Learning Geography Through Georeferenced Images of Spain

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Presentation by Complutense University of Madrid and León University on Esri European User Conference.

Transcript of Learning Geography Through Georeferenced Images of Spain

  • 1. Welcome #EUC11

2. Learning Geography throughgeoreferenced images of Spain Mara Luisa de Lzaro y Torres (coord) Mara Jess Gonzlez Gonzlez; Mara del Carmen MinguezGarca; Rosa Mecha Lpez; Mara Teresa Palacios Estremera y Mara Eulalia Ruiz Palomeque Complutense University of Madrid & Len University 3. Main topics Background Objetives Use of ArcGIS Project methodology Project development An example of image comment Conclusions 4. Background We present the results of a Complutense University educational Project for Innovation and Improvement of Teaching Quality (PIMCD 6/2010): Ensear geografa a travs del anlisis de imgenes con la ayuda del campus virtual y la pizarra digital interactiva (PDI) (Teaching geography through the analysis of images with the help of the virtual campus and the interactive whiteboard). It was carried out during the year 2010-2011. It deals with landscape (natural, urban, rural, industrial) and its conservation in a sustainable development frame. 5. The main objetives for students are: To work with ICT & GIT To become aware of the importance of the landscapeand its sustainable development in the context ofmeaningful learning and the UN Decade of Educationfor Sustainable Development (2005 2014). To understand landscape through the images takenon a fieldtrip. To learn geographical references, the datum and howto obtain them from Internet viewers or virtualglobes. 6. ArcGIS helped us to: Locate some representative original images fromdifferent Spanish places. Put them on different subject maps in order torecognize the utility of these images in differentgeographical topics. The tool Make XY Event Layer (Management) hasbeen essential in this work. It allows us to make apoint layer based on x and y coordinates from asource table. The layer created is temporary until thedocument is saved. 7. Methodology 8. Elements for the image commentsThe team reach a consensus on the image comment in four main steps:1st Observation of landscape elements and units Quoting the landscape units from the picture (working with observation). Appreciate different characteristics of the image: physical, environmental, socioeconomical, dynamics and problems in different scales. Any unit refers to a different and concrete space. Any space is singular for the organization of its physical and human facts. 9. Elements for the image comments2nd Analysis and commentary It develop describing the landscape units from the foreground to the background of the picture. An analytic comment is made about any unit of the landscape. Just describe what is clearly visible in the picture. In the end, some facts are deduced and / or other documentation searched ... The explanation and deduction from the observations are essential for learning about the landscape. 10. Elements for the image comments3rd Relationship with sustainable economy, environment and society The state of balance or imbalance of the landscape taken into account in the photograph. Environmental threats to it. Legislation that affects it. With the same order as before but related to an environmental perspective: first what is clearly visible in the picture, then all that we can deduce and then the environmental regulations that affect it. We try to transmit a conservation perspective for environment and cultural landscapes. 11. Elements for the image comments4th Photograph information Place and date. Location of the point where the photograph was taken in three different datum. Comment on author and photograph author. It has been difficult to obtain the coordinates for the three different datum, only SIGPAC viewer (Ministry for Agriculture) provide this facility. We also managed Google Earth and Iberpix viewer (National Geographical Institute). The exact possition allows us to collect some information about the place. 12. Comment images on their locations 13. Comment images on their biogeographical places 14. Aljar (Huelva) from Pea de Arias Montano 15. Aljar location 16. Aljar (Huelva) from Pea de Arias Montano1st Observation of landscape elements and units 4321 17. Aljar (Huelva) from Pea de Arias Montano2nd Analysis and commentary (I) The whole settlement is located around the churchand spreads along the main roads, as is the norm inmedieval villages. The settlement is situated on a mid-sized mountain.It is well cared for, there is no population loss,although no growth can be observed either. It is anindication of a certain moderate economicdynamism. The predominant building typology is that of two-story houses with a white faade (typical Andalusian)and a pitched roof. 18. Aljar (Huelva) from Pea de Arias Montano2nd Analysis and commentary (II) Abundant rainfall may be deduced from thegreenness of the environment. Behind the settlementthere appears a forest mass that is varied andirregular: cork oaks, holm oaks, pines and even alittle olive grove could also be present. Behind the densely wooded area can be seen an areaof mixed pastures and trees following the dehesamodel, indicating the possible presence of livestock.This latter activity, in view of the area, is especiallyfocused on Iberian pigs and the production of thewell-known and delicious ham, jamn de Jabugo. 19. Aljar (Huelva) from Pea de Arias Montano3rd Relationship with sustainable economy and with society The fact that the whole landscape is hilly indicates that this is a mountainous range area. The height of the place where the photograph was taken is lower than the background area, where settlements are scattered in the middle of the mountain slopes. This is an area of great natural and landscape value. All of this is in perfect balance with the environment: - It belongs to Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche area, declared a Natural Park in July 1989. - Aljar, together with Pea de Arias Montano, was declared a historical and artistic complex in 1982 (Real Decreto 23/36, BOE, 30 July 1982), which has been a great boost for rural tourism, with intent on enjoying not only the breathtaking landscapes but also natural products (Iberian pig and chestnuts). 20. 4th Photograph information Place and date: Photo of Aljar (Huelva) taken from Arias Montano rock (689 m), a natural monument (April 2010) Location of the point where the photograph was taken: Time Zone: UTM 29S - ED50: 37 52 43,91" N and 6 39 57,47" W - X coordinate: 705282; Y coordinate: 4195012 - WGS84: 37 52 39,42" N y 6 40 2,33" W - X coordinate: 705156; Y coordinate: 4194801 - ETRS89: 37 52 39,43" N and 6 40 2,37" W - X coordinate: 705155;Y coordinate: 4194803 Author of the commentary: M.L. de Lzaro 21. ConclusionsThe project has been very useful because: Students: - Improve their spatial competences. - Reflect about how important is sustainability for the landscape. - Understand the utility of a GIS. Teachers work together as a team making lessons materials. It is possible to use for other places. 22. Thank You