Famous Monuments of India -...
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FAMOUS MONUMENTS OF INDIA
A part of the Seven Wonders of the World. Taj Mahal has
become a symbol of endless love and devotion.
On the backdrop of Yamuna River .
Mughal emperor of India, Shah Jahan in the memory of
his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal,
Ustad Ahmad Lahori, has been cited to plan this
construction began in 1630
It took 12 years of hard labour and 20,000 labourers to build the
The architectural complex is comprised of five main elements:
1. the 'Darwaza' or main gateway,
2. the 'Bageecha' or garden,
3. the Masjid or mosque,
4. the 'Naqqar Khana' or rest house, and
5. the 'Rauza' or the Taj Mahal mausoleum. The actual Tomb is
situated inside the Taj.
The marble stature memorial has got embellishments of beautiful marble inlay work
known as "Pietra Dura" that is a very integral part of Agra's art culture and
Qutb-u'd-Din Aibak laid the foundation of Qutab Minar in AD
1199 raised the first storey.
Three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shamsu'd-
Din IItutmish (AD 1211-36).
In 1638 when the emperor moved the capital of India from Agra
to Delhi, a new royal palace was constructed.
Known as the Red Fort (Lal Qila), it was begun around 1640 and
completed by 1648.
The Khas Mahal served as the emperor's private quarters and was the
most exquisitely decorated of all the pavilions.
The Diwan-i-khas in Red Fort was designed to reflect heaven and
served as the private audience hall.
All public audiences were held in the Diwan-i-am, and secret
meetings took place in the Royal Tower, or Shah Burj.
he Moti-Masjid (Pearl Mosque), built by Aurangzeb for his personal use.
Location of the site: Khajuharo, Madhya Pradesh
Famous For: Khajuraho is well known for erotic art sculptures and
carved temples and Dance Festival
Significance: World Heritage Site
Nearby attractions: Panna Wildlife Sanctuary
Location of the
site: 99-km From Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Significance: World Heritage Site
Total Caves: 30
Dates Back to: 2nd Century BC To 6th Century AD
The themes are intensely religious in tone and centre round Buddha, Bodhisattvas,
incidents from the life of Buddha and the 'Jatakas'. Ajanta cave paintings are
executed on a ground of mud-plaster in the tempera technique.
Location: Near Mumbai
Between: 9th And 12th Centuries AD
Designated As: World Heritage Site
Famous For: Lord Shiva temple
Charminar, a splendid piece of architecture standing
in the heart of the hyderabad city built by Quli
Qutub Shah, in 1591.
A Representation Of Indo-Sarcenic Tradition
Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Build By: Akbar
Built in: 1571 - 1585
an epic poem in red sandstone
Architecture: Mughal Architecture
Designed By: Misak Mirza Ghiyas
Built By: Humayun's Wife Haji Begum
Location: 18 Miles From Aurangbad, Maharashtra
Belonging To: Hindu, Buddhist And Jain
Total Caves: 34
Between: 5th And 10th Century AD
Kailasha (Cave 16) is a remarkable example of
Location: Hampi, 350 kms from Banglore
Famous For : The Vithala Temple complex
Legacy Of Vijayanagar Empire
Hampi is situated on the southern bank of Tungabhadra.
Once it was the seat of the mighty Vijayanagara Empire.
The monuments of Vijayanagara city, also known as Vidyanagara in honour of the
sage Vidyaranya were built between AD 1336-1570, from the times of Harihara-I to
A large number of royal buildings were raised by Krishnadeva Raya (AD 1509-30),
the greatest ruler dynasty.
Nalanda 90-km south east of Patna by road.
Lord Vardhamana Mahavir and Lord Buddha frequently visited it in the 6th century BC.
It is also supposed to be the birthplace of Sariputra, one of the Chief disciples of the Lord Buddha.
The University of Nalanda was founded in the 5th century by the Gupta emperors.
Nalanda was a great centre of learning and students from foreign centre of learning and students from foreign
countries were also attracted to this university.
Hieun Tsang received here the Indian name Mokshdeva.
Nalanda acquired a celebrity spread all over the east as a centre of Buiddhist theology and educational activities. Its
importance as a monastic university continued until the end of the 12th century.
