Federalism AP Government Mrs. Esko. Definition of Federalism Federalism- a system of organizing a...

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Transcript of Federalism AP Government Mrs. Esko. Definition of Federalism Federalism- a system of organizing a...

  • Federalism AP Government Mrs. Esko

  • Definition of Federalism Federalism- a system of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the land and the people US Model - Dividing power between the Federal government and the state governments

  • Comparative look at Federalism

  • US Model of FederalismDecentralizes our politicsMore opportunities to participate Try calling John Kerry -- see how long it takes you to get in touch with him, now call Ben Downing and see how long it takes to get in touch with himDecentralizes our policiesWhich government should take care of which problem?States can solve problems with the best interest of their citizens in mind

    Who has more power, a US Senator or the Governor of New York?Are ALL politics really local?

  • Federalism Power Structure Delegated Powers (Enumerated Powers) - reserved to the Federal govt Coin money, declare war, make treaties, regulate interstate and foreign trade, conduct foreign affairs Reserved Powers- reserved to state govtIssue licenses, regulate commerce within states Concurrent Powers- Powers granted to both the federal and state governmentsCollect taxes, borrow $$, hold courts, build roads

  • Necessary and Proper Clauseaka =The Elastic Clause Argument for- the delegates of the Constitutional Convention could never list all powers of the national government Argument against- the Constitution is intended to set up a limited government, this clause allows for too much interpretation 10th Amendment?Nullification

  • Federalism Power Structure

  • Intergovernmental Relations Dual Federalism - a system of government in which both Federal and state governments remain supreme within their own sphere Layer Cake ModelEnded in the 1930s

  • Modern Intergovernmental Relations Cooperative Federalism - a system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.Shared costsShared administration States follow federal guidelines

  • Public opinion who should be responsible for.Food and medical safetyManaging economyHealthcare Conservation of natural resources Elderly care College funding Reducing poverty Public Schools Reducing Juvenile*Source 1997 Pew Research Center survey

  • Public opinion who should be responsible for.Food and medical safetyF-73% S&L-14%Managing economyF-68% S&L-13%Healthcare F-58% S&L-22%Conservation of natural resources F-52% S&L-21%Elderly care F-46% S&L-30%College funding F-35% S&L-19%Reducing poverty F-34% S&L-27%Public Schools F-22% S&L-50%Reducing JuvenileF-7% S&L-34%*Source 1997 Pew Research Center survey

  • Intergovernmental Relations Today Fiscal federalism - The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national governments relations with state and local governments.

  • Forms Of Fiscal Federalism -Grants in AidCategorical Grants -Money appropriated by congress for a specific purposeBuilding highwaysSchool lunches Welfare Typically require states to match funds Seen as too rigid and difficult to apply to local needs

    Block Grants Consolidated categorical grants for broad activities Highway dept.Schools Social services Give Congress less control over how the money is spent and no recognition for Congress for special projects Give the states more control over local govt because the determine funding and rules

  • Mandates Mandate - a rule that tells states what they must do in order to comply with federal guidelinesOften tied to federal grants - but can also have NO federal funding Most mandates apply to civil rights protections 1983 Social Security Amendments, 1984 Hazardous and solid Waste Amendments, Highway Safety Amendments, 1986 - Asbestos Emergency Response Act,Handicapped Children's Protection Act,Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments, 1988 - Drug-Free Workplace Acts, Ocean Dumping Ban Act, 1990 - Clean Air Act Amendments, Americans with Disabilities Act

  • Fiscal Federalism is the power of the national government to influence state policies through grants. In 1984, when the National Minimum Drinking Age Act was passed, it essentially created a national drinking age of 21. States could still make it legal for those under 21 to drink alcohol, but it would forfeit federal highway funding.

    In America at Odds By Edward Sidlow, Beth Henschen, the author's outline the "Bridging of the Tenth Amendment" by fiscal federalism. The education reform (ie: testing requirements) in the No Child Left Behind Act rely on fiscal federalism. States receive block grants and in return must meet federally imposed standards relating to testing and accountability. Many state officials express concern that the fiscal federalism used to put NCLB into practice is the beginning of a fundamental shift toward the national government's assumption of control over public schools. This might also be known as marble cake federalism.

  • Devolution Revolution Republican movement started shortly after the 1994 election to devolve more responsibility back to the statesGoal was to scale back the size and activities of the national government Welfare was the first focus within this movement - Welfare to Work Reduces the amount of time an individual can spend on welfareNational government still gives block grants to states to support the welfare programs, but has greatly scaled back