European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

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Khemaphan Khemaphan Hoontrakul Hoontrakul 5004640446 5004640446 Phanomkwan Devahastin Phanomkwan Devahastin 5004640768 5004640768 European Free Trade European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Association (EFTA)

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European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Khemaphan Hoontrakul 5004640446 Phanomkwan Devahastin 5004640768. History. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • European Free Trade Association (EFTA)Khemaphan Hoontrakul 5004640446

    Phanomkwan Devahastin 5004640768

  • The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on 3 May 1960 as a trade bloc-alternative for European states who were either unable to, or chose not to, join the then European Economic Community (now the European Union (EU). The EFTA Convention was signed on 4 January 1960 in Stockholm by the outer seven states which includes Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and UK. Today only Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein remain members of EFTA.

  • EFTA and the EU 20091960 Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK establish EFTA1970 Iceland becomes a member of EFTA1972 Denmark and the UK leave EFTA to join the EEC (EU)1985 Portugal leaves EFTA to become a member of the EEC (EU)1986 Finland becomes a full member of EFTA1991 Liechtenstein becomes a member of EFTA1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden leave EFTA to join the EU

  • - Currently, the EFTA States have established preferential trade relations with 20 States and Territories, in addition to the 27 Member States of the European Union. EFTA FTAs establish a free trade area between the partner countries, by providing for free trade in industrial goods, including fish and other marine products and processed agricultural products Trade in basic agricultural products is covered in bilateral agreements between the individual EFTA States and the partner country, which form part of the instruments establishing the free trade area.

  • Nations the EFTA has an FTA with in dark blue, negotiating an FTA with in dark cyan, has a declaration on cooperation with in purple, and is in a "joint workgroup" with in dark red; the EFTA is light green.

  • The Free Trade Agreement between EFTA and Canada entered into force on 1 July 2009. The EFTA-Canada Free Trade Agreement, which is focused on trade in goods, has the potential to yield significant benefits for exporters in all five participating countries. It provides new links between European and North-American supply and value chains. - The areas of services, investment and government procurement are the subject of reviews foreseen within three years after the entry into force. - The EFTA States main exports to Canada are mineral fuels, pharmaceutical and chemical products, as well as machinery.- Canada primarily exported nickel, aircraft, pharmaceutical products, machinery and mechanical appliances to EFTA.

  • Canadas top Commodity exports to EFTA member states (2008)

    Chart3

    0.627280521

    0.096025159

    0.0884891554

    0.0602158791

    0.0203519692

    0.0198799648

    0.0174678009

    0.0137717972

    0.012897816

    0.011825878

    Sheet1

    10,03410,034

    7,0327,032

    5,30958269135,056198,634

    20692092,069,209

    79531237,227316,758

    4254642,546

    3428432,85167,135

    2709330,52857,621

    2612339,45565,578

    2510925,109

    291,899291,899

    45,42945,429

    39,01039,010

    32,14032,140

    30,56430,564

    3,298,698

    Nickel62.73%

    Aircraft9.60%

    Pharmaceuticals8.85%

    Machinery6.02%

    Vehicles2.04%

    Electrical machinery1.99%

    Medical Instruments1.75%

    Cereals1.38%

    Mineral Fuels1.29%

    Arts/Antiques1.18%

    Aluminum0.97%

    Meat0.93%

    Chemicals0.76%

    Marine Product0.30%

    Paper0.21%

    Sheet1

    Sheet2

    9,0659,065

    4,67975,771171,216251,666

    3,75113,88917,640

    3,517,5603,517,560

    29,37074,966104,336

    25,65325,653

    20,368101,590121,958

    16,64216,642

    1,035,3011,035,301

    322,293322,293

    91,36091,360

    51,51351,513

    44,06144,061

    34,23234,232

    110,658110,658

    5,753,938

    Mineral fuels61.13%

    Pharmaceutical17.99%

    Organic chemicals5.60%

    Machinery4.37%

    Medical Instruments2.12%

    others1.92%

    Electrical machinery1.81%

    Clocks and watches1.59%

    Precious stones and metals0.90%

    Cocoa0.77%

    Vehicles0.59%

    Iron and steel products0.45%

    Misc. chemical products0.31%

    Arms and ammunition0.29%

    Marine Product0.16%

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Canadas top Commodity imports from EFTA member states (2008)

    Chart2

    0.6113308833

    0.1799291198

    0.0560125952

    0.0437380451

    0.0211955708

    0.0192316984

    0.0181329726

    0.0158778214

    0.0089526512

    0.0076575382

    Sheet1

    10,03410,034

    7,0327,032

    5,30958269135,056198,634

    20692092,069,209

    79531237,227316,758

    4254642,546

    3428432,85167,135

    2709330,52857,621

    2612339,45565,578

    2510925,109

    291,899291,899

    45,42945,429

    39,01039,010

    32,14032,140

    30,56430,564

    3,298,698

    Nickel62.73%

    Aircraft9.60%

    Pharmaceuticals8.85%

    Machinery6.02%

    Vehicles2.04%

    Electrical machinery1.99%

    Medical Instruments1.75%

    Cereals1.38%

    Mineral Fuels1.29%

    Arts/Antiques1.18%

    Aluminum0.97%

    Meat0.93%

    Chemicals0.76%

    Marine Product0.30%

    Paper0.21%

    Sheet1

    Sheet2

    9,0659,065

    4,67975,771171,216251,666

    3,75113,88917,640

    3,517,5603,517,560

    29,37074,966104,336

    25,65325,653

    20,368101,590121,958

    16,64216,642

    1,035,3011,035,301

    322,293322,293

    91,36091,360

    51,51351,513

    44,06144,061

    34,23234,232

    110,658110,658

    5,753,938

    Mineral fuels61.13%

    Pharmaceutical17.99%

    Organic chemicals5.60%

    Machinery4.37%

    Medical Instruments2.12%

    others1.92%

    Electrical machinery1.81%

    Clocks and watches1.59%

    Precious stones and metals0.90%

    Cocoa0.77%

    Vehicles0.59%

    Iron and steel products0.45%

    Misc. chemical products0.31%

    Arms and ammunition0.29%

    Marine Product0.16%

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • ConclusionIceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein have small population and limited natural resources, making them likely to benefit from import of natural resources, and manufactured products from Canada.Norway, however, has larger land and natural resources compared to other members which can make them benefit from increase in exports to Canada.Canada will benefit from exporting mineral and agricultural products to EFTA members, while EFTA will benefit from exporting marine product, fuels and capital goods.Both EFTA and Canada will benefit from the bilateral agreement

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Free_Trade_Association#EFTA_and_the_European_Union

    http://www.efta.int/

    http://www.efta.int/content/free-trade/trade-statistics/canada-commodities.pdf