Design Parramatta

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New Ideas to shape the city

Transcript of Design Parramatta

  • New ideas to shape the city

  • Copyright 2012 Parramatta City Council

    This book in this form is copyright.

    Permission is granted to reproduce part of this publication for non-commercial

    purposes provided that the source is properly acknowledged.

    Published by Parramatta City Council

    30 Darcy Street Parramatta NSW 2150

    PO Box 32 Parramatta NSW 2124

    Compiled and edited by

    Kati Westlake, Parramatta City Council

    Callantha Brigham, Government Architects Office

    Sub-editor

    Barbara Cameron-Smith, Parramatta City Council

    Graphic design - publication

    Marietta Buikema, Government Architects Office

    Graphic design - Design Parramatta branding and website

    Doppio Design

    NSW Dept of Finance and Services

    Cataloguing-in-Publication data

    Westlake, Kati

    Design Parramatta : new ideas to shape the city / compiled and edited by Kati Westlake and Callantha Brigham.

    ISBN: 978-0-7347-4463-0

    1. Town planning - New South Wales - Parramatta.

    I. Title. II. Westlake, Kati. III. Brigham, Callantha. IV. Parramatta City Council. V. Government Architects Office.

    711.4099441

    ISBN 978-0-7347-4463-0

    Photograph on cover: Aerial view of Parramatta CBD (Image from Parramata City Council)

    The publication of this book was made possible by support of the Lord Mayor of

    Parramatta City Council, Councillor John Chedid and the Chief Executive Officer of

    Parramatta City Council, Dr Robert Lang, as well as Parramatta City Councils Councillors.

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    New ideas to shape the city

  • JANE IRWIN

    Design Parramatta is an exciting urban design project that harnessed the

    complementarity of landscape architecture, architecture and art to shape

    the future of Parramatta city centre. The project captures the City on the

    brink of major change, and takes a whole of city, rather than project by

    project approach, to urban design, to set up a coherent framework for urban

    renewal.

    Nineteen multi-disciplinary teams were engaged for 16 sites, with some

    teams working together at the edges of their sites to coordinate outcomes.

    It was a hothouse process of analysis and design, investigating place

    physically and culturally as a basis for high level concepts. Teams shared

    their exploratory work in a rst workshop, and the ideas for sites in a second

    workshop. All the projects were enriched by the workshops and design

    panel feedback.

    The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects congratulates Design

    Parramatta for initiating such a brave project. It engaged so many landscape

    practices in a collaborative, creative way; it generated energy and excitement

    about urban design, and will help to highlight the role of landscape

    architecture in the making of cities.

    President, The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects NSW

    The Creative City idea advocates the need for a culture of creativity to be embedded within how the urban

    stakeholders operate. It implies reassessing the regulations and incentives regime and moving towards a

    more creative bureaucracy. Good governance is itself an asset that can generate potential and wealth.

    By encouraging creativity and legitimizing the use of imagination within the public, private and community

    spheres, the ideas bank of possibilities and potential solutions to any urban problem or opportunity will

    be broadened.

    Pg xxii - Charles Landry The Creative City, London 2012

    PETER POULET

    Parramatta is on the cusp of an exciting and reinvigorated future. The

    City has bravely engaged with its community and many creative people to

    speculate creatively about its future. This has taken leadership, innovative

    thinking and trust in our architects, landscape architects, artists, poets and

    dreamers.

    The Design Parramatta initiative highlights the understanding by Parramatta

    City Council that our built environment can enhance our quality of life

    and generate economic prosperity. The Design Parramatta initiative has

    harnessed the creativity and innovation of many talented people and

    has highlighted the potential our urban environment has in building and

    celebrating our communities.

    With this critical understanding Parramatta City Council has played a pivotal

    and inspirational role. I commend Parramatta City Council for embarking on

    this initiative and in taking the rst steps toward a renewed and revitalised

    public realm.

    New South Wales Government Architect

  • MATTHEW PULLINGER

    Our greatest cities are each very different, but have at least two things in

    common strong leadership with the vision to imagine a better future,

    and a constituency that understands what that vision means and why its

    important.

    The rest of city making, although often complex and protracted, cannot exist

    without these two preconditions. But it is also the part of city making where

    design becomes the dominant factor. Design determines the quality of a

    place, its amenity, attractiveness, efficiency and cohesion. And its where

    great design makes a critically important difference.

    Design Parramatta demonstrates a deep appreciation for each of these

    elements a strong, community-based vision for the future, and a

    collaborative, team-based design process to give physical expression to this

    vision.

    Landscape architects, architects and urban designers all possess different

    perspectives, but share a skill set and training in design that is quite

    unique. Harnessing this design thinking is a powerful way to imagine and

    communicate an alternative future for the places we know and love.

    While change can be a confronting process, cities have an almost limitless

    capacity for accommodating renewal and reinvention. The important point is

    that change can be good or bad, it can be embraced or resisted, and quality

    of design is usually the difference between one and the other.

    The Australian Institute of Architects is very proud to lend its support to

    Design Parramatta. It has been a powerful model demonstrating the value

    of good design. It is also a great way to communicate with a passionate,

    engaged community. In this context, it is clear that Parramatta has not only

    a rich heritage but also a very bright future.

    President, The Australian Institute of Architects, NSW

  • Introduction by Chief Executive Officer Dr Robert Lang

    A joint project between Parramatta City Council and the NSW Government

    Architects Office, Design Parramatta represents a considerable step forward in

    the future development of Parramatta and with the concentration of residents,

    businesses and workers set to increase markedly over the coming years this

    is a signicant project that has the potential to deliver a number of positive

    community outcomes.

    Comprising different groups of multi-disciplined talent, including urban designers,

    architects, landscapers and artists, the Design Parramatta participants have

    collaborated impressively to bring to life their collective vision for the Citys spaces.

    The results of this intensive project speak for themselves, as you will see over the

    coming pages.

    From a local level taking into account the diversity of our community

    to the bigger picture and how Parramatta is poised to drive Greater Sydneys

    growth, Design Parramatta will transform how the City is seen and experienced.

    The next 12-18 months are going to be an exciting period, no doubt galvanised by

    the recent launch of the new City Identity, Parramatta: Future Generation which

    captures the energy and positivity for Parramattas future.

    Design Parramatta builds on our new identity and reects Councils commitment

    to the delivery of future urban spaces that connect and interact with both people

    and place.

    From Parramatta Square, to the river foreshore, streets or lanes, we aim to increase

    engagement with young entrepreneurs and new business owners, inviting them to

    explore the possibilities of the area and simultaneously, to provide opportunities to

    urban designers, architects and artists to activate and renew the Citys spaces, drawing

    on the following concepts as inspiration and facilitation.

    Through initiatives like Design Parramatta, the City will strengthen its

    growing position as a vibrant and inspired place for businesses, visitors, residents

    and workers.

    Id like to congratulate everyone involved with this exciting initiative and look forward

    to seeing many of these concepts brought to life over the coming years.

    Design Parramatta builds on our new identity and

    reects Councils commitment to the delivery of

    future urban spaces that connect and interact with

    both people and place.

  • Introduction by Lord Mayor Councillor John Chedid

    I am proud to present to you this inspiring collection of designs from the

    Parramatta City Council Design Parramatta initiative.

    The 19 concepts laid out inside these pages provide a visual blue print of the

    future of our city centre.

    I congratulate the 65 participants who gave their talents, expertise and energy

    to creating these concepts for Design Parramatta.

    This project was about re-imagining our City, especially spaces that are run

    down, underused, neglected and need rejuvenation.

    Some of the places identied include the Church Street Mall and the

    River foreshore.

    Revitalising these areas will provide our residents, workers and visitors with a

    better experience of the City.

    Design Parramatta will complement the city building projects that Council

    already has underway, such as Parramatta Square. It will also be used as a

    blue print for Council to prioritise works and lobby the State and Federal

    Governments for funding.

    This project comes at an exciting time in Parramattas development and I am

    excited that some these big ideas may soon become a reality.

    Again, I offer my congratulations to everyone who took part, including the

    Council team that has driven this project, and the participants.

    The nal Design Parramatta concepts can be viewed online at

    www.designparramatta.com.au as well as an exhibition in 2013.

    This project comes at an exciting time in

    Parramattas development and I am excited that

    some these big ideas may soon become a reality.

  • Contents

    PART 1

    PART 2

    PART 4

    PART 3

    Projects 28

    Introduction to Projects 31

    Main Streets 32

    George Street 34 Macquarie Street 40

    Phillip Street 46

    Parramatta City Ring Road 50

    Public Spaces and Parks 56 River Square 58

    Charles Street Square 64

    Horwood Avenue Civic Link 70

    Church Street Mall 76

    Clay Cliff Creek Parklands 84

    Smith and Station Street 90

    Lanes 96 Freemasons Arms Lane 98

    Barrack Lane 106

    Erby Place and Lane 13 110

    Wenworth Avenue Car Park and Lanes 116

    Batman Walk 122

    Art and Experimental 126 Lonely Laneways 128

    A Space for Urban Follies 130

    Parranet 132

    A Place in the Sun 134

    About 12

    About Design Parramatta 15 The Public Domain 16

    The Importance Of Design In The Public Domain 16

    City Foundations 17

    A Designed Process 17

    Building From Precedents 20

    An Iterative Approach 20

    Multi-disciplinary Collaboration 21

    What Happened When - A Timeline Of Events 24

    The Parramatta City Centre Public Domain Framework Plan 2012 148

    Student Projects 136

    PART 5 Credit 156Teams 158

    References 162

  • PART 1 /

    12

  • ABOUT

    13

  • 14

    Design Parramatta is a collaborative project to revision

    Parramatta City Centres public domain. Undertaken by

    Parramatta City Council in collaboration with the NSW

    Government Architects Office, the project invited multi-

    disciplinary design teams to participate in a six week

    intensive design event. A total of 19 concept designs

    for public spaces were created to form a conceptual

    masterplan and provide a catalyst for transformation of

    Parramatta city centres public spaces.

    The 16 project sites

  • 15

    About Design Parramatta

    The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes

    Marcel Proust

    Parramatta City Council has committed to a program of rapid

    growth and change and recognises that an improved public domain

    is vital to supporting the City Centres planned renewal and providing

    the necessary amenity for attracting and retaining new residents and

    employees who will drive the City Centres sustainable growth.

    Design Parramatta captures a diverse palette of creative input across

    Parramatta City Centres public domain at a strategic moment in

    time; creating a new vision for its streets, parks and public spaces. It

    has increased design involvement in shaping and rening Parramatta

    City Centres public spaces and introduces many architects,

    landscape architects, artists and urban designers to Parramatta.

    The Design Parramatta project provides the City Centre with;

    concept designs for 15 sites and four art projects

    an appreciation of the distinct identities that can be drawn from the individual characteristics of each of the sites

    a rich palette of design approaches and elements

    a set of plans and images that describe each of the concepts and can form the basis for community discussion and engagement

    a Public Domain Framework Plan to help shape the ongoing development of Parramatta City Centres public domain.

  • 16

    THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

    The public domain, comprising streets, parks and public spaces is the shared,

    social, cultural and democratic heart of the city. It forms the common access

    point and provides shared amenity for all the city buildings, utilities and

    institutions. An expanded and improved public domain is pivotal to a vibrant

    and successful city.

    Design Parramatta focuses on the public domain because of its pivotal role in

    shaping the way people experience Parramattas city centre. The absence of

    differentiation and individual character in its streets and public spaces, create

    an overall lack of memorable image for Parramattas city centre.

    THE IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

    The many benets of high quality design for cities have been recognised

    internationally. As cities become denser and more complex, the adoption of

    a design framework becomes increasingly important to resolve competing

    demands and ensure high quality, well integrated buildings, streets and public

    spaces. Additionally as most public domain elements are built over time and

    as a series of discrete projects, a strong framework or masterplan ensures

    that sequentially developed elements create coherent and attractive streets,

    spaces and places.

    Well designed and maintained public spaces should be at the heart of any community. They are the foundation for public interaction and social integration, and provide the sense of place essential to engender civic pride.

    Lord Richard Rogers

    Pritzker Architect and Chairman Urban Task Force,

    London 1998

    1927 - Parramatta survey of

    the town in 1822, compiled

    by J.F. Campbell

  • 17

    CITY FOUNDATIONS

    Parramatta began life in 1788 as a planned settlement with a ne street

    grid, excellent transport connections and many signicant buildings and

    institutions. The City of 2012 has a clear and legible street and block structure

    due to its early Georgian street grid, riverside location and relatively at terrain.

    In recent times the Parramatta City Centre Local Environmental Plan 2007

    and Development Control Plan 2007 have provided a solid framework for the

    ongoing development of Parramattas buildings.

    Design Parramatta builds upon a number of existing urban design resources

    to generate a complementary framework for Parramattas public domain.

    These include:

    the Parramatta Civic Improvement Plan 2007

    the Parramatta City Centre Lanes Strategy 2010

    the Parramatta Public Domain Guidelines

    A DESIGNED PROCESS

    Design methodology typically uses analysis, synthesis and an iterative process.

    Recent research has highlighted the importance of creativity in creating new

    approaches. This is particularly powerful when previously unrelated ways of

    thinking or disciplines are brought together in new and novel relationships.

    The iterative design process can be summarised as follows:

    define > analysis > synthesis > review and feedback > CONCEPT

  • Two mapping series created

    a shared foundation for the

    Design Parramatta design

    projects; the Urban Design

    Analysis series and the City

    Design Strategy Mapping

    series. These seven images

    are from the Analysis series.

    18

  • 19

  • 20

    BUILDING FROM PRECEDENTS

    Design Parramatta builds upon the methodology of a City of Sydney project

    entitled Sydney Spaces that was undertaken in 1995. The latter project

    initiative generated public domain concept designs for a variety of city

    streets and spaces. The designs were sought simultaneously from a range

    of designers in order to create a collective blueprint for urban renewal. The

    outcome of this initiative was a diverse palette of concepts which were

    compiled into a publication, further developed over time, and the majority of

    which were ultimately built.

    Design Parramatta utilised a similar approach borrowing a number of the

    most successful elements of this precedent project. These were:

    the undertaking of a suite of strategically selected public domain projects to inform the overall development of a city

    the adoption of an intensive program format to ensure focus and engagement by parties

    the selection of a diverse range of designers to ensure a variety of design input and approach

    the deliberate matching of designers to projects based on individual project characteristics and design team strengths.

    Design Parramatta distinguishes itself from Sydney Spaces by utilising

    an iterative approach and promoting discourse and collaboration by all

    parties across all projects. This approach allowed the project to evolve in

    a responsive manner and ensured that the resulting framework would be

    developed as a series of interrelated projects.

    AN ITERATIVE APPROACH

    Design Parramatta was deliberately programed to incorporate an iterative

    approach. Key components of this included:

    ongoing engagement by the project team with a range of Council stakeholders throughout the project

    opportunities for direct interaction between designers and Council stakeholders through the intensive workshop format. Design presentations

    were hosted as group events where design teams could view other teams

    work and received feedback from Council and a design panel.

  • 21

    a website set up to facilitate sharing of information and approaches served as a tool for sharing public information about the project and provided a

    design hub to generate discussion and professional collaboration between

    the designers and project team.

    written feedback provided to design teams mid-way through the process captured key points of overlap between projects and prompted specic

    discussion between relevant teams.

    MULTI-DISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION

    Design Parramatta supported a multi-disciplinary collaborative approach by:

    embedding collaboration within the project team and combining the technical expertise and local experience of a number of teams within

    Parramatta City Council with strategic input from the NSW Government

    Architects Office

    undertaking a range of design projects simultaneously to allow projects to be developed cognisant of nearby design project developments

    selecting a range of scaled projects to suit a range of experiences and teams

    encouraging design work to be undertaken by multi-disciplinary teams from different backgrounds and disciplines

    encouraging student engagement with the project through the University of Sydney urban design studio

    creating a website and a lm to facilitate engagement and collaboration with the community in the next steps of the design and construction

    process.

    Workshops were held at Information and

    Cultural Exchange Studios Parramatta.

