Fatal mistakes in the english language

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Transcript of Fatal mistakes in the english language

  • 1. The 5 fatal mistakesThe 5 fatal mistakesin English usagein English usagePapers (or journal or blog entriesPapers (or journal or blog entrieswith these errors will not receive awith these errors will not receive agrade)grade)
  • 2. 1.Misspelling words jump2.Beginning a sentence without acapital jump3.Using text-messaging abbreviationsJump4. Writing sentence fragments jump5. Writing run-on sentences (andcomma splices) jump
  • 3. Misspelled WordsMisspelled Words
  • 4. We live in the spell check era.Use it.
  • 5. To a large extent, the worlds ofeducation, business, and governmentare closed to you if you cannot turn intext without misspellings.
  • 6. The habit of checking, and re-checking, the spelling of documentsyou create is vital.
  • 7. No school assignment should behanded in with words misspelled.
  • 8. Beginning a sentencewithout a capital(or failing to capitalize I)
  • 9. Not capitalizing the first word of eachsentence is the quickest and easiestway to:
  • 10. 1. Not get that job you want. Fewemployers will bother with someonewho cant or doesnt write standardEnglish.
  • 11. 2. Not be taken seriously by otherpeople. People will assume youredumb if your writing is sloppy. In fact,not taking the time to fix simpleproblems is dumb.
  • 12. 3. Not to pass this class.
  • 13. Its true that some online communitiesHave relaxed rules aboutcapitalization. Sometimes, nocapitalization is used.
  • 14. This is okay, in those places, just asits okay to lounge around the house inslippers and a ragged t-shirt.
  • 15. But its not okay at school or at work.
  • 16. Using text-messagingUsing text-messagingabbreviationsabbreviations
  • 17. If u wan2tlk to tptb u need 2tlk inEnglish
  • 18. Translation:If you want to talk to the powers thatbe, you need to speak in English.tkmwfi(take my word for it)
  • 19. Sentence fragmentsSentence fragmentsA complete sentence expressesA complete sentence expressesa complete thoughta complete thought
  • 20. Are these groups of wordsAre these groups of wordssentences?sentences?
  • 21. Although Rachel worked hard on herpaperMy student editor DerrickA freshly watered houseplantBecause I couldnt find the rightprogram
  • 22. They arent sentences becauseThey arent sentences becausethey arent complete thoughts.they arent complete thoughts.
  • 23. What happened although Rachel workedhard?What about my student editor Derrick?What about that freshly watered houseplant?What happened because you couldnt findthe program?
  • 24. Whats wrong with the followingWhats wrong with the followingsentence?sentence?
  • 25. Jesse loves to write poetry hes a talentedJesse loves to write poetry hes a talentedwriter.writer.
  • 26. The sentence is wrong because Jesse likesThe sentence is wrong because Jesse likesto write poetry and Hes a talented writerto write poetry and Hes a talented writercan both stand as complete sentences.can both stand as complete sentences.Therefore, we cant merge them into aTherefore, we cant merge them into asingle sentence without separating them insingle sentence without separating them insome way.some way.
  • 27. Its a run-on sentence. Its not goodIts a run-on sentence. Its not goodenough to join the two thoughts withenough to join the two thoughts witha comma. Thats called a commaa comma. Thats called a commasplice:splice:Jesse stopped at the grocery store, heJesse stopped at the grocery store, heneeded a lunch for the field tripneeded a lunch for the field triptomorrow.tomorrow.
  • 28. If you have two independent clauses,they need to be separated bysomething more powerful than acomma.
  • 29. A clause is a group of words that containsA clause is a group of words that containsboth a subject and a predicate.both a subject and a predicate.
  • 30. Dependent clauses cannot stand alone asDependent clauses cannot stand alone assentences:sentences: Although I was on time for workAlthough I was on time for work Because Alice was the first one in lineBecause Alice was the first one in lineIndependent clauses can stand alone asIndependent clauses can stand alone assentences:sentences: Gary did want the sandwichGary did want the sandwich My brother, Greg, was late for the meetingMy brother, Greg, was late for the meeting
  • 31. There are 5 ways to fix run-onThere are 5 ways to fix run-onsentencessentences
  • 32. Make the two clauses into two sentences:Make the two clauses into two sentences:WrongWrong RightRightBrandon playedBrandon playeddrums in the band itdrums in the band itwas a hard rockwas a hard rockband.band.Brandon playedBrandon playeddrums in the band. Itdrums in the band. Itwas a hard rockwas a hard rockband.band.
  • 33. Use a semi-colonUse a semi-colonWrongWrong RightRightCraig acceptedCraig acceptedLisas gift it was nice.Lisas gift it was nice.Craig acceptedCraig acceptedLisas gift; it wasLisas gift; it wasnice.nice.
  • 34. Use a commaUse a comma andand a coordinating conjuction (a coordinating conjuction (and,and,but, or, for, yet, norbut, or, for, yet, nor, or, or so)so)::WrongWrong RightRightIt was snowing weIt was snowing weforgot to bring ourforgot to bring ourcoats.coats.It was snowingIt was snowing, but, butwe forgot to bring ourwe forgot to bring ourcoats.coats.
  • 35. Use a comma and a subordinatingUse a comma and a subordinatingconjunctionconjunction (after, although, before, unless, as, because,(after, although, before, unless, as, because,even though, if, since, until, when, while, etc.)even though, if, since, until, when, while, etc.)WrongWrong RightRightJessica and WaylonJessica and Waylonlike pizza Allisonlike pizza Allisondoesnt.doesnt.ThoughThough Jessica andJessica andWaylon like pizzaWaylon like pizza,,Allison doesnt.Allison doesnt.
  • 36. Use a semi-colon and a transitionUse a semi-colon and a transition (however,(however,moreover, on the other hand, nevertheless, instead, also,moreover, on the other hand, nevertheless, instead, also,consquently, otherwise, as a result, etc.)consquently, otherwise, as a result, etc.)WrongWrong RightRightI thought the colorsI thought the colorswould go togetherwould go togetherwell I was mistaken.well I was mistaken.I thought the colorsI thought the colorswould go togetherwould go togetherwellwell; however,; however, IIwas mistaken.was mistaken.
  • 37. Getting these things right isnt hard.They have more to do with habits ofcarefulness than with any greatknowledge of writing.
  • 38. Habit, if not resisted, soon becomesnecessity.St . Augustine
  • 39. We first make our habits, and then ourhabits make us.John Dryden
  • 40. Laziness grows on people; it beginsin cobwebs and ends in iron chains.Thomas Buxton
  • 41. Laziness is nothing more than thehabit of resting before you get tired.Mortimer Caplan