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Transcript of English Listening and Speaking Assessment in Bangladesh ... English Listening and Speaking...

  • English Listening and Speaking Assessment

    in Bangladesh Higher Secondary Schools:

    A Baseline Study

    Dr Tineke Brunfaut & Dr Rita Green

    Lancaster University, UK

    January 2017

  • Table of Contents

    1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 1

    2 Literature Review ....................................................................................................................... 3

    2.1 English in Bangladesh ............................................................................................................. 3

    2.2 Bangladesh Higher Secondary English curriculum ................................................................. 4

    2.3 Previous baseline studies on English language learning, teaching and assessment in

    Bangladesh ............................................................................................................................. 6

    2.3.1 English in Action (2009) baseline study .......................................................................... 6

    2.3.2 Open University (2015) baseline study ........................................................................... 9

    2.4 Implications for the present study ......................................................................................... 9

    3 Considering the English Language Learning Outcomes for Bangladesh Higher Secondary

    School through a CEFR Lens ..................................................................................................... 11

    3.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 11

    3.2 Methodology ........................................................................................................................ 11

    3.2.1 Participants ................................................................................................................... 11

    3.2.2 Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 12

    3.3 Findings ................................................................................................................................ 13

    3.4 Conclusions of the expert review of the learning outcomes ............................................... 26

    4 Higher Secondary Schools Visited ............................................................................................ 28

    5 Classroom Observations .......................................................................................................... 29

    5.1 Methodology ........................................................................................................................ 29

    5.1.1 Participants ................................................................................................................... 29

    5.1.2 Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 29

    5.2 Findings ................................................................................................................................ 31

    5.2.1 School environment and classroom facilities ............................................................... 31

    5.2.2 Type of classroom activities observed .......................................................................... 31

    5.2.3 Language and nature of classroom interaction ............................................................ 33

    5.2.4 Type of assessments observed ..................................................................................... 35

    5.3 Conclusions of the classroom observations ......................................................................... 36

    6 Teacher Interviews ................................................................................................................... 37

    6.1 Methodology ........................................................................................................................ 37

    6.1.1 Participants ................................................................................................................... 37

    6.1.2 Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 37

    6.2 Findings ................................................................................................................................ 38

    6.2.1 Reflections on the observed lesson .............................................................................. 38

    6.2.2 Listening ........................................................................................................................ 40

    6.2.3 Speaking ........................................................................................................................ 42

    6.2.4 Assessment issues ......................................................................................................... 44

    6.2.5 Teacher’s English proficiency ........................................................................................ 49

    6.3 Conclusions of the teacher interviews ................................................................................. 51

    7 Student Focus Groups .............................................................................................................. 51

    7.1 Methodology ........................................................................................................................ 52

    7.1.1 Participants ................................................................................................................... 52

    7.1.2 Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 52

  • 7.2 Findings ................................................................................................................................ 53

    7.2.1 Listening ........................................................................................................................ 53

    7.2.2 Speaking ........................................................................................................................ 56

    7.2.3 General .......................................................................................................................... 59

    7.3 Conclusions of the student focus groups ............................................................................. 60

    8 Community Focus Groups ........................................................................................................ 61

    8.1 Methodology ........................................................................................................................ 61

    8.1.1 Participants ................................................................................................................... 61

    8.1.2 Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 62

    8.2 Findings ................................................................................................................................ 63

    8.2.1 Listening ........................................................................................................................ 63

    8.2.2 Speaking ........................................................................................................................ 68

    8.3 Conclusions of the community member focus groups ........................................................ 72

    9 Overall Conclusions and Recommendations ........................................................................... 73

    10 References ............................................................................................................................... 77

    11 Appendices ............................................................................................................................... 79

    11.1 Participant information sheet: Language testing experts ................................................... 79

    11.2 Consent form: Language testing experts ............................................................................. 81

    11.3 Participant information sheet: Teachers ............................................................................. 82

    11.4 Consent form: Teachers ....................................................................................................... 84

    11.5 Participant information sheet: Students ............................................................................. 85

    11.6 Consent form: Students ....................................................................................................... 87

    11.7 Participant information sheet: Community members ......................................................... 88

    11.8 Consent form: Community members .................................................................................. 90

    11.9 Personal background questionnaire: Language testing experts .......................................... 91

    11.10 Personal background questionnaire: School principals ....................................................... 9