Fibrecrafts colour crafts

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dyeing by hand

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  • 1. Dyeing EquipmentBucketStainless steel flat bottomed bucket with handle.Made for hand dyers for use directly on gas orelectric heatersitem price stock code12 litre bucket 49.90 FD16800bucket lid 15.00 FD16000TongsStainless steel tongs, essential dyeing equipment.30cm longquantity price stock codeeach 6.00 FD16600Dyers SpoonLong handled drainer spoon made in stainlesssteel, 40cm longquantity price stock codeeach 6.00 FD16100Getting Ready to Dye Dye powders should, for convenience, be mixedinto a 1% stock solution; e.g. 5gm of powder in asmall vessel stirred into a smooth paste with a littlecold water and made up to litre with water (lessthan 50C) from the tap. Store in a glass or plasticcontainer. Check whether the fabric is Prepared forDyeing (PFD) or requires scouring to removegrease, oil or starch. Run a few droplets of coldwater onto the fabric. If they soak in quickly, noscour is necessary. To remove starches, size andoils, add 5mls of Synthrapol (a non-ionic detergent)along with 2-3 litres of water for each 100gms ofmaterial. Stir gently over a 15 minute period, andthen rinse thoroughly in warm water. It is possibleto use household detergent, but the alkaline residuemay affect the final colour or wash fastness. The dye vessel does not have to be heat proof;glass, enamel or even polythene bags can be used,but if you use metal it must be stainless or enamel.Chips out of enamel should be repaired. The amount of dye required is calculatedaccording to the weight to be dyed; weigh thedry material before you start. Using 3ml of the 1%stock dye solution to each gram of fibre gives anaverage strength dye, so for 25gm of fibre youneed a total of 75ml dye, for example 50ml blue +20ml yellow + 5ml black will give bottle green. Youcan vary the dye as much as you like; more dyewill produce stronger colours and less gives pastelshades. Always stir the stock dye solution wellbefore use since some sedimentation may occur.If there are particles of undissolved dye it helps tofilter through a pair of tights. The basic colours, bright yellow, magenta andbright blue, can be mixed in any proportion andstrength to produce thousands of different colours.Universal Indicator PaperUse to test acidity and alkalinity of water, coveringpH1 to 11. Variations in pH will affect the successof reproducing colours. It can be altered by addinga small amount of soda ash to make the water morealkaline or adding vinegar to make it more acidic.The pH is especially important when dyeing withsafflower and other natural dyesquantity price stock codeeach 1.00 FD16700FIBRECRAFTS Catalogue 2009 tel: 01483 565800 fax: 01483 565807 email: sales@fibrecrafts.com64 dyeing

