Knitting - 4.2

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    19-Jan-2016
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All about Knitting

Transcript of Knitting - 4.2

  • KNITTING TECHNOLOGY

  • Needles Needles are considered as the heart of the knitting machine.TypesSpring beard needleLatch needleCompound needle

  • Spring beard needle Latch needle Compound needleLAtch

  • Weft KnitCourseWales

  • Course: horizontal row of successive loops.Wale: Vertical row of loops produced by the individual needleGauge: it expresses the no of needles / inch) Stitch length: Length of yarn required to form a single loop. Knitting terminologies

  • Weft knitting

    TypesSingle JerseyRib Interlock

  • Single Jersey:

    This structure is produced by using one set of needles placed in the needle bed.It is done by drawing all the loops towards the technical face side

  • Single jerseyFace side

  • Back side single jersey

  • Single Jersey: properties

    Simplest form of knitted structureV shaped loop on face side Semi circular loops at backsideWidthwise extensibilityNon reversibleIf the single loop gets breaks, they tend to run or ladder

  • Rib

    This structure is produced by using Two set of needles ( arrangement of needles side by side). Cylinder needleDial needleIt is done by drawing the loops towards the technical face side and backside alternatively

  • 1x1 Rib

  • 2x1 Rib2x2 Rib

  • Rib knits-PropertiesFace & back side having the same appearance (reversible)Used for collar, cuff and neck lineMore elastic than the single jerseyLooks alternate vertical cords and thin ridges ( 1x1 Rib,2x2 Rib)

  • Interlock

    This structure is produced by using Two set of needles placed opposite to each other. Cylinder needleDial needleIt is done by drawing the loops towards the technical face side at front and backside

  • RIBInterlock

  • Interlock -properties

    It looks with the V shaped structure at both front and backIt is called double jerseyThicker fabricHaving less elongation than single jersey than & Rib

  • Purl knit structureThe appearance of the Purl knit fabric ( both technical face & technical back) resemble the backside of the single jersey ( semi circular effect).Because of heavy structure, the edges will not curl. It improves the sew ability. Expensive than other structure.

  • Purl structure

  • Float or miss stitchIf the needle is not raised by the clearing cam, the needle does not receive the new yarn and the goes back side of the needle forms miss stitch

  • Tuck stitch Here, the needle is raised partially by the clearing cam, so the old loop is not cleared by the latch and also the feeder feeds the new yarn in to the hook. In this condition the loop consists of two yarn.

  • End