Guildhall Winchester Art Self-Tour

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Walk around Guildhall Winchester and discover the story behind the art on display.

Transcript of Guildhall Winchester Art Self-Tour

  • Art in the GuildhallW

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  • Winchester City Councils art collection is now cared

    for by its museums service, though some of the

    pictures have been in the possession of the City long

    before 1847 when the museum was first founded.

    Although the majority of the pictures in the art

    collection are topographical, some of the oldest are

    portraits of local gentry and civic dignitaries such as

    mayors. Many of these are on display in the Guildhall

    Winchester. The oldest pictures on display in the

    Guildhall date from the early 17th Century.

    It is not known by what means many of these

    pictures came into the collection but some were

    donated by benefactors and family members of the

    sitters. Some were quite probably commissioned by

    the sitter when they were occupying a position on the

    Council. Others have been commissioned for civic

    events such as Freedom Parades and then presented

    to the City.

    Old photographs of the Guildhall show that some of

    the pictures hang in the same room as they were in

    over one hundred years ago.

    Introduction

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  • Ruins ofWolvesey

    Watercolour

    by Henry

    Gastineau,

    around 1830

    located on

    ground floor

    Wolvesey Palace was one of the greatest medievalecclesiastical buildings of its time and was the mainresidence of the Bishops of Winchester throughoutthe medieval period. The structure we see today ismostly the remains of the work of Henry of Blois,Bishop of Winchester from 1129 to 1171.

    Bapsybanoo (Bapsy) Marchioness ofWinchester (1902 1995)

    Oil painting on canvas by Frank Salisbury, 1956

    located on first floor

    Bapsybanoo Pavry (Bapsy) was born in 1902 in Indiathe daughter of a priest of the Parsees in Bombay. In1952 she married the 16th Marquess of Winchesterand in 1961 signed the deed of settlement for theBapsy Marchioness of Winchester Memorial Hall tobe provided in her memory in Winchester after herdeath. You can read more about Bapsy in the displaycase near this portrait.

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  • Winchesterfrom the South

    Oil painting on

    canvas by Tobias

    Young, 1803

    located on first

    floor

    This view ofWinchester is froma position roughlywhere the Badger Farm Road roundabout is now.Notable buildings and features are the formerWinchester Palace on the left of the picture,Winchester Cathedral, St Cross Church and StCatherine's Hill.

    King Charles I

    oil painting on canvas, by an unknown artist

    around 1650

    located in King Charles Hall on first floor

    The City of Winchester had been a Royalist city forthe majority of the Civil War and it was given onelast opportunity to display this loyalty in December1648. Charles was being transported fromCarisbrooke Castle to London and an overnight stopwas made in Winchester. The Mayor and Aldermenof Winchester received Charles with all dutifulrespect and presented him with the keys and maceof the City. When informed that this made themtraitors they protested their ignorance and withdrew.

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  • Sir William Paulet, First Marquess ofWinchester (around 1483 1572)

    oil painting on panel by an unknown artist,

    around 1600

    located in King Charles Hall on first floor

    William Paulet was the eldest son of St John Pauletof Basing Castle and a prominent politician of histime. William served as Sheriff and MP forHampshire and was given the title of Baron St John,Marquess of Winchester in 1551. He was also LordTreasurer of England.

    George Morley, Bishop of Winchester (1597/8 1684)

    Oil painting on canvas, around 1700

    located in King Charles Hall on first floor

    George Morley was a staunch Royalist during theEnglish Civil War and had to flee to Europe duringthe period of the Commonwealth. After therestoration of the monarchy Morley returned toEngland and in 1662 was made Bishop ofWinchester. Morley died on the 29th October 1684at Farnham Castle and is buried in WinchesterCathedral.

    George MorleySir William Paulet

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  • King Charles II (1630 1685)

    oil painting on canvas,

    by Peter Lely around 1650

    and oil painting by an unknown

    artist around same time

    located in King Charles Hall on

    first floor

    The painting by Lely was presented tothe City by King Charles II in 1683, thesame year in which Charles decided tobuild a new palace in Winchester.Christopher Wren was commissioned to design and built the palace and by 1685the structure was up but the interior unfinished. However, Charles diedunexpectedly in 1685 and James II was not prepared to continue the funding ofthe palace and so it was left unfinished.

