Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport,...
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Manfred SinzBundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und StadtentwicklungFederal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs
Seminar “Territorial Cohesion: what scale of policy intervention?”Brussels, TCUM 12 March 2010
Strategies for Spatial Development in Germany -An Approach Based on Functional Regions
Neo Rauch: Landschaft mit Sendeturm 1996
1. Change of Reality: Challenges for Spatial Planning2. New “Leitbilder”: Evidence-based Planning3. Metropolitan Regions: Alliances for Growth and Joint
Change of Reality: Challenges for Spatial Planning
• Globalization and European integration
• Bigger markets: more competition
• “Metropolization”: concentration of economic potentials, expansion of functional regions: greater areas of influence as empirical evidence
• Question for the planning system: adaptation or opposition?
• Answer: evidence-based planning
Strasb. Stuttgart Wien
Federal Institute for Researchon Building, Urban Affairsand Spatial Development (2009)
Multi-indicator accessibility model of metropolitan potentials.
Independent from administrativeborders.
Traditional Concept of Central Places
Growth and Innovation:The Concept of Metropolitan Regions
Rural Growth Centres
Regions to be stabilized
Metropolitan Cores andImportant CitiesMetropolitan RegionsAreas of Influence„New“ Boundaries
New Spatial Planning Concept for Germany 2006
Strategic Elements of the Concept for Growth and Innovation
• Regional Governance and European Competitiveness: “European Metropolitan Region” as a Brand and as an Issue of European Spatial Development Policy
• Metropolitan Regions as Alliances for Growth and Joint Responsibility: Synergy and Solidarity across Borders and Jurisdictions
• Strengthening Metro Functions: International Gateways and Connections, Nodes and Networks of the Knowledge Society, Culture and Ability for Social Integration, Quality Places
• Coping with Metro Deficits: Traffic Congestion, Pollution, Social Handicaps and Disadvantaged Neighborhoods, Lagging Financial Resources
Fostering Urban-Rural Partnership• General concept as consensus between federal government
and “Länder” governments responsible for spatial planning (top down)
• Organization and territorial definition of territories and alliances as self binding discourse at the regional and communal level (bottom up)
• Functional Metropolitan Regions transgressing administrative limits of “Länder” (states) and municipalities with variable territorial geometries
• No new institutional level; not based on new legal or financial instruments
• Strong role of communities, private companies and civic society (stakeholder networks)
• Transferring the concept to other regional levels (Regiopoles) and to cross-border metropolitan regions (i.e. ESPON/Metroborder)
Two examples: Nuremberg and Rhine-Neckar
About Nuremberg Metropolitan Region:With approximately 3.5 million inhabitants and 150.000 companies, the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region is a trendsetting centre of national and international importance for Europe. It is impetus for different developments concerning social, cultural, economic and technological aspects.
50 km Radius
metropolregion nürnbergLeitbild (Detail)
Concept and Activities
• Governing council of 54 rural district administrators, lord mayors and mayors acting on a voluntary basis, openness and dynamics, eye-to-eye dealings, subsidiarity and the principle of consensus without governmental pressure
• Entrepreneurs, scientists, politicians and cultural managers prepare strategic decisions and projects for the council
• Around 400 players from the entire region contribute to six specialised forums "Industry and Infrastructure", "Transport and Planning", "Science", "Culture and Sport", "Tourism" and "Marketing". The region's own marketing association develops and implements marketing for the metropolitan region
• At present 11 projects are supported by committee financing.
The activities range from a nation-wide advertising campaign, through presence at international trade fairs, to a metropolitan card with which the citizens of the metropolitan region can travel with bus and train.
50 km Radius
Neo Rauch Akademie im Wald 1998
Contact: [email protected]