Field work report on microplanning , by ashish sinha

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    TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

    SCHOOL OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT, TULJAPUR

    FIELD WORK REPORT

    Village: Pohner

    Guided by: Dr. Ramesh Jare

    Reported by: Ashish Kumar Sinha

    MASW (RD) 1st year (Roll No. : 05)

    Batch: 2014-16

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    I would like to express my deepest appreciation to all those who provided me the possibility to

    complete this report. A special gratitude I give to our field work coordinator, Dr. Ramesh Jare,

    whose contribution in stimulating suggestions and encouragement, helped me to coordinate my

    project especially in writing this report.

    Furthermore I would extent my appreciation to Mr. Santosh sir, our field work coordinator, who

    along with his deep and rich experience in field work guided us to reach a new height.

    A special thanks to my teammates, Ms. Neha, Ms. Vidushi, Mr. Shahebrao, and Mr. Virendra.

    Who were the immediate means of inspiration and support, one of the best environment to work

    under and nurture my skills.

    ASHISH KUMAR SINHA

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    ABSTRACT

    Field work is not only a curriculum part instead its an interface between classroom learnings

    and actual practice. With the same intention and motive we were sent to village Pohner, one of

    the part of drought prone Marathwada region.

    Although several tools and techniques were suggested and several agendas were to be discussed

    and practiced in the field. But implementing those tools and practicing it was never an easy task,

    few of us had never seen a village of this kind, few of us had never ever observed the politics at

    village level. It was the stage where we didnt have any expert mind over there it was only we

    the team members who had to tackle all these difficulties and hence the classroom suggestions

    and learnings of group dynamics came into act.

    Focusing on observation part an analysis was done on several parameters, socio-economic,

    political, education, agriculture, livelihood, health. These were the sectors we started working

    upon. Several new rituals, ill practices, we identified which were rightly mentioned in our

    classroom teachings. Having separate cremation place for different castes, big and maintained for

    general category, cremation place full of bushes and without roof for schedule castes. These

    things amused us. Problems like open defecation, sanitation etc. was discussed.

    Hence overall it was not only one of the best learning experience but also one of the best

    memory we captured to work further and to continue our classroom learnings implementing in

    field.

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    PRESS NOTE

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    VILLAGE MAP

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    CONTENTS

    Field work tentative action plan

    Village profile

    1. Introduction

    2. Methodology

    3. Place of study

    4. Summary Report (Observation/learning/course relevance )

    I. Agriculture & irrigation

    II. Health

    III. Open defecation

    IV. Infrastructure

    V. Status of employment

    VI. Education

    VII. Women status

    VIII. Social & cultural aspects.

    IX. Governance.

    5. PRA tools

    6. Pictures

    7. Household surveys

    8. Summary

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    FIELD WORK TENTATIVE ACTION PLAN

    We had to stay there for approximately 3 weeks, so we decided to go week by week.

    1st week: we focused on relationship building, started visiting school regularly. PRA

    tools like mashaal phery and transect walk was done. One of the main and important

    motive was to make the villagers, purpose of our presence.

    2nd week: we started collecting data on different sectors such as health, agriculture,

    and structure of different institutions like PHC and Aganwadi, Talati. As we had sensed

    the important institutions presence and their role it was time to get some information

    officially so that we can compare the same with our own observation.

    3rd week: our 3rd week was to not only get the data but to study the different dynamics,

    cultural practices, festival celebrations, and involvement of different community in each

    other festivals like Navratra and Bakrid.

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    VILLAGE PROFILE

    Population: 1809

    Households: 322

    Total land: 781.30 (440hectares irrigated land and 341hectares non-irrigated land)

    Village panchayat: established in 1960 (Vidya jaisigh Deshmukh-sarpanch)

    No of health center: 2 Aganwadi, 1 PHC

    School: 1 primary & 1 High school

    PDS center: 1

    Water (drinking source): 1 big above water tank

    No of self-help group: 13

    Village Pohner is located in district osmanabad. It is one of the drought prone affected

    marathwada region village. It is a village with people of different communities living together in

    harmony. But caste system still prevails and it can still be seen and observed just by simply

    having a walk around. As village is divided in wards and hence community wise.

    Village is only 9kms away from nearby town Osmanabad and hence facilities like transportation

    and market for agri goods are few inbuilt facilities that this village is enjoying of. Facilities like

    education and other government services are also few of the facilities that this village is availing.

    Talking about economy, it is not that much appraisable, there are people with no income or say

    they are just struggling to live. Natural calamities like earthquake had taken away their earnings

    and are still paying for the same.

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    1. Introduction

    One of the major life in India is being lived in villages, but again not one but infinite

    numbers of the major problem lies in our villages only. As our countrys economy is

    growing every next year at a greater pace, but at the same time our villages are getting a

    sudden deceleration. And to keep our villages at same pace as of our countrys growing

    economy we need to get our step back into villages.

    Tata institute of social sciences in its determined forward step has designed a set of

    framework to keep our decelerating villages on a check through its field work. Field

    work has been designed to check the elements involved in decelerating the development

    of villages. It involves a number of organized tools and techniques and mutual

    involvement of villagers and students.

    Marathwada is one of the five regions in Maharashtra, which is identified as having one

    of the backward region of this state. Even UNDPs one of the parameter HDI (human

    development index) suggests the same. This region covers several districts and its

    villages, and Pohner is identified as one of the village in district Osmanabad which is

    again one of the backward district of this marathwada region. And to understand and

    observe the region for the decelerating development we visited this village as a field

    work program.

    2. Methodology

    This field work study was carried out by using the micro planning tools. Prominently few

    tools like rapport building, resource mapping, social mapping, chapatti diagram, mashaal

    Phery. The above tools were used because it provides an accurate way to interact with the

    villagers.

    The motive was to not only interact with the villagers but also to involve them in the

    above tools, so that they can figure out the problems on their own. To know how their

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    village has got enough resources to rebuild the lost resources, and rebuild their own

    village.

    3. Place of study

    The purpose of field work was exercised in village Pohner, taluka and district

    Osmanabad. Pohner which is 8km away from Osmanabad town has population 1809 and

    322 household comes under it, with total agricultural land area of 781.30 Hectares. This

    place was selected for the purpose of study out of 6 villages chosen under micro planning

    exercise. And we were aimed at observing the village setup and recognizing the problems

    being faced by villagers in different contexts.

    4. Observation /learning/course relevance

    I. Agriculture & irrigation

    (A)Infrastructure:

    Village Pohner has total agricultural land area of 781 hectares. With 440hectares

    irrigated land and 341hectares non-irrigated land. Major sources of irrigation are

    wells and water coming out from dam. But both sources are seasonal that means

    water is not available for irrigation whole year. Equipment used are mainly

    hired, only few big landlords own their farming equipment. But no such new

    technology farming equipment are used apart from tractor. One can find pump

    set in almost all farmers land to pull out water from well or dam water.

    Electricity is provided around 8 hours per day.

    (B) Major crops and seasons:

    Major problem here being faced by farmers is of water, so only one season is

    primarily being used by farmer for cropping i.e. wet season. And crops are

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    majorly soya bean, sugarcane, Jwar, onion etc. but are restricted to few farmers

    only because rich farmers only take effort to gro