Famous Monuments of India -...

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  • A part of the Seven Wonders of the World. Taj Mahal has

    become a symbol of endless love and devotion.

    On the backdrop of Yamuna River .

    Mughal emperor of India, Shah Jahan in the memory of

    his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal,

    Ustad Ahmad Lahori, has been cited to plan this


    construction began in 1630

  • It took 12 years of hard labour and 20,000 labourers to build the


    The architectural complex is comprised of five main elements:

    1. the 'Darwaza' or main gateway,

    2. the 'Bageecha' or garden,

    3. the Masjid or mosque,

    4. the 'Naqqar Khana' or rest house, and

    5. the 'Rauza' or the Taj Mahal mausoleum. The actual Tomb is

    situated inside the Taj.

    The marble stature memorial has got embellishments of beautiful marble inlay work

    known as "Pietra Dura" that is a very integral part of Agra's art culture and


  • Qutb-u'd-Din Aibak laid the foundation of Qutab Minar in AD

    1199 raised the first storey.

    Three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shamsu'd-

    Din IItutmish (AD 1211-36).

  • Shah Jahan

    In 1638 when the emperor moved the capital of India from Agra

    to Delhi, a new royal palace was constructed.

    Known as the Red Fort (Lal Qila), it was begun around 1640 and

    completed by 1648.

    The Khas Mahal served as the emperor's private quarters and was the

    most exquisitely decorated of all the pavilions.

    The Diwan-i-khas in Red Fort was designed to reflect heaven and

    served as the private audience hall.

    All public audiences were held in the Diwan-i-am, and secret

    meetings took place in the Royal Tower, or Shah Burj.

    he Moti-Masjid (Pearl Mosque), built by Aurangzeb for his personal use.

  • Location of the site: Khajuharo, Madhya Pradesh

    Famous For: Khajuraho is well known for erotic art sculptures and

    carved temples and Dance Festival

    Significance: World Heritage Site

    Nearby attractions: Panna Wildlife Sanctuary

    Khajuraho Temples

  • Location of the

    site: 99-km From Aurangabad, Maharashtra

    Significance: World Heritage Site

    Total Caves: 30

    Dates Back to: 2nd Century BC To 6th Century AD

    Ajanta Caves

    The themes are intensely religious in tone and centre round Buddha, Bodhisattvas,

    incidents from the life of Buddha and the 'Jatakas'. Ajanta cave paintings are

    executed on a ground of mud-plaster in the tempera technique.

  • Location: Near Mumbai


    Between: 9th And 12th Centuries AD

    Designated As: World Heritage Site

    Famous For: Lord Shiva temple

    Elephanta Caves

  • Charminar

    Charminar, a splendid piece of architecture standing

    in the heart of the hyderabad city built by Quli

    Qutub Shah, in 1591.

    A Representation Of Indo-Sarcenic Tradition

  • Agra Fort



  • Fatehpur Sikri

    Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh

    Build By: Akbar

    Built in: 1571 - 1585

    an epic poem in red sandstone

  • Location: Delhi

    Architecture: Mughal Architecture

    Designed By: Misak Mirza Ghiyas

    Built By: Humayun's Wife Haji Begum

    Humayun's Tomb

  • Location: 18 Miles From Aurangbad, Maharashtra

    Belonging To: Hindu, Buddhist And Jain

    Total Caves: 34


    Between: 5th And 10th Century AD

    Ellora Caves

    Kailasha (Cave 16) is a remarkable example of

    rock-cut temples

  • Location: Hampi, 350 kms from Banglore

    Famous For : The Vithala Temple complex


    Legacy Of Vijayanagar Empire

    Hampi is situated on the southern bank of Tungabhadra.

    Once it was the seat of the mighty Vijayanagara Empire.

    The monuments of Vijayanagara city, also known as Vidyanagara in honour of the

    sage Vidyaranya were built between AD 1336-1570, from the times of Harihara-I to

    Sadasiva Raya.

    A large number of royal buildings were raised by Krishnadeva Raya (AD 1509-30),

    the greatest ruler dynasty.

  • Nalanda University

    Nalanda 90-km south east of Patna by road.

    Lord Vardhamana Mahavir and Lord Buddha frequently visited it in the 6th century BC.

    It is also supposed to be the birthplace of Sariputra, one of the Chief disciples of the Lord Buddha.

    The University of Nalanda was founded in the 5th century by the Gupta emperors.

    Nalanda was a great centre of learning and students from foreign centre of learning and students from foreign

    countries were also attracted to this university.

    Hieun Tsang received here the Indian name Mokshdeva.

    Nalanda acquired a celebrity spread all over the east as a centre of Buiddhist theology and educational activities. Its

    importance as a monastic university continued until the end of the 12th century.

  • Sanchi Stupa

    Sanchi is a small village in Raisen District of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, it

    is located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in

    the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh.

    specimen of Buddhist art and architecture,

    the period between the third century BC and the twelfth century AD

  • Pattadakal

    Pattadakal was not only popular Chalukyan architectural activities, but also a

    holy place for royal coronation, 'Pattadakisuvolal'. Temples constructed here

    mark the blending of the Rekha Nagara Prasada and the Dravida Vimana styles of

    temple building.

