Mind Map Upsr

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    08/01/12

    INVESTIGATINGINVESTIGATINGLIVINGTHINGSLIVINGTHINGS

    INVESTI

    GATING

    INVESTI

    GATING

    FORCEANDENERG

    Y

    FORCEANDENERG

    Y

    INVESTIGATING

    INVESTIGATINGMATERIALSMATERIALS

    INVESTIGATINGE

    ARTHAND

    INVESTIGATING

    EARTHAND

    UNIVERSEUNIVERSE

    INVESTIGATINGINVESTIGATINGTECHNOLOGYTECHNOLOGY

    MIND MAP YEAR 4MIND MAP YEAR 4

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    Basic Needs

    Of Human

    Food

    Shelter

    Air

    Water

    To breathe

    To protect from danger extreme weather

    sun & rain

    Give energy

    Grow

    Stay healthy

    Drinks

    Grow

    Stay healthy

    1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs

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    Basic Needs

    Of Animals

    Food

    Shelter

    Air

    Water

    To breathe

    To protect from danger extreme weather

    sun & rain

    Give energy

    Grow

    Stay healthy

    Drinks

    Grow

    Stay healthy

    1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs

    Types : holes cave nest beehive

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    Plants Have Basic Needs

    Air SunlightWater

    With : grow healthy grow well not wilted

    Without : wilted Turn yellow Die

    1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs

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    2.1 Analysing life processes that humans undergo

    Analysing Life Processes ThatHuman Undergo

    Respond ToStimuli

    Breathing

    Reproduce

    Organs

    Inhale take in air

    Exhale give out air

    Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs

    A process to produce

    Their young or offspring

    Rate of breath

    Number of chest movement

    In a period of time

    Organs

    Eyes - Sight

    Nose - Smell

    Tongue - Taste

    Ears - Sound

    Skin - Touch

    Excrete Defecate

    Lungs( Carbon dioxide

    + water vapour )

    Kidney ( urine + mineral salt )

    Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt )

    Faeces

    Purpose :avoid danger avoid getting hurt avoid getting injured to survive

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    2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes

    Behaviour That Can Disturb

    Life Processes

    Smoking Taking DrugDrinking Alcohol

    EffectsLung cancer Coughing

    EffectsDelay respond to stimuli

    Lose ability to walk in straight line Can cause accidents

    How to avoid

    Participate in a campaign

    Discourage among their peers

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    2.3 Analysing the life processes that animals undergo

    Animals Life Processes

    BreathingExcrete Reproduce

    Lay Eggs Give BirthOrgans

    Lungsmonkey bird whale

    Gillsfish prawn

    Lungs-bookcrab

    Moist

    Skinfrog earthworm

    Trachea

    Structureinsects

    Defecate

    To get rid of waste productfrom their bodies

    cat

    tiger

    bat

    whale

    butterfly

    bird

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    2.4

    Life processesplants undergo

    plants respond to stimuli.

    water, sunlight, touch, gravity.

    why plants need to reproduce

    to ensure the survival of the species.

    various ways plants reproducethroughseeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting,

    leaves, underground stem.

    what will happen to the world if

    plants do not reproduce.

    no food supply.

    plants reproduce.

    Seeds balsam, corn, durian

    Spores fern, mushroom

    Suckers banana, pineapple

    Stem cutting hibiscus, rose, tapioca

    Leaves bryophyllum, begonia

    Stem potato, onion, ginger and lily

    the part of plant that responds

    to touch.

    the part of plant that responds

    to sunlight.

    Shoot

    the part of plant that responds

    to gravity.

    Roots

    the part of plant that responds

    to water

    Roots

    Science Year 4

    INVESTIGATING LIVING THINGS

    2. Living Things Undergo Life Processes

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    Special characteristics

    of animals that protect them

    from danger.

    special behaviour

    of animals that protect themfrom danger.

    The special characteristics and

    behaviour of animals help toprotect them from danger.

    3.1 animals have specific characteristics and

    behaviour to protect themselves

    Thick and hard skin

    To prevent their enemies from injuring

    Hard shell

    Snails and tortoise retract their head

    And legs into the shell when the are

    Attacked by enemies

    Hard scales

    Pangolins and crocodiles have hard

    scales To protect their bodiesfrom injuries

    Spines

    Raise the sharp spines when

    the enemies

    Advance towards them

    Horns

    Use their horn to attack enemies.