  • 22

    Workshop 33 September 2012

  • 23

    Teamwork and collaboration have been identied as shortcuts to

    increasing creativity and new approaches in many areas of human

    endeavour. Recent research has shown that major developments

    are more likely to occur when a new point of view or skill is

    merged with an existing discipline.

  • 24

    JUNE 2012

    EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

    Design Parramatta invited participants to become involved

    in the project through an Expression of Interest process.

    Key public and professional media were approached

    and multi-disciplinary design teams were invited to form

    specically for the project and apply to participate.

    Conceptual design and public domain experience were

    listed as key criteria in the selection process. Teams were

    selected for their demonstrated expertise in high quality

    conceptual design and their ability and experience in public

    domain projects.

    3O J

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    What Happened When - A Timeline Of Events

    MAY 2012

    PROJECT ESTABLISHMENT

    OVERALL PROJECT SCOPING

    The Design Parramatta concept was dened and

    scoped as a collaborative effort between Parramatta

    City Council and the Government Architects Office. A

    graphic design agency, Doppio, was also engaged to

    assist in project communications.

    The project scoping was limited to the concept design

    stage only to ensure the rst stage of the Design

    Parramatta project would be delivered as a sketch plan.

    The intention was to provide a wholistic outline for a

    future city that would not be dominated by any single

    style or project and could be used as the basis for

    community consultation and the preparation of a whole

    of city public domain framework plan.

    INDIVIDUAL PROJECT SCOPING

    Concise briefs were developed for each project

    clarifying the project scope, program and key aspects

    of the existing site and context. Each brief provided site

    specic background information, a succinct project

    objective, a listing of major constraints, directions to

    key resources and a scaled plan. A collection of shared

    resources were also collated and uploaded to the

    project website.

  • 25

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    3O JULY 2012

    THE DESIGN EVENT -

    THE FIRST WORKSHOP

    The rst workshop was a half-day

    event and served as an introductory

    session to introduce the selected

    design teams to the Design

    Parramatta initiative. The Lord

    Mayor of Parramatta welcomed

    participants and the designers were

    able to meet with the project team,

    key stakeholders from Council

    and intermingle with one another.

    A synopsis of each of the project

    briefs was on display and the

    forum provided an opportunity for

    participants to ask questions and

    begin conversations.

    13 AUGUST 2012

    THE DESIGN EVENT -

    THE INTERIM WORKSHOP

    The interim workshop was held two

    weeks into the process and was an

    opportunity for designers to present

    their rst ideas on each of the 19 city

    centre projects. The full-day workshop

    was attended by a design panel and

    was structured to allow projects with

    similar themes to be presented in the

    context of one another. Each team

    presented site analysis drawings as

    well as preliminary concept designs.

    It was a forum for hypothesising,

    testing ideas and receiving critical

    feedback. The event included

    participants from each of the

    design teams, a range of Council

    representatives and a distinguished

    design panel.

    A lm crew was in attendance to

    record the event and each of the

    design teams received written

    feedback in the following week.

    3 SEPTEMBER 2012

    THE DESIGN EVENT -

    THE FINAL WORKSHOP

    The nal workshop was held at

    the end of the design event and

    was the culmination of the Design

    Parramatta initiative to date. Similar

    in format to the interim workshop

    it was held as a full-day event with

    the design panel and design teams

    in attendance throughout the day.

    Each design team was required to

    present analysis drawings, conceptual

    design drawings and 3D images of

    their projects to enable others to

    understand the design thinking that

    led to a particular solution and how

    the scheme may eventually appear.

    The images also demonstrated

    how the proposal would change

    the existing site and facilitate future

    communications with the Parramatta

    community regarding the proposals

    in order for them to make comment

    and provide feedback to guide the

    next steps.

  • 26

    Exploration through scaled drawings, plans and models:

    A picture tells a thousand words

  • 27

    Feedback On the Process

    The workshop and group presentations were

    one of the most successful elements of Design

    Parramatta to date. Many participants expressed

    enthusiasm, appreciation and delight at the

    opportunity to present, review the work of other

    designers, and to receive similar feedback of

    their own. Similarly, Council staff expressed

    appreciation at being able to see projects unfold

    as works in progress. For many it was surprising

    to witness the design process, the many changes

    and iterations that can occur, and the huge

    range of factors that are brought to bear on any

    single city centre design project.

  • PART 2 /

    P

    28

  • PROJECTS

    29

  • 30

    Freemasons Arms Lane

    Barrack Lane

    Erby Place and Lane 13

    Wentworth Avenue Car Park & Lanes

    Batman Walk

    Blank Canvases

    River Square

    Charles Street Square

    Horwood Avenue-Civic Link

    Church Street Mall

    Clay Cliff Creek Parklands

    Smith & Station Streets

    George Street

    Macquarie Street

    Phillip Street

    Parramatta City Ring Road: Victoria Road, OConnell, Parkes and Harris Street

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    Plan of Design Parramatta Project sites

  • 31

    Introduction to Projects

    ...the best way to predict the future is to design it

    Buckminster Fullersystems theorist, architect, engineer,

    author, designer, inventor, and futurist,

    1895 1983

    Design Parramatta incorporated 15 sites and 19 projects within the Parramatta

    city centre. Each of the projects were either selected for their individual

    importance or their ability to contribute in a temporary or permanent way

    towards the City Centres program of urban renewal. As a group, the selected

    sites reect the complexity of the city centre and provided a canvas against

    which teams of varying levels of experience could participate. This in turn

    encouraged diverse designs reecting the citys scale and dynamism.

    Based on type, scale and program, four main groups of projects developed.

    Main Streets

    Public Spaces and Parks

    Lanes

    Art and Experimental

    During the design event, shared themes became apparent for the project

    groupings;

    the Main Streets teams focused on augmenting the structure, access and identity of the city centre

    the Public Spaces and Parks teams focused on public life in the city centre; creating places for public events and celebrations; and improving its

    amenity, especially through mediating the environment and introducing

    green elements

    the Lanes teams developed places suitable for local activation that could provide individuation, vibrancy and dynamism in their immediate vicinity

    and provide a more local counterpoint to the civic character created in the

    larger projects

    the Art and Experimental teams were able to bring to light previously hidden or less well-known sites in Parramattas city centre as well as creating

    pockets of surprise and beauty. Freed from the constraint of creating an

    enduring icon or place, these proposals could be current and immediate.

    s

  • The Main Streets

    32

    Clay Cliff Creek Par

    klands

    George St

    Par

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    Cit

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    Rd

    Phillip St

    Macquarie St

    1

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    9

    The Main Streets Projects are:

    1. George Street

    2. Macquarie Street

    3. Phillip Street

    4. Parramatta City Ring Road

    Diagram of Main Streets

  • George Street, Macquarie Street and Phillip Street

    are Parramattas three main east-west streets running

    parallel to the river, with continuous views through

    the entire city centre. These at long streets

    traverse the city centres core and connect to key

    institutions and the Parramatta City Ring Road, the

    Citys orbital loop.

    While their form, size, location and importance give

    them the potential to become major avenues, they

    currently lack this appearance. The ring road has

    been developed from seven existing streets to reduce

    traffic congestion and divert unnecessary traffic

    from Parramattas central core. Although it exists as

    a concept, because it is not widely recognised, the

    ring road is not as well used as envisaged. A common

    issue for each of these streets and routes is that none

    have a recognisable identity that distinguishes their

    role within the city centre or contributes civic quality,

    despite their importance to both the city centre wide

    access and Parramattas identity.

    The project briefs framed this issue in differing ways

    to reect each streets existing and potential future

    function in the larger network. For George Street the

    opportunity was about harnessing the heritage value

    and affirming the streets role as the city centres civic

    spine. For Macquarie Street the perceived opportunity

    was about designing the street to become an

    important transport corridor, potentially with light

    rail, linking to Parramattas Transport Interchange.

    For Phillip Street the opportunity was dened as

    highlighting the streets potential for night-time

    activation and as a connector of many important

    city centre thresholds.

    For Parramatta City Ring Road the opportunity

    was dened as creating a unique, compelling and

    cohesive identity for the route.

    The teams shared approach for each of these

    proposals centred on developing a rich analysis

    that unearthed the fundamental qualities of the site,

    leading to the formation of design principles for

    the streets ongoing character and future city centre

    function. The analyses of all four projects combine

    to form an interesting narrative about Parramattas

    development. Four routes of similar character

    have been redened to become more distinct

    and recognisable, with each providing a unique

    contributing character to Parramattas city centre.

