Golden Twenties

of 23 /23
Golden Twenties

Embed Size (px)


Golden Twenties. Across North America. Urbanization New role of women Prohibition Men returning . Canada in the 20’s ( Unit 3 – Page 84). 1920 – A Federal sales tax of 1 % was imposed Feb 26,1920- The Indian Act was amended to give Canadian Indians the right to vote. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Golden Twenties

Page 1: Golden Twenties


Golden Twenties

Page 2: Golden Twenties

Urbanization New role of women Prohibition Men returning

Across North America

Page 3: Golden Twenties

1920 – A Federal sales tax of 1 % was imposed

Feb 26,1920- The Indian Act was amended to give Canadian Indians the right to vote.

Jul 1, 1923- The Chinese Immigration Act

Oct 19, 1929 to Oct 24, 1929 - The selling of stocks on the New York Stock Exchange accelerated, leading to panic selling and tumbling prices. By Black Thursday, October 24, the economic boom of the 1920s was in ruins and the Great Depression began.

Canada in the 20’s ( Unit 3 – Page 84)

Page 4: Golden Twenties

The end of the war found Canada in a very new state. During the war, migration had been a large part of the Canadian community because many men went to war.

The men returning from the war found themselves without jobs and women that had been working were being fired to supply jobs for the men that were returning from the war front.

Canada After WWI

Page 5: Golden Twenties

Canada is split in two.

Half the country experiences a economic boom ( increase in jobs and money) at the end of the war and the other half experiencing a loss ( decrease in jobs and money).

Canada After the War

Page 6: Golden Twenties

West and Central Canada experience an increase in jobs, technology and money after the war. Goods such as wheat and natural gas which the

were produced in West and Central Canada now had a market in the global community.

Imports from the Maritime weren’t in high demand as it had been. Lots of jobs were available and many migrants were outsourced from Canada and other countries around the world.

West & Central Canada

Page 7: Golden Twenties

The Maritime was known for their fishing, lumber and agricultural industries. These industries were needed during the war because most countries were not able to maintain these industries on their own.

When the war ended the fishing, lumber and agricultural industries were no longer in high demand. European countries began farming their own agricultural produce.

Due to the improvement in technology mining, a large industry in the Maritimes, began to suffer. Coal was no longer the means of powering electricity. Hydroelectricity came into play.

The industries in the Maritime were slowly beginning to decline.


Page 8: Golden Twenties

Letter to the Editor

In class you will be divided into two main groups; West and Central Canada or Maritime Canada. Once you have been divided into those two groups you will be divided into smaller groups. Each group will have 5-6 people per group. Each small group will be responsible for sending a letter to the Editor.

The groups are as follows: Maritime Farmers Upper Class Visible Minority

Migratory Workers

In Class Assignment

Page 9: Golden Twenties

When Writing Remember :

Author ( who you are representing) Audience ( who you are addressing the

letter to) Purpose ( why you are writing the letter)

In Class Assignment

Page 10: Golden Twenties

Dear Editor,

For twenty years, my family has lived and helped sustain Canada. I dear say we have made this great country what it is today. I find it distasteful the way the government allowed jobs that should be reserved for Canadian men to be taken over by foreigners who know nothing about the labours of this country.....

Sample Letter to the Editor

Page 11: Golden Twenties

Early 1920’sCanada & Her People

Exploring How To Write Letter sto the Editor

Page 12: Golden Twenties

FarmersFarmers in the Maritime have to barter with

storekeepers for basic necessities.

How do the farmers feel about the migration into the city?

How do farmers feel about the expenses

placed on their crops?

Page 13: Golden Twenties

Visible MinorityConsider how the minority were encouraged to come

to Canada to work and compared their first thoughts with their thoughts after experiencing discrimination.

Explore and comment on minority groups that are forced to learn the culture of the European Canadian (First Nations People).

Think about the fact that the visible minority are mainly the working poor; what does that mean? How do these individual feel about other groups in the community? ( Chinese, Indians, African Canadians )

Page 14: Golden Twenties

Upper/Middle Class Comment on the sudden surge of people into

the city.

Respond to the complaint from Maritime workers that the upper/middle class aren’t sensitive to their issues.

Reflect on what would be important to this group of people and how others in the society are affecting that.

Page 15: Golden Twenties

Migratory WorkersComment on the sudden opportunity to work.

Reflect on where the workers may have come from ( other places in Canada or around the world) and why they moved.

Compare the living standards of the workers with other groups in or out of the city.

Think about what these workers desire and how they plan to obtain those things.

Page 16: Golden Twenties

The Great Depression

1929- 1939The Stock Market Crash Roots of the Depression

Effects of the Depression on Canada

Page 17: Golden Twenties

Words To Know Stock Share Dividend Stock Exchange Stock Market Indicators

Page 18: Golden Twenties

Stock Market Crash October 29, 1929 , also known as

Black Tuesday, was the day the Stock Market crashed. This day officially began the Great Depression.

Shares became worth less and less

The crash of the Stock Market created a domino effect where the rest of the economic community declined.

Page 19: Golden Twenties

Roots of the Depression The stock market crash was the

immediate cause of the Depression.

There were many other long term causes of the depression:

Easy CreditManufacturingDependence on other economies

Page 20: Golden Twenties

Easy Credit & Manufacturing Canadians bought more

and more material goodsManufacturers bought

machinery and workers were not in high demand as they had been previously.

People bought stocks all hoping they would be the next ones to become millionaires.

Page 21: Golden Twenties

Manufacturing Cont’d Companies produced more goods than

customers needed and stockpiled them in surplus warehouses, hoping the products would eventually be sold.

By 1928 and 1929 the economy slowed down dramatically and The Great Depression had spread widely from the US and into Canada.

Page 22: Golden Twenties

Depending on other countries

A country that had once been able to produce for itself, Canada, now found themselves without a market for their product. The US stopped using Canadian plants to produce goods.

Page 23: Golden Twenties

Effects of the Depression in Canada Banks began to fail and

companies began cutting expenses and laying people off.

Many were unemployed and could not pay for the purchases bought on credit.