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  • LISTENING & SPEAKING SKILLS

    Lewis Lansford

    4

    www.cambridge.org in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-63461-9 - Unlock: Listening & Speaking Skills 4Lewis LansfordFrontmatterMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107634619http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom

    Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge.

    It furthers the Universitys mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence.

    www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9781107634619

    Cambridge University Press 2014

    This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

    First published 20144th printing 2015

    Printed in China by Golden Cup Printing Co. Ltd

    A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library

    ISBN 978-1-107-63461-9Listening and Speaking 4 Students Book with Online Workbook ISBN 978-1-107-65052-7 Listening and Speaking 4 Teachers Book with DVD ISBN 978-1-107-61525-0 Reading and Writing 4 Students Book with Online Workbook ISBN 978-1-107-61409-3 Reading and Writing 4 Teachers Book with DVD

    Additional resources for this publication at www.cambridge.org/unlock

    Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables, and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter.

    www.cambridge.org in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-63461-9 - Unlock: Listening & Speaking Skills 4Lewis LansfordFrontmatterMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107634619http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • CONTENTS

    Map of the book 4

    Your guide to Unlock 8

    UNIT 1 Globalization 14

    UNIT 2 Education 32

    UNIT 3 Medicine 50

    UNIT 4 Risk 68

    UNIT 5 Manufacturing 86

    UNIT 6 Environment 104

    UNIT 7 Architecture 122

    UNIT 8 Energy 140

    UNIT 9 Art and design 158

    UNIT 10 Ageing 176

    Glossary 194

    Video and audio scripts 200

    Acknowledgements 224

    www.cambridge.org in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-63461-9 - Unlock: Listening & Speaking Skills 4Lewis LansfordFrontmatterMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107634619http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • MAP OF THE BOOK

    UNIT VIDEO LISTENING VOCABULARY GRAMMAR CRITICAL THINKING SPEAKING

    1 GLOBALIZATIONListening 1: A radio programme about how food travels around the world(Environment)

    Listening 2: A presentation on energy use in food production(Environment)

    The globalization of food

    Key listening skill: Predicting content

    Using your knowledgeListening for gistListening for detailListening for opinionListening for main ideas

    Pronunciation for listening:Consonant clusters

    Globalization and environment (e.g. carbon footprint, processing, imported)

    The active and passive voice

    Understand and use pie charts Preparation for speakingDescribe charts and data

    Speaking taskGive a presentation using data from a pie chart

    2 EDUCATIONListening 1: A careers advice meeting(Education)

    Listening 2: A careers advice meeting(Education)

    Astronaut training

    Key listening skill: Listening for advice and suggestions

    Understanding key vocabularyListening for main ideasListening for detailListening for gistListening for opinion

    Pronunciation for listening:Certain and uncertain intonation

    Academic adjectives to describe professions (e.g. manual, medical, technical)

    Stating preferences with would

    Prioritize criteria Preparation for speakingNegotiate, prioritize and make decisions

    Pronunciation for speakingCertain and uncertain intonation

    Speaking taskDecide as a group which candidate should receive a scholarship

    3 MEDICINEListening 1: A student seminar on pandemics(Medicine)

    Listening 2: A debate on the flu vaccination(Medicine)

    Anthrax Key listening skill: Identifying viewpoints

    Using your knowledgeListening for gistListening for main ideasListening for opinionListening for attitudeListening for detail

    Pronunciation for listening:Intonation in question tags

    Scientific research (e.g. researcher, controlled, proven)

    Connection actions with time expressions

    Understand background and motivation

    Preparation for speakingPersuade someone to agree with your point of view

    Speaking taskDebate whether healthcare should be free

    4 RISKListening 1: A safety presentation(Sport)

    Listening 2: A risk-assessment meeting(Occupational health)

    Andes mountain trek

    Key listening skill: Listening for clarification

    Predicting content using visualsUnderstanding key vocabularyListening for gistListening for detail

    Pronunciation for listening:Stress for emphasis

    Adjectives to describe risk (e.g. major, minor, potential)

    Expressing certainty about future events

    Understand statistics Preparation for speakingDiscuss risk

    Speaking taskDiscuss and complete a risk-assessment form

    5 MANUFACTURINGListening 1: A lecture on the history of clothes manufacturing(History)

    Listening 2: A tour of a car manufacturing plant(Manufacturing)

    Making a running shoe

    Key listening skill: Signposting

    Understanding key vocabularyListening for gistListening for detailPredicting content using visuals

    Pronunciation for listening:Pauses in prepared speech

    Academic vocabulary for production and processes (e.g. method, management, production)

    Modals for necessity and obligation

    Use dependency diagrams Preparation for speakingExplain the order of steps in a process

    Pronunciation for speakingStress words that indicate order

    Speaking taskExplain a process

    LISTENING AND SPEAKING SKILLS 44

    www.cambridge.org in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-63461-9 - Unlock: Listening & Speaking Skills 4Lewis LansfordFrontmatterMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107634619http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • MAP OF THE BOOK

    UNIT VIDEO LISTENING VOCABULARY GRAMMAR CRITICAL THINKING SPEAKING

    1 GLOBALIZATIONListening 1: A radio programme about how food travels around the world(Environment)

    Listening 2: A presentation on energy use in food production(Environment)

    The globalization of food

    Key listening skill: Predicting content

    Using your knowledgeListening for gistListening for detailListening for opinionListening for main ideas

    Pronunciation for listening:Consonant clusters

    Globalization and environment (e.g. carbon footprint, processing, imported)

    The active and passive voice

    Understand and use pie charts Preparation for speakingDescribe charts and data

    Speaking taskGive a presentation using data from a pie chart

    2 EDUCATIONListening 1: A careers advice meeting(Education)

    Listening 2: A careers advice meeting(Education)

    Astronaut training

    Key listening skill: Listening for advice and suggestions

    Understanding key vocabularyListening for main ideasListening for detailListening for gistListening for opinion

    Pronunciation for listening:Certain and uncertain intonation

    Academic adjectives to describe professions (e.g. manual, medical, technical)

    Stating preferences with would

    Prioritize criteria Preparation for speakingNegotiate, prioritize and make decisions

    Pronunciation for speakingCertain and uncertain intonation

    Speaking taskDecide as a group which candidate should receive a scholarship

    3 MEDICINEListening 1: A student seminar on pandemics(Medicine)

    Listening 2: A debate on the flu vaccination(Medicine)

    Anthrax Key listening skill: Identifying viewpoints

    Using your knowledgeListening for gistListening for main ideasListening for opinionListening for attitudeListening for detail

    Pronunciation for listening:Intonation in question tags

    Scientific research (e.g. researcher, controlled, proven)

    Connection actions with time expressions

    Understand background and motivation

    Preparation for speakingPersuade someone to agree with your point of view

    Speaking taskDebate whether healthcare should be free

    4 RISKListening 1: A safety presentation(Sport)

    Listening 2: A risk-assessment meeting(Occupational health)

    Andes mountain trek

    Key listening skill: Listening for clarification

    Predicting content using visualsUnderstanding key vocabularyListening for gistListening for detail

    Pronunciation for listening:Stress for emphasis

    Adjectives to describe risk (e.g. major, minor, potential)

    Expressing certainty about future events

    Understand statistics Preparation for speakingDiscuss risk

    Speaking taskDiscuss and complete a risk-assessment form

    5 MANUFACTURINGListening 1: A lecture on the history of clothes manufacturing(History)

    Lis