Growth Mindset: an introduction - Oasis Academy Shirley Park Growth Mindset vs. Fixed Mindset Fixed

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Transcript of Growth Mindset: an introduction - Oasis Academy Shirley Park Growth Mindset vs. Fixed Mindset Fixed

  • Growth Mindset: an

    introduction

  • Some students are highly motivated

    and others are not.

    Why?

  • Growth Mindset and

    Achievement • Decades of research show a powerful

    relationship between

    mindset and achievement.

    • Students’ beliefs about intelligence and learning impact:

    • Motivation

    • Academic behaviours (e.g. studying and

    seeking help)

    • Responses to challenges and setbacks

    • Academic achievement

  • Growth Mindset

    vs. Fixed Mindset

    Fixed mindset

    Intelligence is a fixed trait. You

    can’t change it.

    Growth mindset

    You can grow your intelligence

    through effort.

  • Mindsets

    These two beliefs lead students to very

    different conclusions about the meaning

    of events.

  • Mindsets

    Photo by Gregory Ewanowich

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School?

    Values effort?

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart

    Values effort?

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort?

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Goals

    Looking smart is most important:

    “The main thing I want when I do

    my school work is to show how

    good I am at it."

    Learning is most important:

    “It’s much more important for me

    to learn things in my classes than

    it is to get the best grades.”

    Fixed

    mindset

    Growth

    mindset

    Goals? Look Smart Learn

    Values

    effort?

    Reaction to

    Failure?

    Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

  • ERP Evidence for How Mindsets

    Control Attention

  • Procedure 1. Participants asked a question.

    2. Participants type their answer.

    3. Participants are told whether they are right or wrong.

    4. Brain activation is recorded.

    5. Participants are told the correct answer.

    6. Brain activation is recorded.

    WRONG!

    And the answer is...

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort?

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort? No

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Value of Effort

    Fixed

    mindset

    Growth

    mindset

    Goals? Look Smart Learn

    Values

    effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure?

    Effort is negative:

    “To tell the truth, when I work

    hard at my school work it makes

    me feel like I’m not very smart."

    Effort is positive:

    “The harder you work at

    something, the better you’ll be at

    it.”

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Consequences of Beliefs

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure?

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Consequences of Beliefs

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure? Give Up

  • Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck 2007

    Consequences of Beliefs

    Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure? Give Up Work Harder

  • Response to Failure

    Helpless

    “I would spend less time on this subject

    from now on.”

    “I would try not to take this subject ever

    again.”

    “I would try to cheat on the next test.”

    Resilient

    “I would work harder in this class from

    now on.”

    “I would spend more time studying for the

    tests.”

    Fixed

    mindset

    Growth

    mindset

    Goals? Look Smart Learn

    Values

    effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure? Give up Work Harder

  • Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

    Goal in School? Look Smart Learn

    Values effort? No Yes

    Reaction to

    Failure? Give Up Work Harder

    Achievement Lower Higher

  • Does Growth Mindset Correlate with

    Achievement? Evidence From A Nationwide Sample In Chile• Chilean National Achievement

    Test

    • 10th grade test incorporated

    Growth Mindset Assessment

    • n=147,000

    Claro, Paunesku, & Dweck (under review)

    Susana

    Claro

    Dave

    Paunesku

  • Does Growth Mindset Correlate with

    Achievement? Evidence from a Nationwide Sample in Chile

  • Recursive Processes

    Reduced

    Effort

    Lower

    Achievement

    Higher

    Achievement

    Growth

    Mindset

    Increased

    Effort

    Challenge

    or Failure

    Fixed

    Mindset

  • Mindsets Can Change!

    Rigorous research also shows that

    mindsets can change

    When they are changed to have a Growth

    Mindset, students do better

  • Mindset Interventions

  • What do we do at Shirley Park to promote

    Growth Mindset, and what can you do at

    home?

    3 areas on which we should focus,

    based on research by …

    Shirley Clark

    Guy Claxton

    Jackie Beere

  • 1. Think on purpose about

    our language of praise.

  • I can’t do it …

    … YET!

  • Praise

    • Research Question:

    Do different kinds of praise influence

    students’ response to failure?

    Claudia Mueller

  • Mueller & Dweck, 1998

    • N = 128 5th grade

    students

    • Standard

    progressive

    matrices (Ravens)

    Praise Effects on IQ Test

    Performance:

  • • Control Group: “Wow, that’s a really

    good score.”

    • Intelligence Praise: “Wow, that’s a really

    good score. You must be smart at this.”

    • Effort (Process) Praise: “Wow, that’s a

    really good score. You must have tried

    really hard.”

    Mueller & Dweck, 1998

    Praise Effects on IQ Test

    Performance:

  • Part 3:

    IQ Test: Very Difficult

    Mueller & Dweck, 1998

  • After Setback

    “That’s a lot

    worse”

    Mueller & Dweck, 1998

  • Number of Problems Solved

    Before and After Setback

    Control praise

    Intelligence praise

    Effort praise

  • Growth Mindset Praise

    Don’t Focus On: – Qualities commonly interpreted as stable,

    like talent or intelligence

    Do Focus On: – Effort and strategies used

    “I like how you tried a new way to solve that.”

    – Abilities improving over time with practice “You’ve been practicing and I can see it’s paying off.”

    – Mistakes and being challenged as necessary part of learning “I love mistakes because they’re an opportunity to learn – being challenged is when the brain grows most.”

  • 4. Wow! You are a natural artist. You just have it; you

    don’t need to try.

    3. You paid lots of attention to the

    detail of your brush strokes which makes

    your picture really effective.

    5. Wow. You found that hard

    but you kept going and thinking.

    1. You finished really quickly.

    Well done; you’re so

    clever.

    2. You kept on task and so

    worked through your work at a

    good pace with no distractions.

    6. Wow. You found that

    hard. You’re just not cut out

    for this.

  • 2. Talk about Growth

    Mindset, a lot!

  • Guy Claxton’s learning powers and …

    … Our 6 Habits

    Happiness

    Honesty

    Kindness

    Patience

    Perseverance

    Self-control

  • 3. Model a growth

    mindset in every

    interaction

  • Mindset Kit – mindsetkit.org

  • Ideas for further reading

    • Carol Dweck

    • Guy Claxton

    • Shirley Clarke

    • Jackie Beere

  • • Thank you for getting to the end of this presentation.

    • See below for some answers to FAQ.

    • Of you have an