Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of...
Transcript of Mental Disorders “Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of...
“Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.”
Definition: Illness of the mind that can affect the
thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.
Study has shown that it is a disturbances of emotions and an imbalance in the brain.
Often identified by their inability to cope in healthful ways with life changes, demands, problems, or traumas.
Types of Mental disorders
Two types: 1. Organic disorder- caused by a physical
illness or an injury that affects the brain.
- Examples of this are brain tumors, alcoholism, infections and stroke.
2. Functional disorder- occurs as the result of psychological causes in which no brain damage is involved.
- Include or result from: stress, emotional conflict, fear, or poor coping skills.
1. Anxiety DisordersAn illness in which real, imagined,
or persistent fears prevent a person from enjoying life.
Continuous chronic anxietyArrange their lives to avoid the
object or situation that makes them anxious or fearful.
Phobias Fear so strong that a person goes to extreme
measures to avoid that object or situation. Unable to carry out daily activities Some say that a phobia is related to some
past experience that was upsetting to the person.
All though there is no longer a threat or real danger, the fear remains real.
Who has the phobia of Clourophobia or the fear of clowns?
Some Funny and interesting Phobias Bogyphobia- Fear of the bogeyman • Chaetophobia- Fear of hair • Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia- Fear of
long words Arachibutyrophobia- Fear of peanut butter sticking to
the roof of the mouth.
Triskadekaphobia- Fear of the number 13 Nomatophobia- Fear of names
Linonophobia- Fear of string
Celebrities with Phobias
David Beckham- Ataxophobia, a fear of chaos Sarah Michelle Gellar- Scared of grave yards
and a phobia of being buried alive. Christina Ricci- Botanophobia, a fear of
plants, doesn’t like swimming pools either. Alfred Hitchcock- Ovophobia, Eggs Billie Bob Thorton- Panophobia, fear of
antique furniture. Madonna- Brontophobia, fear of thunder
OCD Trapped in a pattern of repeated behaviors or
thoughts Obsessions- are persistent, recurrent,
unwanted thoughts or ideas that keep people from thinking about other things.
Compulsions- are urgent, repeated, irresistable behaviors.
Ex Uncle dave/Rex
Who has Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
Other people who have OCD
Dan Ackroyd (Actor) Jessica Alba (Actress) David Beckham ( soccer player) Beethoven (Composer) Charles Darwin ( Biologist/ writer) Cameron Diaz (Actress) Fred Durst( Musician) Donald Trump ( Business) Michelangelo ( artist/engineer)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD A person may re-live an extremely painful or
traumatic experience. Symptoms include- flashbacks, nightmares,
emotional numbness, dreams about the event, feelings of guilt or extreme reaction to a image.
Common among veteran of military combat, rape survivors, and survivors of natural disasters.
Which person does NOT have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Somatoform DisordersIllness in which a person
complains of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be found.
Hypochondria A preoccupying fear of having a serious illness that are not
People with hypochondria are obsessed with bodily functions and interpret normal sensations (such as heart beats, sweating, and bowel movements) or minor abnormalities (such as a runny nose, a small sore, or slightly swollen lymph nodes) as symptoms of serious medical conditions.
People with hypochondria often have other psychiatric disorders; two thirds of patients also have major depression, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or generalized anxiety disorder.
Don’t believe doctors who tell them that they are healthy
What movie was about the famous billionaire who suffered from Germs?
Howard Hughes Billionaire, aviator, film
producer and director Was frightened over
germs and illness to such an extent that he became a recluse.
He would not shake hands with people and kept several doctors on staff.
Affective Disorders Illness often with an organic cause that
relates to emotions and may involve mood swings or mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.
Mood swing that are severe and can last for long period of time.
Everyone has different moods and they always change.
Bi Polar Disorder Often inherited and sometimes called manic
depression Psychological illness characterized by extreme mood
swings between depression and extreme happiness, or mania.
During manic periods- Person feels happy, talkative, act impulsively or take unnecessary risks.
Often this “high” period ends fast and depression sets in
Can act normally, some just go into one phase or the other
Which Musician is Not Bi Polar?
What Girl is Bi polar?
Slylvia Plath Published her first poem
when she was eight. Sensitive, intelligent,
compelled toward perfection in everything she attempted, she was, on the surface, a model daughter, popular in school, earning straight A's, winning the best prizes.
while at Smith she wrote over four hundred poems
Carrie Fisher and Virginia Woolf
Other people that are Bi polar… Ben Stiller Jim Carey Tim Burton Vincent Van Gogh Sting Axl Rose Winston Churchill Theodore Roosevelt Darryl Strawberry
Include a variety of psychological conditions that affect a person’s ability to get along with others.
Be at odds with others and not see their part of the problem
No apparent distinct signs or symptoms. Act normal in society but sometimes offend or
interfere with others interactions. Examples- Schizophrenia, antisocial
personality, passive-aggressive personality
Schizophrenia A serious mental disorder meaning split mind Affects one to two percent of the population and
appears most frequently among people between ages 15 and 35.
May behave inappropriate, exhibit abnormal emotional responses or not show any at all
Mistrust and suspicious of others Hallucinate, hear voices, talk to themselves. Act
in odd manner, or neglect to care for themselves. Can come and go through out life.
Which movie is about Schizophrenia?
A Beautiful Mind
John Nash American mathematician Rejected often by his
classmates and would just laugh it off with practical jokes and intellectual superiority
Awarded the John von Neumann Theory prize for his invention of non-cooperative equilibria.
Published a total of 23 scientific studies
Lionel Aldridge Played American
football as defense end on the Green bay Packers of the 60’s
Was a sports analyst but found it hard to work with others
Untreated for 10 years with paranoid schizophrenia.
Finally got some treatment
Syd Barrett- Pink Floyd Syd Barrett (born Roger
Keith Barrett on 6 January 1946 and died 7 July 2006) was an English singer, songwriter, guitarist and artist.
He is most remembered as a founding member of British psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd, providing major musical and stylistic direction in their early work
Although he left the group in 1968 amidst speculations of mental illness exacerbated by heavy drug use.
Meera Popkin and Mary Todd
Broadway starCATS and Miss SaigonWent from famous to a normal person.
Anti- Social Personality Disorder
Person’s conflict with society May display behavior that is cruel, uncaring,
irresponsible, and impulsive Can distinguish right from wrong, the anti
social personality often does not care about others’ needs or society’s rules
Often get in trouble with the law
Which two people have Anti-Social Personality disorder?
Bobby Fischer Hitler
Passive Aggressive personality disorder This disorder are often uncooperative with
others. They resent being told what to do, yet they
rely on others direction. Anger over issues of control, they show their
anger, but only indirectly Ex- a person with this disorder may not want
to take part in a school activity. So they may not show up or come late.
Clinical Depression Clinical depression is a serious medical illness that negatively
affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Individuals with clinical depression are unable to function as
they used to. Often they have lost interest in activities that were once enjoyable to them, and feel sad and hopeless for extended periods of time.
Clinical depression is not the same as feeling sad or depressed for a few days and then feeling better. It can affect your body, mood, thoughts, and behavior. It can change your eating habits, how you feel and think, your ability to work and study, and how you interact with people.
People who suffer from clinical depression often report that they "don't feel like themselves anymore."
Who does not have Clinical Depression?