Engaging students with Mobile Learning
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Engaging students with Mobile Learning
Engaging students with Mobile LearningDr. Mohamed AllyProfessor, Centre for Distance EducationResearcher, Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research InstituteAthabasca UniversityCanada
OutlineWhat is mobile learningWhy engage students with mobile learningBenefits of mobile learningChallenges implementing mobile learningHow to engage students with mobile learningSample mobile learning projectsWhat the future holds for mobile learningQuestions and discussion
Definition of Mobile LearningLearning using information and communication technologies in mobile contexts - ISO/IEC 29140-2 (TR)Other definitionsMobile learning is the delivery of electronic learning materials on mobile computing devices to allow access from anywhere and at anytime (Ally, 2004).m-learning can be defined as learning using mobile and wireless computing technologies in a way to promote learners mobility and nomadicity nature (Shon, 2008)
What is the Future of EducationBecause of mobile and ubiquitous technology Community, parents, extended family will responsible for educating studentsLearners can access learning materials from anywhereExperts in the community will mentor/tutor learnersExtensive use of communication technologyRole of the teacher will change to tutor/facilitator.Remove barriers to learningAccess from remote locationsLearners can learn in contextCater to different learning stylesLearning is more learner-centeredMany learners already have the digital technologies
Why Mobile Learning to Engage Learners?Current and NewGenerations of LearnersLearnable MomentIdeal ScenarioAll students will achieve mastery (100%) in all courses.Problems with the current education systemTeacher centered rather than learner centeredHigh drop-out rateNot enough qualified teachers in some areasCourse materials not appropriate for different culturesLearning materials not developed for different learning stylesNot all citizens have access to educationLarge percent of resource spent on infrastructure rather than on learning
Is Mobile Learning the Future of Learning to Engage Learners?
Are Faculty Ready for Mobile Learning?Corbeil et al. (2007) conducted a study where they asked students and faculty whether they are ready for mobile learning. Of the 107 students who responded, all students owned a smart phone or cell phone and 94 percent of the students said that they are ready for mobile learning; however, only 60 percent of faculty said that they are ready for mobile learning.
Engaging Learners with Mobile LearningCater for Individual DifferencesIndividual DifferencesStudents learning preference during the learning process. This include student learning style and the way students approach the learning process.Individual DifferencesCreativityPersonality Extrovert and IntrovertMotivationLearning StyleCognitive StyleInterests CulturalTrain Teachers in New Role as Tutor/Facilitator of LearningTutoring Skills of TeachersManage the learning processFacilitate learningMotivate learnersModerate synchronous and asynchronous sessionsSolve content problemsConduct formative evaluation of learning materialsEvaluate learner performanceSolve basic technology problemsModel and enforce appropriate ethical behaviour
Orient Parents on the Benefits of Mobile LearningLearning has to be interactive to engage learners(Deep and Meaningful Learning)Learner InteractionLearner-teacher interactionLearner-learner interactionLearner-expert interactionLearner-content interactionLearner Interaction Benefits of Mobile LearningKlopfer & Squire (2008)Portability learners can take the technology to different sites and move around within a location.Social interactivity learners can exchange data and collaborate with other learners and the teachers.Context sensitivity can gather data unique to the current location, environment, and time, including both real and simulated data.Connectivity can connect mobile technology to other devices and to a common network that creates a true shared environment.Individuality can provide unique scaffolding that is customized to the individuals path of investigation.
Barriers to Mobile LearningLimited ConnectivityTeachers do not have the expertise to implement mobile learningEducators attitude towards mobile learningMany different types of mobile devicesLimitations of mobile technology
Current Research ProjectsESL training for Canadian workersUse of mobile devices by older adultsLearners use of mobile devices in distance educationMobile technology in librariesMobile English as a Second Language (ESL) trainingMobile learning in Canada
Mobile Learning in CanadaQuotes from OrganizationsMobile technology is the most ubiquitous devices in the world; its not an option we have to use them for the 21st century educationWe need to realize the power of mobile learning.We have the technology but were not using it well enoughNeed a national mobile research instituteWhat I love about mobile learning is that it brings the learning to you whenever and whereverWe can deliver quality material that is inclusive and accessible 24/7 and we can communicate with students by meeting them where they are
Recommendations for CanadaA national agency should be established or an existing agency should be used to coordinated mobile learning activities across Canada so that mobile learning developers, researchers, and mobile device manufacturers can communicate with each other to share best practices and research results.Develop standards for mobile learning so that learning materials can be developed and shared between organizations.Include mobile learning as a stream in the Tri-council research grant programs.Develop training programs specializing in mobile learning for delivery across Canada.
Recommendations for OrganizationsIntegrate mobile learning in strategic, business, and educational plans.Create partnerships between industries and educational institutions to collaborate on the mobile learning research and the development of learning materials. Develop a research agenda for mobile learning.Publish research studies so that all Canadians can have access to the results of the studies.
TrendsVirtual devicesImmediate assembly of learning materialsIntelligent agents to adapt the interface for the learnerIntelligent learning materials (e.g. learning objects) to cater for individual learner needsOpen Education Resources (OER)Less use of textual materials more multimedia
Mobile learning is learner-centered and dynamic and will empower learners to learnMobile learning prepares learners for the 21st century workforce
Students 21st Century Skills (Ally, 2010)A. CommunicationB. Personal SkillsC. Project ManagementD. Continuous ImprovementE. Conflict ResolutionF. Problem SolvingG. Information and Communication TechnologyH. Team WorkI. Interpersonal SkillsJ. Emotional/ Social IntelligenceK. Personal Well-beingL. LeadershipM. GlobalizationN. ResearchO. Critical Thinking
More Information on Mobile Learning
Download of Mobile Learning Book at No Cost
Ally, M. (2009) Mobile Learning: Transforming the Delivery of Education and Traininghttp://www.aupress.ca/index.php/books/120155 Questions and Comments