Deprivation to Telangana Case for Separate Statehood Submitted to Committee for Consultations on the...

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Deprivation to Telangana Case for Separate Statehood Submitted to Committee for Consultations on the Situation in Andhra Pradesh (CCSAP) By Working Group for Preparation of Memorandum to CCSAP Constituted by Telangana Development Forum (TDF) India 7 th May 2010, Hyderabad

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  • Deprivation to TelanganaCase for Separate Statehood

    Submitted toCommittee for Consultations on the Situation in Andhra Pradesh (CCSAP)

    ByWorking Group forPreparation of Memorandum to CCSAP

    Constituted by Telangana Development Forum (TDF) India7th May 2010, Hyderabad

  • TDF believes that separate statehood for Telangana is the only solution for the restoring identity of the region and development of its people Began in New Jersey, USA in 1999; TDF-India formed in 2007; Has over 4000 members in the worldActivities of TDF in Telangana Exposing the discriminatory treatment meted to Telangana and support ongoing struggleRegular Teleconferences with political leaders and intellectualsDistribute literature, banners and stickers to create awareness on injustice done to TelanganaConducting events like 10K run, Telangana Nights, Human Chains, Save Earth campaigns, LecturesAssisted Lawyers in fighting cases; Assisted students in getting bails who were illegally arrested Reported to Human Rights Commission on the Police excesses in university campuses TDF USA has requested Video Conference with the members of Srikrishna CommitteeActivities of TDF in the WorldProtested in front of the UNO against visit of Sonia Gandhi in 2007; against visits of CBN and YSR Protested in front of Parliament of UK in London, all over the world; Hunger StrikesCelebrate spirit of TelanganaConducting cultural events that symbolize the spirit of Telangana like Bathukamma, Bonalu, Dasara, Kite festival , Dhoom-Dhaam; Conducting Pravasi Telangana Divas [PTD] every year Development ActivitiesScholarships to needy rural students; Facilitate NRIs adopting their native villages for improvement in hygiene, education, health etc.,Assisted stranded Telangana people in Gulf countriesTDF and Activities

  • Telangana MovementExpectation of 3.5 Crore people: Achieve separate statehood for Telangana within legal confines of Indian ConstitutionA truly democratic, peoples and mass movementDecisive electoral outcome: 1969, 2004, 2009Protests, Huge public gatherings, Public Rallies, Civil disobedience, Hunger Strikes; unique events like human chains, vanta varpu, dhoom dham; Ballads spread political messageTouching every village, every town, every city; Involved children, youth, old, women from all classesThe most widespread and politically-aware movement since Indian Independence MovementA legitimate movement India is an evolving democracy not a static oneStates will change shape in an evolving democracy Such stiff resistance to creation of new states is unheard of in mature democracies9 Committees formed so far and yet there is no decision on voice of 3.5 Crore peopleIndian Constitution allows creation of new statesArticle 3 suggests decision to be taken by Indian Parliament; not State Assembly for obvious reasonsNehrus Tryst with Destiny SpeechA moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.

  • Indian Democracy failed TelanganaMerged two historically, culturally, politically and economically distinct regions into one stateMany apprehensions expressed by leaders like Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, Fazal Ali and NehruGentlemens Agreement acted as a Contract for Marriage of unequals1969 Peoples Movement came out as a result of betrayals, broken promises, and consistent neglectRuthlessly suppressed; 370 killed, thousands injured, nearly 70,000 incarceratedNow, Telanganas are disillusioned and disenchanted: all legitimate routes closed for people of TelanganaElectoral, legal, legislative routes failedCurrent delay of formation of Telangana resulted in 270+ suicides Negative characterization of this movementDescribed as Naxal, extremist, or separatist movementWhat was valid for Andhras out of Madras State is denied to TelanganasPolitical machination of the bullies suppressing the weak, and buckling of Indian leaders to those pressures is the only reason why Telangana is not formedAndhras acting like jilted lover: Tu Haan Kar Ya Na Kar Tu hain meri Kiran

  • DiscriminationDiscrimination happens when two unequal cultures, races, groups vie for the same set of resources and opportunitiesWhen majority or privileged work for self-interest, the minority or the underprivileged lose outLyndon Johnson, said on Blacks being liberated in USA: You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say, "you are free to compete with all the others," and still justly believe that you have been completely fair.Low opinion: an essential ingredient for all discriminationsWhites discriminated against Blacks based on superiority of genes, culture and intelligenceMen discriminate against Women based on superiority in physical and mental strengthAndhras discriminated against Telangana based on superiority in language, culture and habitsUniversal characterization of Telanganas as lazy, drunkards, illiterate, bastardized by Muslim rule, unsophisticated, uncouth, and culturally inferior; ridicule of Telangana language, culture, and its historyMore than 25,000 movies show Telangana people as villains, buffoons, or workers, never a protagonistCase of discrimination not just backwardnessTelangana problem is falsely defined purely as a problem of backwardness when it is a case of exploitation by privileged and majority of the underprivileged and minorityBackwardness is an outcome of sustained and continuous discriminationWidespread discrimination based in deep-rooted prejudices cannot be addressed through measures like accords, agreements, packages, aids, etc.

  • IrrigationExtract of Justice Fazal Ali commissions report wherein viewpoint of Vishalandhra is expressedif one independent political jurisdiction, namely, that of Telangana, can be eliminated, the formulation and implementation of plans in the eastern areas in these two great river basins will be greatly expedited.Neglect of Telangana in irrigation projectsProjects proposed in erstwhile Hyderabad have been abandoned after mergerTill 1965, no major irrigation projects were taken up in Telangana in order to divert surplus funds to Andhra projectsFlourosis affected areas of Nalgonda have been denied irrigation and drinking water supplyPulichintala and Polavaram projects were taken up without additional ayacut being developedProjects of Nizamsagar and Ghanpur being denied irrigation releases from Singur project on Manjira river and diverting waters to Hyderabad for drinking water supply

  • Power GenerationList of projects identified but not taken up in TelanganaAt Kuntala, Pranahita, Inchampally, Singareddy, Dindi, Shankarpalli, Karimnagar totaling 4617 MWList of projects taken up and completed in SeemandhraVizayawada (1,2,3), Rayalaseema (1, 2), Vijjeswaram (1,2), NTPC (Simhadri, Talcher Kaniha), NLC, Madras, Kaiga, Jegurupadu, Kakinada, Kondapalli, Peddapuram, Vemagiri, Gautami, Konaseema totaling 4666 MWExample of neglect of projects in Telangana: Installation of EHV Substations and Transmission lines in Mahbubnagar (Palamoor) for Lift Irrigation schemes received only 16.47 Crores out of total planned 159.72 CroresTo give waters to Seemandhra, Srisailam water is not allowed to generate power during Nov-Jan imposing unofficial power cuts in Telangana, thereby depriving farmers of Telangana region to irrigate their crops who depend on bore wells.

  • Revenue & ExpenditureTelangana which had surplus in revenue account lost out on expenditure consistently in the merged stateBetween 1956-68, the relative share of Telangana in total revenue was higher (42%) than its share in total expenditure (37%)of the state leading to surplus on revenue account at Rs 64 crores; and that of Andhra deficitAfter the abolition of Telangana Regional Committee in 1973 GoAP has stopped providing statistics on revenue and expenditure based on region as unitSame trend of revenues being higher than expenditure in Telangana is continued even nowIn the recent four years (2003-07) Telangana exhibited surplus of revenue over expenditure in two yearsState has been receiving considerable transfers in the name of backwardness but which are not spent for backward regions of TelanganaUnder Finance Commission transfers to states, 25% devolution is based on population and 75% is based on criteria like backwardnessTherefore, financial resources for Telangana should be higher than the state averageTelangana has faced denial of development in terms of capital investment, infrastructure, social sector, irrigation, power generation education and employment.Irreversible damage has been done to Telangana and development of other regions has taken place at the cost of Telangana.

  • EmploymentTelangana people lost near about 2.5 lakhs public employment opportunities during the 53 years of combined State when the domicile rules, called Mulki Rules, were flouted1956-1968: 22,000 in violation of Mulki Rules 1975-1985: 58,962 in violation of Presidential Order 1975Telangana is marginalized in public and private employmentDue to insignificant representation in the Secretariat and discrimination by Heads of Departments, injustice is meted out to Telangana in all development programs Most of the private industries in Telangana are run by Seemandhra people and they continuously hire and promote their kith and kin over local populationOut of 4.98 lakhs working in Telangana about 40% are from Andhra Region, nearly 1.99 lakhs in violation of Presidential Order In Andhra Region, out of 6.80 lakh workers, not even 1% employees are from Telangana. Whenever the violations were taken to the notice of the state government, it was not serious about rectification of such violations but went on with strategy of delay by appointing series of committeesHyderabad is converted into Free Zone to place Seemandhra people into Telangana region against Presidential Order

  • EducationLower Literacy due to neglect coming from discriminatory policies and attitudesDropout rate (Classed I-V) is the highest in Telangana taking up 62.90% of the total while only 23.69% dropout in Andhra and 13.41% in Rayalaseema. Number of Teachers in Government and Aided Degree Colleges is low taking up only 29.50% against an entitlement of 40.69% while there are 47.50% in Andhra and 23% in RayalaseemaGrants given to Private Aided Degree Colleges in Telangana is low at 24.75% while Andhra rakes in 60.40%Discrimination in Per Capita Block Grant to Telangana UniversitiesWhen compared with other regions, relatively high percentage of school-going children in Telangana are attending private schoolsEducation institutions located in Hyderabad fall into quota of Telangana but actually enroll many non-Telangana students. Telangana loses out from its share of seats in Engineering and Medical collegesQuality of education in Telangana suffers because of discrimination in financial allocations in higher educationTelangana share in state level universities should be 40.69% but it is restricted to only 36%

  • High Growth in Ranga Reddy, Medak, and Nalgonda districts in Telangana is because of proximity to Hyderabad. Growth in Adilabad, Khammam, Karimnagar in Telangana is because of high contribution of mining and quarryingAgricultural growth in North Telangana districts is because of high level of irrigation under groundwater sources borne privatelyHigher contribution of manufacturing and service sectors should be seen in the light of ownership, employmentDistribution of gains from growth of Visakhapatnam entirely belongs to Coastal people whereas that from Hyderabad and Telangana is not so due to positive net migration. There is unequal share of employment and income between Telangana and Non Telangana populations. Though X Plan growth rate for Telangana is higher (9.3) than the state average, per capita income in 5 districts continue to be below state average North Telangana region had positive net migration especially in the vicinity of irrigation projects which started after state formation. This was because of availability of resources like land, assured water and cheap labour Per 100 population of out migrants from South Coast 4.1 is into Telangana region excluding Hyderabad Therefore concluding that Telangana is developed because it shows high growth rate is more a myth than a reality.Economic Growth: Myth and reality

  • The discrimination meted to Telangana region in public irrigation has denied it the opportunity to use its resources optimally and to release its production forces ratio of irrigated to rain fed increased thrice in Telangana by 2006 % of NIA under canals is mere 13 % for Telangana - just the same as in 1956-57, that under wells (tube + dug) is 75 by 2007-08tank irrigation decreased from 4.47 lakh hectares in 1955-56 to 2.54 lakh hectares in 2005-06 (share of Telangana in tank irrigation reduced from 45% in 1956-57 to 28% by 2007-08) private investment on irrigation is high for Telangana at 5.08 while it is 4.79 for coastal Andhra and 2.07 for Rayalaseema during 1956-2007, heavy dependence on ground water given low scope for recharge due to low rainfall and low levels of surface irrigation not conducive for sustainabilityThe Techno-Economic Survey of AP conducted by National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) stated that, the scope for large scale exploitation of ground water is absent in Telangana Area under cultivable wastes, fallows and current fallows has increased in Telangana; it increased from 16% to 21% between 1960-61 and 2008-09 The good agricultural performance in North Telengana is occasional, not steady and due to shift in cropping pattern to high value crops and irrigation sources which came to be to a large extent from ground water with private investment. Distribution of gains from irrigation and hence agricultural growth has gone more in favour of migrant population in comparison to local population There is inefficiency in resource use paving way for heavy costs in the form of suicides The crop insurance scheme has not benefited Telangana farmersAgricultural Growth: quality and sustainability