    33

  • 34

    George Street, Parramatta, is Australias rst premeditated

    street its original grand and formal plan condently

    anticipating a vibrant future for Parramatta. Initially

    planned and constructed to a width of 60m wide, George

    Street was subsequently reduced to a more standard 25m

    width. Today, the street contains many important civic,

    government and heritage buildings.

    George Street is located midway between the

    Parramatta Transport Interchange and the

    Parramatta River and Parramatta CBDs principal east-

    west spine. Commencing at the Tudor Gates entrance

    to Parramatta Park, George Street crosses a range

    of city centre areas including; the Justice Precinct;

    Church Street retail and eateries; the future civic

    link and the city centre office core, and terminates

    at parklands at either end. Despite its historic

    importance, in 2012 George Streets signicance is

    not immediately recognisable and its character is

    fragmented along its length.

    George StreetHill Thalis Architecture + Urban Projects, Jane Irwin Landscape Architecture and Turpin + Crawford Studio

    Plan 1792 Plan 1805 Plan 1813

    1841 - Perth House 1885 - Tudor Gates1820-21 -Brislington 1823-29 - Harrisford 1924

  • 35

    Professor James Werrick

    Acknowledging the colonial mark is a generator of this project.

    The brief asked the team to revitalise George Street,

    harness its heritage value and affirm its role as

    Parramattas civic and commercial spine.

    A major strength of the teams approach was the

    comprehensive and detailed analysis of the streets

    historic development. The analysis showed the

    many important buildings along George Street that

    have been setback to the original wider alignment

    creating a series of small squares and forecourts.

    The scheme suggests that all existing forecourts

    and squares are retained and the built form between

    them should be limited to four storey podiums,

    with any new commercial towers set behind. The

    streets termination points would be reordered

    commensurate with the streets signicance and

    promote pedestrian priority at these parkland

    connections. The new double spatial order would

    guide the built form, location of street trees,

    landscape and art.

    Plan 1823

    1924-38 - Civic Arcade 1938 - Bank of NSW1930 - Roxy Theatre 1938 - Courthouse

    Plan 2012

    1793, Fernando Brambila

  • 36

    Sheila hand drawn Plan

    George Street will be reinstated as Parramattas pre-eminent street by emphasising its length, interpreting its original 60m width, celebrating its green ends and marking its symbolic cross axis.

    George Street Proposal -

    View East from Parramatta Park

  • 37

    The long-term design proposal would reinstate

    the streets grandeur and create an immediately

    recognisable identity for both the street and

    Parramattas city centre.

    The project would be realised through an Urban

    Design Strategy and an Urban Art Strategy.

    The proposed Urban Design Strategy involves:

    a double spatial order

    a series of small publicly accessible squares and forecourts

    changed podium heights and setbacks in the City Centre Develoment Control Plan to dene the

    existing squares and forecourts and emphasise the

    double spatial reading

    the elimination of requirements for awnings unless part of heritage architecture to highlight civic and

    commercial building elevations

    revitalisation of the individual squares by reducing walls and level changes, shifting stairs and ramps back

    from the edge of the 20m street reserve, to enable

    these spaces to reconnect with the life of the street

    reviewing street tree planting along George Street to concentrate in the squares and spaces beyond

    the 20m street reserve to preserve the vista down

    George Street

    deciduous planting in squares along the southern side to allow for good sun access during winter.

    Philip Thalis

    The CBD needs to gain a new understanding with George Street at its centre.

  • Perth House

    Justice Precinct

    Parramatta Park Threshold

    38

  • River Park

    Plan

    The Urban Art Strategy proposes a suite of site

    specic projects to highlight and reveal the underlying

    character of Parramattas rst planned street through a

    ghost heritage that would interpret:

    the lost ghost heritage in green anchor parklands framing either end of George Street

    the lost convict buildings along the former extension to George Street inside the gates of

    Parramatta Park

    the streets lost original length formerly extending into Parramatta Park

    the lost former colonial wharf to be reinstated as a waterside viewing tower, platform or design

    element activated by tide and water wash.

    39

    Ghost heritage Parramattas First Wharf

  • 40

    Macquarie Street - Existing View

    Macquarie Street is the southernmost of Parramatta city

    centres three main avenues and has been identied as

    a possible route for the proposed new light rail east-

    west route which would connect between Epping/

    Stratheld and Liverpool, via Sydney Olympic Park,

    the University of Western Sydney, Parramatta and the

    Westmead Biomedical precinct. Macquarie Street will

    connect to Parramattas Transport Interchange via the

    proposed public domain of Parramatta Square.

    The brief asked the team to redesign Macquarie

    Street as a key component of Parramattas transport

    interchange, with a two-way light rail system and

    platforms at Parramatta Square and Civic Link in the

    heart of the city centre.

    The team presented a highly compelling narrative

    of the symbiotic relationship between transport

    and Parramattas historical development and then

    described the best way that the light rail could help

    renew Parramattas city centre.

    Six key periods mark points of change in the history of

    Parramattas city centre.

    1792 Ferry town at western extent of navigable Parramatta

    River

    town serviced by water

    ferry docked to east of township

    George Street as rst planned street from ferry to Government House

    river an extension of the axis

    extension of grid to south.

    1883 Steam Train arrival of rail makes Church Street the major north-

    south route

    larger ferries unable to reach original wharf

    steam tram on George Street to new wharf at Duck River from 1883

    Macquarie StreetCox Richardson Architects and Planners, Oculus and Parsons Brinkerhoff

  • 41

    Church Street c 1950

    Church Street c 1950View

    tram north to Baulkham Hills opened 1902 and extended to Castle Hill in 1910

    major catchment to the north reinforces importance of Church Street.

    1920-50s Car private vehicles displace public transport

    trams removed by 1932 (Castle Hill) and George Street (1943)

    Church Street as major north-south arterial

    congestion increases as Western Sydney grows

    main street retail on Church Street

    new vehicular river crossings.

    1970s Ring Road function of streets and urban blocks altered to

    accommodate cars

    traffic volumes on Church Street impact city centre environment

    ring road formed to eliminate through traffic in central Parramatta

    structured car parks built in the city centre

    pedestrianisation of Church Street at St. Johns

    one-way road system introduced.

    2015 Light Rail light rail transport facilitates north-south

    connectivity

    two-way light rail on Macquarie Street

    north-south light rail on Marsden Street

    relationship to transport interchange

    Pitt/Macquarie streets not part of ring road - OConnell Street two-way

    Church Street one-way south from George Street

    connect park to park and break down block length

    - new north-south links.

  • 42

    View of Macquarie Street looking east

  • 43

    Macquarie Street will drive the development of large opportunity sites and become a tree-lined boulevard for light rail, cars and pedestrians with integrated platforms.

  • 44

    Public Domain Plan - Space Types

    Public Domain for a nationally important CBD

  • 45

    ISSUES & OPPORTUNITIES Straight alignment Straight footpaths Platforms integrated into the public

    domain Stopping zones up to 50m long - less

    impact on public domain, tree planting etc Footpath width on south side of

    street 4.1m - 5.2m Footpath width on north side of

    street +/- 4m One north drive accessed affected and

    one southern driveway access affected by stop locations

    Two-way light rail - Option 2 Side platform

    Designs were based on the assumption that the

    proposed system needed to be compatible with other

    Sydney light rail systems. These are:

    System Assumptions

    vehicle length 30m - 40m

    280m - 320m distance between stops

    minimum stop widths - 2m [side footpath] - 2.8m [single sided island]

    stop lengths 40m

    potential for lane sharing on intersections for turning

    LRT priority at traffic lights

    overhead power supply or battery/hidden rail through the city centre allows tree planting.

    Route options and typical street sections were

    prepared and compared with the preferred option

    providing for the best integration of the platforms and

    tracks within the street and allowing for a ne avenue

    of new street tree planting to be implemented. It

    would have:

    a two-way system on Macquarie Street with side platforms on north and south pavements traffic

    one-way west or east in central lane

    lines located on east and west pavements to maximise connectivity to pedestrian network

    a route joining George Street at Harris Street intersection and passing along the edge of Robin

    Thomas Reserve

    a north-south light rail route that may be relocated to Marsden Street to protect Church Street amenity.

