Constitutionally Yours

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RCHR's First International Bulletin on the occassion of India's Republic day

Transcript of Constitutionally Yours

  • Rotaract Club of Delhi


    Rotaract Club of

    H.R. College



    Celebrating a revitalized, rejuvenated and republic india

  • Hi my amazing amazing general body! Before I start off, Id like to wish each and

    every one of you a very happy Republic Day! It is a day of great day of joy for the country

    as we complete 60 years of being a Republic!

    This country has seen many great leaders, leaders that have taken this great

    country to unimaginable heights. It is all because of them that a country like India is so well

    recognized and so well appreciated around the globe. Had it not been for them we would

    have been no where close to where we are right now. All these great people were not born

    extra-ordinary. They were all simple men and women born to families just like you and me.

    What they did differently was that they believed in whatever they did. No matter what the

    circumstances, they would accomplish their goals. Take an example of the father of our

    nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Who would have ever thought that India could have got

    freedom through non-violence? All Id like to say is that follow your dream, follow your

    goal and trust me the world will fall at your feet.

    And let us all end by saluting our brave leaders and our great nation. Let us hope

    this is just the start of things to come.


    Rtr. Chirag Tekchandaney

    President(R.C.H.R.) 2009-2010

    Dear Readers,

    Warm Rotaract Greetings!

    We would like to take this platform to introduce ourselves as the Rotaract Club of

    Delhi Akash, part of the District Rotaract Organization 3010 (Delhi & N.C.R.). We are the

    youth wing of Rotary International and have been partners in its humanitarian causes for

    ages. We have a history of over two decades where our members not only augment and

    hone their knowledge and skills, but also address the physical and social needs of our

    community while promoting international understanding and peace through a framework

    of friendship and service consisting of the various Rotaract Clubs across the globe.

    We are extremely happy on bringing out a Joint Bulletin in cooperation with

    Rotaract Club of H.R. College, Dist. 3140 on the theme of the Republic Day of India, 26th

    January 2010, 61 Years of Republic India. It has been a wonderful experience to write

    our messages, views and wishes on this occasion.

    Happy Republic Day 26 January 2010! Rotaract team of Delhi Akash, Dist 3010,

    wishes all the readers of this bulletin best on the day of Indias Republic Day. Long live

    democracy and Long Live Republic.

    We highly appreciate the sincere efforts and are thankful to Rotaract Club of H.R.

    College, Dist. 3140, for making this joint project a huge success.

    In continuation of that relationship and support, we look forward to their

    cooperation for further joint activities in coming times.

    Thanks and Warm Regards,

    Rtr. Ritika Mittal

    President 2009-10

    Rotaract Club of Delhi Akash

    Rotaract District 3010

    Inspiring Minds

    All The Way From Delhi (2)6

  • Just a month back we hosted I.D.Y.E.'s from Delhi and when we thought of

    having a joint bulletin the first club that came to our mind was R.C. of Delhi Akash.

    The whole idea of this bulletin was to have a confluence point of the diverse

    thinking of Mumbaiites and Delhiites and help showcase their views on their

    country, India. Republic Day is one of the most prominent days in the history of

    India and we hope after this bulletin, you'll know why! Also, hosting I.D.Y.E.'s from

    Sri Lanka was a day amazingly spent. We really wish we could have them with us

    for longer. A special thank you to our Editors for bearing so patiently all our delays.


    Rtr. Sonam Varma,

    Rtr.Hema Java,

    Rtr.Shashank Jogani

    What goes around, comes around.!

    The Exuberant EditorsRevitalized, rejuvenated, republic... Big words with little meanig for us

    simple folk. (This is why we love the editorial post. It provides the ideal platform for

    us to flaunt such big words.) So what is republic day? Is it not a vacation where

    some people toss some fancy language in the air and we get the day of? These are

    very common errors made by people, not because they under value the value of

    independence, but because they do not truly understand the meaning and hence

    the value of being a Republic.

    Being a republic means that the Country is ruled not by a heriditary

    Monarch, but by an elected President. In our case, even the Presidents position is

    mainly ceremonial. This means that India, after independence, has become a

    country where free will and democracy exists. As opposed to countries that have

    come under millitary or other types of anarchic rule after independence. What use

    would independence be if the country still suffered from lawlessness? What use

    would independence be if the country still suffered from tyranny? What use would

    independence be if the country is not a republic?

    Independence Day has its own place in our hearts but we must not forget

    the people who may not have sacrificed their lives for our freedom but definitely

    have ensured that are freedom does not go in vain by formulating a constitution

    that was water-tight enough to last us 61 years and that will last us(with constant

    modification) a long time to come.

