Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; [email protected].

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Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; [email protected]
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Transcript of Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; [email protected].

Page 1: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; [email protected]

Page 2: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Comics is a useful general term for designating the phenomenon of juxtaposing images in a sequence.

Unlike static or stand-alone pieces of art, which are

quite often focused on capturing a

moment or invoking a

response, sequential art is, with some

exceptions, concerned with

storytelling.

So what ARE comics (or graphic novels)?

Page 3: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Composition: the selection and placement of visual symbols on a comics page and within a panel

Layout: the relationship of a single panel to the succession of panels, to the totality of the page and to totality of the story; involves choices of size, sequence, and juxtaposition

Multimodal: a text which communicates through more than one symbol system such as comics (visual and textual) or television (visual and aural)

Page 4: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Directionally Challenged?

Panels• Left to Right• Top to Bottom• Sometimes, context

rules

Text• Left to Right• Top to Bottom• Sometimes, context

rules

And no, it won’t always be clear because1.The text may

interfere with the art.

2.Creators sometimes are playful with their readers.

Page 5: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Speech Balloons/Bubbles

Thought Balloons/Bubbles

Narrative Box/Voiceover

Page 6: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Gutter: the space between panelsPanel: a discernible area that contains a moment of

the story

Page 7: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Closure: applying background knowledge and an understanding of the relationships between encapsulated images to synthesize (or blend) sequences of panels into events

(NOT ALL GUTTERS AND PANELS ARE EQUAL!)

Page 8: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Interanimation of meaning: images (picture or text) appearing in proximity (in a panel or on a page) can each affect the meaning of the other, and together create a meaning beyond what is communicated by each separate image

Page 9: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Paralanguage: qualities of our spoken communication (volume, emphasis, rate, quality, etc.)

Onomatopoeia: invented words that mimic sounds

Page 10: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Intertextual image: a picture that reminds the reader of something he or she has encountered in other media (movies, books, paintings, TV shows, etc.)

Psychological image: an image that represents some aspect of a character's personality or state of mind

Emanata: Lines drawn around the head to indicate shock or surprise

Page 11: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.
Page 12: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

diagetic images—pictures and words that depict characters, objects, and sensory environment of the world of the story

nondiagetic material – pictures and words that are present in the graphic novel but not part of the world of the story

Page 13: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Paradigmatic choice: the chosen images and all the images that could have made sense or communicated nearly the same meaning at the same point in the panel

Syntagmatic choice: the process of selecting which panels to present from the possible progression of story images that could occur

Encapsulation: selecting images that capture the flow of experience and putting them in a panel

Page 14: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Paradigmatic choiceOf all the images to depict their deaths, which one does the best?

Syntagmatic choiceWhat are the main points about the fire?

Page 15: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

Two Main Features of Persepolis's Art

• Black and White• Level of Abstraction

In both cases, it keeps focus on the narrative and mood of the text.

Page 16: Comics, Cartoons, and Graphic Novels: Oh My! By Lance Eaton; Lance_Eaton@uml.edu.

QUESTIONS?