2. 65Stirrer20cm rod made in polypropylene, suitable for usein boiling waterquantity price stock codeeach 2.10 FD16200Measuring Kit/Storage PotsThe perfect accessory for mixing and storing paintsand dyes. 24 lidded pots, tray and 2 droppersquantity price stock codeeach 7.95 EB091Mixing Beaker100ml polypro-pylenebeakerquantity price stock codeeach 1.65 FD15700Thermometer (10C - 110C)Particularly useful for use when dyeing madder,indigo and silk which are temperature sensitivequantity price stock codeeach 6.50 FD16500DroppersMeasure tiny amounts of fluid cleanly and accu-rately.The 3ml droppers show increments of 1mland the 1ml droppers show ml increments. Soldin packsquantity price stock code3ml droppers x 3 2.50 EB6301ml droppers x 5 2.50 EB610SyringesUse for precise measuring of liquids. Two tip styles;the needle tip is more suitable for thin liquids andhas an airtight cap (pictured bottom), the taperedtip is better for thicker liquidsquantity price stock code15ml tapered 2.95 JAC9900515ml needle 2.95 JAC9900410ml (not shown) 2.50 FD163001ml (not shown) 2.30 FD16400KrestoA concentrated and effective paste for removingstubborn dyes, ink stains, oil and grease. Simplyrub on hands and rinsequantity price stock code250ml 10.20 SA6Dyeing Starter KitsThese starter kits are a great way to experimentwith different types of dyes. They contain fullinstructions to get you started. The weights of dyessupplied are subject to up to 10% weight gain orloss due atmospheric conditions.Natural Dye KitContains mordant pack, 50gm each of alkanet,elderberries, logwood chips, marigold and tumericplus 100gm pure wool yarn. Instructions included.Content may vary.quantity price stock codeeach 17.50 FD10200Indigo Dye KitThe dye kit contains 25gm Indigo, 50gmSpectralite, 200gm Soda Ash to dye up to 2kg offibres, together with a 1 litre plastic bottle and lid,1 stirrer and full instructions.quantity price stock codeSynthetic Indigo 9.50 FD10000Natural Indigo 13.00 FD10100Acid Dye KitAcid dyes are recommended for dyeing proteinfibres such as wool, silk and hair. Contains 25gmeach yellow, red, blue and black dye to dye up to3kg of material, 200gm Glaubers Salts, 4 x 10mlsyringes, 100ml beaker, a stirrer and full instruc-tions.Vinegar is also required.quantity price stock codeeach 29.50 FD10300Fibre Reactive (Procion MX) Dye KitFibre Reactive dyes are recommended for cellulosefibres such as cotton, linen and viscose but can alsobe used on silk. As they are a cold water dye, theywill not melt the wax when used for batik and otherresist techniques. Contains 25gm each yellow,red, blue and black dye to dye over 3kg of mate-rial,200gm soda ash, 100ml beaker, 4 x 10mlsyringes and a stirrer as well as full instructions.quantity price stock codeeach 29.50 FD10600dyeing 3. natural dyesAll about Natural DyeingArt of the DyerAn intelligent review of dyeingtechniques in the period 1500 -1700 including many recipesderived from the key historictexts listed by colour and plantsource, unbeatable!Hopkins 6.00 FB11705The Colourful PastNever judge a book by itscover; and in this case a timelywarning, it is a brilliant reviewof natural dyestuffs and theiruse over the centuries. It coversthe identification of the dyesactually used in historic tapes-triesby chemical analysis, clari-fyinguniquely just how thecolours were obtained. The sections are arrangedby colour and then by dyestuff, with the history ofuse and dyeing recipes. Then the text covers casestudies of specific dyed articles of real notesupported by colour photographs of the itemde Graaff 55.00 FB18500Craft of Natural DyeingFor the beginner, this bookoutlines a range of dye plantsto be found in the hedgerows,fields and meadows and givesdyeing methods accompaniedby colour photographs of theyarns and fabricsDean 7.95 FB19600Craft of the DyerFull and sensible dyeing instruc-tionsfor using plants andlichens with descriptions andrecipes for over 100 dyeplants. The author is based inCanada but most of her mate-rialsare readily found inEuropeCasselman 9.95 FB19700Dye Plants and DyeingWritten by botanists, it illus-tratesthe use of 48 dye plantswhich are illustrated in fullpage colour paintings alongwith colour images of thedyeing results from a range ofmordants. There is also ahistory of their use as dyematerials.Cannon 14.99 FB22700A Dyers GardenA small, essential book thatincludes growing hints, illustra-tions,descriptions of dyecolours and sensible notes ondyeing techniques. The authorhas created a complete guidefor anyone wishing to cultivateplants for use in dyeingBuchanan 9.99 FB23000A Dyers ManualA key title for the dyers library,full of information, clearlypresented and eminentlysensible. It covers the use ofmordants, creating colours fromweeds and ancient dyestuffs,as well as indigo and of coursewoad, which is clearly a greatlove of the author, and lichens. The photos look alittle dated, but the text is vibrant with enthusiasmGoodwin 14.95 FB23030Dyeing the Clothing of the CommonPeople 1480-1580Very much a book of twohalves each written by a sepa-rateauthor. In part one therelevant colours and their usersare identified while the secondpart describes the methodsused to create these coloursand how to replicate themPeachey & Hopkins4.00 FB22810Alderbuckthorn Bark(yellow - brown)100gm 2.15 FD10900Alkanet(grey - purple)100gm 2.15 FD11000Annatto(oranges)100gm 2.65 FD11100Birch Bark(pinks)100gm 1.65 FD11200Bloodroot(reds)25gm 4.95 FD11300It is recommended to use spectacles,gloves, a dust mask and an apron whenhandling dyes and chemicals. Use ina ventilated room and away from foodpreparation areas.Brazilwood(reds)100gm 2.75 FD11400Chamomile(yellow - green)100gm 1.65 FD11500Natural DyesNatural dyes offer a valuable alternative to syntheticdyes. They give subtle and varied results dependingon the method used to extract the colour.A mordant, such as Alum, is required for the colourto remain washfast. Material can be prepared withthe mordant for later use or the mordant can beadded to the dye bath as the dye is being cooked.The pre-soaked dyestuff (placed in a muslin bag toavoid it getting mixed with the material) is boiledtogether with the mordanted fibre, fabric or yarn.Colour results will vary depending on the mordantor method used. We suggest you experiment withthe dyes and keep notes on how you arrived at thefinished result. We offer a large range of dyeingbooks to help you get started as well as a widechoice mordants for experimentation.These natural dyes are sold in units of 100gm unlessotherwise stated and the colours quoted are anindication of the colours obtainable depending onthe method used. The weights of dyes supplied aresubject to up to 10% weight gain or loss due to mois-turein the atmosphere.Mordants & Assistants100gm 500gm stock codeAlum (potassiumaluminium sulphate) - 5.80 FD14700Chrome(potassium dichromate) - 10.80 FD14800Copper(copper sulphate) - 6.50 FD14900Iron(ferrous sulphate) - 5.20 FD15000Tin(stannous chloride) 9.80 - FD15100Cream of Tartar(brightens colours) 4.00 - FD15400Tannic Acid(cotton pre-mordant) 12.20 - FD15600Aluminium Acetate(cotton mordant) 7.00 - FD15800Mordant PackContains sufficient mordant for a range of dyeingexperiments and includes 250gm Alum, 50gm eachIron, Chrome and Copper and 10gm Tinquantity pric