    We would like to end by saying a big thank you to the International Service

    team, Sonam, Hema and Shashank, for making our bulletin an inter-district bulletin

    and Rotaract Club of Delhi Akash for release the bulletin jointly with us. It was a

    pleasure working with youll. Hope you guys feel the same.


    Rtr. Roozbeh Pardiwala,

    Rtr. Radhika Bhaskaran,

    Rtr. Deep Chhabria,

    Rtr.Junaid Khan

  • Is 26th January "Just Another

    Holiday?India was in British possession for over three hundred years. Bal

    Gangadhar Tilak died crying,"Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it". There was

    a long and hard struggle for freedom. Great men like Mahatma Gandhi, Pt.

    Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhagat Singh and many others played a great part in it. Then

    freedom came to us. India became free on 15th August, 1947. But mind you, the

    foundations of this day were laid back in the 1920's precisely on 26th January,

    1929, the day on which we pledged to free India from the clutches of the British

    Rule. Although India got freedom on the 15th of August, it did not have a

    constitution of its own!

    A government consisting of the representatives elected by the citizens of

    free India came into existence on the 26th of January, 1950. India now had a

    constitution and a law of its own. Dr. Rajendra Prasad had the privilege of being

    elected as the first president of the Republic of India.

    26th January has one of the most significant places in the history of the

    freedom struggle. On this very day , in the year 1930, during the Congress Session

    held at Lahore, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru declared that the main objective of

    Congress was to free India. When the very same fell into the ears of the British,

    their anger knew no boundaries. They used all means to suppress the fire ignited

    in the minds of the young Indians to accomplish their goal. Mahatma Gandhi, with

    the help of his two of the most efficient and trusted weapons TRUTH and NON-

    VIOLENCE emerged victorious. In this manner, India became a truly republican

    unit. Honestly a very few of us were familiar with the complete history of this Red

    lettered day.

    In today's scenario Republic Day has become just another holiday. We are

    free, but do we really value or understand this independence? For most people, it

    was just another holiday, a chance to spend time with friends and family. I guess

    the only people who were really busy were those involved in education and politics

    (including the government agencies). They are the only ones (barring a few

    NGOs, Corporate and Housing Societies) who unfurl the National Flag. Do we

    really understand the relevance of Republic Day today?

    Voices from Aamchi


  • In school, we attended the celebrations (though, reluctantly, I must admit),

    sang the usual patriotic songs, heard a variety of patriotic speeches (in English,

    Hindi and Marathi) and generally waited for it to get over. The sad thing was that

    while we were in school doing this, we usually missed the fun part - watching the

    Nation celebrate it on TV. On Republic Day we tried to miss school so that we could

    see the Parade. Once college starts, it's up to us whether to attend or not and the

    choice is pretty clear. Those of us who read newspapers and watch TV must have

    noticed nothing new this yearthe same forced patriotism, forced nationalism...

    Even the President's address to the nation echoes of the same run-of-the-

    mill threats to anti-national forces, infrastructural development and the call for

    upliftment of the poor. It sounded much like Nehru's speech and if we haven't got it

    right even after 60 years we better start doing it differently or maybe we should

    start doing different things. In my opinion, instead of wasting money on buying

    flags and celebrating a "National holiday" for just a day, why don't we use our

    resources much more efficiently and use it for the betterment of our country! The

    flags bought are treated as waste the very next day and found everywhere.from

    a drainage system to dustbins! Some people, who were very PROUD to be the

    citizens of India don't seem to bother if they ruthlessly crumple their pride under

    their feet. Isn't it really shameful? I think we need to do a lot more not by merely

    increasing awareness of the relevance of our Republic Day, not by having more

    cultural programs, not by unfurling more flags, not by singing more songs, not by

    making/delivering more speeches but by actually instilling a sense of belonging

    and ownership in the common man. Though of course I know that it is easier said

    than done.

    So come let us all together pledge to celebrate

    Our diversity, our unity, our tolerance

    Our technology, our strength, our pride

    Our potential, our dreams, our future.

    Our culture, our traditionsour achievements!!

    Not just once or twice but throughout!