  • 46

    Phillip StreetHASSELL

    Phillip Street is the threshold between the grid of

    Parramatta city centre and Parramatta River and links

    many city centre destinations including the Justice

    Precinct; the proposed new Riverbank Square, eat

    street north and nine connecting lanes. It is the

    shortest and most northern of Parramattas three main

    east-west avenues. It is uniquely positioned, with river

    frontage at both ends of the street, and could form a

    direct axis between Parramattas ferry wharf and the

    southern end of (and potential entry to) Parramatta

    Stadium. Currently Phillip Street has a scattered

    pattern of functions and activity with many available

    spaces for adaption and activation.

    Phillip Street existing view

  • 47

    GEORGE ST= +70%

    MACQUARIE ST= +130%

    CHURCH ST= +500%

    1. Phillip Street is close (but not connected) to the river

    CITY CORE

    RIVER CORRIDOR

    2. Phillip Street is the dividing line between city and river

    A STREET FLOODED WITH LANDSCAP

    A STREET FLOODED WITH LIGHT

    3. Phillip Street can be visually extended to the water

    Eating and drinking

    Eating and drinking

    Shopping

    Shopping

    Doing business

    Doing business

    4. Phillip Street can become an important social space

    1_Arrive by ferry 2_Wait for buddies in Market Square 3_A couple of pre-match beers4_Parramatta Stadium (only a 5 minute walk!) 5_Celebratory drinks at the Streetside Bar6_Night market for kebabs7_Onward to Church Street...8_How did I get home again ...?

    5. Phillip Street can amediate the conditions of city and river

    Parramatta Park/Stadium

    Ferry Wharf

    6. Two lines of subsurface infrastructure are introduced

    Parramatta Park/Stadium

    Ferry Wharf

    7. End points are marked with larger elements

    Culture Precinct

    Justice Precinct

    Chu

    rch

    Str

    eet

    Commercial Precinct

    Riverside Precinct

    Parramatta Park/Stadium

    Ferry Wharf

    8. Phillip Street has a scattered pattern of functions and activity

    84%SPEAK ENGLISH+ ANOTHERLANGUAGE

    OF PEOPLE (CBD) BORNOVERSEAS

    50%#2LGA INSYDNEY (2010)

    RAPIDLYEVOLVING 85.9%

    OF BUSINESSES HAVE 1-4 EMPLOYEES) 5

    ENTRE- PRENEURIAL

    MULTI-CULTURAL

    35.2% OF PEOPLE ARE AGED

    25-34 YRS

    YOUNG

    GLOBALLY CONNECTED

    9. Parramattas population today

  • 48

    The brief asked the team to design a high quality

    street environment to highlight the various city

    thresholds and embrace the streets potential as a

    night-time destination.

    Two major strengths of the teams approach were the

    recognition of Parramatta city centres existing and

    future community and the identication of the streets

    potential to be extended along its axis to connect to

    the southern tip of Parramatta Stadium. This would

    bring this popular and symbolic destination into real

    connection with the city centre, public transport

    and other key night-time destinations. The concept

    proposal identied a loose structure to create a

    special character and highlight the many recreational

    destinations that can be reached from Phillip Street.

    They illustrated this by mapping a range of imaginary

    routes that a visitor could experience.

    Parramatta is a young area that is highly multicultural

    leading to a demand for new urban amenities

    and services that meet the needs of the diverse

    population. A large portion of the population speaks

    a language other than English and the majority of

    businesses in Parramatta are small. We recognise the

    entrepreneurial spirit that exists in Parramatta and we

    are looking to harness and promote this in our design.

    HASSELL.

    Two lines of subsurface infrastructure are introduced Phillip Street experiences: the daily journey home

    WATER SYSTEM(subsurface water collection system)

    CIVIC SYSTEM(water, energy, gas, fibre, etc)

    1_Arrive by train 2_Drop by the gym 3_Pick up take-away dinner 4_Home

    Phillip Street will become a new event promenade linking adjoining night-time and recreational uses with Parramatta Stadium and Charles Street Wharf.

    LIGHT SCULPTUREINFORMATION POS

    WATER TREATMENPARK

    End points are marked with

    larger elements

  • 49

    Design tactics

    Streetside parking is inhabited for night and

    weekend uses

    The design detailing was conceived as an apparatus

    for community activity. The proposal introduces

    two lines of infrastructure. On the northern river

    side, a subsurface water and drainage system would

    support the landscape. On the southern city side

    there would be a system of multifunction poles to

    integrate energy, gas and most importantly light, and

    become markers for different activities. The riverside

    terminations would be marked by a larger sculptural

    element and open space. The new infrastructure

    would identify Phillip Streets city/river threshold

    character, with each side of the street reecting their

    adjacent and differing contexts. There would be mini

    parks, reed beds and rain gardens. Green trellis would

    be used to create shade, points of rest and to mitigate

    ooding and heat island effects. Light poles could

    support market structures for evening food stalls and

    weekend markets, incorporating inbuilt projectors for

    street cinemas and providing information screens,

    community notice boards, phone charging points and

    drinking fountains and other services.

    HASSELL

    This design will establish Phillip Street as an event street. It will enable the community to actively shape the street and adapt it to their various requirements on a daily basis.

    Setback zones become lled with

    landscape and sculpture

    Design tactics

    LIGHT SCULPTURE/ INFORMATION POST

    WATER TREATMENT PARK

  • 50

    The Parramatta City Ring Road was planned to

    reduce traffic congestion by diverting through

    traffic away from the city centre. It comprises seven

    existing streets; the Great Western Highway, Pitt

    Street, OConnell Street, Victoria Street, Macarthur

    Street, Harris Street and Parkes Street. While the road

    infrastructure exists, as do several planned design

    changes to traffic lanes and signalling, to increase

    capacity and efficiency, the ring road and its relation

    to the city and surrounds has not been well articulated

    to date.

    The brief asked the team to create a unique, compelling

    and cohesive identity for the Parramatta City Ring Road.

    The team started from the assumption that the

    roads identity is interwoven with the city centre,

    both spatially and from an image perspective.

    They undertook extensive site analysis including

    mapping, photographs and documentation of

    physical attributes and asked community members

    to describe Parramatta as a place, as well as to draw

    its perimeter.

    Parra Block is the name the team developed to

    embrace all aspects of the project, including the

    functional and physical and the changed perception

    of the city centre.

    Appropriately for a project with such a strong focus

    on movement through space, sequence, image and

    way nding, these analyses were edited together with

    a drive around the road to create a lm bringing the

    whole experience together.

    The analysis described several key elements:

    the ring road doesnt correspond to the actual city centre boundaries, either physically or perceptually

    the ring road, due to its width and heavy traffic volumes could act as a barrier or could become

    a gateway element into the city centre and a

    connector between the city and surround rather

    than a divider

    28 streets and paths currently cross the ring road, where people enter or leave the block

    Parramatta City Ring RoadTERROIR, ASPECT Studio, u.lab University of Technology Sydney and Richard Goodwin Pty Ltd

    Boring, plain, frustrating, 1980s

  • 51

    a large low-density neighbourhood exists inside the ring road but outside Parramattas city centre, and

    could become a new high-density neighbourhood

    to enrich Parramatta and help develop the city,

    namely the north bank.

    new citizens will help to strengthen and subtly rene the city centres identity as it grows and

    cultural programs will help to attract these citizens

    to Parramatta.

    The team extrapolated that in 20 years time the

    combination of the ring road and the city centres

    40km pedestrian amenity zone could greatly

    reduce the percentage of vehicles in the city centre

    compared to people walking, using public transport

    and cycling which would further enliven Parramattas

    cultural and street life and the city centres resilience.

    Parra Block would be developed via a 20-year plan to

    become a distinct place to live, work and create.

    Its four main components are:

    1. The City Centre project

    2. The North Bank project

    3. Pressure Point projects. A series of pressure

    point projects providing improved connectivity are

    necessary to deliver the vision; including bridges, river

    buildings, cycle paths and pedestrian networks; which

    integrate the 14 other curated city centre projects.

