Dr Peter Holliday MAJ Jason Broderick - MilCIS 2018 · PDF fileDr Peter Holliday MAJ Jason...

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Transcript of Dr Peter Holliday MAJ Jason Broderick - MilCIS 2018 · PDF fileDr Peter Holliday MAJ Jason...

  • Understand the past, support the present, shape the future

    Enabling Land Force Mobility

    Dr Peter HollidayMAJ Jason Broderick

  • Scope

    Land Force Mobility challenges (CIS Focus)

    Talisman Sabre 2015 Overview

    CIS Capability Trials

    Future Initiatives

    Concluding remarks

    Questions

  • What is the LNIC

    The Land Network Integration Centre is owned by CA

    The LNICs LoE are to:

    Support to Operations

    Direct Support to Capability Decisions

    Manage the Land Network Configuration Baseline

    Innovate and integrate to support the Army-In-Being

    Enhance joint and coalition interoperability

    Governance and Capacity Building

    Supporting learn, build, expand, enhance

  • LNIC Programs

    Land Platform Network Integration

    Mission Network Development

    Common Vehicle Architectures

    Secret Wireless CWAN

    Land Network Battle Lab

    Combined Black / Red NMS

    Next Gen SATCOM Architectures

  • Understand the past, support the present, shape the future

    Exercise Talisman Sabre 15

  • Land Force Mobility Challenges

    Legacy capabilities

    FOB Mentality

    Incapable of rapid deployment

    Additional CIS systems

    Lack of system interoperability

    Analogue processes

  • Talisman Sabre 15 Overview

    Biennial bilateral US / AS exercise

    Multiple focuses:

    Joint Task Force

    Land Component Command (Divisional)

    Brigade (Exercise Hamel)

    Enablers

    LNIC supported the design / build / execution of the BLUEFOR network architecture

  • Talisman Sabre 15 Overview

  • Talisman Sabre 15 Overview

    Architecture built and maintained by LNIC with

    capabilities currently not IIS

    The fielded Capability Demonstrators included:

    Commercial Solutions for Classified Wireless LAN

    TDMA SATCOM

    Black Core Routing

    The purpose of fielding the demonstrators was:

    Validate the capacity of the systems

    Illustrate the flexibility the system provided to the User

  • Understand the past, support the present, shape the future

    CIS Capability Trials

  • Commercial Solutions for Classified

    (CSfC)

    NSA Program designed to tap the agility of commercial products

    Layered design Swiss Cheese

    Multiple mechanisms to satisfy IA requirement

    Mechanisms must be independent

    If one mechanism fails, the other should be sufficient

    Independence

    SW, HW, Algorithms, protocols, suppliers

  • CSfC (cont)

    Source: NSA STAR-401 RSA Conference 2012

  • CSfC Secure Wireless

    Source: NSA STAR-401 RSA Conference 2012

  • LNIC Secure Wireless Solution

    Mesh AP

    Root AP

    WLAN stations

    WLAN

    ControllerFirewall

    Outer VPN

    802.11n

    802.11a Backhaul

    802.11n

    Inner VPN

    MSN

    WPA2-Ent Suite-B Suite-B

    Cyber Monitoring

  • Trial Conduct

    The system represented the second iteration of the design

    System was trialled in two phases:

    Phase 1 LBRR

    Phase 2 Field Trial

    The field trial was conducted with 17 CSS Bde

    The system was deployed into:

    Bde Tac HQ

    Bde Main HQ (FSG)

    The system operated continuously for 22 days

  • Trial Results

    The system was deemed fit for purpose

    Laptop design and functionality was intuitive and flexible

    The system demonstrated:

    A significant reduction in cabling infrastructure

    An increase in HQ functionality and flexibility

    No significant increase in RF signature above what

    was already present

    System design will become the basis for future work with

    CISSO and BDA

  • TDMA versus FDMA

    Frequ

    en

    cy

    Time

    F1

    F2

    F3

    FDMA

  • Current BDE Deployment

    FDMA SCPC / Single Mode

    Main ForwardRear

    Enablers

    Strategic Interface

  • TDMA versus FDMA

    Frequ

    en

    cy

    Time

    F1

    F2

    F3

    TDMA

    F3 F3 F3 F3 F3

    F2 F2 F2 F2 F2

    F1 F1 F1 F1 F1

  • BDE Deployment

    TDMA MCPC / Single Mode

    Main ForwardRear

    Enablers

    Strategic Interface

    FDMA

    FDMA

    TDMA

    TDMA

    TDMA

  • BDE Deployment

    TDMA MCPC / Multi Mode

    Main ForwardRear

    Enablers

    Strategic Interface

    FDMA

    TDMA

    TDMATDMA

  • Trial Conduct

    LNIC has been working with TDMA for over 4 years

    The Talisman Sabre trial series utilised the following:

    Twin GD Warrior 240 SATCOM Terminals

    L3 Hawkeyes with Hughes HX series modems

    Hughes Tactical Gateway (TGW)