    I would like to end by saying that each one of us should believe that we have

    a responsibility towards our neighbours and ourselves and we should work hard to

    achieve all our goals. I believe it's this sense of helplessness, this chalta hai

    attitude, this fatalistic view of life that really needs to be overcome first. It is only

    then that we will be able to achieve the kind of independence that our forefathers



    -Neeharika .H. Jaiswal

  • The constitutional Assembly Influence is what reminds me of one thing! How Gandhiji with his dhoti and

    satyagraha did what we, the youth can't, even imagine of, actually we do imagine how to

    thoroughly influence people to get our work done simply selfish in our own terms but that's not

    the point here. Even an amateur cook refers to a Cook-book, similarly, a normal citizen of our

    country in order to abide by his duties and enjoy his rights needs to know about them for sure

    and unfortunately he doesn't. That's where our Indian constitution comes in use but then that's

    not for the citizens it just make people aware about their duties and their privilege, thier rights

    and duties. So, on the eve of 26th January, lets make it little more interesting and easier to relate


    Independence day is commemorated by everyone and even the pioneers behind this

    freedom are praised, but what about pioneers who formulated the policies on which India runs

    today. Yes, the constituent assembly which formulated the Constitution of India are the unsung

    heroes of Republic day on 26th January as, on that day, our constitution was brought into effect.

    So, today lets go into the journey and lets know about the people who contributed towards the

    making of the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.

    To begin with, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was the chairman of drafting committee

    (and in rotaract terms the R.R.D.) of our constitution and also the chief architect of Indian

    constitution. Ambedkar won great praise from his colleagues and contemporary observers for

    his drafting work.The text prepared by Ambedkar provided constitutional guarantees and

    protections for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens, including freedom of

    religion, the abolition of untouchability and the outlawing of all forms of discrimination

    Ambedkar argued for extensive economic and social rights for women, and also won the

    Assembly's support for introducing a system of reservations of jobs in the civil services,

    schools and colleges for members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, a system akin to

    affirmative action.

    Sardar Vallabhai Patel was a senior leader in the Constituent Assembly of India and

    was responsible in a large measure for shaping India's constitution (again in rotaract terms he

    was the I.P.P of the assembly.) Patel was a key force behind the appointment of Dr. Bhimrao

    Ramji Ambedkar as the chairman of the drafting committee, and the inclusion of leaders from a

    diverse political spectrum in the process of writing the constitution. Patel was the chairman of

    the committees responsible for minorities, tribal and excluded areas, fundamental rights and

    provincial constitutions.

    Dr Rajendra Prasad served as the President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted

    the constitution of the Republic from 1948 to 1950. He had also served as a Cabinet Minister

    briefly in the first Government of Independent India. He was very dedicated to India as his

    sister Bhagwati Devi died on the night of 25 January 1950, a day before the Constitution of

    India come int effect. It was only on return from the parade that he set about the task of

    cremation. He was subsequently awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation's highest civilian award.

    Though there were hundreds of people without whom the constitution wouldn't have

    been formulated but these were the people who played an instrumental.The Constituent

    Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India, and served as its first

    Parliament as an independent nation. The Assembly approved the Constitution on November

    26, 1949, making it official. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution took effect a day now

    commemorated as Republic Day nationwide.Around 300 people who made the biggest

    constitution ever have to be saluted for their deed. God Bless .Happy republic Day.

    -Rtr. Mitaksh Jain

  • 26 unknown facts about India

    * India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history.

    * Chess was invented in India.

    * Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.

    * The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.

    * India is the largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest Country in the world, and one

    of the most ancient civilizations.

    * The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after

    leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.

    * India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.

    * The largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million


    * Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine,

    Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.

    * The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It

    was originally called 'Mokshapat'. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the

    snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. In time, the

    game underwent several modifications, but its meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds

    take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.

    * India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century.

    Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to

    India when he discovered America by mistake.

    * The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The

    very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word 'NAVGATIH'. The word navy is

    also derived from the Sanskrit word 'Nou'.

    * Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of

    years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the

    Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.

    * The value of "pi" was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he

    explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in

    the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians.

  • * Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also originated in India.Quadratic Equations were

    used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the

    Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power

    of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the Vedic period. Even today, the

    largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).

    * Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over 2600 years ago Sushrata & his team

    conducted complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures,

    urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.

    * Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge

    of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics and

    immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.

    * The four religions born in India - Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are

    followed by 25% of the world's population.

    * Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.

    * India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet,

    Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee religious and political


    * Only 5% of Indians understand English, yet most of the websites of the Government

    India, State Governments and Public Institutions are in English!

    * Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist


    * Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.

    * There are 3.22 millions of Indians in USA (1.5% of population). YET,

    38% of doctors in USA are Indians.

    12% scientists in USA are Indians.

    36% of NASA scientists are Indians.

    34% of Microsoft employees are Indians.

    28% of IBM employees are Indians.

    17% of INTEL scientists are Indians.

    13% of XEROX employees are Indians.

