Loth J T - The AASR Illustrations of the Emblems of the Thirty-three Degrees 1875
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BOOK IS ONE OF A COLLECTION MADE BY
AND BEQUEATHED TOCORNELL UNIVERSITY
Cornell University Library
The Ancient and accepted
1924 030 318 541Overs
original of this
the Cornell University Library.
There are no known copyright
the United States on the use of the
ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED
SCOTTISH RITEIhistration^ 0!tl^t
^mhltmspj rp3i .,
m wi wj,
foit^ a s^^crrt ircscriptrcrn of tiich
WORKED UNDER THE
SUPREME COUNCIL OF SCOTLAND,
BrotherROYAL ARCH ClIArTEKST
Ph. Dr., 30".-.K.
REI'RKSENTATIVE OK THE CKAND ORIKST DE FRANCE AT THE GRAND LODGE OF SCOTLAND;
EDINBURGH; K ..
1'. II. LODGE ST ANDREW, NO. -tS; P. ROYAL ORDER OF SCOTLAND; KNIGHT TEMPLAR, &C. &C.
ENTERED AT STATIONERS
JOHN WHITE MELVILLE,OP BEXNOCHY AND STRATIIKIXXES,3VE.-.
P.-. Sov.-. Gr.-.
Supreme CouncilETC. ETC.
of the 33rd Degree of Scotland,
The Right Hon. They.-. p.'. Lieut.-. G.-.
EARL OF ROSSLYN,Supreme Councilof the 33rd Degree of Scotland,
ETC. ETC. ETC.
THEIR MOST EAITIIFUL SERVANT,
Adam, Eobert, 55 Murraygato, Dundee. Adams, Henry S., 89 Murraygate, Dundee.Albert, E.P.,
Kennedy, W. W., 45 GeorgeLaw, Francis, 148 Princes
Laurie, John, 98 George Street, Edinburgh.Street,
Alison, Colonel G. Lloyd, Dundee. Alison, E., 13 Howard Place, Edinburgh.
Leitch, Alexander, 216 Great Western Eoad, Glasgow.
Lichtenstein, George, 2 Great Stuart Street, Edinburgh.
Arnot, The Rev.Baiensfathbr,J.
Dr., 6 Archibald Place, Edinburgh.
Bain, M., Maybole.H. M., Writer, Hamilton.
Balmoral Hotel, Edinburgh.Street,
Viewpark Villa, Partick. Berry, James, Dundee. Baillie, Edward, 14 High Street, Dundee. BiNDON, W. J. v., INI.D., 3 Lonsdale Terrace, Edinburgh.F. A.,
Mann, WUliam, S.S.C, 119 Princes Manson, John, Chemist, Thurso.Matier,C. Fitzgerald, Manchester.
E., Inspector of Poor, Brechin.
24 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh.
Birtles, John, Everton, Liverpool.
Blackie, Professor G.Breysig,J. A.,
Monro, John, 2 Avondalc Place, CUa.sgow. Muirhead, J. J,, Princes Street, Edinburgh. Murray, Geo., C.A., Castle Street, Edinbiugh.Myers, W., Liverpool. Mackay, James H., Dundee.Mackenzie, Murdoch, Links, Musselburgh. M'Lean, H. F., Carnwath.IM'Nauoiit,J. B.,
Brown, Eobert, 13 Osborne Place, Dundee. Brown, E. S., 67 Hanover Street, Edinburgh.Brycb,
M., 98 George Street, Edinburgh.
Cameron, Alex., Highfield, Elgin. Cameron, A. G., Kendal. Campbell, T. M., 10 Carrick Street, Glasgow. " Canongate and Leith " Lodge Library. Carmichael, D. James, 42 Northumberland St., Edinburgh.Clarke, A. N., 3 GloucesterPlace.
