Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of...

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Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller

Transcript of Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of...

Page 1: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Mental Disorders

“Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.”

-Helen Keller

Page 2: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Definition: Illness of the mind that can affect the

thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.

Study has shown that it is a disturbances of emotions and an imbalance in the brain.

Often identified by their inability to cope in healthful ways with life changes, demands, problems, or traumas.

Page 3: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Types of Mental disorders

Two types: 1. Organic disorder- caused by a physical

illness or an injury that affects the brain.

- Examples of this are brain tumors, alcoholism, infections and stroke.

2. Functional disorder- occurs as the result of psychological causes in which no brain damage is involved.

- Include or result from: stress, emotional conflict, fear, or poor coping skills.

Page 4: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

1. Anxiety DisordersAn illness in which real, imagined,

or persistent fears prevent a person from enjoying life.

Continuous chronic anxietyArrange their lives to avoid the

object or situation that makes them anxious or fearful.

Page 5: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Phobias Fear so strong that a person goes to extreme

measures to avoid that object or situation. Unable to carry out daily activities Some say that a phobia is related to some

past experience that was upsetting to the person.

All though there is no longer a threat or real danger, the fear remains real.

Page 6: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Who has the phobia of Clourophobia or the fear of clowns?

Page 7: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

P Diddy

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Some Funny and interesting Phobias Bogyphobia- Fear of the bogeyman • Chaetophobia- Fear of hair • Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia- Fear of

long words Arachibutyrophobia- Fear of peanut butter sticking to

the roof of the mouth.

Triskadekaphobia- Fear of the number 13 Nomatophobia- Fear of names

Linonophobia- Fear of string

Page 9: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Celebrities with Phobias

David Beckham- Ataxophobia, a fear of chaos Sarah Michelle Gellar- Scared of grave yards

and a phobia of being buried alive. Christina Ricci- Botanophobia, a fear of

plants, doesn’t like swimming pools either. Alfred Hitchcock- Ovophobia, Eggs Billie Bob Thorton- Panophobia, fear of

antique furniture. Madonna- Brontophobia, fear of thunder

Page 10: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

OCD Trapped in a pattern of repeated behaviors or

thoughts Obsessions- are persistent, recurrent,

unwanted thoughts or ideas that keep people from thinking about other things.

Compulsions- are urgent, repeated, irresistable behaviors.

Ex Uncle dave/Rex

Page 11: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Who has Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

Page 12: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Leonardo Dicaprio

Page 13: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Other people who have OCD

Dan Ackroyd (Actor) Jessica Alba (Actress) David Beckham ( soccer player) Beethoven (Composer) Charles Darwin ( Biologist/ writer) Cameron Diaz (Actress) Fred Durst( Musician) Donald Trump ( Business) Michelangelo ( artist/engineer)

Page 14: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD A person may re-live an extremely painful or

traumatic experience. Symptoms include- flashbacks, nightmares,

emotional numbness, dreams about the event, feelings of guilt or extreme reaction to a image.

Common among veteran of military combat, rape survivors, and survivors of natural disasters.

Page 15: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Which person does NOT have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Page 16: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Yao Ming

Page 17: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Somatoform DisordersIllness in which a person

complains of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be found.

Example- Hypochondria

Page 18: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Hypochondria A preoccupying fear of having a serious illness that are not

present.

People with hypochondria are obsessed with bodily functions and interpret normal sensations (such as heart beats, sweating, and bowel movements) or minor abnormalities (such as a runny nose, a small sore, or slightly swollen lymph nodes) as symptoms of serious medical conditions.

People with hypochondria often have other psychiatric disorders; two thirds of patients also have major depression, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or generalized anxiety disorder.

Don’t believe doctors who tell them that they are healthy

Page 19: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

What movie was about the famous billionaire who suffered from Germs?

Page 20: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

The Aviator

Page 21: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Howard Hughes Billionaire, aviator, film

producer and director Was frightened over

germs and illness to such an extent that he became a recluse.

He would not shake hands with people and kept several doctors on staff.

Page 22: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Affective Disorders Illness often with an organic cause that

relates to emotions and may involve mood swings or mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.