  • Adivasis in Telangana face innumerable problems, the primary among them being land alienation mostly in the hands of non tribals belonging to Andhra region. The districts of Adilabad, Warangal and Khammam listed under Schedule V of the constitution along the Godavari River have attracted migration of non tribals from Andhra region. Inspite of Land Transfer Regulation Act (LTR) (1959) and Regulation of 1 of 1970 tribal lands are alienated to non tribals from Andhra region mostly by way of innumerable forms of violations often assisted by state officials who also belong to Andhra regionHaimendorf writes that when he revisited Utnoor in Adilabad district in 1976 and 1977, he found massive encroachment of outsiders on tribal lands. Firstly it was Marathas, Hutkaas, Mahars, Lambadas and Muslims from Maharashtra. In course of time, the immigrant non tribals lands have passed into the hands of immigrant non-tribals mostly from four central coastal Andhra districts Concubinage or marital alliance is another predominant form to circumvent law by which large areas of fertile lands were purchased by settler non tribals from Andhra area and registered in the names of tribal women whom they kept falsely as their mistresses Construction of Polavaram is bound to have a death blow to the very existence of the Koya tribe which largely inhabits the areaGrave human rights violations whenever the people asked for their rights as simple as drinking water, irrigation water, hike in bus fares tuition faresFrom1968 to 2009 around 2,700 people were killed in encounter killings in addition to more than 900 custodial deaths and about 47 people have disappeared in the state so far falling into the category of Missing.Adivasi and Human Rights

  • Social Justice and EmpowermentScheduled Tribes population 9% in Telangana; Muslims is 12.5%; SCs 16% and 85% is socially economically disadvantaged sectionsFormation of Telangana state would thus strengthen the forces of social inclusion and secularism During Nizam Rule, SC/ST/BC and Minorities enjoyed lands, jobs and powerSC/ST/BC and Minorities lost out after Merger with Andhras in 1956Lands belonging to these communities were grabbed and bought at throw away prices under threat and coercionLoss of prominence of Urdu language led to loss of jobs for Telangana people competing with Telugu and English educated Andhras under BritishAndhras who obtained 18% marks in Hindi were considered eligible while Telangana people lost out because of lack of competence in EnglishWhile Muslims were 40% in government jobs before merger, only 3% remained in the new state of APAllotted lands to Telangana SC/STs and Minorities around Hyderabad were taken back by the government and surrendered to big companies and affluent few from AndhraState-level coaching institution for SCs at Hyderabad has 90% of candidates belong to Seemandhra

  • There is substantial evidence to the discrimination and deprivation on any front which acted as a deterrent to the cohesiveness of state of Andhra Pradesh unified in the name of one languageResource exploitation has been the crux of issue all through Financial resources the key to command over physical resources have been exploited to the advantage of the Andhra region Political power has made to violate the logic of economicspower of Andhra leadership has paved way to economic irrationality which also acted as deterrent to economic growth development process in Andhra Pradesh is socially not inclusive by geographical region, class, social category and by gender Self respect is not an empty slogan but backed by hundreds of instances of violation, injustice, and humiliationThis Working Group earnestly requests the esteemed CCSAP headed by Justice Sri Krishna to make realize Statehood for Telangana Suggestions to the CommitteeConclusion