    Col. George Brydges (1678 1751)

    Oil on canvas by an unknown artist,

    around 1750

    located in King Charles Hall on

    first floor

    George Brydges was a member of thepowerful Brydges/Chandos family whoresided at Avington Park nearWinchester. The family was an importantfaction in eighteenth century Winchesterpolitics and the main rival of the Pauletfamily. At the time he stood for electionas MP for Winchester he gave a statue of Queen Anne to the City. The statue canstill be seen on the old Guildhall (now Lloyds Bank) in the High Street.

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  • Edward Cole

    oil painting on canvas,

    around 1600

    located in King Charles Hall on first floor

    Edward Cole was a local attorney and Mayor ofWinchester, and also served as MP for Winchester.When in 1598 the outgoing mayor and the mayor'sbrethren were assembled to receive Edward Cole totake his oath as mayor elect, two men had to besent to fetch him. When the men returned withoutCole they reported that Mr Cole was asleep andcould not be awakened! Cole is also known to havesubscribed 25 pounds for defence against theSpanish Armada. Cole died in 1617 and amonument in his memory was erected in the northaisle of Winchester Cathedral.

    Sir Paulet St John,Baronet (1704 1780)

    Oil painting on canvas

    by an unknown artist,

    around 1750

    located in King

    Charles Hall on first

    floor

    Sir Paulet St John was the son of Ellis Mews whohad assumed the name of St John when hemarried his cousin Frances the daughter of OliverSt John of Farley Chamberlayne. Paulet St John wasHigh Sheriff of Hampshire, he served as an MP forWinchester and Hampshire and also served asMayor of Winchester. In 1772 he was madeBaronet St John of Farley in Hampshire.

    Edward Cole

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  • Queen Elizabeth II

    Oil on canvas by Edward Halliday, 1957

    located in King Charles Hall on first floor

    This painting was presented to the City by publicsubscription to commemorate the Queen's 1955 visitto Winchester. The portrait shows the Queen withthe Deanery and Cathedral forming a background.The cost of the portrait was met entirely fromvoluntary contributions under an appeal launched byCouncillor Mrs Thackeray. It is Winchester's version ofthe artist's painting for the Draper's Company andthere are versions in Southampton and inGovernment House, Wellington, New Zealand.

    GeorgePemerton

    Oil painting oncanvas by anunknown artist,around 1650

    located in KingCharles Hall onfirst floor

    George Pemertonwas Mayor of

    Winchester and also established Pemerton'sQuarterages for the poor in 1637, a charity whichwas administered by St John's Hospital Trustees. In1634 a similar provision was made with the town ofAndover in Hampshire.

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  • Statue of King Alfred in The Broadway

    Oil painting on canvas by Henry Edward Locke, 1904

    located on second floor

    The statue of King Alfred was unveiled on the 20thSeptember 1901 and so this is an early record ofwhat is now an established landmark. The statuewas commissioned to commemorate the 1000thanniversary of the death of King Alfred as part of the Alfred Millenary celebrations of the same year. The statue was paid for by public subscription andthe commission was won by the sculptor HamoThorneycroft.

    Edward Page Clowser (1795 1860)

    Oil painting on canvas byGeorge Liddell, 1852

    located on second floor

    Edward Page Clowsernever lived in Winchesterbut was the uncle ofWilliam Clowser, aWinchester businessman.William Clowser served inthe Rifle Brigade as messman for twenty years andpossibly came to Winchester as a result of the Riflesbeing based here. After leaving the Rifles hemanaged the City Club in St Peters Street and thenwent on to found the City Restaurant in Jewry Streetin 1885. William Clowser died in 1917.

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  • Sir Thomas White

    Oil on board by an unknown artist, around 1600

    located on second floor

    Sir Thomas White was an Alderman of the City ofLondon, Master of the Merchants Taylor Companyand founder of St Johns College in Oxford. In 1566White gave 2000 to the Corporation of Bristol oncondition that they should purchase an estate. Outof the rents they paid yearly the sum of 104 inregular succession to one of twenty four cities andtowns named in the deed, one of which wasWinchester.

    John Doswell (1740 1792),

    Mayor o