Lesson 32 Ablution. Ablution is a necessary condition for a valid prayer because there is great...
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Lesson 32 Ablution Slide 2 Ablution is a necessary condition for a valid prayer because there is great blessings in it. Slide 3 The obligatory elements of ablution: -To have a sincere intention, Slide 4 -to wash ones face, Slide 5 -to wash the two arms up to, and including, the elbows, Slide 6 -to wipe ones head, Slide 7 -to wash ones feet up to, and including, the ankles, Slide 8 -and to pay attention to the order of the elements of ablution (for Hanbali and Shafi`i Schools) Slide 9 -and incessancy (for Hanbali and Maliki Schools) Slide 10 The Sunnah acts when performing ablution: a)To mention Allah's Name. Slide 11 b) To wash the two hands. Slide 12 c) To rinse the mouth (obligatory for Hanbali and Shafi`i Schools) Slide 13 and brush ones teeth using a tooth-stick. Slide 14 d) To sniff (obligatory for Hanbali and Shafi`i Schools) and inhalate water, followed by blowing it out. Slide 15 e) To wipe the ears inside and outside (obligatory for Hanbali school). Slide 16 f) To start from the right-hand side. Slide 17 g) To wash three times. Slide 18 h) To let the water reach between the fingers and toes. Slide 19 i) To start wiping the head from the forehead. Slide 20 j) To wash more than what is obligatory of the face, hands, and feet. Slide 21 k) To soak the hair of the beard with water. Slide 22 l) To conclude ablution by saying a certain invocation Slide 23 Offensive acts in performing ablution: a) It is offensive to waste water Slide 24 b) exceed three times Slide 25 c) leave out one of the acts of the Sunnah Slide 26 d) carry out the ablution in an impure place Slide 27 Nullifiers of ablution: a)Anything that is emitted from the urinary or anal openings (feces, urine or wind), Slide 28 b)deep sleep in a lying position, Slide 29 c) absence of mind because of fainting, intoxicants, diabetic coma or temporary insanity, Slide 30 d) touching (of the skin) between members of the opposite sex, lustfully or not (depending on the different Schools of Jurisprudence) Slide 31 Commendable Acts: To renew ones ablution for every prayer when the time comes in cases of incontinence of urine and constant menstruation. Slide 32 Evidence from Qur an and Sunnah Slide 33 Performing ablution for prayer: Allah says : [ : 6] Slide 34 It can be translated as: O you who believe! When you intend to offer as-Salah (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. (Al-Maidah: 6) Slide 35 The Prophet (SAWS) said: The key of prayer is purification. (Reported by Abu-Dawud and at- Tirmidhiyy) Slide 36 And: Allah does not accept prayer without purification. (Reported by Muslim) Slide 37 The Prophet (SAWS) said: Allah does not accept prayer of anyone of you if he does Hadath (passes wind, urine, or feces) till he performs the ablution (anew). (Reported by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim) Slide 38 The merits of performing ablution: The Prophet (SAWS) said: Should not I lead you to something by which Allah obliterates the sins and elevates (your) ranks? They said: Yes, Allah's Messenger (with great pleasure). He said: Performing proper ablution despite unfavorable conditions, frequently going to the mosque, and waiting for the next prayer after performing the due one. That is the (real) dedication (to the acts of devotion). (Reported by Muslim) Slide 39 Obligatory integrals of ablution: Proofs from the Holy Quran: (see Performing ablution for prayer) Slide 40 The order: It is referred to in the above-mentioned verse. Slide 41 The Sunnahs of performing ablution: Washing the two hands: The Prophet (SAWS) said: When anyone amongst you wakes up from sleep, he must not put his hand in the utensil till he has washed it (his hand) three times, for he does not know where his hand was during the night. (Reported by Muslim) Slide 42 Siwak: The Prophet (SAWS) said: Had not I find it hard for my people, I would have commanded them to use the Siwak [tooth-stick] before every prayer. (Reported by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim) Slide 43 Rinsing the mouth: `Abdu Khayr narrated: Ali came