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Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion: what scale of policy intervention?” Brussels, TCUM 12 March 2010 Strategies for Spatial Development in Germany - An Approach Based on Functional Regions Neo Rauch: Landschaft mit Sendeturm 1996

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Page 1: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Manfred SinzBundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und StadtentwicklungFederal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs

Seminar “Territorial Cohesion: what scale of policy intervention?”Brussels, TCUM 12 March 2010

Strategies for Spatial Development in Germany -An Approach Based on Functional Regions

Neo Rauch: Landschaft mit Sendeturm 1996

Page 2: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Content

1. Change of Reality: Challenges for Spatial Planning2. New “Leitbilder”: Evidence-based Planning3. Metropolitan Regions: Alliances for Growth and Joint

Responsibility

Page 3: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Change of Reality: Challenges for Spatial Planning

• Globalization and European integration

• Bigger markets: more competition

• “Metropolization”: concentration of economic potentials, expansion of functional regions: greater areas of influence as empirical evidence

• Question for the planning system: adaptation or opposition?

• Answer: evidence-based planning

Page 4: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Zürich

München

Frankfurt

Hamburg

Lux.

Berlin

Rhein-Ruhr

Basel

Strasb. Stuttgart Wien

RandstadLondon

Paris

Mailand

Genf

Nürnberg

Federal Institute for Researchon Building, Urban Affairsand Spatial Development (2009)

Multi-indicator accessibility model of metropolitan potentials.

Independent from administrativeborders.

Rom

Page 5: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Traditional Concept of Central Places

Page 6: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Growth and Innovation:The Concept of Metropolitan Regions

Rural Growth Centres

Regions to be stabilized

Metropolitan Cores andImportant CitiesMetropolitan RegionsAreas of Influence„New“ Boundaries

New Spatial Planning Concept for Germany 2006

Page 7: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Strategic Elements of the Concept for Growth and Innovation

• Regional Governance and European Competitiveness: “European Metropolitan Region” as a Brand and as an Issue of European Spatial Development Policy

• Metropolitan Regions as Alliances for Growth and Joint Responsibility: Synergy and Solidarity across Borders and Jurisdictions

• Strengthening Metro Functions: International Gateways and Connections, Nodes and Networks of the Knowledge Society, Culture and Ability for Social Integration, Quality Places

• Coping with Metro Deficits: Traffic Congestion, Pollution, Social Handicaps and Disadvantaged Neighborhoods, Lagging Financial Resources

Page 8: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Fostering Urban-Rural Partnership• General concept as consensus between federal government

and “Länder” governments responsible for spatial planning (top down)

• Organization and territorial definition of territories and alliances as self binding discourse at the regional and communal level (bottom up)

• Functional Metropolitan Regions transgressing administrative limits of “Länder” (states) and municipalities with variable territorial geometries

• No new institutional level; not based on new legal or financial instruments

• Strong role of communities, private companies and civic society (stakeholder networks)

• Transferring the concept to other regional levels (Regiopoles) and to cross-border metropolitan regions (i.e. ESPON/Metroborder)

Page 9: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Two examples: Nuremberg and Rhine-Neckar

Page 10: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Nürnberg

Bayreuth

CoburgHof

Bamberg

Amberg

Würzburg

About Nuremberg Metropolitan Region:With approximately 3.5 million inhabitants and 150.000 companies, the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region is a trendsetting centre of national and international importance for Europe. It is impetus for different developments concerning social, cultural, economic and technological aspects.

50 km Radius

metropolregion nürnbergLeitbild (Detail)

Page 11: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Concept and Activities

• Governing council of 54 rural district administrators, lord mayors and mayors acting on a voluntary basis, openness and dynamics, eye-to-eye dealings, subsidiarity and the principle of consensus without governmental pressure

• Entrepreneurs, scientists, politicians and cultural managers prepare strategic decisions and projects for the council

• Around 400 players from the entire region contribute to six specialised forums "Industry and Infrastructure", "Transport and Planning", "Science", "Culture and Sport", "Tourism" and "Marketing". The region's own marketing association develops and implements marketing for the metropolitan region

• At present 11 projects are supported by committee financing.

The activities range from a nation-wide advertising campaign, through presence at international trade fairs, to a metropolitan card with which the citizens of the metropolitan region can travel with bus and train.

Page 12: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

50 km Radius

Frankfurt

Stuttgart

Rhein-Neckar

Page 13: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:
Page 14: Manfred Sinz Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Seminar “Territorial Cohesion:

Neo Rauch Akademie im Wald 1998

Contact: [email protected]

Thank You