Listening & Speaking
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Listening & Speaking
Listening & Speaking
Listening & SpeakingActivities to Engage children
1. Typhoon!The Learning Activity that can weather all storms.All the excitement of a Game Show
right here in the classroom!So -why is it called Typhoon?
Think of a very strong windthat blows everything away.Answer a question ... if answered correctly - Choose a box
The fun part is not knowing what is inside
Putting it (very) simply:
Well, its a square, rather than a box ...What is so great about the game?Teamwork at least 3 teams.Added interest for boring revision tasksPositive reward for effort and correct answerElement of chance, anything is possibleEndless possibilities for adaptationCan be long or short periodStudents can quickly learn to run the gamePreparation 1. on the board:
654321ABCDEFPreparation 2. on paper:620D100100200T5500T20S205042100Swap2001T3S5010TD1000210020350500Swap1T1000S501010ABCDEFT = TyphoonS = StealSwap = swap scoresD = Double2. Tic Tac ToeTic Tac ToeTwo TeamsAnswer a questionPlace a mark
3. What are you doing?Circle Game1. The first person (or the teacher) starts performing and action or mime e.g. they act out brushing their teeth (but they dont say anything).2. The person next to them asks them What are you doing?3. They reply by describing a different action e.g. Im riding my bike.4. The person who asked must then begin miming that action (riding a bike).5. The next person asks them What are you doing?6. They reply by describing a different action e.g. Im eating my breakfast.Continue on around the circle.4. Pass the Beat
Sit in a circle.(Maybe try passing an object around the circle, to make sure the concept is understood.)Demonstrate hand-clapping to a regular beat, and hand-clapping irregularly. Explain that as a group you are going to create a regular beat. Say that you are going to "Pass the Beat" around the circle, with each child providing one beat / clap.Teacher does the first clap, and the next child claps once, and then so on around the circle.Try to keep the claps regularly spaced.Try again, going the other way.Pass the Beat (1)Try other styles:Get faster / slower as you go around.Each child claps twice, but keep the beat even. (3 times, 4 times)One child claps once, and the next child claps twice quickly creating a rhythm.Every second (or 3rd or 4th ...) child claps (once, or twice or more ...)Close their eyes and see if they can take their turn at clapping at the right time.Claps get louder / softer as they go around the circle.Pass the Beat (2)Add other body percussion - clicks / knee-slaps.
Try a "Mexican Wave" or other movement - each child in turn makes the movement.
Get them to clap hands with the child on one side, then the child on the other, thus passing the clap around.
Use words - pass a word around, or a word sequence (count, go through alphabet, days of the week, or just alternate with two words ...) There are endless possibilities ...Pass the Beat (3)
4. Making Little BooksWe all love little things they are cute, and portable, and dont cost much. Students and teachers alike enjoy making and having these little books. They are easy to make, fun to write in, and great to share.17THE little bookMade from a single sheet of paperNo need for staples, glue, sticky tapeCan be quickly and easily created by anyoneCan be adapted into pop-up bookCan be created on the computer in WordCan be photocopied (one side of paper)Sometimes called hotdog book, origami book Poof! book ...The advantages of this style of little book are many:It is made from a single piece of paper it can even be (one-sided) re-cycled paper.You dont need any extra equipment or materials.Anyone can make one even young children, and the elderly!The basic little book is only the starting point. For the extra creative it can go on to become something very exciting.The contents of the book can be created on the computer in Word, giving a very neat finish and meaning its easy to produce several copies on the printer.Because it is only on one side of the paper, the book can also be opened out and scanned or photocopied making it easy to produce several copies of a students work for others to enjoy.We didnt invent the little book. You can find it in many places on the Internet under various names. It is sometimes called the hotdog book because at one stage in its making it looks like a hotdog roll. Others call it the origami book because it is folded. Others call it the Poof! book because it suddenly appears as a book almost magically.
18The little book has front and back cover, and six pages.It can be made with A3 paper, or A4 paper.
This is what a newly folded little book looks like. There is a front and back cover, and three double pages inside. It can be made from any size of paper. Paper that is not in the same format as A3 or A4 will simply give a different format book. For a pop-up book the paper needs to be of reasonable quality.19
You need:A4 or A3 paperpens/pencilsscissorsAll you need is a desk/table or flat surface to work on, a piece of paper, a pair of scissors (briefly!), and writing or drawing materials.20
Step 1:Fold the paper in halfFirstly, fold the paper neatly in half, and crease the fold.21
Step 2:Fold the paper in half againSecondly, fold the paper again, being careful to make sure the edges line up neatly, and crease the fold well.22
Step 3:Fold the paper in half a third timeThirdly, fold the paper one more time. At this stage younger students may need assistance to make sure they can complete a neat fold.23
Step 4:Unfold as far as the first foldCut down to the fold mark from the fold edgeNow, unfold back to the first fold.Take the scissors and cut from the folded edge to the fold mark half way through. Again, young children will need extra supervision at this point. As this is the only cut (unless you are making pop-up books), in a classroom situation a few pairs of scissors can be passed around and then removed.24
Step 5:Unfold, and re-fold the other wayCut sectionFoldOpen the paper, and re-fold it the other way keeping the same side of the paper on the outside. (Remember this can be done on re-cycled paper and the used side needs to stay inside.) If students open the paper and fold it outwards the other way then the next step will not work. The paper is now folded longways, with the small cut section at the top as shown.25
Hold the two ends ...... and push them together.This is when the magic happens. Hold the two ends and push them together as shown. The cut section will open a hole in the middle.26
And there it is!Push until the paper folds right up into a little book. Bring the outside pages around to form the covers, and press the folds neatly into place.27
Now ... write, draw Now its time to be creative and fill the book.Make sure young students especially are holding the book the right way up and start working from the front sometimes they accidently start on the back cover.The book can be used in landscape format.It can be used to write a story, explain a method, include an album of pictures, catalogue some items, explain an idea the possibilities are only limited by the need to be brief! Students need to spend a moment to plan what they will put on each page.28Preparing for Pop-Up Books
Making a Pop-UpCardStart simple:Little Books become especially interesting and exciting when they are pop-up books. However explaining the process simply can be daunting. This session provides a halfway stage to help students to understand the pop-up process.29
Fold the paper only 2 times:Fold the paper a second time to create a greeting card, and crease the fold carefully.30Open the paper, and re-fold the other way.