11 Stonefield Terrace, S.S. Glasgow.
M'Eae, Duncan, 24 Union Street, Dundee. MacPitchie, T. Elder, W.S., Gaytield Square, Edinliurgh.Officer, William, S.S.C, Frederick Street, Edinburgh.
Colt, Captain G. F. E., of Gartsherrie.
D'Egville, George, Frederick
I., Poyal Crescent, Edinburgh. Peacock, H. C, 12 Sciennes Place, Edinburgh.
Dickie, James A., 21 Barrack Street, Dundee.
M., 255 Saucliiehall Street, Glasgow.
T. H., St Bride's, Borouglimuirhead.
Phillips, Wdliam, 92 liutherglen Loan, Glasgow.
Dunbar, James, Eosehearty. Edwards, Will., 1 Hanover Street. Edmunds, Arthur, 9 Fettes Eow, Edinburgh. Fairlie, James, Fettes Eow, Edinlmrgh. Fletcher, Captain F. C, Clifton Gardens, Folkestone.Fraser, William, 46 CastleGeorgiades,S.,
W., Kelvindale Paper jNliU, Maryhill. Eamsay, Major Hamilton, of Garion. EoBERTSON, James, 10 Nethergate, Dundee.EoBiNow, Adolpli, 21 Clarendon Crescent, Edinburgh. Eothfeld, Louis, 9 Great Stuart Street, Edinburgh.
Hammond, Dr William, 16 Pitt Street, Edinbiu-gh. Hastie, Peter, Lodge " Hopetown," Leadhills. Hay, William, Architect, 17 Hill Street, Edinburgh.Haynhs, Cresswell D., Calpe Foundry and Forge,John, Gibraltar.Gibraltar.
Eyan, Captain E. H., Eoyal ArtUlery. ScoBiE, Eobert, R.W.M., Lodge "Thornton," Thornhebaiik. Scott, William A., 36 Barrack Street, Dundee. Shanks, Captain, E.M., Plymouth, Devon. Shaw-Stewart, Sir Michael E., Bart.Skakle, George, Froghall Cottage, Aberdeen.Smith, Elisha, 46 Castle Street, Dundee.
Haynes, Thomas Henry, Alexander, 12 South St Andrew Street, Edinbm-gh. Henry, Alexander, 140 Murraygate, Dundee. Henry, John, S.S.C, Eutland Square, Edinburgh. Horsburoh, J., 131 Princes Street, Edinbiu-gh.
143 West Eegent Street, Glasgow.Street,
SwiNTON, Thomas, 17 Queen
Thoms, G. H., Advocate, 52 Great King
Hughan, W.Hunter, Capt.
Charles, Junior United Service Club, London.
Inglis, Henry, of Torsonce. Inglis, James, 2 Stafford Street, Edinburgh.Street, Glasgow.
Jackman, Harry W., 163 Coweaddens
Walker, James, 9 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. Watlby, J. K., Chief Justice, Tobago. Whyte-^Ielville, J., of Bennochy and Strathkinness. Wood, William, 73 Murraygate, Dundee. Wormald, J. D., W.S., 93 Princes Street. Young, John G., Fettes Euw, Edinliurgh.
Jameson. Archibald, Castle Street, Edinlmrgh.
PREFACE.^M||)HE Order of Freemasonsalfekisis
a widely extended associiition of Aviseto live in perfect
men whose aimties
moral equality, to be
of esteem, confidence, and friendship, and mutually
to exhort each other to the practice of virtue.
Such being a general
what should be the character of the
of the institution. Lodges and other bodies of Masons, superior
under whatever name they may beis
that no one should be admitted to a participation in their
mysteries but those capable of furthering the aim of the institution, and ofparticipating in the advantages of the friendship ofits
Before any one
admitted into the Lodge,
ought to be kept in viewhrotlier to
that such admission gives a member to the association, and a
once admitted, the Masons of
position, quality, or condition they
to recognise o
It is therefore
necessary for the honour of the Lodge, and the dignity ofall
the Order, that the candidate should be worthy of being presented to
institution, seeing that,
by the mere
being a Freemason,
entitled to be received
the Brethren as a virtuous man,
their brother, and
has the privilege, in an eminent degree, to
Lodges cannot, therefore, be too scrupulous or exacting
the inqviiries which theyinto their number.
make with regard
Another matter, although perhaps of secondary imaid in so
uniformity in the conferring of the degrees.
desirable a result, the
of France compiled valuable
these, in the possession of the
Supreme Council of
Scotland, which works
by them, the following
illustrations are taken.
