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Logic Models 101 The Basics Taking the Mystery out of Logic Models Presented by United Way of Dane County with gratitude to the UW Extension for assistance and materials
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  • Logic Models 101The Basics

    Taking the Mystery out of

    Logic Models

    Presented by United Way of Dane County with gratitude to the UW

    Extension for assistance and materials

  • 2020 proposal requires a logic

    model for each program

    Outputs

    Activities and Inputs

    Indicators

    Outcomes

  • “If you don’t know where you are going,

    you might end up someplace else.”

    Yogi Berra

    How will you get there? Program Development

    Where are you going? Goal

    What will show that you’ve arrived? Measures

  • ▪ Organized

    ▪ Align resources

    (people, funding,

    partners, etc.)

    ▪ Maximize efficiencies

    ▪ Clarify roles

    ▪ Improve decision

    making

    ▪ Identify problems

    ▪ Goal-oriented

    ▪Get results

    ▪Tell how we’re

    doing

    What is a logic model?

  • Example: Reduce high temperature

    H

    I

    G

    H

    T

    E

    M

    P

    E

    R

    A

    T

    U

    R

    E

    Achieve

    normal

    temperature

    (measured by

    thermometer)

    Get

    medication (Tylenol, etc.)

    Take

    medication

    IF - then IF - then IF - then

  • Logic model = if-then relationships

    Underlying a logic model is a series of “if-then”

    relationships.

    IF then IF then IF then IF then IF then

  • Logic models incorporate the “4 Ds”

    ▪ Design (Program Model)

    ▪ Dosage (How much)

    ▪ Duration (For how long?)

    ▪ Deliverables (Outcomes)

  • Logical chain of connections showing

    what the program is to accomplish

    Results

    INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTCOMES

    Program

    investments

    Staff

    Volunteers

    Time

    Money

    Research

    base

    Materials

    Equipment

    Technology

    Partners

    Activities

    Conduct

    workshops/

    meetings

    Deliver

    services

    Develop

    curriculum

    Train

    Provide

    counseling

    Assess

    Participation

    Participants

    Clients

    Agencies

    Decision-

    makers

    Stakeholders

    Resources

    invested

    What

    we doWhat we produce & for whom

    OUTPUTS

    Short

    Medium

    Long-

    term

    Units of

    Service

    Result from the

    activities

    # of students

    taught

    Hours of

    instruction

    Reports

    produced

  • OUTCOMES

    Short

    Learning

    Awareness

    Knowledge

    Attitudes

    Skills

    Opinions

    Aspirations

    Motivations

    Medium

    Action

    Behavior

    Practice

    Decision-making

    Policies

    Social Action

    Long-term

    Condition

    Social

    Economic

    Civic

    Environ-mental

    Logic models include a chain of outcomes

  • Activities versus Outputs

    ▪ Activities: are what the program does with the inputs to

    achieve its outcome. Activities include the strategies,

    techniques and types of treatment that comprise the

    program’s service methodology.

    ▪ Outputs: are the direct products of program activities

    and usually are measured in terms of the volume of work

    accomplished. They are important because they are

    intended to lead to a desired benefit or change for

    participants or target populations.

  • #s of people served,

    newsletters sent, training

    sessions offered, hours of

    counseling provided

    Changes in knowledge,

    skills, behavior, life

    circumstance (no longer

    homeless, etc.)

    Number of patients with

    chronic health issues

    discharged from hospital

    is an output

    Percentage of discharged

    who are capable of living

    independently is an

    outcome

    Outputs vs. Outcomes

  • INDICATORS MEASURE CHANGE

    A measure of the extent to which you have achieved your desired outcomes.

    An OUTCOME INDICATOR is a

    specific, observable, and

    measurable characteristic or change

    that will represent achievement of

    the outcome.

    From: United Way of America. Measuring Program Outcomes:

    A Practical Approach. Alexandria, VA: United Way of America;

    1996.

  • Logic model with INDICATORS

    for Outputs and Outcomes

    Program

    implemented

    Targeted

    farmers

    Farmers learn

    new

    techniques

    Farmers

    practice new

    techniques

    Farm

    profitability

    increases

    Number of

    workshops

    held

    Quality of

    workshops

    Number

    and

    percent of

    farmers

    attending

    Number and

    percent who

    increase

    knowledge

    Number

    and percent

    who

    practice

    new

    techniques

    Crop yields

    are higher;

    Number and

    percent

    reporting

    increased

    profits;

    amount of

    increase

    Outputs Outcomes

    M

    E

    A

    S

    U

    R

    E

    S

  • Logic models help with program monitoring, continuous

    improvement and evaluation

    ▪ Keeps us focused on the most important goals

    and benchmarks along the way

    ▪ Guides us to know what and when to measure

    our progress

    ▪ Provides opportunities to celebrate successes

    along the way

    ▪ Helps us problem-solve as a team

    ▪ Helps us manage our resources

  • Other opportunities for assistance

    AREA STAFF “OPEN OFFICE”

    CROSS SYSTEM Lauren Martin 7/09 2:00 – 4:00 PM

    EDUCATION Joe Maldonado 7/10 2:00 – 4:00 PM

    INCOME Angela Jones 7/09 9:00 – 11:00 AM

    HEALTH Gabe Doyle 7/11 9:00 –11:00 AM

    Week of 7/6 – Technical Assistance Webinar on how to complete the

    proposal forms (to be recorded and sent via link for future use)

    Sign up sheets are posted on our New Investment Process webpage.

  • Sample Logic Model

    *Shared with Agency Permission

  • Program: 2018/PARTNER AGENCY / Boys & Girls C / Teens of Promise (1904788)CB Year: 2018

    Outcome 2018 Short termAfrican American and Latino males will maintain enrollment in the program at a higher rate than the previousyear-therefore developing their academic, social and emotional skills to succeed and graduate and graduate from highschool.

    Community Outcome 2018 Long termYouth graduate from high school.

    Inputs Activities Output Results Indicators

    Office space at BGCDC and school Boys and Girls Club will work with MMSD and 83% of African American and Latino youth males will maintainsites. UW-Madison HOPE Lab to produce a report that analyzes enrollment in the program, as measured by enrollment & exitType: Actual student data and the impact of AVID/TOPS for data, Spring and Fall semesters Community Outcome:YouthCategory: Facilities students. African American and Latino students' GPA I-Base I-Percent I-AchievedAmount: 6.00 and credit attainment will likely be included in this Actual 240 85% 203TOPS Coordinators have designated analysis (projected publication in Spring 2019). Target 190 83% 158offices in each of the high school Commentwith access to phones, school Actual Grant outcome achieved.printers, school district email TOPS Coordinators recruit community speakers for the Target "Base" is projected based on 16-17 Academicaccounts and IC access. TOPS team classroom and as mentors for out-of-classroom support Year levels. *May change.meets weekly at Boys & Girls Club that model and reflect African American and Latino graduate from high school.Allied location and at other times students in the programthroughout the year. Achieved: NoAdministrative building providesoffice space for senior TOPS Coordinators work with AVID Site Teams to design Collection method (Required)management. retention plans for African American and Latino We receive district data (MMSD) for individual students

    males in the program after each academic semester.

    TOPS Coordinators and Measure method (Required)Administrative assistants across TOPS Coordinators work with the AVID Site Team to Will will compare spring vs. fall enrollment data asall four high schools. monitor classroom grades and student learning for provided by MMSD.Type: Actual African American and Latino studentsCategory: Staff Data source (Required)Amount: 12.00 Madison Metropolitan School District data.2 TOPS Coordinators per highschool and 1 Administrative Basis for target (Required)Assistant per high school. We are using a projection based upon 16-17 academic year

    levels. Because of this, the baseline number may shift whencompleting next year's 2018 report.

    Guest Speakers for AVID/TOPSClassrooms. Barriers To Achieving (Optional)Type: Actual Retention is something that AVID/TOPS takes very seriously.Category: Volunteers We need to ensure that staff leverage culturally responsiveAmount: 100.00 teaching practices in order to support and empower studentsWe anticipate over 100 guest in their learning.speakers to be connected to ourAVID/TOPS Classrooms.

    CB Profile Report - Logic Model Report 4

    Page 8Prepared by: Andar/360, Fundraising Software. Copyright 1998, 2019 Andar Software Ltd. https://www.andarsoftware.com

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  • Program: 2018/PARTNER AGENCY / Boys & Girls C / Teens of Promise (1904788)CB Year: 2018

    Outcome 2018 IntermediateAfrican American and Latino students will have higher GPAs than peers not in the program and be on-track for highschool graduation (credit attainment).

    Community Outcome 2018 Long termYouth graduate from high school.

    Inputs Activities Output Results Indicators

    Office space at BGCDC and school Boys and Girls Club will work with MMSD and African American and Latino students will have a 10% highersites. UW-Madison HOPE Lab to produce a report that analyzes GPA than peers not in the program and be on-track for highType: Actual student data and the impact of AVID/TOPS for school graduation (credit attainment) CommunityCategory: Facilities students. African American and Latino students' GPA I-Base I-Percent I-AchievedAmount: 6.00 and credit attainment will likely be included in this Actual 604 56% 338TOPS Coordinators have designated analysis (projected publication in Spring 2019). Target 500 75% 375offices in each of the high school Commentwith access to phones, school Actual 338 of 604 Latinx or African Americanprinters, school district email TOPS Coordinators recruit community speakers for the students had a 2.70+ GPA. The overallaccounts and IC access. TOPS team classroom and as mentors for out-of-classroom support average GPA was 2.76 for the 604 students.meets weekly at Boys & Girls Club that model and reflect African American and Latino Target Base level is a projection based upon 16-17Allied location and at other times students in the program demographics. This may shift.throughout the year. Outcome:Youth graduate from high school.Administrative building providesoffice space for senior TOPS Coordinators work with AVID Site Teams to design Achieved: Nomanagement. retention plans for African American and Latino

    males in the program Collection method (Required)We are provided with data from MMSD around GPA's in order to