Sanchi is a small village in Raisen District of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, it
is located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in
the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
specimen of Buddhist art and architecture,
the period between the third century BC and the twelfth century AD
Pattadakal was not only popular Chalukyan architectural activities, but also a
holy place for royal coronation, 'Pattadakisuvolal'. Temples constructed here
mark the blending of the Rekha Nagara Prasada and the Dravida Vimana styles of
Virupaksha temple of the Chalukyan period served as a model for the
Rashtrakuta ruler to carve out the great Kailasha at Ellora.
Location: Konark, Orissa
Also Known As: Black Pagoda & Konarak
Built By: King Narsingha Deva
Presiding Deity: Surya Or The Sun God
Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun Temple is a 13th century Sun Temple, at Konark, in Odisha. It was
constructed from oxidized and weathered ferruginous sandstone by King
Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty
Buland Darwaza erected in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar's victory over
Deccan is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the
biggest in the world.
The Darwaza rises to a height of 40 metres and is topped by pillars and
It is the most Islamic structure in Fatehpur Sikri and echoes early Mughal
design with simple ornamentation, the carved verses from the Koran and
soaring arches. On the outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill
giving the gateway additional height.
India Gate in Delhi
At the center of New Delhi stands the 42m high India Gate, an
"Arc-de-Triomphe" like Archway in the middle of a crossroad.
It commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives
fighting for the British Army during the First World War and bears
the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in
the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919.
The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921
and was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument was dedicated to the nation 10
years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was
added much later, after India got its independence. It is in the form of a flame that burns
day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives
in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.
Golconda Fort is a majestic monument, which lies on the western outskirts of
Hyderabad city. It speaks of a great cultural heritage of 400 years and is
regarded as a place worth visiting. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in
1525, Golconda Fort stands as the epitome of Nawabi culture and grandeur.
Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in
It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
and is located across the Red Fort in Delhi.
The Lotus Temple is called so because of its flower like shape. It was
built in 1986. It is a Bahai House of Worship and due to its unique
architectural design, it has won various awards. It was built in 1986
and has become one of the most well-known attractions in Delhi. It is
located in the South of Delhi having acres of gardens in its
This temple is also known as Darbar Sahib or
Hari Mandir Sahib. It is actually a Sikh
Gurdwara that is located in Amritsar, Punjab.
The dome of this temple is covered with a gold
leaf and the interiors of temple are decorated
with precious stones in a floral design.
City in India
Bijapur city is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state. It is
also the headquarters for Bijapur Taluka.
Gol Gumbaz or Gol Gumbadh, Kannada: , Urdu: ,from Persian Gol Gombadh meaning "rose dome",-- is the mausoleum of
Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. Wikipedia
Height: 60 m
Address: Jadar Galli, Bijapur, Karnataka
Architects: Mohammed Adil Shah, Yaqut of Dabul
Burials: Mohammed Adil Shah, Ali Adil Shah II
Mount Abu is a popular hill station in the Aravalli Range in Sirohi
district of Rajasthan state in western India near the border with
Gujarat. The mountain forms a distinct rocky plateau 22 km long by 9
The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 2 kilometres from
Mount Abu, Rajasthan's only hill station. These temples built by Chalukya
between the 11th and 13th centuries AD are world famous for their stunning
use of marble.
Dilwara Rd, Delwara, Mt Abu, Rajasthan
City Palace, Udaipur, is a palace complex in
Udaipur, in the Indian state Rajasthan. It was
built by the Maharana Udai Singh as the capital
of the Sisodia Rajput clan in 1559, after he
moved from Chittor
City Palace, Udaipur
Lake Palace (formerly known as Jag Niwas) is a luxury hotel, of 83 rooms and
suites featuring white marble walls, located on a natural foundation of 4 acres
(16,000 m2) rock on the Jag Niwas island in Lake Pichola,Udaipur, India. The
hotel operates a boat which transports guests to the hotel from a jetty at the City
Palace. It has been voted as the most romantic hotel in India.
It was built in 1743- 1746 under the
direction of the Maharana Jagat Singh II](62nd
successor to the royal dynasty of Mewar) of
Udaipur, Rajasthan as a royal summer palace and
was initially called Jagniwas or Jan Niwas after its
Chittorgarh Fort is the largest fort in India and the grandest in the state of
Rajasthan. The fort, plainly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar
and is today situated several kilometres by road south of Bhilwara.
Sarnath is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and
where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of
Kondanna. Sarnath is located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi, in Uttar
The Lion capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Indian lions standing back to
It was originally placed atop the Aoka pillar at Sarnath, now in the state of Uttar
Pradesh, India by Emperor Ashoka c. 250 BCE.