Masonic Brethren, the Compiler needskind he cannot describe minutely the
scarcely say, that in a
various symbols Avhich appear in the illustrations.
various degrees will understand them without such explanation, and to those
who have not
yet obtained the higher degree, the Compiler trusts that hisexciting a laudable ambition on the part of the
work may be the means of
of the inferior degrees so to conduct themselves as to secure thetlieir
Brethren, and their advancement even to the highest
degrees, until they can say, "
ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE EMBLEMS
THIRTY-THREE DEGREESCONTENTS.Entered Apprentice.Fellow Craft.Master Mason.Secret Master.Perfect Master.20.18.
Sovereign Prince Rose Croix.
Mason.Venerable Grand blaster ad vitam.
21. Noachite, or Prussian Chevalier. 22. Prince of Libanus, or
Provost and Jndge, or Irish Master. Superintendent of the Buildings, or Master in Israel.I).
23. Chief of the Tabernacle.24-.
Prince of the Tabernacle.
25. Chevalier of the 26.
Master Elect of Nine.Illustrious
10. 11. 12.13.
Master Elect of Fifteen.27.
Scotch Trinitarian, or Prince Mercy.
Sublime Knight, or Chevalier Elect.
of the Temple.
Grand MasterRoyal Arch.
28. Chevalier of the Sun, or Prince29.
Grand Scottish Chevalier of the Holy Vault, or of James the Sixth.ChevaKer of the East, or of the Sword.of
Grand Scotch Chevalier drew of Scotland.K.-.H.-.
30. Chevalier 31.
Jerusalem, or Chief
Regular Lodges.17. Chevalier of the
Sublime and A^aliant Prince of the Royal Secret.Sovereign Grand Inspector-General,
East and West.
ENTERED APPRENTICE.'-^HE various degrees forming the Ancient and Accepted^^tisli
The Masonic traditions of these degrees, generally speaking, commence at the building of King Solomon's Temple at Jerusalem, and are carried down to much later dates. The first, called the Entered Apprentice, being a preliminarydegree, the candidate, after being "entered," ascalled,it is
although permitted to
not allowed to
speak or vote.
no traditional history connected with
The object aimed at is to inculcate morality, humility, and a contempt for worldly riches and Charity is depicted in emblematic modes, and the grandeur. candidate is taught to lay a corner-stone of virtue and purity,this admission into Masonry.
upon which may be erected a superstructure, perfect in its parts, and honourable to the builder. In a word, this degree is intended to prepare the candidate for what he is afterw^ards toreceive.
^HE second degree, called the Fellow Craft,of the second dea-reeis
no traditional history.to instruct
degree seeks to instruct the candidate in morality, the object
The candidate now passes the porch of the Temple, ascends the winding Although staircase, and is admitted into the middle chamber. preliminary, the symbolism in this degree varies materially fromin science.
that in the Entered Apprentice degree.
be held to represent youth, the secondsentation of
considered a repreis
so the acquisition of scienceis
to be enforced."
