Listening n Speaking Skills

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    Effective listening

    Effective listening is an active process that hasthree basic steps:

    Basic steps

    HearingTo listen and

    understand what the

    speaker saying.

    UnderstandingTake what we have

    heard and try to make

    sense of it.

    Judging

    When we are sure

    that we have

    understood the

    speaker, think about

    whether it make

    sense.

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    Tips on

    how to be

    a goodlistener

    1. Full attention

    to the person

    who isspeaking.

    2. Make sure

    that our mind is

    focused.

    3. Let the

    speaker finish

    before we beginto talk.

    4. Listen to the

    end before we

    begin to speak.

    5. Listen for

    main ideas.

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    What Should Candidates

    Do During ListeningTest?

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    1. Listen For The Main

    Idea

    During listening, listen generally inorder to find out:

    1. the main subject or topic(news item, speech, talk, ect)

    2. how the topic is dealt with

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    2. Note-Taking take down notes as you listen:- contain information you may

    need

    pay particular attention tospecific information .

    - Exp: names, statistics(numbers),

    and dates.

    When take down notes:

    -Use short forms

    (words, dashedor

    mathematical symbols)

    to transfer information

    effectively.

    Example:

    (/) is for words the

    (x) is dont/ no/ not

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    3. Summarizing and Paraphrasing

    Summarizing involves listening for general

    information.

    Illustration and example not include.

    In order to summarizing, you have to

    paraphrasing (shortening sentences or

    rearranging words).

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    4. Making Prediction

    predict something is making guess what

    is going happen next.

    making accurate prediction help you to

    understand better what youre listening.

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    What is speaking??

    o conversations or interaction which is

    Required people to talk.

    o Connect with listening.

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    Speaking is an important means of

    communicating knowledge and

    expressing ideas. It is primarymedium of representating ideas.

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    The importance of speaking practice

    Improve our speaking skills.

    Build up our confident on speaking.

    Help us to speak correctly.

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    Types of speaking

    1. Individual presentation

    2. Discussion

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    Individual presentation

    What should you do?Highlight the

    key-words

    Jot down

    your ideas.

    Organise

    your ideas

    Create your

    appropriate

    expressions

    Make your

    presentation

    fun

    Clarity

    Focused

    Speak clearly

    1

    2

    3

    4

    56

    7

    8

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    Making successful

    presentations

    Overcome

    nervousness

    Facial

    expressions &

    gestures

    Eye contact

    Posture

    Vitality and

    spontaneity

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    STAGES OF PRESENTATION

    STAGES OF PRESENTATION STEPS INVOLVED EXAMPLES

    INTRODUCTION Introduce yourself Good morning, let me

    introduce myself. I am

    Anne Tan.

    BODY 1. Make sugggestion I would like to/ I

    suggest

    2. Make recommendations I would like to

    recommend..

    3. Support your points I personally think that..

    CONCLUSION 1. Sum up all your points I would like to conclude..

    Close Thank you for you

    attention.

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    Discussion

    HELPFUL TIPS

    Be an active

    participant

    Do not be afraid to

    agree or disagree with

    your friend ideas

    Intterupt when you

    seek clarificationProvide information

    when asked

    Ask questions

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    MANAGING A DISCUSSION EXAMPLE

    Initiate the discussion

    -to start the discussion

    1. Lets get started.

    2. Lets look at.

    How to respond to statements made 1. That sounds like a good idea.

    2. Sorry, I dont think thats a good

    idea.

    Maintaining a discussion 1. Can you please, clarify that?2. What do you think sir?

    How to interrupt 1. Pardon me, could you elaborate on..

    2. Can I add something here?

    how to close a discussion 1. I think this has been an interesting

    discussion.

    2. Thank you for your time and ideas.