    * India GDP of 3.3 trillion dollars and counting is the 3rd largest in the world.

    * By 2025,India will beat China to become the country with the world's largest population.

    -Krishn Mehta

  • Tan samarpit, man samarpit

    Aur yeh jeevan samarpirt

    Chahta hoon desh ki dharti, tujhe kuch aur bhi kar doon samarpit

    -Ram Avtar Tyagi Celebration of sovereignty is what celebration of Republic Day is all about. It is

    India's great national festival. It is celebrated every year on 26th January with much

    patriotic fervor. It celebrates India's freedom and democracy. The essence behind the

    celebration of Republic day is not only to celebrate India's secularism and democracy but

    its also makes us feel proud of our culture, languages, social norms, traditions, customs,

    religions, communitarian and the individual distinctiveness. It is this spirit, which makes

    me feel proud of my country's achievements that make the celebration all the more

    interesting. This is the day when we people come together and proudly identify ourselves

    as true Indians, and not with some particular religion or caste. This feeling for the country

    is what makes this day a special one from the rest of the day. It is the day, which guarantees

    the Fundamental rights to the citizens, equality of religion and so on. The rich cultural

    heritage and tradition of India is reflected on this day.

    Rtr. Tarun Monga

    Jana gana mana Adhinayaka, Jaya

    he, Bharata bhagya vidhata!Republic Day, celebrated on January 26th every year, is one of Indias most

    important national events. It was on January 26th, 1950 that the constitution of India came

    into force and India became a truly Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state.

    On this day -India finally enjoyed the freedom of spirit, rule of law and

    fundamental principle of governance. The patriotic fervour of the Indian people on this day

    brings the whole country together even in her embedded diversity.

    Republic Day is a peoples day in a variety of ways:

    Its when regional identity takes a backseat and what matters most is the universal

    appeal of unity and brotherhood projected by all Indians.

    The Indian constitution basically stands for the aspirations which the common

    man of India cherishes.

    Republic Day is a day of the citizen of the country when he is entitled to be all


    Correspondents From The Capital

  • Republic Day is celebrated most majestically in the capital, New Delhi, where

    symbols of the great nation's military might and cultural wealth are displayed in what is the

    world's most impressive parade. All Government buildings are illuminated lending the city

    the atmosphere of a fairyland. This day is celebrated with much zeal and pride all across the


    The main celebrations are held in the form of a colourful parade near India Gate in

    Delhi. The parade showcasing India's military might and cultural diversity covers a 8 km

    route, starting from the Rashtrapati Bhavan through the picturesque Rajpath down to India

    Gate before winding up at the historic Red Fort in Old Delhi.

    The events of the day begin with the Prime Minister laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan

    Jyoti - India Gate. He then drives up to the central enclosure and awaits the arrival of the

    President and a Chief Guest of the occasion who is normally a Head of other Country.

    On his arrival the Honble President meets the dignitaries present and unfurls the

    National Flag. Following this the National Anthem is played with a 21-gun salute to the

    National Flag. After this a brief investiture ceremony takes place during which the

    President presents India's top gallantry awards, the Param Veer Chakra, the Veer Chakra

    and the Maha Veer Chakra to the outstanding soldiers from the defense services.

    After this, four helicopters from the armed forces fly past the parade area showering rose

    petals on the audience. Each chopper carries a flag - the first being the Indian flag and the

    other three the flags of the Army, the Navy, and the Indian Air Force.

    The march past begins immediately after the fly past. The President, as Commander-in-

    Chief of the Armed Forces, takes the salute of the mechanised, mounted and marching

    contingents of the Army, Air Force, Navy, Paramilitary forces, Police and the National

    Cadet Corps.

    After the march past comes the cultural extravaganza consisting of floats presented

    by the various states and performances by school children. After the floats, the bravery

    awards winning children from all over the country enter on elephants.

    A spectacular fly-past by Air Force and Naval aircraft rounds off this not-to-be missed

    experience. The parade is followed by a pageant of spectacular displays from the different

    states of the country. These moving exhibits depict scenes of activities of people in those

    states and the music and songs of that particular state accompany each display. Each

    display brings out the diversity and richness of the culture of India and the whole show

    lends a festive air to the occasion.

    No other country in the world can parade so many ethnically different people in

    splendid uniforms as India's Armed Forces. But they are all united in their proven loyalty to

    the Government elected by the people and in their proud traditions and legendary gallantry.

    -Rtr. Ritika Mittal

  • Are you among the delhiites or fortunate enough to be in New Delhi on the 26th of

    January? If your answer is in the affirmative, then do make sure to witness the vivid

    celebrations of the Republic Day procession. This is one of the most colorful and prestigious

    national festival and the presence of dignitaries like the President of India, the Prime Minister

    of India, Union Ministers and foreign delegates also add to the dignity of the celebration.

    Celebration of Republic Day is different than Independence Day. The difference in

    significance marks the variation in the pattern of celebration of these two national days. It is a

    peoples day. On Independence Day, the past is recalled whereas, on Republic Day, the pledge

    is renewed. Independence Day has rhetoric built in the celebration; Republic Day is without


    Republic Day is celebrated all over the country at all the administrative units like the

    capital cities, district headquarters, sub divisions, talukas, and panchayats. The major

    ceremonies are held at Delhi and the state capitals.

    The celebration mood lasts for one week. It consists of the ground preparations,

    rehearsals, the main display which spills over to the Beating of Retreat on January 29. The

    day has acquired the status of a social celebration in which people participate whole-heartedly.

    The celebration mosaic is studded with activities.

    Though the Republic Day Parade is the main ceremony, various activities are held

    from early morning when prabhat pheris (morning rounds) followed by a homage to Mahatma

    Gandhi the Father of Nation. The parade is succeeded by sports events in the afternoon. At

    Home functions at the Raj Bhavan, at the District Magistrates and at the SDMs are followed

    by illumination of public buildings at the provincial capitals and administrative headquarters.

    The celebrations are universal, total and participatory in which children also take part in a

    ig way. Variations in culture are displayed through colourful attires and folk dances.

    The parades held on the day traditionally predominates a touch of modernity reflected in the

    display of might, technology and capabilities of growth in various sectors. The parades

    symbolize the might; the tableaux reflect the cultural motifs.

    After three days of Republic Day parade, a moving ceremony known as "Beating

    Retreat" is held at the Vijay Chowk in New Delhi. This ceremony revives an ancient war

    custom according to which troops used to stop fighting at sunset. Bugles announcing the

    sunset would sound in the battlefield. As soon as soldiers heard these bugles they would stand

    still in the battlefield and war would be stopped for the day.

    This ceremony held on the 29th of January every year, marks the formal end of the

    Republic Day celebrations. The ceremony opens with a parade by select contingents of the

    armed forces set to scintillating performances by the various armed forces bands. The parade

    climaxes with all the bands playing in unison. As the bands fall silent, a lone trumpeter picks

    up the moving tune 'Siki a mole'. After this performance the hymn 'Abide with me' is played by

    the Massed Bands. This hymn, said to be Mahatma Gandhi's favourite, is a permanent feature

    of the ceremony.

    At exactly 6 pm, the buglers sound the retreat and the National Flag is lowered to the

    National Anthem bringing the Republic Day celebrations to a formal end. One by one, the

    camels and the riders who stand stone-like throughout against the backdrop of the sky, move

    away from the background.

    Just after this comes the most visually appealing part of the show. With the click of a

    button, a thousand bulbs light up the Rastrapati Bhavan and adjoining buildings. Surely a

    fitting end to the annual celebrations of the Indian republic!


    -Rtr. Ritika Mittal

  • They say its a land of dogs, destroyed and wrought,

    We're actually hooligans ready to protect it at any cost.

    They say we've got over a billion people,

    I say we're a billion hearts ready to put a smile on every dimple.

    It's a country like none other that I belong to,

    I've grown in its shade and treated it like a mother.

    Lived by its malls and slept by its seashores,

    The country has only left me asking for more!

    There is a deep sense of passion that runs through me,

    And a bonding that stems from within,

    All for this place that has made me what I am,

    I bow down to my mother, India.

    India, in all its divine forms,

    Has been an abode for all of us.

    And that want to get India right at the top,

    Is what keeps driving me through and through.

    Today, when the call of the hour is to develop forward,

    We need to rise up to the challenge,

    Ready to reascertain our position as the queen of the world,

    Because that is precisely where we belong.

    Every drop of rain that falls here,

    Has that sweet taste of eternity,

    That reassures me of having done some great deeds in the past,

    For me to not have taken birth in a country, but in paradise.

    -Yash Muthiyan

    It runs through me...

    Thank YouTo Rotaract Club of Delhi Akash, Tarun Monga, Ritika Mittal, Mitaksh Jain, Neeharika

    Jaiswal, Yash Muthiyan, Krishn Mehta and Bhavesh Daryani. Finally a thank you to all

    those people who have made Republic Day possible for the entire country. This bulletin

    would not exist without you.

    For any feedback mail us at: [email protected]

    R.I. Dist 3140

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