While the formerbyits
allegorical ceremonies, to the purification of the heart, theis
" latter " ties
lessons to cultivate the reasoning facul-
and improve the
MASTER MASON,4pHE^'third, or
Master Mason's degree,
which has a
traditional history connected with
Tliis traditional his-
tory refers to a period during the building of Solomon's Temple,
and contains an accountof the work.Itis,
of the violent death of the chief overseer
of course, impossible to give
any descriptionAvith the
of the beautiful
and impressive ceremonies connectedis
conferring of the degree, but thisare
of less importance, as they
The degree is called " The Perfection of Ancient Freemasonry," and until attained, the candidate is not eiititled to any of the privileges of the Craft. As has been well said, "The symbolic representation of this " degree is old age, with its trials, its suffeiings, and its finalto all of the Craft." termination in death";
the time for toiling
opportunity to learn has passed away, the spiritual temple that
have been striAdng to erect
and the wearied Avorkman awaits only the word of "the G.-. M.-. O.-. T.-. U.'. to call him from the labour of " earth to the eternal refreshment of Heaven. Hence this is by" far the
most solemn and sacred
of the degrees of Masonry, and,it
" in consequence of the profound truths which" been distinguished
by the Craft as the Sublime Degree." The the first three degrees are called Lodges, and these
are called the Symbolic Degrees.
The Lodge is presided over by a Master, assisted by two The other Ofiice-bearers are Secretary, Treasurer, Wardens. two Deacons, Inner Guard, and Outer Guard or Tyler.
SECRET MASTER.^HEfourth degreeis
called tlie Secret Master,Its
H.'. A.". B.'., and of the measures
by King Soloexperts,
were charged with the duties which had previously devolved on H.'. A.'. B.'. alone. The Lodge is hung with black, symbolic of grief, and lighted with nine lights, arranged in threes.There are only two presiding office-bearersWai'den.
Master and a
The Master represents King Solomon, and the Warden, Adoniram, the latter of whom had the inspection of the w^orkmen on Mount Lebanon, and, being removed to Jerusalem after H.'. A.". B.'.'s death, w^as thefirst
The Master wears a broad blue ribbon the left haunch, at the end of which is wears no apron. The Warden wears a black, at the end of which is suspendedof wliichis
from the right shoulder to suspended a triangle. Heblue ribbon, bordered with
an ivory key, in the middlethe flapis
the letter Z.
All the Brethren wear this last-mentionedis
ribbon and key.blue, with
white, edged with blackit
an eye embroidered on
blematic of candour and innocence, the black of grief
decree, or second of Perfection,
called the Perfect
Master, and the traditional history refers to the erection and
completion of a suitable mausoleum intect of the temple, H.-. A.". B.-.
of the chief archi-
completion of that workgreen, andangles.point.is
The ceremonies used at the detailed. The Lodge is hung withlights, four at;
ornamented with four columns raised at each of thewith sixteeneach cardinalit
It is lighted
covered with red cloth
the altar before
The Master represents Adoniram the Warden, Stolkin. The Master and Warden each have a hammer. The jewel is a compass extended to sixty degrees, hung on a broad green ribbon. The aj^ron is white, with a green flap and in the middle of the apron must becovered with black, sprinkled with gold.;;
embroidered or painted, within threethe centre of which the letter Jis
a square stone, in
or third of Perfection,traditional
called Intimate to
which took place at Jerusalem between King Solomon and Hiram, King of Tyre, relative to some cities in Galilee whichthe former proposed to give the latter in exchange for cedar-
wood from Lebanon, and other
materials for the Temple.
are three officers in the degree, representing the two
already mentioned, and a captain of the guard.presents an audience-hall,lighted
Avith black, sprinkled
by twenty-seven lights in three candelabras of nine branches each. The apron is white, bordered with red there is a triangle on the flap. The jewel, which consists of three;
susjjended from a red watered ribbon.
Gloves of white, bordered with red, are worn.cipal otiice-bearerscroAvns.
robes, bordered with ermine
a table on which crossed swords and a
papers are placed.
