Girl bullying

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  • 1. Girl Bullying: Helping mean girls make nice Unpacking Relational Aggression and Bullying among Girls Abhey GuptaOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other copyrights and trademarks are the property of their respective holders. www.docforeman.com

2. Why are we here? Why*I* am here Why this workshop is important? Recent news in girl bullying Why are *you* here? Check you pen color.Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 3. What do we mean by Girl Bullying?Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 4. Helpful Terms SocialAggression Relational Aggression Putyour head down and cover your eyes.Why might these forms of aggression be particularly appealing to girls? Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 5. Gender and Aggression Allchildren feel anger, jealousy, competition and aggression. Girls are socialized to avoid expressing these feelings directly. All girls (and all boys) engage in relational and social aggression from time to time. Not all aggression is negative. Not all aggression is bullying. Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 6. Girl Bullying is Repeatedactions against a target Intentionally harmful to target Power imbalance between aggressor and target We*expect* this kind of behavior among girls. But we do not *accept* it.Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 7. Girl bullying is a predictable phenomenon Allgirls use relational and social aggression. But not all girls have a pattern of bullying. And not all girls are likely targets. GroupProcess ActivityOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 8. Unpacking our Emotional Baggage (Adapted from Wiseman, 2002) Wheredid you fit in middle school? Where did you fit in high school? What did you get from being part of this group? Did you ever want to leave the clique but felt like you couldnt? Were you ever tormented by someone in a clique?Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 9. Continued: Isthere anyone you would run away from if you saw them now? Did you ever feel trapped by a reputation you couldnt shake? Were you ever teased? About what? How did you handle it? Did you spread gossip? Were you gossiped about? How did you handle it?Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 10. Characteristics of Girl Bullies Tendencyto prefer RA/SA over assertivebehaviors May use RA/SA for several reasons Jealousy/Insecurity is #1 reason Maintain or build status/power Competition for attention from romantic interests Learned behaviors from role models and peers Entertainment, to alleviate boredomOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 11. Continued: Goodgrooming and social skills Wants to please authority figures and appear nice Poorer internal emotional regulation Hostile Interpersonal Attribution BiasOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 12. Continued: Lower levels of empathyMay be a precursor in developing Anti-Social Personality Disorder Gender Bias in Conduct Disorder criteriaOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 13. Characteristics of Targets Targetvs. Victim Three Ds Different Dominant Disruptive Most-and least-liked of peer cohort May be less likely to go along to get alongOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 14. Continued: Mayhave poorer social insight or social skills May tend to be more comfortable with critical or direct feedback unvarnished truth Bully perceives target as a threat in some way May have poorer emotional regulation push button temperOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 15. Continued: Mayhave less experience with playful RA/SA May have strong sense of justice whistle blower Bottom Line: Not all bullies are the same and not all targets are the sameOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 16. Common Techniques of RA Bullying Gossiping Teasing/PublicHumiliation Relational blackmail Ostracism/Exclusion Creating Paranoia Pranks and technologyOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 17. Cyberbullying Thisis not really new, just a new medium. Some research suggests 58% of girls know more about internet/computers than parents Cellphones and texting more ubiquitous Organized cyberbullying Can happen in email, chat rooms, social networking sites, interactive gaming sitesOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 18. Continued: Cyberbullyingenhances anonymity of bullies who do things they might not do IRL They are more anonymous and more removed from target. Cyberbullying enhances paranoia of targets Internet allows broad abilities to access and distribute information quickly and easilyOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 19. Terms to know Troll SockPuppet Flame Leet Speak Txt speakOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 20. Keep in mind: Everythingleaves a trace in Cyberspace that is never really deleted. Most of the time it is easy to change email, and disconnect from antagonistic situations. Everyone is *not* looking. Slander, Libel, Defamation, FraudOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 21. Tips for Addressing Cyberbullying Nounmoderated/unsupervised internet use Parents/supervisor have all passwords, total access, and actually *supervise* internet use Need help deciphering? Google and Wikipedia are your friends Harassers can be blocked, deleted, and avoided.Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 22. More tips: Reportingharassment and cyberbullying is getting easier. Adopt two important IRL rules: NO identifying IRL information goes on-line No on-line behaviors that would not be acceptable IRL Thereare new laws about cyberbullying in Missouri.Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 23. If you read further down that article The Missouri measure also requires school officials to tell police about harassment and stalking on school grounds and expands state laws against stalking to cover "credible threats" not only against the victim but against family and household members and animalsOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 24. Outcomes of Bullying Peerrejection Maladaptive internalizing and/or externalizing of problems Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation Loneliness Obesity Eating Disorders Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 25. Outcomes continued: Substanceabuse and addiction Romantic and relationship problems Personality Disorders Dislike of women in general Im a woman, and I think women are generally bad. Poor self-esteem ContagionRA/SA is interpersonally transmitted. If you allow it, it spreads. Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 26. Bottom line: UnderstandingRA/SA helps us understand a significant factor in the adjustment problems in girls.Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 27. The Ophelia Project and Related EffortsCampaigns for saving our girlsOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other copyrights and trademarks are the property of their respective holders. www.docforeman.com 28. Recent attention on Girl Bullying Attentionto RA/SA, Girl Bullying picked up in the 1990s. Mary Pipher and The Ophelia Project Mean Girls movement Tina Fey Rosalind Wiseman Academicresearch and the popular mediaOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 29. Tomorrow: Recognizing and Intervening in Girl Bullying Meeting the needs of Bullies, Targets, and Girls in the MiddleOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other copyrights and trademarks are the property of their respective holders. www.docforeman.com 30. Girl Bullying: Helping mean girls make nice Meeting the needs of Bullies, Targets, and Girls in the Middle April C. Foreman, Ph.D.Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other copyrights and trademarks are the property of their respective holders. www.docforeman.com 31. Archetypes from ChildhoodOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 32. What the Stepsisters are FeelingOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 33. Relational Bullying in our own Childhoods What was yesterday like for you? What surprising reactions did you have? What insights did you have? What do you need today?Original material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 34. Queen Bees & Wannabes RosalindWiseman, 2002 Basis of Mean Girls movie Most common taxonomy for classifying roles of girl bullying My most recommended resource for *parents* of girls facing problems related to relational aggressionOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All other 35. WARNING: Withholdingjudgment is important Interventions are much less effective when we judge the people we are trying to help. Perspective taking makes a difference Motivations and functions of rolesOriginal material copyright 2008 Dr. April Foreman all rights reserved. All oth