János-István Petrusán

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ERIAFF Conference 2014 Seinäjoki, Finland János-István Petrusán IGV Institut für Getreideverarbeitung GmbH, Germany "Multipurpose valorisation potential of food processing by-products – A review of past, present and emerging strategies in Europe"

Transcript of János-István Petrusán

  • www.igv-gmbh.de Philosophy 2
  • www.igv-gmbh.de History 3
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Economic figures 4 Data in TEUR 2010 2011 2012 2013* Income from operating capacity (Sales revenues) 6.95 7.12 6.60 7.53 Revenues from industrial R&D services 5.13 6.27 5.35 4.90 Funded public contracts 1.82 0.85 1.25 2.63 Employees (average) 100 108 107 116 * Actual available data
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Organisation chart 5
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Presenters short profile 6 2013- started his PhD studies at Potsdam University, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. in the field of Food Chemistry 2002-2005 Teacher of theoretical and practical courses (chemistry, environmental chemistry, quality assurance systems, product development) at Kroly Robert Faculty Gyngys, Hungary 2004 Quality assurance Management / Internal Audit consultant, Budapest University of applied science, Hungary 2003 Specialisation on analytical methods (ICP-OES, GF-AAS, HPLC-MS, GC-MS, IR, UV), Debrecen University of chemical engineering, Hungary 1996 - 2001 Studies in chemistry and biology at Baia-Mare University, Academic degree: certificate in biochemistry Project management (8 years FP6&FP7, LIFE+, Eurostars, etc.): Fundraising of external funds due to projects and cooperation Development of national and international networks and cooperation and public relations Enhanced operation experiences in the arrangement and implementation of congresses and symposiums. Since 01. November 2011, Coordinator of FP7 EU Project FOODSCAN, www.foodscan.net Since 01. August 2012, Quality Manager of FP7 EU Project NOSHAN, www.noshan.eu
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Preamble 7 There are increasing constraints and drivers (resource scarcity, bad technology, population growth, etc.) imposed by our own resource system, which drives industry to increase its overall efficiency by improving existing processes or finding new uses for: o Residues o By-products o Wastes Potential valorisation pathways Reduction of waste Recycling (Up- and downcycling) Reuse within the same cycle Our waste hierarchy The food recovery hierarchy (from Johnstona & Green 2004)
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Waste definition 8 OECD: Waste refers here to materials that are not prime products (i.e. products produced for the market) for which the generator has no further use for their own purpose of production, transformation or consumption, and which he discards, or intends or is required to discard. Wastes may be generated during the extraction of raw materials, during the processing of raw materials to intermediate and final products, during the consumption of final products, and during any other human activity. EU Commission in the Waste Framework Directive 75/442/EEC on waste as amended by Council Directive 91/156/EEC, Art.1(a): Waste shall mean any substance or object in the categories set out in Annex I which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard. The Commission has drawn up a list of wastes belonging to the categories listed in Annex I. Are excluded - Residuals directly recycled or reused at the place of generation (i.e. establishment); Waste materials that are directly discharged into ambient water or air.
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Directive 75/442/EEC Annex I 9
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Waste list (A) Annex I 10
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Waste list (B) Annex I 11
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Food processing creates waste. Of approximately 3 billion tonnes of waste generated each year in Europe it has been estimated that the member states produce in the region of 222 million tonnes of food waste and by-products across the key sectors (AWARENET) Food processing residues/wastes Key drivers for re-valorisation 12 Population growth - The global food and drink industry is one of the largest industry sectors and is essential to all economies. - the last 50 years has witnessed an immense increase in the demand for food due to the rapid growth in world population Estimated previous&projected growth of the global human population European food waste across the different sectors
  • www.igv-gmbh.de The majority of food processing systems were developed at least 2030 (or more) years ago when waste disposal particularly in the vegetable, cereal and fruit processing industries was not the issue it is today. The value added by processing a portion of a raw food material to create a high-priced product outweighed the costs of disposal and, for many processes, there was little incentive to find alternative means to deal with the waste streams. The development of technologies and approaches for exploiting waste streams was not such a priority; waste production remained integral to the development of food processing systems. But where comes this waste from? 13 Indication of the quantity of non-utilized raw material (light grey, minimum amount; dark grey, maximum amount)
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Due to the specificity of a given raw material and its processing in relation to a particular product, surplus and waste food processing co-products are not readily utilized by the parent processors. Exploitation of the waste would necessitate a degree of diversification which would probably include the formulation of new products for current or new markets. Specific issues Is there any globally accepted solution? 14 Processors point of view - A high degree of risk which is not attractive since the industry is in a mature state, and the products are mostly commodities. - They generally prefer their waste streams to be removed from their premises by third parties. - Rapid deterioration of biological materials due to autolytic, chemical and microbial spoilage, resulting in a loss of food-grade potential Ansoffs matrix (after Ansoff, 1957)
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Is it easy? Regulation is smoothly facilitating? 15
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Is it easy? Regulation is smoothly facilitating? 16
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Is it easy? Regulation is smoothly facilitating? 17
  • www.igv-gmbh.de How processors should work 18 Overview of the relationships between waste, secondary raw materials and products, with EC legislation
  • www.igv-gmbh.de How academia should interact with industry for finding solutions 19 Food processing waste in relation to the waste hierarchy
  • www.igv-gmbh.de How processors should imagine the futureI have a dream 20 An ideal roadmap for whole-co-product exploitation
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Main features Case Study: NOSHAN Project (www.noshan.eu) 21 NOSHAN investigates the process and technologies needed to use food derived waste (fruit, vegetable/crops/dairy) for feed production at : low cost low energy consumption maximal valorisation of starting wastes materials. Nutritional value, functionality and safety will be monitored and investigated Strategy: A. Replacement of bulk feed ingredients: to cope with the huge amounts of wastes derived from food B. Valorisation of waste components into feed additives : to cope for animal needs and improve feed price Projekt-Nr.: 312140 - EU 7th Framework Programme
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Project overview Case Study: NOSHAN Project (www.noshan.eu) 22 WP1andWP10.Projectmanagementandcoordination WP2. Food waste characterization and final selection WP3. Waste conditioning and stabilization: bulk feed production WP4. Waste conversion into feed ingredients WP5. Feed production (influence of feed matrix) IGV WP6. Process scaling up and feed production for demonstration studies IGV WP7. Diet design and animal trials WP8.LCAandlegislativeframework WP9.Disseminationandexploitationactivities
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Activities flow Case Study: NOSHAN Project (www.noshan.eu) 23
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Closed loop in NOSHAN Case Study: NOSHAN Project (www.noshan.eu) 24
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Chilling sensitiveness Case Study: NOSHAN Project (www.noshan.eu) 25
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Case Study: NOSHAN Project (www.noshan.eu) 26 Shelf-life prolongation with chilling
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Future trends: biolubricant production from residual oil 27
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Future trends: glycerol production from residual oil 28
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Future trends: production of biopolymers 29
  • www.igv-gmbh.de Futur