    Virupaksha temple of the Chalukyan period served as a model for the

    Rashtrakuta ruler to carve out the great Kailasha at Ellora.

  • Location: Konark, Orissa

    Also Known As: Black Pagoda & Konarak

    Built By: King Narsingha Deva

    Presiding Deity: Surya Or The Sun God

    Konark Sun Temple

    Konark Sun Temple is a 13th century Sun Temple, at Konark, in Odisha. It was

    constructed from oxidized and weathered ferruginous sandstone by King

    Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty

  • Buland Darwaza

    Buland Darwaza erected in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar's victory over

    Deccan is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the

    biggest in the world.

    The Darwaza rises to a height of 40 metres and is topped by pillars and


    It is the most Islamic structure in Fatehpur Sikri and echoes early Mughal

    design with simple ornamentation, the carved verses from the Koran and

    soaring arches. On the outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill

    giving the gateway additional height.

  • India Gate in Delhi

    At the center of New Delhi stands the 42m high India Gate, an

    "Arc-de-Triomphe" like Archway in the middle of a crossroad.

    It commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives

    fighting for the British Army during the First World War and bears

    the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in

    the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919.

    The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921

    and was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument was dedicated to the nation 10

    years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was

    added much later, after India got its independence. It is in the form of a flame that burns

    day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives

    in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.

  • Golconda Fort

    Golconda Fort is a majestic monument, which lies on the western outskirts of

    Hyderabad city. It speaks of a great cultural heritage of 400 years and is

    regarded as a place worth visiting. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in

    1525, Golconda Fort stands as the epitome of Nawabi culture and grandeur.

  • Jama Masjid

    Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in


    It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

    and is located across the Red Fort in Delhi.

  • Lotus Temple

    The Lotus Temple is called so because of its flower like shape. It was

    built in 1986. It is a Bahai House of Worship and due to its unique

    architectural design, it has won various awards. It was built in 1986

    and has become one of the most well-known attractions in Delhi. It is

    located in the South of Delhi having acres of gardens in its


  • Golden Temple

    This temple is also known as Darbar Sahib or

    Hari Mandir Sahib. It is actually a Sikh

    Gurdwara that is located in Amritsar, Punjab.

    The dome of this temple is covered with a gold

    leaf and the interiors of temple are decorated

    with precious stones in a floral design.

  • Bijapur

    City in India

    Bijapur city is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state. It is

    also the headquarters for Bijapur Taluka.

    Gol Gumbaz or Gol Gumbadh, Kannada: , Urdu: ,from Persian Gol Gombadh meaning "rose dome",-- is the mausoleum of

    Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. Wikipedia

    Height: 60 m

    Opened: 1659

    Address: Jadar Galli, Bijapur, Karnataka

    Architects: Mohammed Adil Shah, Yaqut of Dabul

    Burials: Mohammed Adil Shah, Ali Adil Shah II

  • Mount Abu


    Mount Abu is a popular hill station in the Aravalli Range in Sirohi

    district of Rajasthan state in western India near the border with

    Gujarat. The mountain forms a distinct rocky plateau 22 km long by 9

    km wide.

    Dilwara Temples

    The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 2 kilometres from

    Mount Abu, Rajasthan's only hill station. These temples built by Chalukya

    between the 11th and 13th centuries AD are world famous for their stunning

    use of marble.

    Dilwara Rd, Delwara, Mt Abu, Rajasthan

  • City Palace, Udaipur, is a palace complex in

    Udaipur, in the Indian state Rajasthan. It was

    built by the Maharana Udai Singh as the capital

    of the Sisodia Rajput clan in 1559, after he

    moved from Chittor

    City Palace, Udaipur

  • Lake Palace (formerly known as Jag Niwas) is a luxury hotel, of 83 rooms and

    suites featuring white marble walls, located on a natural foundation of 4 acres

    (16,000 m2) rock on the Jag Niwas[1] island[2] in Lake Pichola,Udaipur, India. The

    hotel operates a boat which transports guests to the hotel from a jetty at the City

    Palace. It has been voted as the most romantic hotel in India.

    It was built in 1743[1]- 1746[2] under the

    direction of the Maharana Jagat Singh II](62nd

    successor to the royal dynasty of Mewar) of

    Udaipur, Rajasthan as a royal summer palace and

    was initially called Jagniwas or Jan Niwas after its



  • Chittorgarh Fort

    Chittorgarh Fort is the largest fort in India and the grandest in the state of

    Rajasthan. The fort, plainly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar

    and is today situated several kilometres by road south of Bhilwara.

  • Sarnath

    Sarnath is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and

    where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of

    Kondanna. Sarnath is located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi, in Uttar

    Pradesh, India.

  • The Lion capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Indian lions standing back to


    It was originally placed atop the Aoka pillar at Sarnath, now in the state of Uttar

    Pradesh, India by Emperor Ashoka c. 250 BCE.

