Documentary analysis - Salt
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Documentary analysisDispatches Salt: Are you eating too much?
Type of DocumentaryMixed documentary - Includes interviews from cardiologists about salt intake, narration to explain problems with some aid of the visual e.g. showing cereal with the amount of salt in graphic text
ThemesNutrition Getting message across that we may eat much more salt than expectedDiet change Salt intake is increasing
Narrative structureClosed narrative Getting message across that Salt is increasing in food and is getting worse for healthSingle stranded Plot based around the salt intake problemNon-linear Isn't a chronological story of events
CameraworkHigh angle shot of beans on toastExpresses People wouldn't have thought such a small meal has such a large salt count - All food can be unpredictable
Medium close up shot in interviewThought that interviewee is professional because the documentary is conducted professionally and formallyGives viewers thought of belief in what he is saying reduce salt and not taste the difference in bread.
Low angle close up shot of University to talk to Cardiologist- Used to show how important this scene, the information given from the cardiologist is because it looks like a large impacting organisation
Camerawork continuedHigh angle-Big close up shot of a salty product- Used to convey the thought that it is notoriously bad, supported by non-diegetic soundtrackExtreme close up shot of bottom right of a pizza- Used to show the amount of salt, to be seen as unacceptableBig close up on Peanuts- Used to express that food that people wouldnt have thought, may still have massive amounts of salt
Mise-en-sceneTest on foods for salt shows most have much more than what is explained on the packetAlso, it is explained that some have amount of Sodium, which is 2.5x less than salt amountPresenter takes a 1 week high salt diet experiment, Doctor explains she has gained 4lbs in 1 week, used to portray the effects of saltAll this has been used to express that salt overall is bad and that people need to watch what they eat
Mise-en-scene continuedNatural lighting is used to express the thought of neutral opinions from people to make their own decisionCode of attire is important so people can distinguish difference between different people being interviewed e.g. Doctor compared to a normal civilianBackgrounds in scenes relate to topic e.g. Graphics of salt intake with foods on a kitchen table.
The documentary is based around researching in to salt;what it does bad for peoplethe inaccurate labelling of foods with saltThe affects and possible future for younger generations with high amounts of Salt
SoundNon-diegetic voice over narration used when looking at foods or presenter is studying effects on ComputerUsed to show the amount of study going into this, makes it more believableDiegetic narration from presenter with visual aid- Used to show that it is realism, and it is happening NOW
EditingFlash dissolve from mid shot to close up, showing more foods- Used to show that any food can be unpredictable
Cuts used to move from scenes- This is to show the programme is serious and professional, using large amounts of more extreme editing may put viewers off the actual information being given.
GraphicsOverlay graphic showing amount of salt in children's breakfastUsed to give a clear message that these foods have high saltColours used and salt theme to relate to the topic
Overlay graphic showing amount of sodium in general snacks however needs to be x2.5Expresses that brands can be misleading due to fact they aren't giving the actual salt amountSeen as misleading bad brand imageGraphics in interview, banner with name and role. Used to add sense of professionalism and to be informative.Credit graphics at the end of the Documentary. Used to give information on cast and crew, this is the case for all documentaries and/or films.