The pillar, sometimes called the Aoka Column, is still in its original location, but
the Lion Capital is now in the Sarnath Museum.
The Lion Capital of Ashoka from Sarnath was adopted as the Emblem of India in
The wheel "Ashoka Chakra The capital contains four lions (Indian/Asiatic Lions),
standing back to back, mounted on an abacus, with a frieze carrying sculptures in
high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion, separated by
intervening spoked chariot-wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.
Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the capital was believed to be
crowned by a 'Wheel of Dharma' (Dharmachakra popularly known in India as the
"Ashoka Chakra"), which has now been lost.
There is a similar intact Ashoka pillar in Thailand (see photo) with a similar four
lion capital intact and crowned with Ashoka Chakra / Dharmachakra.
Gaya is the second largest city of Bihar, India, and it is also the
headquarters of Gaya District. Gaya is 100 kilometers south of Patna,
the capital city of Bihar.
For Buddhists, Gaya is an important pilgrimage place because it was
at Brahmayoni hill that Buddha preached the Fire
Sermon (Adittapariyaya Sutta) to a thousand former fire-worshipping
ascetics, who all became enlightened while listening to this discourse.
At that time, the hill was called Gayasisa.
The Jagannath Temple in Puri is a famous Hindu temple
dedicated to Jagannath and located in the coastal town of
Puri in the state of Odisha, India
Mysore is the second-largest city in the state of Karnataka, India. Located
at the base of the Chamundi Hills about 146 km southwest of the state
capital Bangalore, it is spread across an area of 128.42 km
Thanjavur Brihadeeswarar Temple
The Peruvudaiyar Kovil, also known as
RajaRajeswara Temple and
Rajarajeswaram, at Thanjavur in the Indian
state of Tamil Nadu,
The temple had its foundations laid out by the Tamil emperor Arulmozhivarman, popularly called Rajaraja Chola I, (Tamil: , Rjarja Choan ?) in 1002
The Grand Anicut, also known as the Kallanai (Tamil: ) (kall -stone, anai-bund), is an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in the state
of Tamil Nadu in southern India. It is located about 20 km from Tiruchirapalli. It
was built by theChola king Karikala Chola around the 2nd Century AD and
is considered one of the oldest water-diversion or water-regulator structures
in the world, which is still in use. It still stands as a symbol of Dravidian
Gangaikonda Cholapuram was erected as the capital of
the Cholas by Rajendra Chola I, the son and successor of
Santiniketan West Bengal, India
Santiniketan made famous by Nobel
Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, whose
vision became the present university
town Visva-Bharati University
Kaziranga National Park
in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam
the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses
Khangchendzonga National Park
Khangchendzonga National Park (previously
named Kanchenjunga National Park) also Kanchenjunga
Biosphere Reserve is a National Park and a Biosphere
reserve located in Sikkim, India.The park gets its name from the
Manas National Park
a Wildlife Sanctuary, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project
Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve inAssam, India.
Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas
National Park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered
endemic wildlife such as the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden
Langur and Pygmy Hog.Manas is famous for its population of the Wild water
the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. The tomb was
commissioned by Humayun's first wife Bega Begum (Hajji Begum)
located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi
Jantar Mantar (Jaipur)
The Jantar Mantar is a collection of architectural astronomical
instruments, built by Sawai Jai Singh who was a Mughal Commander
and served Emperor Aurangzeb and later Mughals.
Keoladeo National Park
The Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National
Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird
Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India
These Pallava Period sites include: the Pancha Rathas of Dharmaraja
Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Bhima Ratha, Draupadi Ratha, Nakula Sahadeva Ratha,
and also Ganesha Ratha; several Cave Temples of
Mahabalipuram including Varaha Cave Temple, Krishna Cave
Temple, Mahishasuramardini mandapa, Panchapandava Cave Temple;
structural temples including the Shore Temple and the Olakkannesvara Temple;
and the Descent of the Ganges, one of the largest open-air bas-reliefs in the
world. Mamallapuram is known for its architectural grandeur.
Mamallapuram is known by several other names, Mallapuram,
Mahamallapuram, Mavalipuram, and Mahabalipuram; the last name is
the most recent and official as per census reports. It was nicknamed
the "land of seven pagodas" by Europeansailors
Mountain Railways of India
Railway (2005)Ooty, Tamil
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal,India
The Sundarbans National Park, the
largest estuarine mangrove forest in the