    Trial conducted over Ka Band WGS utilising

    simultaneous FDMA and TDMA

    The TDMA Cloud supported 6 remote nodes including

    one mobile US node

  • Trial Results

    The TDMA performed well, providing sufficient

    bandwidth across the cloud

    Ka Band performance was adversely effected by

    weather, consideration for use of X Band for future trials

    The ability to hub both TDMA and FDMA from the same

    terminal significantly reduced the SATCOM footprint

    Adding and removing nodes from the network could be

    achieved efficiently without requiring support from

    strategic agencies

  • Black Core Routing

    Current Model

    IP network

    PABX

    DAHA ATM MUX

    Circuit Switched WAN

    Bandwidth is fixed

    Many technologies and protocols

    Complex to maintain

    Does not scale

    DSN MSN

    DRNRouter

    ATMSwitch

    TDMPABX Bearer

    512kbpsTrunk

    c

    DSNAAL5 128k UBR

    MSNAAL5 128k UBR

    TDMAAL1 256k PVC

    Technologies Used

    IP

    ATM

    EUROCOM (TDM)

    Ethernet 802.3

    OLTU (EUROCOM)

    IP Crypto

    TDM Crypto (KG94/K7)

    Serial (RS-449/530)

    WAS bandwidth is fixed PVC unused bandwidth is lost

    Z Z

    ZZ

  • Black Core Routing

    LAS A LAS B

    Black AggregationRouter

    WAS Bearer

    512kbpsTrunk

    Converged IP512kbps

    Technologies Used

    IP

    Ethernet 802.3

    HAIPE Crypto

    Fully converged all bandwidth is available

    Z Z

    Black Core Aggregated

    Network

    Simplified design

    Supports All domains

    DRN/DSN/DMN/DTSN

    UNCLAS Voice provide

    by Black Router

  • Black Core Routing Overlay

    Consider the traditional single hop overlay model (Pre-TS15)

    BDE Main

    BDE Forward

    BDE Rear

  • Black Core Routing Overlay

    Consider the traditional single hop overlay model for a

    TDMA/FDMA Network

    BDE Main

    BDE Forward

    BDE Rear

  • Black Core Routing Overlay

    Consider the traditional single hop overlay model for a TDMA/FDMA Network

    BDE Main

    BDE Forward

    BDE Rear

    Hair pinning 3 Sat Hops!

  • Black Core Routing Overlay

    Need a multi-hop peer-to-peer overlay TS15

    BDE Main

    BDE Forward

    BDE Rear

    BGP Peer

    BGP Peer

    BGP Peer

  • Black Core Routing Overlay

    Need a multi-hop BCN overlay TS15

    BDE Main

    BDE Forward

    BDE Rear

    BGP Peer

    BGP Peer

    BGP Peer

  • Black Core Routing Overlay

    Need a multi-hop BCN overlay TS15

    Bearer agnostic BLOS/LOS/Cable

    BGP Peer

    BGP Peer

    BGP Peer

  • Trial Conduct

    TRANSEC Routers had been used previously on

    operations

    LNIC utilised the AHQ purchased TIPAN Routers to

    support the Black Core Network

    Trial was conducted over two phases:

    Phase 1 Ex Blue Diamond (Mar 15)

    Phase 2 Ex Talisman Sabre (Jun 15)

    Black Core Network supported by CIOG through

    TACINTS

  • Trial Results

    TRANSEC Routers were able to replace the current fleet

    of legacy aggregation systems

    The use of BGP allowed nodes to be added and

    removed without adverse effect the architecture

    The TRANSEC Routers are easy to configure and

    maintain

    The use of COTS and MOTS reduces technical risk and

    provides a robust solution

    The ability to traffic shape created efficiencies in

    bandwidth usage

  • Lesson Learnt

    One size does not fit all

    Understand the effect the capability provides

    Static versus mobile

    Balancing bandwidth and manoeuvre

    Interrelationships between layer 1 4

    Red Routing (LAN)

    Black Core encrypted Network (likely aggregated)

    Transport (either celestial or terrestrial)

    Each component can not be planned in isolation!

  • Support to Mobility Challenges

    Increased agility:

    Black Core

    TDMA

    Decreased CIS establishment times:

    Secure Wireless

    TDMA and TDMA Hubs

    Reduced CIS equipment footprint:

    Multi band, multi frequency SATCOM Hubs

    Mission Networks

  • Understand the past, support the present, shape the future

    LNIC Future Initiatives

  • Future Initiatives (16/17)

    Common Vehicle Architecture

    RF Rationalisation

    Software Defined Radios

    Distributed Compute and Storage

    Complementary Wireless (4G/LTE, WiFi)

    Data Analytics

    Wideband BLOS systems for satellite denied

    environments

  • Conclusion

    Armies will continue to investigate ways to utilise

    technology to increase mobility

    Commercial technologie