    The pillar, sometimes called the Aoka Column, is still in its original location, but

    the Lion Capital is now in the Sarnath Museum.

    The Lion Capital of Ashoka from Sarnath was adopted as the Emblem of India in


    The wheel "Ashoka Chakra The capital contains four lions (Indian/Asiatic Lions),

    standing back to back, mounted on an abacus, with a frieze carrying sculptures in

    high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion, separated by

    intervening spoked chariot-wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.

    Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the capital was believed to be

    crowned by a 'Wheel of Dharma' (Dharmachakra popularly known in India as the

    "Ashoka Chakra"), which has now been lost.

    There is a similar intact Ashoka pillar in Thailand (see photo) with a similar four

    lion capital intact and crowned with Ashoka Chakra / Dharmachakra.


  • Gaya

    Gaya is the second largest city of Bihar, India, and it is also the

    headquarters of Gaya District. Gaya is 100 kilometers south of Patna,

    the capital city of Bihar.

    For Buddhists, Gaya is an important pilgrimage place because it was

    at Brahmayoni hill that Buddha preached the Fire

    Sermon (Adittapariyaya Sutta) to a thousand former fire-worshipping

    ascetics, who all became enlightened while listening to this discourse.

    At that time, the hill was called Gayasisa.


  • The Jagannath Temple in Puri is a famous Hindu temple

    dedicated to Jagannath and located in the coastal town of

    Puri in the state of Odisha, India


  • Mysore

    Mysore is the second-largest city in the state of Karnataka, India. Located

    at the base of the Chamundi Hills about 146 km southwest of the state

    capital Bangalore, it is spread across an area of 128.42 km

  • Thanjavur Brihadeeswarar Temple

    The Peruvudaiyar Kovil, also known as

    Brihadeeswara Temple,

    RajaRajeswara Temple and

    Rajarajeswaram, at Thanjavur in the Indian

    state of Tamil Nadu,

    The temple had its foundations laid out by the Tamil emperor Arulmozhivarman, popularly called Rajaraja Chola I, (Tamil: , Rjarja Choan ?) in 1002


  • The Grand Anicut, also known as the Kallanai (Tamil: ) (kall -stone, anai-bund), is an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in the state

    of Tamil Nadu in southern India. It is located about 20 km from Tiruchirapalli. It

    was built by theChola king Karikala Chola around the 2nd Century AD[1][2] and

    is considered one of the oldest water-diversion or water-regulator structures

    in the world, which is still in use. It still stands as a symbol of Dravidian



  • Gangaikonda Cholapuram

    Gangaikonda Cholapuram was erected as the capital of

    the Cholas by Rajendra Chola I, the son and successor of

    Rajaraja Chola

  • Santiniketan West Bengal, India

    Santiniketan made famous by Nobel

    Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, whose

    vision became the present university

    town Visva-Bharati University


  • Kaziranga National Park

    in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam

    the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses


  • Khangchendzonga National Park

    Khangchendzonga National Park (previously

    named Kanchenjunga National Park) also Kanchenjunga

    Biosphere Reserve is a National Park and a Biosphere

    reserve located in Sikkim, India.The park gets its name from the

    mountain Kanchenjunga


  • Manas National Park

    a Wildlife Sanctuary, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project

    Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve inAssam, India.

    Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas

    National Park[1] in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered

    endemic wildlife such as the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden

    Langur and Pygmy Hog.Manas is famous for its population of the Wild water



  • Humayun's Tomb

    the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. The tomb was

    commissioned by Humayun's first wife Bega Begum (Hajji Begum)

    located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi


  • Jantar Mantar (Jaipur)

    The Jantar Mantar is a collection of architectural astronomical

    instruments, built by Sawai Jai Singh who was a Mughal Commander

    and served Emperor Aurangzeb and later Mughals.


  • Keoladeo National Park

    The Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National

    Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird

    Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India


  • Mahabalipuram

    These Pallava Period sites include: the Pancha Rathas of Dharmaraja

    Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Bhima Ratha, Draupadi Ratha, Nakula Sahadeva Ratha,

    and also Ganesha Ratha; several Cave Temples of

    Mahabalipuram including Varaha Cave Temple, Krishna Cave

    Temple, Mahishasuramardini mandapa, Panchapandava Cave Temple;

    structural temples including the Shore Temple and the Olakkannesvara Temple;

    and the Descent of the Ganges, one of the largest open-air bas-reliefs in the

    world.[1][2] Mamallapuram is known for its architectural grandeur.

    Mamallapuram is known by several other names, Mallapuram,

    Mahamallapuram, Mavalipuram, and Mahabalipuram; the last name is

    the most recent and official as per census reports. It was nicknamed

    the "land of seven pagodas" by Europeansailors


  • Mountain Railways of India

    Darjeeling Himalayan

    Railway (1999),Darjeeling,

    West Bengal

    Nilgiri Mountain

    Railway (2005)Ooty, Tamil




    Pradesh (2008)



  • Sundarbans National Park West Bengal,India

    The Sundarbans National Park, the

    largest estuarine mangrove forest in the