Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

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Pebbles around a hole, Kinagashima-Cho, Japan (1987). Photo by Andy Goldsworthy Making the Black Hole Gray: Implementing NYARC Web Archiving Program of Specialist Art Resources Deborah Kempe April 11, 2014
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Transcript of Making the Black Hole Gray: Web Archiving Art Resources at New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)

  • 1. Pebbles around a hole, Kinagashima-Cho, Japan (1987). Photo by Andy Goldsworthy Making the Black Hole Gray: Implementing NYARC Web Archiving Program of Specialist Art Resources Deborah Kempe April 11, 2014

2. Going forward, one of the biggest challenges scholars and curators of contemporary art and architecture face currently, and will increasingly face, is how to store, retrieve, and investigate born-digital materials. James Cuno, President and CEO of the J. Paul Getty Trust, How Art History is Failing at the Internet (November 19, 2012) 3. OVERVIEW Background and evolution 2014/2015 program objectives Staffing and collaboration Collection scope Tools were using Building a sustainable program 4. What we mean when we say Digital Black Hole Content being produced Content being archived 5. NOT Why Archive the Web? BUT How to Archive the Web? Who Should Archive the Web? Who Pays for Archiving the Web? How do People Navigate Web Archives? 6. ARCHIVING BORN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS- NYARCs EVOLUTION 2010- 2013: Archive-It partnership for pilot studies and intern projects 7. Capturing born-digital content from auction house websites 2010 Pilot Project with Mets Watson Library Sean Leahy, Pratt MLIS Student Intern, Principal Investigator 8. ARCHIVING BORN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS- NYARCs EVOLUTION 2010-2013: Archive-It partnership for pilot studies and intern projects Grant support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 2012-2013 planning grant ($50,000) Reframing Collections for a Digital Age 9. THE TIPPING POINT Reframing Collections Findings 2012/2013 Digital Shift 3> years Born-Digital ephemeral literature rapidly proliferating Art historians and museum staff do not have a clear understanding of web obsolescence But their focus drove our collecting targets 10. 2013 PLANNING GRANT RECOMMENDATIONS Use Archive-It as the web archiving tool Plan incremental growth of collection Develop an open nominations tool Establish a permissions framework Join the National Digital Stewardship Alliance (NDSA) Look for ways to further automate metadata creation Enlist students into the program, especially for quality assurance Collaborate, Collaborate, Collaborate 11. ARCHIVING BORN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS- NYARCs EVOLUTION 2010- 2013: Archive-It partnership for pilot studies and intern projects Grant support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 2012-2013 planning grant ($50.000): Reframing Collections for a Digital Age 2013-2015 grant-funded program ($340,000): Making the Black Hole Gray: Implementing the Web Archiving of Specialist Art Resources 12. PROJECT OBJECTIVES During the 2-year grant period NYARC seeks to implement a program for capturing, making accessible, and preserving websites for art research Harvest and catalog approximately 2 TB of WARC (Web ARChive file format) files from websites Workflow documentation Develop and share best practices with the community 13. STAFFING & PARTNER COLLABORATION 1 FT Program Coordinator for 2 years 3 PT web archiving paid interns per semester for 2 years (each based at a NYARC library) 2 IMLS-funded M-LEAD paid interns based at the Frick Art Reference Library Columbia University Library web archiving staff Existing NYARC staff support Hardware/software service providers 14. NYARC Institutional Websites Auction Catalogs Artists websites Catalogues Raisonns Cataloged Art Resources 15. http://www.intenttodeceive.org/ 16. Using technology in support of goals 17. ARCHIVE-IT Annual Subscription Service Crawls, harvests and hosts web content, using Open Source tools and standards developed and maintained by the Internet Archive: Heritrix web crawler /+ Umbra Nutchwax search engine Wayback Machine browser WARC files, ISO Standard 18. More than 275 partners in 16 countries use Archive-It 19. What is a seed? A seed is any URL that you want to capture: an entire website: http://www.intenttodeceive.org/ a specific part of a website: http://www.intenttodeceive.org/videos/ a specific URL: http://www.intenttodeceive.org/forger-profiles/han-van-meegeren/ We will use each level 20. Oy, Metadata.Dublin Core, Marc21, RDA, BIBFRAME, Collection vs. Item But can we have it all?? Rebecca Goldman, Derangement and Description, July 13, 2009, http://derangementanddescription.wordpress.com/page/14/ 21. Nomination/ Selection Permissions/ Tracking Harvesting & Quality Assurance Description/ Access Long-term Preservation Workflow Elements 22. NYARC Archive-It Collections: https://www.archive-it.org/organizations/484 23. DISCOVERY LAYER ASSESSMENT 24. Challenges Intellectual Property considerations Sustainability Defining Collections Scale Staffing Description and Access Systems Development Many partners=Many speed bumps Permanent beta - Opportunity Costs 25. Opportunities Avoid irrelevancy Build something useful Influence development Extend our expertise Rethink our processes Permanent beta + Collaborate 26. Thank you THANKS 27. Links to resources cited, and other useful information on born digital content http://www.dailydot.com/opinion/art-history-failing-internet/ http://www.exlibrisgroup.com/category/PrimoOverview http://www.deepwebtech.com/products/explorit-everywhere-for-libraries/ http://www.serialssolutions.com/en/services/aquabrowser/ NDSA Web Archiving Survey Report June 2012 (2013 report expected soon!) http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/ndsa/working_groups/documents/ndsa_web_archiving_survey_report_2012.pdf http://blog.emilyreynolds.com/2014/04/09/ndsr14-symposium-in-seven-tweets/ Columbia University Web Archiving Summit 2012 https://webarch.cul.columbia.edu./ Archiving the Web for Scholars, by Steve Kolowich http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2011/05/06/libraries_try_to_preserve_and_archive_websites_for_academic_study Overview of Web Archiving, by Jinfang Niu http://dlib.org/dlib/march12/niu/03niu1.html Rebecca Goldman, Derangement and Description, July 13, 2009, http://derangementanddescription.wordpress.com/page/14/ Web Archives for Researchers: Representations, Expectations and Potential Uses, by Peter Stirling, Philippe Chevallier and Gildas Illien. D- Lib Magazine March/April 2012, Volume 18, Number 3-4, http://www.dlib.org/dlib/march12/stirling/03stirling.print.html A Memory of Webs Past, Ariel Bleicher, 28 February, 2011 http://spectrum.ieee.org/telecom/internet/a-memory-of-webs-past/0 Digital Scholarships Digital Curation Resource Guide http://digital-scholarship.org/dcrg/dcrg.htm http://nyarc.org/content/reframing-collections-digital-age, blog posting by Stephen Bury, June 18, 2012 Ricky Erway, OCLC Program Officer. Swatting the Long Tail of Digital Media: A Call for CollaborationSept. 2012 http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2012/2012-08.pdf 28. Further Resources Library of Congress, The Signal: Digital Preservation blog: http://blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/ http://www.loc.gov/webarchiving/ Library of Congress Web Archiving http://netpreserve.org/ website of the International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC) SAA Web Archiving Roundtable http://webarchivingrt.wordpress.com/ Archive-It Knowledge Center https://webarchive.jira.com/wiki/display/ARIH/Welcome Guidelines for Preservable Websites / Columbia University Libraries https://library.columbia.edu/bts/web_resources_collection/guidelines_for_preservable_websites .html [email protected]