Inside of CardThe valley fold in the inside of the card is where the pop-ups will be created. The paper needs to be unfolded, and then the inside fold should be re-folded the other way in preparation for cutting.31For a beak or mouth:
cutfoldThe simplest pop-up is a mouth or beak. Demonstrate this to participants, but they should not make the cut until they have chosen which the pop-up they wish to create.Make a single perpendicular cut into the fold that is the inside middle of the card. Fold both sides of the fold back and forth to both sides of the cut to create strong creases.32
Re-fold card. Put finger inside card to push out pop-up section.Fold the paper back the other way so that the cut is inside the card. You may need to put your finger inside the card to push out the pop-up section.33
Decorate!Drawing, colour, and text complete the effect.The mouth can be a human mouth, birds beak, or animal mouth it depends only on the creators creativity.34Other Shapes:
Box ShapeDemonstrate another possible pop-up shape.
Two perpendicular cuts can be used to create a box shape. The cuts should never go more than halfway across the card as this would cause the pup-up to protrude past the edge of the card when it is closed.35Make into a box, house, furniture ...
This pop-up can be decorated as a box or a gift.
If the card is turned to landscape format this can be something like a step, or a building.36A Face:
mouthnoseTwo perpendicular cuts can be used for a pop-up nose and mouth in a face. The mouth cut is folded back on both sides to create the lips, and the nose cut is folded back to one side as a single triangle. Varying the length of the cuts ad the angles of the folds will change the character of the face.37Decorate the face, create a character
Decorating the card completes the effect.38Pop-Up Books
Making a pop-up little book adds wonder and surprise and delights young readers, as well as bringing the pleasure of creativity to its maker.There does not need to be a pop-up on every single page, and even young children can be taught to insert at least one pop-up into their little books.39
Fold it like for the basic book:Fold the paper in half three timesThirdly, fold the paper one more time. At this stage younger students may need assistance to make sure they can complete a neat fold.
mark each page number with pencil.After its foldedPush until the paper folds right up into a little book. Bring the outside pages around to form the covers, and press the folds neatly into place. At this stage each participant should be holding a completed basic little book.
It is a good idea for each participant to mark (in pencil) each page and the front and back covers of the little book. This will help them to remember which way up each page is and where to put the pop-ups.41Folding for pop-ups:
Unfold paper completelyFold edges in to the middleWith the pages and covers marked (as suggested in the previous note), unfold the paper completely. With the paper in landscape position, fold the two outside edges to the middle of the paper.(The cut section will be (horizontal) in the section of paper underneath, flat on the table.42Little cuts for pop-ups:
Book Cover(no cuts)NoseMouthMouth or beak (duck)BoxCuts and folds can be added to 3 of the 4 the folded edges not the front/back cover section.Participants need to plan their story and pages before they make the cuts. (Previous experience in sessions 1 and 2 mill enable them to do this.)The following slides show some examples of pop-ups.43Face nose and mouth pop-ups
As with the pop-up card, creating a face for a character in the book requires 2 small cuts.44A character quickly develops
Drawing and writing will add interest to the pop-up page. It is worth noting at this point that where the pop-up reveals a space (such as the inside of the mouth), the book-maker can choose to also add colour or drawing inside the space on the page behind taking care not to affect other pages.45Duck Beak or Animal Mouth
A single cut produces the form of a mouth or beak. Altering the position (higher/lower on the fold) and/or length of the cut and/or size and angles of the folded triangles will change the character of the mouth.46Any animal will do
The drawing, colouring and writing complete the effect. (Again colouring or drawing could be carefully added inside the mouth area.)47Box or Furniture or Item
Two cuts are needed to make a box shape.
A straight cut at the bottom and an angled cut at the top (with a fold parallel to the fold edge) can produce a traditional house shape with a sloping roof.48Something cube-shaped
Here the box shape has been drawn in to become an interesting gift, full of mystery.49Design your story and pop-ups to go together.
Turning the book to landscape format allows the box pop-ups to become buildings of different sizes.50There doesnt have to be a popup on every page.
Participants may choose to only put a pop-up on one or two of the three internal (double) pages, allowing more room for telling the story.51
Thats just a start ...