Muriel Bamblett, Victorian Aboriginal Child Care Agency - Child protection in Aboriginal communities

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  1. 1. Child Protection in Aboriginal Communities Adjunct Professor Muriel Bamblett CEO VACCA
  2. 2. Victorian Aboriginal Child Care Agency (VACCA) established in 1977 as an Aboriginal community controlled and operated service. VACCAs objectives include The preservation, strengthening and protection of the cultural and spiritual identity of Aboriginal children Provision of culturally appropriate and quality services which are responsive to the needs of Aboriginal communities The Late Auntie Mollie Dyer - VACCA Founder
  3. 3. Aboriginal advocacy through the years Aboriginal struggle to keep our children The setting-up of ACCAs Aboriginal Placement Principle The right to culture and identity (UN CROC Art. 30) Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Bringing them Home - Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families The present day varied and diverse response to the needs of children
  4. 4. VACCAs Service Continuum Good enough Parenting Early Intervention Support At Risk Prevention Referral and resource Cultural activities Close the Gap Early warning signs Child truancy Family breakdown Problem identified Parent-child conflict Relationship stress Family violence Significant problem identified Child at risk of removal Child already removed
  5. 5. Aboriginal children in Victoria Victoria is home to 6.4% of Australias Aboriginal children. Aboriginal children are: 1.2% of all Victorias children. There are 14,578 Aboriginal children (ages 0-17) living in Victoria. 15.8% of children on protection orders. There are 1150 children on Protection Orders, 840 on custody or guardianship orders 16.5% of all children in out of home care. There are 1,028 Aboriginal children in out of home care in Victoria Over the past ten-years the rate of Aboriginal children in OOHC has grown 20 times faster than overall population growth Rate of growth of Aboriginal children in OOHC has been significant across all age groups in 12 months to 30 June 2012 there were 535 Aboriginal children were placed in OOHC and 257 exited care (these were children that were in care for one month or more) Aboriginal children are staying in care longer
  6. 6. Rate of Indigenous (ATSI) in OOHC vs Rate of Non Indigenous 6 507 531 526 552 626 660 734 816 877 1 028 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 As at 30 June Aboriginal Children 2003 - 2012 103% increase Source Report on Government Services 2013 (data), Victorian Department of Human Services (analysis) Number of children in out-of-home care is the number of children aged 0-17 years as at 30 June each year. Non Aboriginal includes children whose Aboriginality is unknown. 3 539 3 778 3 882 4 242 4 426 4 396 4 549 4 653 4 801 5 179 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 As at 30 June Non Aboriginal Children 2003 - 2012 46% increase Data Context Number of Children in Out-of-home Care as at 30 June
  7. 7. Growth from 2002 to 2011 by Age Group 38% 63% 52% 39% 69% 100% 184% 149% 75% 205% 30% 47% 39% 35% 61% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250%