    Sharp claws

    To protect themselves and their

    Young from the enemies- lion ,cat,

    Bears, and eagle.

    Spray black ink

    Dark surrounding helps the animal not

    to been seen by enemies

    e.g: octopus, squid

    Poisonous sting or fangs

    Can hurt and kill enemies-e.g..: scorpion,

    centipede snake , bee.

    Camouflage

    Has body colour or patterns that that are

    Similar to the surrounding

    Pretend to dead

    To trick their enemies e.g.: beetle

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    3.2/3.3

    Animals have specific characteristics

    and behaviour to protect themselves from

    extreme weather and survive

    how specific characteristics and

    behavior of animals help to protect them

    from very hot or cold weather.

    specific characteristics and

    behavior of animals that protect

    them from very hot and cold weather.

    Hot weather Cold weather

    Wrinkled Skin

    Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes

    lose body heat through wrinkled skins

    Wallowing

    Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes

    keep their body cool by wallowing in

    mud holes

    Humps

    Camels store food and water in the form

    Of fats in the humps on their back.

    Thick Fur

    Polar bears have thick fur to prevent the body

    From losing heat to cold surroundings.

    Fat Layers Under The Skins

    Penguins, seals, and whales have fat layers under

    their skin to keep their bodies warm

    Small Ears

    Seals and Walruses have small ears to prevent

    Heat loss from their bodies.

    Hibernate

    Polar bears hibernates during extreme cold

    Weather

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    3.4 Plants have

    specific characteristics to protect

    themselves from enemy

    The specific characteristics

    of plants that protect them

    from enemies

    How the specific

    characteristics of

    plants help to

    protect themfrom enemies.

    characteristics that

    protect plants.

    Have thorns

    poisonousHave fine hairs

    Produces

    latex

    Close leaflets

    when touch

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    3.5 Plants have specific characteristics to

    protect themselves from dry region and

    strong wind

    strong winddry region

    Eg : cactus.

    a. Long roots to absorb water

    b. Succulent stem can store

    water

    c. Thorn can can prevent

    the excessive loss of

    water

    Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree,

    mangrove tree

    a. Have stems that bend easily

    b. Have buttress roots

    c. Have separated leaves

    d. Needle- shaped leaves

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    INVESTIGATING FORCEAND ENERGY

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    Volume

    MEASUREMENT1.1Length

    1.2Area

    1.5Mass

    1.6Time

    1.7 Standardunits

    1.3Solid

    1.4Liquid

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    1.1Length

    Terminology

    - The distance

    between two

    points/place/position

    Ways to measure

    Measuring tape

    Cubit

    Arm spanString

    Ruler

    Standard Tools

    Measuring tape Ruler

    Unit

    mm cm m km

    Correct technique

    - The eye must be

    directly above the end

    of object

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    1.2 Area

    -Area is the amount ofSpace taken up by the

    surface of an object.

    Terminology

    - Using square card with asides of 1 centimetre

    Standard unit

    - Square millimetre (mm2)

    - Square centimetre (cm2)

    - Square metre (m2)

    - Square kilometre (km2)

    - Using formula

    Area = length X width

    1cm

    1cm

    Different ways to measure area

    2cm

    4cm

    = 4cm X 2 cm

    = 8cm2

    3cm

    3cm

    - by placing uniform

    objects such as tiles,

    books and stamps

    on the surface ofthe objects

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    Volume

    Terminology

    The amount of space that

    something takes up

    1.3 Solid

    1.4 LiquidFormula

    Length x width x height

    Standard Units

    mm3, cm3, m3

    Tools

    Standard Units

    measuring

    cylinder

    ml, lCorrect technique

    a) taking the reading at the

    lowest part of the meniscus.

    b) eyes must be at the same level

    as the lowest part of the meniscus

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    1.5 Mass

    Terminology

    - Amount of matter in

    an object

    Tools

    Electronic

    balance

    Simple

    balance

    Beam

    balance