    4. Software projects. Culture will be developed in

    parallel with the physical projects over a 20-year

    timeframe with small initial projects gathering creative

    citizens via social media and public engagement to

    larger and longer-term ambitions to develop major

    cultural institutions.

    I think of a place where there are people from all over the world.

    Very busy place, pretty much got everything.

    I think of traffic and congestion.

  • 52

    9

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    Residents and workers were asked to

    draw Parramatta City Centre

    Parramatta City Ring Road - Existing Views

    Parramatta City Ring Road - Existing Plan

  • 53

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    In addition to the analysis and lm, the team prepared

    concept designs for three dening parts of the

    proposed ring road.

    a new pedestrian bridge across the river at Gasworks Bridge

    improved intersection design for ring road users as well as people crossing at the intersection of

    Church Street and Great Western Highway

    a schematic approach to ne grain densication of the proposed addition to the city centre in the

    northeastern corner.

  • 54

    Map with 4 strategies = Church Street

    Church Street

    GREAT WESTERN HWYPARKES STREET

    CHURCH STREET

    CHURCH STREET

    CCOONNDIITIOO : EXIISSTTCURRENT C ON : EXISTINGTRAAFFIC FFLLOWWS TRAFFIC FL

    EAST DIRECTION

    SOUTH DIRECTION

    NORTH DIRECTION

    WEST DIRECTION

    1:1000

    Map with 4 strategies = Church Street

    Gasworks Bridge

    Map with 4 strategies = Church Street

    North Bank

    CHUR

    CH ST

    REET

    MARS

    DEN

    MARS

    DEN

    RSST

    REET

    STRE

    ET

    SMITH

    STSM

    ITHST

    SMSRE

    ETRE

    ETTR

    PARRAMATTA RIVER

    CHUR

    CH S

    TREE

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  • 55

    CHURCH STREET

    CHURCH STREET

    GREAT WESTERN HWY PARKES STREET

    1:1000

    BB I F : ADDITTIOONAAL RRI T HHAANNDDBRIEF : ADDIT RIGHT HANDTTURN NNORTTHH BOUUNDTURN NORTH [[AAD ITIOONAL LANNEE][ADDITIONAL LANE]

    WEST DIRECTION

    EAST DIRECTION

    SOUTH DIRECTION

    NORTH DIRECTION

    NEW RIGHT HAND TURN LANE WAY

    SECTION A 1:200

    SECTION B 1:200

    ELELELEELEVATIOELEVATIOEE N C 1:50N 0

    NEWNEWNEWNEW GASGASGASGAS WORKWORKWORKWORKS BRS BRS BRS BRIDGEIDGEIDGEIDGE PROPROPRO PROPOSAPOSAPOSAPOSALLLL

    HARR

    IS S

    TREE

    T

    PARRAMATTA RIVER

    WILD

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    BULL

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    THOMAS STREET

    NORTH BANORTH BANK AREANK AREA

    FORESHORFORESHORE ACTIVAE ACTIVATION TION ZONEZO

    NEW PEDENEW PEDEW PEDEW STRIAN LTRSTRIAN LINKSINKS

    NEWNEW CYCLEW CYCLE PATHE PATH

    OPEN SPAPEN SPN SPACECE

    NEW BUILEW BUILW DING DENDING DENE SITYSITTT

    RETAIN BTAIN BAIN BRETAIN BUILT FABUILT FABUILT FAUILT FAA RICRIC

    UPGRADE UPGRADE BRIDGE BRIDGE CONNECTICONNECTIONONEW & UPGRADED ADEDPEDESTRIAN BRIDGES

    RING ROAROAD BOUNDAU RY

    EXISTINGEXISTINEXISTINGS BUILT CBUILT C BUILT CT CT BDBDD

    PHASPHASPHPHP EE 2:2: NEW NEWW MIXIXED-U-UEE SEDURBAURBAN DEN DEDD NSITNSITY TOY T NORRTHTH BTH ANKKA

    Parramatta Ring Road will become an identiable threshold inviting movement between Parramattas city centre and surrounding neighbourhoods, and directing ows around the city centre.

    Proposal 1 - Church Street

    Proposal 2 -Gasworks Bridge

    Proposal 3 -North bank

  • Public Spaces and Parks

    Clay Cliff Creek Par

    klands

    George St

    Par

    ram

    atta

    Cit

    y R

    ing

    Rd

    Phillip St

    Macquarie St

    1

    2

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    10

    11

    12

    13

    14

    15

    16

    9

    The Public Space and Parks Projects are

    5. River Square

    6. Charles Street Square

    7. Horwood Avenue-Civic Link

    8. Church Street Mall

    9. Clay Cliff Creek Parklands

    10. Smith and Station Streets Greening

    Diagram of Public Spaces and Parks Projects

    56

  • Like many Australian cities, Parramattas public life

    has focused on its streets rather than its squares.

    Recognising the need for larger spaces to house big

    events and the importance of squares to foster the

    planned and spontaneous social life and activities that

    encourage people to gather, Parramatta is planning

    for the creation of new public spaces as well as

    substantially reworking and expanding existing spaces.

    The sites are located in a north-south spine along the

    centre of the city centre and several coincide with

    one or more of the major streets projects.

    The public space and parks projects share a theme

    of change and represent most clearly Parramattas

    aspirations for transformation. One of these sites,

    River Square, does not currently exist as a public

    space, and two sites, the Civic Link and Clay Cliff

    Creek Parklands, involve considerable expansion

    of the current space and complete renewal. While

    the Church Street Mall, Charles Street Square and

    Smith and Station Streets greening projects inhabit

    existing spaces, major transformation of the spaces

    appearance are proposed through transguring the

    plan, decluttering the site and including elements

    such as seating and stalls that will encourage people

    to inhabit the space, rather than just passing through.

    Three of the public space sites are streets with

    reduced traffic roles to allow increased pedestrian

    and social life. These are:

    Church Street Mall which has been closed (between Darcy and Macquarie streets) to traffic

    since 1970

    Horwood Avenue a partially existing street that will be extended when a Council car park is

    demolished to create a civic link extending from

    Parramatta Transport Interchange through to the

    river. Even though it will be as wide as a main street,

    the avenues traffic role is limited to providing

    access to buildings, affording spare capacity for a

    series of small pedestrian pocket parks.

    Smith and Station Streets are currently major traffic arteries with widened footpaths created by

    generous building setbacks providing considerable

    potential for a green overlay to enhance its current

    function as a major bus route.

    These three projects shared a common theme of

    creating smaller spaces within a larger public area to

    catalyse activation and create small havens of amenity

    and comfort. The opportunity for Church Street Mall

    was to propose options for an immediate short-term

    makeover/clean up designed to improve the malls

    appearance, and encourage events. The opportunity

    for Horwood Avenue was to design a green spine

    including water, landscape, and places to socialise

    and relax. The opportunity for Smith and Station

    Street Greening was to propose alternative green

    solutions for footpath locations where street trees are

    precluded due to services and other conditions.

    Presented as a green necklace of parks and places

    along Clay Cliff Creek, this teams proposal extended a

    linear park model to link important parks surrounding

    Parramattas city centre and form a four kilometre

    continuous parkland walk with the potential to act

    as a new green lung for the city centre and foster

    new recreational activities. This expanded green loop

    would corresponded with the eastern section of the

    ring road loop as well as the three main city streets

    and also points to opportunities for a revitalised image

    for Parramattas city centre.

    re

    g

    57

  • 58

    River Square, a new public space, is planned to

    replace an existing Council car park.

    The brief asked the team to design a concept for a

    new riverfront square and terraced foreshore to the

    river and parklands. The square, an urban character,

    would have; capacity for everyday uses and well

    as major events of up to 20,000 people, be able to

    withstand ooding and designed on the assumption

    that the ferry wharf remains at Charles Street.

    The team noted that the river is presently barely

    visible from adjoining streets due to the level

    changes and width. They subtly expanded the brief

    as about reconnecting with the river physically

    and symbolically and transforming a vast space

    at the edge into a meeting place at the heart,

    allowing for gathering, meeting, quiet contemplation,

    conversations and celebrations.

    There were important functional requirements that

    needed to be resolved:

    the six to eight metre change in levels between the city centre and the water

    the requirement for a space that works well for individuals, groups, and city centre and regional

    events

    the creation of a thematic link to the Civic Link

    periodic ooding impacts.

    The simple, pared back and restrained design

    would provide an elegant and enduring space for

    Parramattas city centre, that amplies the river rather

    Helen Lochhead

    ... Parramatta needs to bring people back to the river ... This is a once in a lifetime opportunity to re-engage with the water in an evocative way.

    River SquareJAAA, Environmental Partnership, Turf Design Studio, Roberts Day, Equatica and Electrolight

    A low still reective canal

  • 59

    A place that offers respite - to simply sit & chat or accomodates a celebrating community

    than dominating or competing with it. The square

    has a unique character and its scale would augment

    Paramattas existing suite of public spaces

    Four main elements are proposed.

    The River Steps

    The river steps are the spine of the square, a

    continuous unifying link running the 250m length of

    the square, and allowing access to the river edge at

    any point. The general step structure is a 1600mm

    wide by 450mm high terrace step. Walkway and

    ramp access would be embedded within the steps,

    providing seamless at grade access to the river edge.

    The river walk widens out to a promenade at the base

    of the river steps. Further modulation of the steps

    would allow for widened platforms of grass and gravel

    in which you can nestle and nd quiet, and the tree

    canopy is integrated.

    Steps are also proposed on the northern bank,

    cascading down and visually linking the square across

    the river.

    The Green

    A generous open grass green space would be at the

    heart of the square. The grassy lawn gently orients

    towards the river, overlooking the steps and terraces

    and facing the wooded northern foreshore and the

    suns warmth. The lawn would accommodate many

    modes of use from weekday lunchtimes to events and

    gatherings.

  • 60

    Upper Plaza

    The upper plaza anked by cafes and bars would be

    above the river ood level (at RL 6.4), and provide a

    meandering progression through colonnades and

    smaller spaces that open up at bends and junctions.

    The Link

    The river link would extend the Horwood Place axis

    and draw you in. The Willow Grove heritage building

    provides a ne anchor to this link and could be anked

    by still reective water, echoing the rivers character.

    Water would transition into ephemeral shallow

    depressions in the main square overlooking the river

    that would ll with rainfall and provide opportunities

    River Square will be a grand square drawing people to the river, formed by elemental, grandly proportioned terraces, lawns and stairs.

    River Square Proposal - View from the North Bank

  • 61

    for engaging with the water. The marshalling of the

    waters in lineal formations echoes the strength of the

    business district while the capacity for overow and

    ripple reects the ephemeral modes of the river at the

    River Square drawing the curious through to the plaza.

    At the centre of the link, a new public building made

    of glass and with public and cultural uses is proposed

    to replace the existing rear extension to Willow Grove.

    Public Domain Driven Development

    A masterplan with some suggested renements is also

    proposed identifying some modication of building

    footprints potentially with concessions for height

    to maintain gross oor area which would enable an

    extended river plaza.

    The potential to integrate nodal spaces within the lane

    network may also be possible.

    Floods and Levels

    1:20 ood level = 5.5

    1:100 ood level = 6.0

    Minimum habitable level = 6.4

    River level generally = 1.15

    Drop from adjoining streets to river level = 7-8 metres

  • 62

    Context Plan

    River Square Proposal - View looking East

  • 63

    masterplanMasterplan

  • 64

    The Charles Street Square site is the closest access

    point to the river and parklands from Parramattas

    main city centre area and at its lowest point is the

    ferry wharf. The current space is cluttered, municipal

    in character and acts as a visual barrier to the river.

    The brief asked the team to redesign the northern

    terminus of Charles Street and create a lively urban

    square and series of terraces adjoining the wharf and

    river parklands.

    The teams approach was based on detailed historical

    and physical analysis of the sites development.

    They noted:

    Here saltwater meets fresh, and inland waters rst

    reach those of the tidal harbour. .

    Prior to European settlement, this place was a

    gathering place for traders from across Australia.

    Middens and stones attest to the power of this place

    as a place of coming together ...

    Governor Phillips plan for this part of Parramatta

    included a riverfront square, Queen Square, and

    survives somewhat in the current name for this area,

    Charles Street Square.

    Its current use an as a ferry landing point is, in some

    ways, a continuation of this earlier pattern. Charles

    Street Square team

    The analysis led to their description of the site as

    being a place in motion and to a design approach

    centred on drawing the broader city grid and natural

    setting into place and stripping back the unnecessary

    clutter to reveal the sites inherent potential, and

    improve its function.

    Charles Street SquareContext Landscape Design, Zoe Spiegel, CM+ and Urban Art Projects

  • 65

    GREEN- Landscape Planes- Canopy- Green walls

    PLACE- tidal salt water / river- fresh water weir- embankments- slopes- 1:100 storm ood line RL 6

    AXES + VIEWS- Phillip Street axis- Charles Street axis- Water axis

    MOVEMENT- Pedestrian- Ferry- Pier- Vehicles

    ACTIVITIES- Ferry- Cafe- Amphitheatre- Water performance- Park Ribbon- Sound + Light

    Charles Street Square team

    There is motion in the tides, in ferry movements, in people arriving and departing, and in vehicles skirting the edge of the space ... These movements give this place an authentic life, but are not yet placed into a framework ...

    Charles Street Square - Existing

  • 66

    Charles Street Square will be pared back to its essential elements to connect to the river, frame the escarpment and create activated terraces.

    Charles Street Square - Proposal View from the North

  • 67

    Charles Street Square team

    The development of the city centre, required a bold vision for projecting the city grid over the landscape to create a clear urban framework Our responsibility would be to respect the places past while giving its narrative meaning for the future. We envision a new name for this place that does not rely on a nearby street name, but supports its own complex identity Water Square.

  • 68

    Charles StreetPhillip StreetPlazaCafe TerracePhillip St PierPier KioskRivercat dockRiver amphitheatreRiver walkWeirBasinArtwork to pierTidal artworkRiverside artworkOutlook/artworkTo River Sq.To Queen Sq.

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    The design builds upon the city centre grid by

    projecting street corridors north and south of the

    river to dene a greater square that also embraces the

    river. New elements were then positioned to reinforce

    this conceptual square and to make a place that is

    conducive to movement and resting.

    Phillip Street is unique in Parramatta as it essentially

    begins and ends at the river. As such it provides an

    opportunity for connecting the city centre, physically

    and metaphorically, back to the river. Charles Street

    Square team

    Philip Street would be extended as an art walk, and a

    metaphorical landing pier toward the east that would

    act as a marker (when seen from the river), allow for

    a caf overlooking the river and provide shelter for

    arriving and departing passengers beneath. Its eastern

    end could house a signature piece of art visible along

    Phillip Street.

    The Charles Street axis would continue down to

    the water, (as it once did for cattle crossing), and be

    marked by a landscape gesture. The other sides of

    the square would be implied within bush and riverside

    parkland across the river and art pieces would be

    installed to inviting the public to discover the square.

    The slope down to the river would be congured as

    a folded welcome terrace providing access as well

    as a place for gathering; lunch sunshine, evening

    performances, and promenade.

  • 69

    15

    Concept Plan

    Helen Lochhead

    There is nothing static in the quality of the site. There is an opportunity to reinforce its dynamism and make the invisible visible . But it doesnt want to be overdesigned ... It wants to be the prelude and part of a new language in how the city centre meets the river.

    Detail

  • 70

    The Horwood Avenue Civic Link is a planned

    extension of Horwood Place that would eventually

    connect Parramattas two major public spaces, the

    River and the transport interchange beyond.

    The brief asked the team to design a green spine

    including water, landscape, and places to socialise

    and rest.

    The team identied the sites key elements as being;

    passage and ow of people and cars; the existing

    and evolving built form; and the creation of places

    of collection and pooling of water, sunlight and

    activity. They developed a narrative around three

    main themes, ow, ux and collection, to integrate

    these elements. The extensive site analysis also

    revealed the importance of the section both longwise

    and cross wise to understanding this site and revealing

    and magnifying its unique characteristics. A long-term

    vision as well as short-term interventions embracing

    the reality of the here and now have been proposed.

