History of British Cinema

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Use this to help answer the exam strand: • How does contemporary representation compare to previous time periods?

Transcript of History of British Cinema

  • 1920sBackground information- Saw the introduction of Sound Films and the Cinematograph Films Act of 1972, which was an act of Parliament designed to stimulate the declining British film industry.- Cameras were mounted on moveable, squeak-proofed dollies, and microphones were hung from booms that could be held above the action.- Films that began production as silents were quickly transformed into sound films.Key genres- Crime- DramaWho were the key directors of this time?Adrian Brunel Alfred Hitchcock reached his peak in thelater 1920s.
  • 1920sHow successful were British Cinema in this time period?- Their essence was entertainment; their success, financial and otherwise, was huge.- The 1920s was largely dominated by silent movies but saw the introduction of synchronized sound- It wasnt until 1923 that a commercially distributed film contained a synchronised sound track that was photographically recorded and printed on to the side of the strip of motion picture film.- Was the first real turning point for British cinema, this was the era where films developed significantly in terms of technology used to make them.
  • Popular Films in the 1920s
  • BRITISH CINEMA INTHE 1930S.By Luke Dixon
  • Brief Overview The 1930s was viewed largely with disdain, it was before the Golden Age of British Cinema which occurred in 1940. Lots of films were produced with the lowest possible budget as they were only made to fill the Cinematograph Films Act of 1927. These films were known as the quota quickies. However, the Replacement Act in 1938 changed this as a minimum production cost was introduced.
  • Key Genre of the Decade The most successful and predominant genre in the 1930s was Comedy. A team of Will Hay, Moore Marriott and Graham Moffatt resulted in one of the greatest comedy teams ever to work in cinema. George Formby and Gracie Fields were the two stand out actors in this decade and as a result they endured a very successful time in cinema. They became the biggest British box office attractions of the decade.
  • Key Films of the Decade The 39 Steps; Thriller produced and directed by Alfred Hitchcock. In 1999, The 39 Steps was voted 4th in the BFI Poll of the top 100 British Films. 35th in the list was another Hitchcock film, The Lady Vanishes. This film was a comic thriller. It was Hitchcocks penultimate film before his move to Hollywood.
  • Hitchcock Alfred Hitchcock was, by a large margin, the greatest director in British Cinema in the 1390s. He was arguably one of the greatest directors of all time in cinema in general. He produced numerous films in the 30s before he moved to Hollywood such as The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934), The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1937).
  • Sam Wood Sam Wood is another director who endured a fair amount of success in the 1930s. Directed the film Goodbye, Mr. Chips in 1939. The film came 72nd in the BFIs Greatest 100 British Film poll. This film was nominated and one an Oscar 1940 for the Best Actor in the leading Role, Robert Donat and was also nominated for the Best Picture, Best Sound, Best Film Editing and more.
  • John Grierson John Grierson was the man who merged the term documentary to a non-fiction film. He produced the iconic film Night Mail (1936) which was the most successful and celebrated documentary of its time.
  • Successful? Overall, the 1930s for British Film was not a time of success. The majority of films were cheap and only created to fulfill the Cinematographic Films Act. However, some directors and producers, none more so than Alfred Hitchcock, experienced a good decade. Actors and actresses such as George Formby and Gracie Fields came to the foreground as leading cast members.
  • Representation This shot is from the film The Lady Vanishes in 1937. At this time Britain was gearing up towards the Second World War in 1939. This screen shot could represent and portray as Britain as a war mongering country and they are always resorting to fighting.
  • Examples The 39 Steps (1935). The Lady Vanishes (1938). Goodbye, Mr. Chips. (1939).
  • 1940S FILM In the beginning half of the 1940s World War 2 took place which then ended in 1945.In the 1940s documentaries were quite popular as they were based on the home front.
  • Key Films-Brief Encounter (1945)-Great Expectations (1946)-Oliver Twist (1948)-Odd Man Out (1947)-The Third Man (1949)-A Matter Of Life And Death (1946)-Black Narcissus (1947)-The Red Shoes (1948)-Hamlet (1948)-Dead of Night (1945)
  • Key Directors-David Leane, UK film director and producer.-Carol Reed, was a British film director best known for Odd Man Out (1947)-Laurence Olivier, British actor, director and producer.
  • How successful Britain Film was inthe 1940sIn the 1940s it was thought to have been the golden era of British Cinema as directors such as David Lean, Michael Powell & Carol Reed produced their most highly acclaimed work.16 of the top 100 British films polled in 1999 were from the 1940s, including half of the top ten.In 1940 propaganda was used a lot in cinemas and in films such as Eating Out with Tommy Trinder (1941)During the 1940s the cinema was incredibly cheap which meant that a lot of people went to cinemas.
  • Film Representation of BritainIn the 1940s britain was represented as being quite posh, people were wealthy and having money.
  • Was British film successful in Key movements Popular Directors of thethe 1950s? Free cinema- documentary film Decade movement that took place in the midThe 1950s have been seen as 1950s 1.Charles Crightons directedthe doldrum era for british The Lavender Hill Mob, 1951cinema, an era of depression. Key Genres Comedy was one of the most 2. Michael Anderson directedthe top two british cinema popular genres of the 1950s one of the Dam Busters, 1955companies of the time rank these films was called theorganisation closed 79 Astonished heart directed by 3.Chareles Frend directedcinemas in 1956 and Terence Fisher The Cruel Sea, 1953Associated british picturesCorporation closed 65 the yearlater BRITISH CINEMA 1950Scinema admissions had stoodat 1,365 million in britain by1960 the figure was down to500 million 1. 2. Popular Films of the 1950s The Cruel Sea directed by Charles Frend, 1953 during the 1950s the The Dam Busters by Michael Anderson, 1955 rationing came to an end there was the The Most Popular of the Decade was: coronation of Queen The Bridge on the river Kwai by David Lean, 1957 Elizabeth II and the This was the cinemas biggest international success space race began. of the decade
  • The image above was taken from the film the bridge on the riverkwai, I think that this image is reflecting the war and rationing thathad happened in the 1950s before this film was released. As youcan see an army in the picture this reflects and represents british patriotism. the 1950s was a low point for British Film
  • 1960S BRITISHCINEMA Charlie Reynolds
  • British Cinema Overview American film companies started to financially support British films again. The James Bond series was the first to gross over a billion dollars, and is still the highest-grossing after adjusting for inflation. Popular genre was action, based around spies. Popular films: - James Bond; Dr. No, From Russia with Love, Goldfinger and Thunderball. - The IPCRESS File - The spy who came in from the cold - The Deadly Affair
  • Key Films- Dr. No (1962), first of the James Bond series.- Lawrence of Arabia (1962), won 5 golden globes.- Tom Jones (1963), directed by Tony Richardson.- Goldfinger (1964), third James Bond film.- Help! (1965), second Beatles film.- Accident (1967), directed by Harold Pinter.- Kes (1969), directed by Ken Loach.