Mapchats - Pushing Boundaries; NCES Boundaries (Doug Geverdt)

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Pushing Boundaries: Cartography and Shaping Maps #mapchats policymap.com/mapchats- webinars Pushing Boundaries: Cartography and Shaping Maps #mapchats policymap.com/mapchats- webinars Doug Geverdt Educational Demographic and Geographic Estimates Program NCES Geographic Boundaries: School Districts, Locales, and Beyond
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    12-Apr-2017
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Transcript of Mapchats - Pushing Boundaries; NCES Boundaries (Doug Geverdt)

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Doug GeverdtEducational Demographic and

    Geographic Estimates Program

    NCES Geographic Boundaries:

    School Districts, Locales, and Beyond

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School District Geography Why care?

    A fundamental organizing feature of public education

    Boundaries define legal jurisdiction and obligation

    Boundaries impact policy and program eligibility

    Demographic estimates (e.g., poverty) depend on geography

    Boundaries are educational data (not just for visualization)

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School Districts - Regional Variation

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

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    Pushing

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    #mapchats

    School Districts - County and City

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

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    Boundaries:

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    School Districts - County and City

    Regional variation in rural school districts

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

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    Pushing

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

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    #mapchats

    School Districts Township/Town

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

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    Pushing

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

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    #mapchats

    School Districts - Independent

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

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    #mapchats

    School Districts - Independent

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School Districts - Independent

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School Districts - Independent

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

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    School Districts - Mountain/western states

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    Pushing

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School Districts - Mountain/western states

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

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    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School Districts Types based on grade span

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    School Districts - Boundary Archive

    Based on Census TIGER/Line

    20 year time series (1994-2014)

    Shapefile format includes NCES school district ID

    Available for U.S. and for individual states

    Standard layers(3) and single composite layer

    School District Geographic Relationship Files (GRF)

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    Locale Classifications

    General indicator of school location

    Annually updated and assigned to schools

    Twelve classifications: Basic types: City, Suburban, Town, Rural

    Expanded subtypes based on size and proximity

    Based on Census concepts urban/rural, principal cities

    Augmented with clips and buffers

    Advantages as a general geographic framework More nuanced than urban/rural or metropolitan hierarchies

    Avoids urban, suburban, and rural confusion

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

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    #mapchats

    Locale Classifications

  • Pushing

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    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    Locale Classifications

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    Locale Classifications

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

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    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    EDGE R&D

    Need: supplemental neighborhood poverty indicators

    Why?

    Poverty affects educational outcomes

    Limited data sources

    Problems Source for authoritative data? (ACS)

    Whats a neighborhood?

    Data trade-off and disclosure for small areas?

    Mission/Design Use spatial stats to develop estimates based on neighbors

    Create school-centered neighborhood poverty estimates

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    EDGE R&D SIDE Project

    ACS sample case

    Predicted location (school)

    Geographic boundary

    Traditional SIDE

    SIDE - Spatially Interpolated Demographic Estimates

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    EDGE R&D SIDE Project

  • Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    Pushing

    Boundaries:

    Cartography

    and Shaping

    Maps

    #mapchatspolicymap.com/mapchats-

    webinars

    #mapchats

    EDGE R&D - SIDE

    Questions?

    Doug GeverdtNational Center for Education Statistics

    [email protected]

    Education Demographic and Geographic Estimates

    https://nces.ed.gov/programs/edge/

    mailto:[email protected]://nces.ed.gov/programs/edge/