Mood swing that are severe and can last for long period of time.

Everyone has different moods and they always change.

Page 23: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Bi Polar Disorder Often inherited and sometimes called manic

depression Psychological illness characterized by extreme mood

swings between depression and extreme happiness, or mania.

During manic periods- Person feels happy, talkative, act impulsively or take unnecessary risks.

Often this “high” period ends fast and depression sets in

Can act normally, some just go into one phase or the other

Page 24: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Which Musician is Not Bi Polar?

Page 25: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Justin Timberlake

Page 26: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

What Girl is Bi polar?

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Page 28: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Slylvia Plath Published her first poem

when she was eight. Sensitive, intelligent,

compelled toward perfection in everything she attempted, she was, on the surface, a model daughter, popular in school, earning straight A's, winning the best prizes.

while at Smith she wrote over four hundred poems

Page 29: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Carrie Fisher and Virginia Woolf

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Other people that are Bi polar… Ben Stiller Jim Carey Tim Burton Vincent Van Gogh Sting Axl Rose Winston Churchill Theodore Roosevelt Darryl Strawberry

Page 31: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Personality Disorders

Include a variety of psychological conditions that affect a person’s ability to get along with others.

Be at odds with others and not see their part of the problem

No apparent distinct signs or symptoms. Act normal in society but sometimes offend or

interfere with others interactions. Examples- Schizophrenia, antisocial

personality, passive-aggressive personality

Page 32: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Schizophrenia A serious mental disorder meaning split mind Affects one to two percent of the population and

appears most frequently among people between ages 15 and 35.

May behave inappropriate, exhibit abnormal emotional responses or not show any at all

Mistrust and suspicious of others Hallucinate, hear voices, talk to themselves. Act

in odd manner, or neglect to care for themselves. Can come and go through out life.

Page 33: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Which movie is about Schizophrenia?

Page 34: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

A Beautiful Mind

Page 35: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

John Nash American mathematician Rejected often by his

classmates and would just laugh it off with practical jokes and intellectual superiority

Awarded the John von Neumann Theory prize for his invention of non-cooperative equilibria.

Published a total of 23 scientific studies

Page 36: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Lionel Aldridge Played American

football as defense end on the Green bay Packers of the 60’s

Was a sports analyst but found it hard to work with others

Untreated for 10 years with paranoid schizophrenia.

Finally got some treatment

Page 37: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Syd Barrett- Pink Floyd Syd Barrett (born Roger

Keith Barrett on 6 January 1946 and died 7 July 2006) was an English singer, songwriter, guitarist and artist.

He is most remembered as a founding member of British psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd, providing major musical and stylistic direction in their early work

Although he left the group in 1968 amidst speculations of mental illness exacerbated by heavy drug use.

Page 38: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Meera Popkin and Mary Todd

Broadway starCATS and Miss SaigonWent from famous to a normal person.

Page 39: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Anti- Social Personality Disorder

Person’s conflict with society May display behavior that is cruel, uncaring,

irresponsible, and impulsive Can distinguish right from wrong, the anti

social personality often does not care about others’ needs or society’s rules

Often get in trouble with the law

- Criminals

Page 40: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Which two people have Anti-Social Personality disorder?

Page 41: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Bobby Fischer Hitler

Page 42: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Passive Aggressive personality disorder This disorder are often uncooperative with

others. They resent being told what to do, yet they

rely on others direction. Anger over issues of control, they show their

anger, but only indirectly Ex- a person with this disorder may not want

to take part in a school activity. So they may not show up or come late.

Page 43: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Clinical Depression Clinical depression is a serious medical illness that negatively

affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Individuals with clinical depression are unable to function as

they used to. Often they have lost interest in activities that were once enjoyable to them, and feel sad and hopeless for extended periods of time.

Clinical depression is not the same as feeling sad or depressed for a few days and then feeling better. It can affect your body, mood, thoughts, and behavior. It can change your eating habits, how you feel and think, your ability to work and study, and how you interact with people.

People who suffer from clinical depression often report that they "don't feel like themselves anymore."

Page 44: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Who does not have Clinical Depression?

Page 45: Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.” -Helen Keller.

Whitney!!!