    TOPS Coordinators and measure our success in this goal.Administrative assistants across TOPS Coordinators work with the AVID Site Team toall four high schools. monitor classroom grades and student learning for Measure method (Required)Type: Actual African American and Latino students We will strive to have an average GPA for African AmericanCategory: Staff and Latino students of 2.70+ - this is 10% higher thanAmount: 12.00 district comparison group as reported in the 2014-2015 HOPE2 TOPS Coordinators per high Lab report. The 375/500 is not actually part of theschool and 1 Administrative projected measurement, but is a projection to the number ofAssistant per high school. students who will have achieved this goal.

    Data source (Required)Guest Speakers for AVID/TOPS MMSD Central Office data.Classrooms.Type: Actual Basis for target (Required)Category: Volunteers We will strive to have an average GPA for African AmericanAmount: 100.00 and Latino students of 2.70+ - this is 10% higher thanWe anticipate over 100 guest district comparison group as reported in the 2014-2015 HOPEspeakers to be connected to our Lab report. The 375/500 is not actually part of theAVID/TOPS Classrooms. projected measurement, but is a projection to the number of

    students who will have achieved this goal.

    CB Profile Report - Logic Model Report 4

    Page 10Prepared by: Andar/360, Fundraising Software. Copyright 1998, 2019 Andar Software Ltd. https://www.andarsoftware.com

    2019/07/02 01:52:52 PM - LMARTIN2

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  • Program: 2018/PARTNER AGENCY / Boys & Girls C / Teens of Promise (1904788)CB Year: 2018

    Outcome 2018 Long termAVID/TOPS aims to have at least 95% of our students graduate from high school.

    Community Outcome 2018 Long termYouth graduate from high school.

    Inputs Activities Output Results Indicators

    Office space at BGCDC and school Boys and Girls Club will work with MMSD and AVID/TOPS aims to have at least 95% of its students graduatesites. UW-Madison HOPE Lab to produce a report that analyzes from high school. Community Outcome:Youth graduate fromType: Actual student data and the impact of AVID/TOPS for high school.Category: Facilities students. African American and Latino students' GPA I-Base I-Percent I-AchievedAmount: 6.00 and credit attainment will likely be included in this Actual 205 98% 201TOPS Coordinators have designated analysis (projected publication in Spring 2019). Target 165 95% 157offices in each of the high school Commentwith access to phones, school Actual 201 of 205 seniors graduated from highprinters, school district email TOPS Coordinators recruit community speakers for the school during the Spring 2018.accounts and IC access. TOPS team classroom and as mentors for out-of-classroom support Target Base is a projected number. May fluctuate.meets weekly at Boys & Girls Club that model and reflect African American and LatinoAllied location and at other times students in the program Achieved: Nothroughout the year.Administrative building provides Collection method (Required)office space for senior TOPS Coordinators work with AVID Site Teams to design MMSD central office data provided to Boys & Girls Club ofmanagement. retention plans for African American and Latino Dane County.

    males in the programMeasure method (Required)

    TOPS Coordinators and We will receive a report from MMSD to determine whichAdministrative assistants across TOPS Coordinators work with the AVID Site Team to seniors complete the AVID/TOPS program and graduate fromall four high schools. monitor classroom grades and student learning for high school on-time.Type: Actual African American and Latino studentsCategory: Staff Data source (Required)Amount: 12.00 MMSD Central Office Data.2 TOPS Coordinators per highschool and 1 Administrative Basis for target (Required)Assistant per high school. Based upon 2017 HS graduation levels.

    Barriers To Achieving (Optional)Guest Speakers for AVID/TOPS Student engagement and retention; ensuring strong academics.Classrooms.Type: Actual Category: Volunteers Amount: 100.00We anticipate over 100 guestspeakers to be connected to ourAVID/TOPS Classrooms.

    CB Profile Report - Logic Model Report 4

    Page 12Prepared by: Andar/360, Fundraising Software. Copyright 1998, 2019 Andar Software Ltd. https://www.andarsoftware.com

    2019/07/02 01:52:52 PM - LMARTIN2

    https://www.andarsoftware.comhttps://epledge.uwdc.org/admin/BioTab.jsp?nbr=404234506721613F423E7E3E&recent=Yhttps://epledge.uwdc.org/admin/BioTab.jsp?nbr=4669676E4351282973567E3E&recent=Y