Improving Discoverability with Unique Identifiers: ORCID, ISNI, and Implementation

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Joint presentation for the 23 July 2014 NFAIS Seminar, on ORCID and ISNI, their relationship, and how the systems interoperate.

Transcript of Improving Discoverability with Unique Identifiers: ORCID, ISNI, and Implementation

  • Improving Discoverability with Unique Identifiers: ORCID, ISNI, and Implementation NFAIS, 23 July 2014 Laurel L. Haak, PhD Executive Director, ORCID [email protected] ISNI 0000000138352317 Laura Dawson Product Manager, Identier Services, Bowker [email protected] ISNI 0000 0004 1029 5439
  • Name Ambiguity Is a Problem J. . S. Srensen J.Aa. S. Srensen J. ge S. Srensen J.Aage S. Srensen J. ge Smrup Srensen J.Aage Smaerup Srensen
  • One researcher may have many proles or iden3ers 3
  • What are standard identifiers? Numeric or alpha-numeric persistent designations associated with a single entity Entities can be an institution, person, or piece of content
  • and what do they do, exactly? Disambiguate and enforce uniqueness Enable linking and data integration In other words, persistent identifiers provide a simple basis for data governance
  • Stakeholders have distinct needs 6 Researcher Disseminate research Compile all output Find collaborators Ensure network presence correct Funder Track research outputs for grants University administrator Collate intellectual output of their researchers Journalist Retrieve all output of a specic researcher Librarian Uniquely identify each author Identity management system Associate metadata, output to researcher Disambiguate names Link researcher's multiple identiers Disseminate identiers Aggregator (includes publishers) Associate metadata, output to researcher Collate intellectual output of each researcher Disambiguate names Link researcher's multiple identiers Track history of researcher's afliations Track & communicate updates K. Smith-Yoshimura, et al., 2014, Registering Researchers in Authority Files, OCLC Research
  • Comparing Systems ORCID ISNI Researcher-driven, privacy policy, can be claimed only by live people Library/algorithm-driven, can be assigned to any author 16-digit number, compatible with ISO 27779 standard, last character is a checksum. ORCID and ISNI identifier assignments do not overlap. Resolvable as an HTTP URI Resolvable as an HTTP URI Integrated in research workflows: publishing, grants, datasets and is thereby embedded in works metadata Assignment requires some form of publicly available work, and is curated by library experts Scope is persistent identifier for researchers and contributors Scope is persistent identifier for authors and rights management, also identifier for organizations 22 July 2014 7
  • Complementary Systems 22 July 2014 8
  • Interoperation 22 July 2014 9
  • 10 Repositories Funders Higher Education and Employers Professional Associations Other person identifiers Publishers ORCID is a hub ORCID APIs enable exchange between research data systems to enable connections between researchers, their works (papers, grants, datasets, and more), organizations, and other identifiers ISNI Researcher ID Scopus Author ID Internal identifiers FundRef GrantID ISNI Ringgold ID Member ID Abstract ID DOI ISBN Thesis ID DOI
  • Link to works 22 July 2014 11 Link to existing works through self-claim search wizards and embedded in new works through integration by publishers in manuscript submission systems
  • Leveraging FundRef 22 July 2014 12 Classifications & metadata fields consistent w/CASRAI Link to existing funding Funding organization list coordinated with FundRef Embed during grant application workflow
  • Adoption and Integration 22 July 2014 13 ORCID has issued over 800,000 iDs since our launch in October 2012. Integration and use is international. EMEA 35% Americas 50% AsiaPac 15% Over 140 members, from every sector of the international research community - 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May June Creator Website Trusted Party Publishing 25% Universities & Research Orgs 45% Funders 7% Associations 12% Repositories & Profile Sys 11%
  • Guess what? There are ambiguity issues with content and organizations, too. A rose by any other name... 22 July 2014 14
  • Leveraging Ringgold and ISNI 22 July 2014 15 Organization list from Ringgold (an ISNI Registrar)
  • Interoperability with ISNI 3-part technical implementation plan 22 July 2014 16 link ISNIs with ORCID records (October 2013) create tools to harvest document metadata from relevant databases implement authenticated search and linkage of ORCID iDs with ISNI records, and test the feasibility of allowing review and validation of ISNI records.
  • Who is ISNI ISO iden3er Founding members IFRRO (Interna3onal Federa3on of Reproduc3on Rights Organiza3ons) CISAC (Interna3onal Confedera3on of Authors and Composers Socie3es) SCAPR (Socie3es Council for the Collec3ve Management of Performers Rights) OCLC CENL (Conference of European Na3onal Librarians), represented by the Bri3sh Library and the Na3onal Library of France ProQuest, represented by Bowker
  • Members Quality Team Board of Directors ISNI Organiza3onal Structure Registra3on Agencies Ongoing assignments/ general public
  • Stage One Customer submits data to Registra3on Agency Registra3on Agency sends le to Assignment Agency Assignment Agency assigns as many ISNIs to the names as it can
  • Stage Two Assignment Agency sends assigned le to Registra3on Agency Registra3on Agency sends assigned le to Customer Customer reviews, QAs, ingests
  • Stage Three Assignment Agency sends updates on a monthly basis Registra3on Agency disperses les to appropriate Customers Customers ingest updates
  • Display Only minimal metadata is displayed Not meant as a comprehensive prole ISNI is a tool for linking data sets, colloca3on, and disambigua3on Enhancements to the record can be made but not required
  • Works Prerequisite to have a work for ISNI assignment The more works aUributed to a contributor, the more condent the assignment 800,000 researchers in the ISNI database have works aUributed to them Associa3ons (with other contributors or ins3tu3ons) contribute to data condence
  • Assignment Approach Using exis3ng data sets Strong Quality Assurance process Conserva3ve err on the side of provisional assignment High level of condence in matching Many sources of data per contributor Each contributor must be cited in at least 2 separate data sets
  • a bridge-iden*er across mul*ple domains Hundreds of databases loaded into a central registry - Data Contributors ISNIs assignment to loaded data is curated Matching algorithms, data sampling, anomaly checks, quality assurance processes, End User input notes Online assignment Registra3on Agencies, ISNI Members (organisa3ons) Scope is universal ISO standard (ISO 27729) for iden3ca3on of public iden33es of authors, researchers (mostly authors in journals, authors of theses), ar3sts, composers, performers, organisa3ons, publishers, aggregators, etc. c. 8 milllion ISNIs assigned (800,000 researchers)
  • Libraries Text Rights Music Rights Trade Sources Encyclopaedias Researchers & Professional ISNI diusion to Data Sources Linked Data Value Chain Other future cultural heritage sources identifier hub enables
  • Developing tools for interopera3on ISNI reciprocal lookup with ORCID Poten3al da