the narrator in The Tell-Tale Heart The narrator may have a personality flaw such as pathological lying or narcissism The narrator may be trying to make a point that is contrary to the actions of the story or be attempting to libel one of the characters due to a grudge Slide 14 Tone TONE describes the authors attitude toward his/her subject. The attitude may be stated in so many words or implied. Diction is a key to tone. Tones can be formal or informal (among other things): Slide 15 Mood MOOD is the situation's atmosphere or characters' feelings: CalmCheerfulChillingComicalDark DepressingDismalEerieFancifulForeboding GloomyGrimGrotesqueHeart- breaking Heartrending HolyHopefulHorrificIntenseJoyful LightLightheartedMelancholicMorbidMournful MysteriousOminousOptimisticPessimisticPowerful RomanticSadSinisterSoothingSorrowful SpiritualSpookyTerrifyingThreateningTranquil Whimsical Slide 16 Verbal Irony Sarcasm, Satire, Understatement SATIRE The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. The use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say especially in order to insult someone, to show irritation, or to be funny The presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is. Slide 17 Figurative Language Hyperbole Metaphor Simile Idiom Slide 18 Imagery Personification Slide 19 Connotation An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning. "the word discipline has unhappy connotations of punishment and repression