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  • PHYSICS - ELECTRICAL ENERGY

    Generating Electricity: Past and Present

    Turbo-Generators with Power House Employees. Source: Queensland Museum Network/Queensland Rail.

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE1 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Contents

    Australian Curriculum Links .....................................................................................................................................................2

    Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................3

    Part 1: Develop Background Understandings .............................................................................................................4

    Part 2: Image Analysis ........................................................................................................................................................................................................5

    Image Analysis Interpretation Key ............................................................................................................................5

    Part 3: Explore Further ..................................................................................................................................................................................................13

    Glossary

    Writing exercise

    Presenting exercise

    Need to know information

    Group activity

    Watch a video

    Future Makers is an innovative partnership between Queensland Museum Network

    and QGC formed to encourage students, teachers and the community to get involved

    in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) education in Australia.

    This partnership aims to engage and inspire people with the wonder of science,

    and increase the participation and performance of young Australians in

    STEM-related careers — creating a highly capable workforce for the future.

    www.futuremakers.org.au/about/

    http://www.futuremakers.org.au/about/

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE2 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Year 6 Curriculum focus

    Science Understanding Physical Sciences

    Electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits and can be

    generated from a range of sources.

    (ACSSU097)

    Science as Human Endeavour

    Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions.

    (ACSHE100)

    Science Inquiry Skills Communicating

    Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety

    of ways, including multi-modal texts.

    (ACSIS110)

    Australian Curriculum Links While this resource has been developed to support the delivery of the Year 6 Science

    Curriculum, it is possible to connect learning with other year levels. You are encouraged

    to adapt the resource to meet your individual needs and learning context.

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE3 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Introduction This learning resource has been designed to explore the past, present and future of

    electrical energy, including its generation and ability to power movement around our vast

    state. The Workshops Rail Museum has been used to contextualise learning due to the

    site’s strong historical connections with the generation and use of electricity.

    Primary and secondary sources of information from The Workshops Rail Museum are

    used throughout the resource to stimulate inquiry into, and facilitate discussion about,

    topics and concepts associated with electrical energy.

    As this resource has been designed to complement classroom-based teaching and learning experiences, students are assumed to have developed knowledge about the following concepts:

    • Energy is the capacity to do work and can exist in a variety of forms.

    • Electrical energy can be transferred to objects and transformed into different energy forms.

    • Electrical energy can be generated from a range of sources. A number of these sources

    use kinetic energy to drive the movement of a turbine within a power station. The turbine

    rotates a generator which is used to generate electricity.

    • A generator is a device that spins a magnet between coils of wire to create a steady flow

    of electrons. This movement generates an electric current that can be used to power

    varied objects.

    Visit The Workshops Rail Museum to make history come alive with hands-on exhibits,

    multi-media encounters and colourful stories. Please contact The Workshops Rail Museum to

    make a group booking and refer to the Teacher Guide for additional information

    about the museum.

    It is recommended that students complete the following activities independently or in groups

    of four.

    The Future of Rail: A Design Challenge may also be used to complement learning experiences

    explored within this resource

    http://www.theworkshops.qm.qld.gov.au/ http://www.theworkshops.qm.qld.gov.au/Learning+resources/School+excursions/ http://www.theworkshops.qm.qld.gov.au/~/media/Documents/Learning+resources/TWRM/Schools+and+Groups/School+Programs/teachers-guide-to-the-workshops-rail-museum.pdf

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE4 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Part 1: Develop Background Understandings

    Source: Image courtesy of Merv Volker

    In the earliest days of the Ipswich Railway Workshops, machinery used to construct

    railways and locomotives was driven by steam power. The site expanded rapidly in the

    late 19th century and electricity was seen as the key to its modernisation. The city of

    Ipswich had no electricity supply at this time, so the site built their own power station to

    meet increasing demands.

    The Ipswich Power House officially opened on the 2nd of July, 1903. The site supplied

    electricity, compressed air and hydraulic pressure to power the machinery, tools and

    lights of the Ipswich Railway Workshops and was one of the first industrial complexes

    in Queensland to use electricity on a large scale. While the Power House is no longer

    operational, you can visit The Workshops Rail Museum or access Google Maps

    (search The Workshops Rail Museum) to view the building as it stands today.

    Museum Perspectives

    What can you infer about the invitee and the event based on the style and language used

    within the invitation?

    Look closely at the invitation to the official opening of the Ipswich Power House.

    http://www.theworkshops.qm.qld.gov.au http://www.google.com.au/maps

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE5 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Part 2: Image Analysis You will now take a closer look inside the Power House and examine a series of images

    taken of the site between 1902 and 1931.

    Select one of the images on the following pages and use this image to think about, discuss and write down answers to the following questions:

    1. Describe what you see:

    2. When do you think this photo was taken? Why?

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE6 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    3. Identify the objects in your image. What role do you think the objects played in the

    generation of electricity at the Power House?

    4. Can you identify any energy transfers or transformations that may be taking

    place within your image?

    5a. Working at a power station can be dangerous. Identify and describe any

    potential safety issues or concerns you can see in your image.

    5b. What could be done to reduce or eliminate these safety issues or concerns?

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE7 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    6. Write a caption for your image.

    Share your image, caption and responses to the above questions with your class.

    Compare and contrast your responses to the image information provided on the image

    analysis interpretation key.

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE8 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Source: Queensland RailImage One

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE9 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Source: Queensland Museum Network/Queensland RailImage Two

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE10 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Source: Queensland Museum Network/Queensland RailImage Three

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE11 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Source: Queensland RailImage Four

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE12 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Source: Queensland Museum Network/Queensland RailImage Five

  • PHYSICS | ELECTRICAL ENERGY PART ONE13 QUEENSLAND MUSEUM FUTURE MAKERS RESOURCE

    Image Analysis Interpretation Key Image One Ipswich Power House Under Construction

    • The Power House under construction in 1902.

    • Babcock and Wilcox Ltd supplied the steam equipment for the site, including: