Greek religion: Demeter

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• The accient Greeks in Athens introduced a new form of government called democracy, which means “by the people”.

• Democracy then gave all male citizens the right to attend public meetings and to vote on decisions.

• Women had no say in government.• Slaves and foreigners had no rights at all.• All important decisions were made at an assembly of citizens called the

ekklesia. Woman and slaves were not allowed into the ekklesia.• The Agora was an open area sorrounded by shops and public buildings. The law

courts and the prisión were there.

• This de Agora of Athens

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PUNISHMENT:• Prision was not the most common way of punishing wrong-doers in

Athens. • Criminals might be fined or have their property taken.• Slaves were whipped or branded for crimes.• The only people put in prision for crimes were foreigners or criminals

awaiting execution.

OSTRACISM:• An unusual form of punishment was ostracism. The ostracism consisted

in that they would have to leave Athens for 10 years, within ten days of the decision being taken.

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FARMING: • Ancient greeks farms were small.

Farmers kept goats and sheep for their wool and skins, wich would be use to make clothing and use their milk would be drunk or made into cheese.

• They kept an ox and donkey to pull carts.

FOOD AND DRINK: • Ancient Greek food was plain and

healthy. • Poor people would live mainly on rough

bread or porridge.• Wealthy families hunted animals such

as deer, wild boar, rabbits and hares.

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A NEW BIRTH:• Athenians did not have large families. Boys were valued much more

than girls.• Girls needing a dowry when they married.• When a new child was born, its father proclaimed the birth . About ten

days after the birth there was a celebratory meal and the family gave presents to the new baby.

CHILDHOOD GAMES: • Until the age about seven, boys and girls were brought up at home.• They played with dolls and balls.• After the age of about seven , girls began to help around the house,

but boys were sent to school.

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SCHOOL:• All but the poorest boys in Athens

went to school from about 7 years old. School was held in the house of the teacher. Boys learned to read, write and arithmetic. When they got older they learned to sing and play the lyre or flute.

EDUCATION OF GIRLS• Athenian girls did not go to

school, but in richer families they might have a tutor at home.

• Athenian girls did not take part in sports and exercices like the boys.

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GETTING MARRIED:• An Athenian girls married at the age of 14 or

15. She had not said about who she married. Marriages were arranged between the groom and the father of the bride.

• On the day before the wedding, the bride made a sacrifice to one of the wedding gods. Her favourite dolls, clothes and toys were burnt on the altar as an offering to the god.

THE WEDDING DAY:• At the bride´s house, the morning was spent

preparing a wedding feast. The bride dressed in her best clothes and put on a veil.

• First there was a sacrifice to the gods. Then men sat separately from the women. As night fell, the father of the bride gave his daughter to the groom.

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SLAVERY AND FREEDOM:• All Athenians who could afoort it had slaves. Only the

poorest families had no slaves at all.• Most slaves were people captured in foreing wars. But

slaves who were skilled or well-educated often had more pleasant Jobs.

• Slaves could be granted their freedom by the masters, for outstanding or long service. But even freedmen and women they did not have the same rights as Athenian citizens; for example: they were not allowed to vote in the Assembly.

OLD AGE AND DEATH:• When someone died, they were bound in waxed cloths

and put in a coffin. The coffin stayed in the house for a day before the funeral. Then it was carried in a funeral procession to the family burial ground. There the body would either be cremated (burned) or buried.

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CLOTHING:• Their basic garment was a tunic.• Clothing was made from woollen cloth. Clothing

for the poor was made from a very coarse cloth made from animal hair.

MEN´S CLOTHES:• Men wore a short tunic, called a chiton. Over

this, they wore a large piece of woollen cloth called a himation.

WOMEN´S CLOTHES:• Women wore a longer tunic reaching down to

their ankles. Sometimes the tunic was simply tailored.

• Like men, women wore a himation over this tunic.

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HAIRSTYLES:• Men could were their hair short or long. Young men were usually clean-

shaven, but older men usually were beards.• Women wore their hair long (with often in a pony tail or a bun).• Women often wore ribbons and head scarves in their hair.

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WOMEN´S WORK:• Athenian women led very restricted lives.

They were expected to spend most of their time in the home, looking after the house and their childrens, cooking the meals and spinning and weaving cloth.

• In richer homes, however, many of these Jobs were done by slaves.

• Women would visit the house of Friends or go to the theatre. Also they were religious festivals and athletics meetings, that were specifically from women.

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2-GREEK RELIGION:• In the ancient Greek word, religion was personal, direct, an present

in all areas of life.


• Polytheistic Greek religion encompassed gods, each representing a certain facet of the human condition and abstract ideas.

• The most important gods, were Olympian: Athena, Apollo, Poseidon, Hermes, Hera, Aphrodite, Demeter, Ares, Artemis, Hades, Hephaestos and Dionysos.

In the Greek imagination, the gods were just as ordinary men and women.

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TEMPLES, RITUALS AND PRIESTS• The temple was the place where religion took on a more formal

tone. Gods were worshipped at sacred sites and temples.

• The most common religious practices were sacrifice and pouring of libations.

• Priest orchestrated the religious ceremonies and delivered prayers.

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MYSTERIES & ORACLES• There were also many rites which were open to and known only by

the initiated who perfomed them.

FESTIVALS & GAMES • Athletic Games and competitions in music and theatre were held

during festivals to honour a particular god.

PERSONAL RELIGION• Greek religion was practiced anywhere. People left offerings such as

incense, flowers and food.• People loocked for sings from the gods. That sings could be birds in

the sky or a spoken word or a simple sneeze.

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MYTH OF DEMETERDemeter was acording to Greek mythology the godess of the harvest and the season.She was daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Demeter had a daughter: Persefone. When Persefone it was taken by Hades Demeter was inconsolable. Zeus forced his brother (Hades) has to make a deal.But meantime the projects of Zeus they have as objective offer his daughter to married with his brother Hades god of the underworld. One day Persefone bend down to take a very pretty flower but in the moment when she bend down the floor started opened and swallow the Young meantime shout. Hades had captured his niece to marry.Demeter was desesperated she paused her task of the seasons. There wasn´t seasons. Zeus made a solution share the daughter during 6 months was with her mother and during six months was with Hades. For that the flowers of spring and summer flowers because Demeter is happy with her daughter and in the Winter the clime is could and dark beacuse Demeter is alone.

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APPEARANCE OF DEMETER• Demeter is present as a mature women, usually

crowed and dressed with the best clothes. In celebration of wheat and barley and the futures who has seen and usually seated on a throne and sometimes she had a cournucopia or the torch of Eleusinian. She is described as blond-haired, though most depictions of her in art show dark, curly hair.

• The Roman name of Demeter is “Ceres”.• The symbols of Demeter were the ear and the grains of

the wheat, as well the saffron flower, the narcisuss and the myrtle.

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