Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering
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- 1. Investigating Collaborative Information Seeking Practice of Design Engineering Students
- Whats information seeking?
- The need to study information seeking in a collaborative setting
- What are the skills that students in a design engineering course are expected to have or to acquire?
- The use of concept/mind map tools as a potential solution
- The role of librarians
Agenda Engineering & Science Library 3.
- Design engineering projects are commonly collaborative.
- The identification of the needed information is an essential competency?
- Google generation and the information overload
Overview Engineering & Science Library 4.
- Information seeking behaviour is the area where we can study how people need, seek, give, and use information in different contexts, including the workplace and everyday living.
- There is no single definition for information seeking behaviour as it depends on the discipline where it is studied.
- Fosterdefines collaborative information seeking as the study of the systems and practices that enable individuals to collaborate during the seeking, searching and retrieval of information.
- Source:J. Foster, "Collaborative information seeking and retrieval",Annual Review of Information Science and Technology , Medford, NJ, 2006, Vol. 40, pp. 329-356.
What is information seeking? Engineering & Science Library 5.
- Kuhlthaus six stages of the ISP model are:
- Initiation : recognize information need.
- Selection : identify general topic.
- Exploration : investigate information on general.
- Formulation : formulate focus.
- Collection : gather information pertaining to focus.
- Presentation : complete.
- Source: C.C. Kuhlthau, Inside the search process: seeking meaning from the users perspective,Journal of the American Society for Information Science,Vol. 42, No. 5, 1991, pp. 361371.
Information seeking process (ISP) model Engineering & Science Library 6. Information seeking during the design process(based on the type of resource)Source: D. Veshosky, "Managing Innovation Information in Engineering and Construction Firms,"Journal of Management in Engineering,Vol. 14, 1998, pp. 58-66. 7.
- Ellis and Haugan categorized engineers information seeking practice into eight categories :
- Surveying : the initial search for an overview of the related literature within a subject field.
- Chaining : following chains of different forms of connection between resources to identify new sources of information.
- Monitoring : maintaining awareness of development and technologies.
- Browsing : scanning of primary and secondary resources
- Distinguishing : ranking information sources according to their relative importance
- Filtering : using search strategies to make the retrieved information more relevant and precise.
- Extracting :working through sources to select materials for specific use such as a presentation, a discussion, or a report.
- Ending : activities involved with finishing the information seeking process at the end of the design project.
- Source:D. Ellis and M. Haugan, "Modelling the information seeking patterns of engineers and research scientists in an industrial environment",Journal of Documentation,Vol. 53, 1997, pp. 384-403.
Information seeking behaviour of engineers 8.
- Collaborative information seeking behaviour is not information sharing.
- Which tools would students use in collaborative information seeking? And how they can learn them?
- Collaborative information behaviour is studied on working groups rather than studying individuals and it includes:
- Identifying needs collaboratively,
- Formulating queries collaboratively,
- Retrieving information collaboratively,
- Communicating about information
- Coordinating information retrieval activities.
Collaborative information seeking Engineering & Science Library 9. How to investigate collaborative information seeking in a design engineering course? Engineering & Science Library 10. Suggested Model Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Source: O. Eris and L. Leifer, Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team,International Journal of Engineering Education,Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152. 11. Suggested Model with intervention Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Based on: O. Eris and L. Leifer, Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team,International Journal of Engineering Education,Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152. Librarian/ TA /Project Manager 12.
- Concept/ mind maps
- Engineering portfolios
- Collaborative online tools .. Google docs, Refworks, Facebook !
- Who, How, and When?
Suggested tools Engineering & Science Library 13. Example: Robs map 14.
- The purpose of this presentation is to introduce the need to study collaborative information practice in design engineering project with a highlight of the role of librarians and information specialists in studying and mapping the information resources that engineering students would use during the project lifetime.
- Information is not a pill an individual can swallow in order to become informed, but a plastic substance that can be shaped in many ways. An information user is not a passive information processing system but actively makes sense of the surrounding reality and attached personal meaning to information *
- Source:S.Talja, K. Tuominen, andR. Savolainen, R.Isms in information science: Constructivism, collectivism and constructionism . Journal of Documentation ,2005,vol. 61 no. 1, 79-101.
Final thoughts Engineering & Science Library 15. Questions and Comments !
- Nasser Saleh:[email_address] ,(613) 533-6846
ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE LIBRARY FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE