Criminal Justice Act Best Practices Manual Best Practices...¢  Criminal Justice Act Best...

download Criminal Justice Act Best Practices Manual Best Practices...¢  Criminal Justice Act Best Practices Manual

of 185

  • date post

    30-Apr-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Criminal Justice Act Best Practices Manual Best Practices...¢  Criminal Justice Act Best...

  • Criminal Justice Act Best Practices Manual  October 2015

    Compiled by Best Practices Committee: Ann E. Ariano, District Representative Jennifer Philpott Wilson, Esquire, Harrisburg CJA Panel Attorney Carl J. Poveromo, Esquire, Scranton CJA Panel Attorney Edward J. Rymsza, Esquire, Williamsport CJA Panel Attorney

  • MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA BEST PRACTICES MANUAL

     

    Page i   

    Mission Statement

    Best Practices Committee

    The Best Practices Committee (the “Committee) is dedicated to providing federal criminal defense practitioners within the Middle District of Pennsylvania guidance regarding the most frequently encountered practical issues and topics that may arise in the daily course of managing a criminal case in an effort designed to improve the effectiveness of criminal lawyers and to strive to provide the highest quality representation to our clients.

    Preface

    To achieve these objectives CJA Panel Attorneys from every vicinage of the Middle District first came together in July 2013 to discuss the practical aspects of handling a federal criminal case and the challenges faced by CJA counsel in the representation of our indigent clients. This manual covers the representation of individuals facing federal charges through all stages of the case. The manual is intended as an overview of the law and rules that may apply to a federal case in our District. It is our hope that this Best Practices Manual will facilitate advocacy by providing summaries of the law, tips for practice, references and sample motions.

    The Committee appreciates and wishes to thank the CJA Panel Selection and Management Committee for their encouragement and support of this project. We would also like to express our appreciation to Gary Hollinger, Tammy Taylor, Joanne Matty, Hang Lai, and Susan Jeffreys for their assistance and contributions to this publication. Special thanks go to Leanne C. Schmidenberg and Bryanna Chisholm for their assistance with manuscript preparation.

    The Best Practices Committee:

    Ann Ariano, Esquire Harrisburg Division

    Carl J. Poveromo, Esquire Scranton Division

    Edward J. Rymsza, Esquire Williamsport Division

    James Wade, Esquire Federal Defender for the Middle District of PA

    Jennifer Philpot Wilson, Esquire Harrisburg Division

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

     

    Page ii   

    Table of Contents 1.1 Grand Jury Representation ......................................................................................... 1

    2.1 Initial Appearance / Arraignment ............................................................................... 4

    2.2 Pretrial Release ........................................................................................................... 7

    2.3 Detention Hearings ..................................................................................................... 9

    2.4 Violations of Conditions of Release ........................................................................... 12

    2.5 Modification of Conditions of Release ....................................................................... 13

    2.6 Criminal Defense Investigations ................................................................................ 14

    2.7 Best Practices for Retaining an Investigator ............................................................... 14

    2.8 Availability of Investigative Services for CJA Counsel ............................................... 15

    2.9 Obtaining Documents, Records and Transcripts ........................................................ 17

    2.10 Publically-Accessible Data Bases ............................................................................. 19

    3.1 Preparing Client for Change of Plea Hearing ............................................................. 20

    3.2 United States Probation Interview ............................................................................. 21

    3.3 Plea Negotiations ..................................................................................................... 22

    3.4 Plea Agreements ....................................................................................................... 24

    3.5 Key Aspects of Plea Agreements ............................................................................... 26

    4.1 Discovery in Federal Criminal Cases ......................................................................... 29

    4.2 Discovery of Exculpatory Evidence ........................................................................... 34

    4.3 Other Discovery Motions .......................................................................................... 37

    4.4 Best Practices for Obtaining Discovery ...................................................................... 38

    5.1 Motions Practice....................................................................................................... 39

    6.1 Representing Non-English Speaking Defendants ....................................................... 44

    6.2 Representing Non-Citizen Defendants ....................................................................... 45

    7.1 Some Important Differences Between Federal and Pennsylvania Criminal Trials........ 49

    8.1 Federal Sentencing ................................................................................................... 50

    8.2 Authority and General Application Principles – Chapter 1 U.S.S.G. .......................... 55

    8.3 Offense Conduct – Chapter 2 U.S.S.G ....................................................................... 56

    8.4 Adjustments – Chapter 3 U.S.S.G. ............................................................................ 57

    8.5 Calculating Criminal History – Chapter 4 U.S.S.G .................................................... 58

    8.6 Determining the Sentence – Chapter 5 U.S.S.G ......................................................... 63

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

     

    Page iii   

    8.7 Sentencing Memorandum ......................................................................................... 65

    Memorandum in Aid of Sentencing ........................................................................... 68

    9.1 Criminal Appeals ...................................................................................................... 75

    10.1 Federal Post-Conviction Remedies .......................................................................... 79

    10.2 Revocation Proceedings .......................................................................................... 81

    Appendix

    Pretrial Detention Facilities ............................................................................................ 85

    Pennsylvania Department of Corrections – State Prisons ................................................. 99

    Bureau of Prisons – Federal Institutions ......................................................................... 102

    Motion for Bill of Particulars ......................................................................................... 109

    Motion to Determine Competency ................................................................................. 114

    Motion to Continue Trial............................................................................................... 120

    Request for Pretrial Disclosure of Rule 404(b) Material the ............................................. 124

    Specific Discovery Request for Impeachment of Evidence (Giglio) ................................. 126

    Motion to Dismiss Indictment ....................................................................................... 130

    Motion to Seal a Docuement ......................................................................................... 136

    Ex-Parte Motion for Appointment of Expert Witness ..................................................... 140

    Suppression Motions ..................................................................................................... 145

    Pretrial Motion to Suppress Evidence ....................................................................... 145

    Pretrial Motion to Suppress Statements ..................................................................... 151 

    Severence Motions ........................................................................................................ 156

    Motion for Severance of Defendants Pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 8 and 14...................................................................................................................... 156

    Motion for Severence of Charges .............................................................................. 162

    Motion for Leave for Interim Voucher ........................................................................... 168

    Motion for Interim of Payment ...................................................................................... 170

    Motion to Travel Outside of the District ......................................................................... 173

    Motion for Appointment of Investigator at Government’s Expense ................................. 175

    Motion for Appointment of Mitigiation Specialist .......................................................... 179