upon us and he had already offered prayer. He asked for water. We asked: What will you do with water when you have already offered prayer? - Perhaps to teach us. A utensil containing water and a wash- basin were brought (to him). Slide 44 He poured water from the utensil on his right hand and washed both his hands three times, rinsed the mouth, snuffed up water and cleansed the nose three times. He then rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water with the same hand by which he took water. (Reported by Abu-Dawud) Slide 45 Snuffing up the nose: The Prophet (SAWS) said: Snuff up water freely unless you are fasting. (Reported by an-Nasaiyy, Abu-Dawud, and at-Tirmidhiyy) Slide 46 Starting with the right side: `Aishah (RA) narrated: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) loved to start from the right-hand side for performing ablution, for combing (the hair) and wearing the shoes. (Reported by at-Tirmidhiyy) Slide 47 `Aishah (RA) narrated: The Prophet used to like to start from the right side on wearing shoes, combing his hair, and cleaning or washing himself and on doing anything else. (Reported by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim) Slide 48 Penetrating the beard with water: Anas Ibn-Malik (RA) narrated: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed ablution, he took a handful of water, and, putting it under his chin, made it go through his beard, saying: Thus did my Lord command me. (Reported by Abu-Dawud) Slide 49 Letting water reach between fingers: The Prophet (SAWS) said: If you perform ablution, cleanse the base of the fingers of your hands and feet. (Reported by at-Tirmidhiyy) Slide 50 Washing more than what is obligatory of face, hand, and leg: The Prophet (SAWS) said: My people will be summoned on the Day of Resurrection with bright faces and white hands and feet due to the traces of ablution. If anyone can extend his brightness (by letting water as far as he can on the parts of ablution), let him do so. (Reported by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim) Slide 51 Offensive acts in performing ablution: Extravagant use of water: Anas (RA) narrated: The Prophet of Allah (SAWS) performed ablution with one Mudd (a measure of two thirds of a liter, approx.), and took bath with a Sa` (a measure equivalent to four Mudds; three liters, approx.). (Reported by at-Tirmidhiyy) Slide 52 Exceeding three times: `Abdullah Ibn-`Amr Ibnul-`As (RA) narrated: A man came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and asked him: Messenger of Allah, how is the ablution (to be performed)? The Prophet (SAWS) then called for water in a vessel and washed his hands up to the wrists three times, then washed his face three times, and washed his forearms three times. Slide 53 He then wiped his head and inserted both his index fingers in his ear; he wiped the back of his ears with his thumbs and the front of his ears with the index fingers. He then washed his feet three times. Then he said: This is how ablution should be performed. If anyone does more or less than this, he has done wrong and transgressed, or (said) transgressed and done wrong. (Reported by Abu-Dawud) Slide 54 Nullifiers of ablution: Anything that comes out of genitals: Proofs from the Prophetic Hadiths: (see Performing ablution for prayer) Slide 55 Deep sleep: The Prophet (SAWS) said: The eyes are the leather strap of the anus (i.e., one can avoid anything that nullifies his ablution as long as he is awake), so one who sleeps should perform ablution. (Reported by Abu-Dawud) Slide 56 Touching ones sexual organ: The Prophet (SAWS) said: He who touches his penis should not pray until he performs ablution. (Reported by at-Tirmidhiyy) Slide 57 A Man touching His Wife: According to `Abdullah ibn `Umar, " So whoever kisses his wife or fondles her with his hand must do wudu (ablution)." (Reported by Malik( Slide 58 The ablution of a woman in a state of constant menstruation: The Prophet (SAWS) said to Fatimah Bint- Abu-Hubaysh: Then take a bath and then perform ablution for every prayer and pray. (Reported by al-Bukhariyy) Slide 59 Incontinence of urine: The same ruling of the state of incessant menstruation applies here.