PROVOST AND JUDGE, OR IRISHMASTER."^HEseventh degree, or fourth of Perfection,is
and Judge, or Irish Master. This degree, according to Masonic tradition, was instituted by Kiug Solomon, during thebuilding of the Temple, for the purpose of providing judges over
The greatest confidence was reposed in the Provosts and Judges, and to them was entrusted the key of the ebony casket which contained the plans of the Temple. The first Provosts and Judges created by Solomon were Tito Prince Harodim, Adoniram, and Abda, his father and these were directed to confer the degree upon Joabert, the intimate friend and confidant of Solomon. The Lodge is draped in red, and isthe;
great lights, one at each of the four cardinal jooints
in the centre.
white, borderedfor theis
with red, with a pocket in the centre the key of the ebony casket. A key
purpose of holding
painted or embroidered
and the jewel a golden key.
SUPERINTENDENT OF THE BUILD INGS, OR MASTER IN ISRAEL.^tHE^^eighth degree, orfifth
tendent of the Buildings, or Master in
wishing to bring the work which he had commenced to thegreatest state of perfection, formed a degree composed of thefive
the five orders of architecture, and he placedit
fifteen before the Master,
one of seven before the Senior
Warden, and one of five before the Junior. All the Brethren wear a broad red ribbon from the right shoulder to the left haunch at the foot is a green rosette, from which is suspendeda triangle, with certain wordsin
English on the oneit.
the other, engraved upon
and bordered with green. In the middle nine points placed upon a balance. Upon the flap is ared,
with the letters B.-. A.-. J.-.
MASTER-ELECT OF NINE.|PHE ninthdegree, or sixth of Perfection,is
called the Master-
Elect of Nine.of
The traditional history refers to the punishcertain traitors who had been engaged in the tragedy
which forms the subject of the third degree. It exemplifies the truth of the maxim that the punishment of crime, though some-
and it illustrates the binding nature of the Masonic obligations. The meetings in this degree are called Chapters. The Chapter-room is draped in black, and is supported by columns, red and white mixed, and sprinkled with flames.times slow,is
It is lighted
by nine lights, eightis is
group and one bylined with
white, spotted with red, and
painted or embroidered a hand holding ais
a broad black ribbon from the
shoulder to the right haunch.rosettes,
the extremity are nine red
on each side and one in the centre.
suspended a poignard.
SOVEREIGN GRAND INSPECTOR GENERAL.^HE^'Rite.
the last of the Ancient and Accepted Scottishofit
Supreme Council, which is the chief tribunal of Masonry. This supreme Masonic authority was established in 1786 by Frederick II., King of Prussia, forconstitute a
the purpose of exercising, after his death, the Masonic prerogatives which he personally possessed as the acknowledged head of the Pate. Not more than one Supreme Council can exist in eachnation,
and must be composed
black double-headed eagle, the crown, beak, a crown, and holding a sword in its claws sword, and claws are in gold, suspended from a gold chain, worn round the neck. The star is nine-pointed, formed by three From the triangles of gold one upon the other and interlaced. lower part of the left side, towards the upper part of the right, extends a sword, and in the opposite direction a hand, of Justice. In the middle is the shield of the Order, azure upon the shield On the dexter side of the shield is a is the double-headed eagle. golden balance, and on the sinister, a golden compass resting on a golden square. Around the whole shield runs a stripe of azure, lettered in gold with the Latin words " Ordo ah Cluio" and this;;
The jewel is a with wings extended, surmounted byof nine
stripe is enclosed
by a double
each holding its tail in its small triangles is one of the letters that constitute the word A Teutonic Cross, in red, is worn either susS.A.P.I.E.N.T.I.A. pended from the star or separately on the left breast. The sash with gold, and having is a broad white watered-ribbon, bordered on the front a golden triangle glittering with rays of gold, in the centre whereof is the number 33 .-., and on each side is a sword of silver. This ribbon, worn from the right shoulder to the left, endsgold,
formed by two serpents in On each of the mouth.
with gold fringe, and has at the junction a rosette of crimson and green ribbon, whereon is the general jewel of thein a point
" '"r^. Oil.
r-"" ,r. toi,X(!.