Cruise ships / Yolcu Gemileri

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CONTENTSWhat is a cruise ship?Passenger Ship-Cruise ShipCruising HistoryTypes of Cruise ShipAnotomy of a Modern Cruise ShipSocial and Cultural ImpactPolitical and Legal FactorsCruise Ship Jobs- Deck Officers and Rating PositionsDiscussion-Why Cruise ?

What is a cruise ship?A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger used for pleasure voyages , where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are part of the experience. Cruising has become a major part of the tourism industry, with millions of passengers each year.

Accordding to the international regulations passenger ship are ships which carry more than 12 passenger. Passenger shipCruise ship Passenger ship:High fuel consumption(speed),Cabins to maximize passenger numberEnclosed deck,Deep draftLower confort(windowless suites)Cruise ships:Amenities more important than speed Balcony-laden floating condominiums

Cruising HistoryThe practice of cruising grew gradually out of the transatlantic crossing tradition in the early 1900s. In the competition for passenger, ocean liners added many luxuries (The Titanic being the most famous example ) such as fine dininig and well appointed staterooms.The 1960s witnessed the beginnings of the modern cruise industry. Cruise ship companies concentretad on vacation trips in the Caribbean and created a fun ship image which attracted many passengers.

It is also said that P&O(Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company) founded in 1837 invented cruising in 1844 when it advertised tours to destinations such as Gibraltar ,Malta and Athens by sea, sailing from Southhampton.Consequently round trips were offered to destinations such as Alexandria and Constantinople.P&O is the oldest liner shipping company in passenger carrying segment.

TYPES OF CRUISES Ocean Voyages:A one-way passage from one point to another over a major body of water.Standart Cruises: An open water cruise maybe one-way or round-trip with several ports of call.River/Canal Cruises: River and canal cruises are closely linked to the culture and heritage of the country being tour.Destination/Expedition Cruises:Based on the destination to be visited.

Day Cruises: Day cruises are typically a cruise experience of 15 hours or less.Contemporary Cruises: These cruise lines typically have resort-style facilities with heavy emphasis on ship-board activites.Luxury cruises: Offering high style luxury with emphasis on destination and ship-board amenities.Specialty Cruises: Adventure-style cruising with a heavy emphasis on destination, education and off ship activities.

Anatomy of a Modern Cruise Ship

Cruise ship is a pax ship like Ocean liner, Ro-Pax,Ferry,FastFerry,River Cruises...But there are some differeces ??Cruise Ship:Passenger ship used for pleasure voyages.Voyages itself+ships amenities+diffrent destinations.Transportation is not the prime purpose. Ocean Liner(Passenger Ship):Transport of passengers(some freight,mail,..)fromA to BBuilt to higher standartHigh freeboardLarge capacities for fuel/provisions/consumables

Social and Cultural ImpactPositive impacts:Cultural exchangeSocial activitiesLabor issuesRevitalization of culture and traditionsNegative impacts:Cultural clashChanges of local identity

Political and Legal FactorsPassenger Limitations:You must be 23 to 26 weeks pregnant or less on the day of disembarkation.Babies must be at least 12 mouths old for transocean

CUSTOMERSTouristsAdrift PeopleExplorersAgencies

CRUISE SHIP JOBS - DECK OFFICERS AND RATINGS POSITIONSThe Deck Department on a cruise ship is a part of the Marine Operations division. The primary responsibilities of the Deck Officers and Ratings are the safe navigation of the vessel plus all safety and security aspects of the ship's operations, including guests, officers, crew and staff members. Although the actual head of the department is the Staff Captain, the highest ranking person aboard - the Captain/Master of the ship (at least due to the nature of his profession - a Deck Officer) is considered a member of the Deck department. There are in general two different types of positions - Deck Officers (Captain; Staff Captain; 1st, 2nd, 3rd Officers; Safety Officer; Security Officer; Deck Cadet

STAFF CAPTAINThe Staff Captain is the second in command aboard the cruise ship and Head of the Deck DepartmentReports directly to the Master Must be familiar with all duties and responsibilities of the Master and should be able to assume command of the vessel at any timeOversees all activities taking place on the bridge during docking, maneuvers, departure and at open sea

SAFETY OFFICERDepending on the cruise line, the Safety Officer may or may not be required to perform bridge watch keeping duties Reprots to the Staff Captain Directly responsible for the on board safety and accident prevention programCoordinates and organizes all aspects in the management of an emergency situation

ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICERThe EO (ECO) aboard a cruise ship is not required to stand watch keeping duties, except in rare cases such as crisis situation or inability of another Deck Officer to attend dutiesReports directly to the Master of the ship regarding any environmental compliance matters, for all other aspects the EO reports to the Staff CaptainHas a full access to every place on the ship as well as to any officer, staff and crew memberPerforms internal environmental audits and relays the results to the Master and the Shore Environmental Manager

Discussion-Why Cruise ?



CONCLUSION Present- day cruise ships are organized much like floating hotels.There is an endless chain of entertainment activities on these ships, the range including dance classes, classical music , casino lessons and so on.Though cruises have all the features to fulfil someones need but cruising is still a niche product for a particular market like India where people are not very well aware from this segment.The marketing of cruise tourism has to be undertaken as a multi-pronged effort.

WORDSFreight(n):Payment for transportationImpact(v): To influence ,to affect Facilities(n): something created to fulfil a particular function.Fulfil(v):To fill upEmphasis(n):Related to boldAttract(v):to allure, invite ,draw ,engageOversee(n):To supervise, guide, review or direct the actions of a person or group.