    Horwood Avenue Civic LinkGallagher Ridenour, Redshift and Equatica

  • 71

    CIVICPLACE

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    FLUXFLOWCOLLECT

    Axis - Civic Place to River Square

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    Analysis

    Horwood Avenue - Existing View

  • 72

    Horwood Avenue Civic Link will become an activated green spine connecting Parramatta Square and River Square.

  • 73

    Pools

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    Conceptual plan

    Horwood Avenue Proposal - View of New Bar near Roxy

  • 74

    12pm - January 22 12pm - March 22 12pm - June 22 20st

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    Flow

    The design reveals the ow of water through the site.

    Rain gardens are located at key areas of stormwater

    collection and extend beyond the kerb edge and into

    the public space, creating incidental garden rooms.

    Horwood Avenue team

    The design is for a generous 10m wide linear

    pedestrian footpath along the eastern side of the

    street, providing ease of movement and social places.

    At four locations, there would be groves of deciduous

    trees extending the full width of the street, creating

    pockets of sun and shade, protection and respite.

    A rain garden threshold would extend across the

    avenue signalling the nearby river, where the street

    slopes down to Phillip Street.

    The rain gardens could be watered by stormwater

    runoff from adjoining Council car park rooftops

    collected through a tapestry of coloured pipes.

    New lighting and paving would reinforce pedestrian

    movement. The detailed design of materials and

    elements such as inlet kerbs, facetted gutter

    details and custom paving would make explicit the

    concealed patterns of the stormwater ow and

    collection.

    Flux

    Recognising that Horwood Avenue is a space in ux,

    the design changes the proposed building envelopes

    (to those currently proposed in the Development

    Control Plan) to ensure maximise solar access can

    reach the street during lunchtime hours.

  • 75

    Option 2

    4m 6m 10m

    Horwood Place

    carriagewayfootpath linear walk

    west eastMac

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    Temporary installation - Carpark Water Treatment

    Closure of the southern vehicular entry to Horwood

    Place car park is suggested in the short-term to

    improve the exisiting pedestrian link through the car

    park. This can be achieved without undue impact on

    car park function, and would be a rst step to creating

    the busy pedestrian area lined with retail tenancies

    envisaged in the long-term.

    Collection and Pooling

    The design provides many opportunities for gathering

    and meeting. There would be seating and small

    squares at the cross-locations of lanes and the

    avenue. Seating would also be located beneath

    tree groves. Garden beds and seating have been

    sited and scaled to encourage incidental gathering

    and meeting.

    Two options for seating were developed in more detail

    next to the blank western faade (facing Horwood

    Place) of the Roxy Theatre. One, a low-key approach,

    involves alternating planting with terraces and seating

    facing the street. The second more dramatic and

    theatrical solution creates a four metre high stepped

    bleacher terrace facing north.

    The terrace would connect to a second higher terrace,

    (providing for future connection into the Roxy) and

    create a public stage. Beneath the terraces would be a

    small caf/or bar with colourful lighting, creating a new

    destination under the red neon sign of the Roxy Theatre.

  • 76

    Church Street Mall is the city centres most enduring

    public space but currently lacks identity, civic

    character and is perceived by some to be unsafe at

    certain times of day. The long-term plan is for the mall

    to become the rst in a series of interlocking public

    spaces running across Parramatta Square.

    The brief asked the team to propose two different

    options for an immediate short-term makeover/clean

    up to improve the malls appearance, encourage

    visitation, and events while the construction of

    Parramatta Square unfolds over the next 10-15 years.

    Church Street Mall is a valuable public space that has

    been incrementally added to without a vision for its

    role in the city centres public life. The space contains

    some of Parramattas oldest civic buildings and

    monuments, but they are aligned along the previous

    streets geometry resulting in a space more suited

    to walking and moving through than gathering and

    socialising.

    Church Street MallJMD Design, Lacoste + Stevenson, Daryl Jackson Robin Dyke, Toko. and Pamela See

  • 77

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    Historical elements and the site

    1. St Johns Church 2. Town Hall 3. Centennial Clock 4. Royal Gates 5.Protected view to church from Church Street

    Church Street Mall team

    Church Street Mall suffers the same fate as many Australian city centres; we need a pedestrian area, lets close a street! This has not achieved a great public space for pedestrians, market stall holders, entertainers, and public art or Council maintenance staff ...

    Church Street Mall - Existing

  • 78

    Legend

    1. Market lanterns.2. Pavement artwork activity zone.3. Ephemeral water feature.4. Upgraded playground.5. Church gate.6. Seating edge.7. Flower beds.8. Cinema screen.9. Lighting.10. Future light rail.

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    Macquarie Street

    Proposal 1: The Public Room(s)

    In this rst option the dominance of the street

    geometry is minimised and a new order that is more

    like a public room is created from a series of smaller

    spaces. The newly congured space integrates with

    the St Johns Church garden and childrens playspace

    area to create a legible whole that would be able to

    accommodate a full range of current and future civic,

    event and social functions.

    Three different but related principal spaces

    terminating the newly created Parramatta Square and

    Church Street connection to Westeld are proposed.

    a paved market area runs north south

    an upgraded playground and water feature on axis with the northern section of Church Street

    the gardens of St Johns and its forecourt.

    The paved market area would reinforce the markets

    as a major and recurrent event. It would be anchored

    Concept 1

  • 79

    acquarie Street

    Concept 1 - Plan Concept 1

    at its northern end by permanent iconic stalls

    providing colour and shade and serving as lanterns

    at night. New paving would incorporate public art.

    The permanent market would be augmented with

    temporary stalls as demand dictates. Performance and

    cinema would take place at the southern end of the

    market area. There would be places to sit and watch

    the world go by. It is a place of activity and vibrancy

    as people traverse it towards the station and southern

    retail precinct. Should the light rail eventuate it could

    also run through this space.

    In contrast, the gardens of St Johns, including lawns

    and beds, would continue to be a place of calm and

    repose for conversation, reading and exercise.

    Construction hoardings along the southern end of

    Church Street would be enlivened with public art

    projections and crazy mirrors to invigorate the mall in

    the short-term.

    Church Street Mall will become a lively public square and garden area providing a setting for heritage buildings and events and a front door to Parramatta Square.

  • 80

    Proposal 2: The River Of Activity

    This second option accepts the strong diagonal

    street geometry of the mall and utilises it as an

    organisational device to unify the surrounding

    areas that symbolically and physically reconcile the

    opposing forces of history and development. The

    concept builds upon the ideas of Parramatta Square

    as a meeting place and Parramatta as the meeting

    place of salt and fresh water. It sees the river as a

    conceptual spine with the ability to reconcile the

    sites disparate and sometimes opposing elements.

    Historical buildings meet new development, farming

    meets the civic space.

    A unifying space would be created that could provide

    all of the necessary functions of a multicultural civic

    space. Utilising many of the same features as the

    rst concept, this option also delivers exibility to

    the space, allowing it to be reinvented, night and day

    through the use of multifunction street furniture and

    innovative lighting to highlight elements.

    Concept 2

  • 81

    Concept 2 - Plan

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  • 82

    View of proposed screen

  • 83

    Market as exible street furniture

    Night time view

    Both concept designs envisage a more cohesive,

    distinct place with an altered geometry and an

    improved public domain.

    Adjacent areas including the grass and gardens

    surrounding St Johns and the future Parramatta

    Square are embraced in both proposals.

    A suite of common elements has also been designed

    to accompany both schemes. The range includes

    purpose-built stalls and street furniture elements

    which will help to animate the public realm.

  • 84

    Clay Cliff Creek Parklands is a proposal for several

    new neighbourhood parks and the revitalisation of

    Jubilee Park to form a much needed local recreational

    focus in Auto Alley, along Church Street south of the

    Transport Interchange.

    The brief asked the team to develop a concept for

    managing Clay Cliff Creek and designing adjoining

    parks, both existing and proposed, to assist in

    revitalising the Auto Alley area.

    The teams approach was complex and multi-layered.

    The new parklands were designed to accommodate

    intermittent ooding of Clay Cliff Creek, reduce the

    heat island effect, create a recreational focus and

    the potential for kitchen gardens while providing

    urban habitat. They summarised their approach as

    Urban by Nature, addressing the cross-dependencies

    within the infrastructures of water management, food

    production and heat islands.

    Clay Clif